Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 2127 (2013) concerning the Central African Republic

The Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 2127 (2013) concerning the Central African Republic (CAR) was created on 5 December 2013 to oversee the relevant sanctions measure (arms embargo) and to undertake the tasks set out by the Security Council in paragraph 57 of the same resolution. By paragraphs 30 and 32 of resolution 2134 (2014), respectively, the Security Council further imposed a travel ban and an asset freeze.

In its most recent resolution 2196 (2015) concerning the CAR sanctions, the Council decided that the mandate of the Committee shall apply to the measures extended through 29 January 2016 in the same resolution.

The measures currently in effect are unofficially summarized in the table below.


Measure

Description of measure

Source

Arms Embargo

All Member States shall continue to take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer to the CAR, from or through their territories or by their nationals, or using their flag vessels or aircraft, of arms and related materiel of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned, and technical assistance, training, financial or other assistance, related to military activities or the provision, maintenance or use of any arms and related materiel, including the provision of armed mercenary personnel whether or not originating in their territories

Paragraph 1 of resolution 2196 (2015)

All Member States to, and that all Member States shall, upon discovery of items prohibited by paragraph 1 of this resolution, seize, register and dispose (such as through destruction, rendering inoperable, storage or transferring to a State other than the originating or destination States for disposal) items the supply, sale, transfer or export of which is prohibited by paragraph 1 of this resolution and decides further that all Member States shall cooperate in such
efforts

Paragraph 2 of resolution 2196 (2015)

Travel Ban All Member States shall continue to take the necessary measures to prevent the entry into or transit through their
territories of individuals designated by the Committee, provided that nothing in this paragraph shall oblige a State to refuse its own nationals entry into its territory
Paragraph 4 of resolution 2196 (2015)
Asset Freeze

All Member States shall, through 29 January 2016, continue to freeze without delay all funds, other financial assets and economic resources which are on their territories, which are owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by the individuals or entities designated by the Committee, or by individuals or entities acting on their behalf or at their direction, or by entities owned or controlled by them, and decides further that all Member States shall continue to ensure that any funds, financial assets or economic resources are prevented from being made available by their nationals or by any individuals or entities within their territories, to or for the benefit of the individuals or entities designated by the Committee

Paragraph 7 of resolution 2196 (2015)

The exemptions to above measures are (unofficially) summarized in the table below.  


Exemption to measure

Description of exemption

Source

Procedure

Arms Embargo

Supplies intended solely for the support of or use by MINUSCA, the African Union-Regional Task Force (AU-RTF), and the European Union Missions and French Forces deployed in the CAR

Paragraph 1 (a) of resolution 2196 (2015)

MINUSCA, the AU-RTF, the European Union Missions and French Forces operating in the CAR to provide organizational advice or non-operational training to the CAR government forces and as relevant to the implementation of their mandates, and requests these forces to report on measures taken in this regard
as part of their regular reports to the Council

Paragraph 1 (b) of resolution 2196 (2015)

 

Supplies of non-lethal military equipment intended solely for humanitarian or protective use, and related technical assistance or training, as approved in advance by the Committee

Paragraph 1 (c) of resolution 2196 (2015)

Paragraph 11 (a, b, c) of the Committee’s Guidelines

 

Protective clothing, including flak jackets and military helmets, temporarily exported to the CAR by United Nations personnel, representatives of the media and humanitarian and development workers and associated personnel, for their personal use only

Paragraph 1 (d) of resolution 2196 (2015)

Paragraph 11 (a, b) of the Committee’s Guidelines

 

Supplies of small arms and other related equipment intended solely for use in international patrols providing security in the Sangha River Tri-national Protected Area to defend against poaching, smuggling of ivory and arms, and other activities contrary to the national laws of the CAR or the CAR’s international legal obligations

Paragraph 1 (e) of resolution 2196 (2015)

Paragraph 11 (a, b, d and e) of the Committee’s Guidelines 

  Supplies of arms and other related lethal equipment to the CAR security forces, intended solely for support of or use in the CAR process of SSR, as approved in advance by the Committee Paragraph 1 (f) of resolution 2196 (2015) Paragraph 11 (a, b, and d) of the Committee’s Guidelines 

 

Other sales or supply of arms and related materiel, or provision of assistance or personnel, as approved in advance by the Committee

Paragraph 1 (g) of resolution 2196 (2015)

Paragraph 11 (a, b and e) of the Committee’s guidelines

Travel Ban Humanitarian need, including religious obligation Paragraph 5 (a) of resolution 2196 (2015) Paragraph 9(a – k) of the Committee’s Guidelines  
  Entry or transit necessary for the fulfilment of a judicial process Paragraph 5 (b) of resolution 2196 (2015) Paragraph 9(a – j) of the Committee’s Guidelines
  Furtherance of the objectives of peace and national reconciliation in the CAR and stability in the region Paragraph 5 (c) of resolution 2196 (2015) Paragraph 9(a – j) of the Committee’s Guidelines
Asset freeze Basic expenses, including payment for foodstuffs,
rent or mortgage, medicines and medical treatment, taxes, insurance premiums, and public utility charges or exclusively for payment of reasonable professional fees and reimbursement of incurred expenses associated with the provision of legal services in accordance with national laws, or fees or service charges, in accordance with national laws, for routine holding or maintenance of frozen funds, other financial assets and economic resources,
Paragraph 8 (a) of resolution 2196 (2015) Paragraph 10 (a, d) of the Committee’s Guidelines
  Extraordinary expenses Paragraph 8 (b) of resolution 2196 (2015) Paragraph 10(b, d) of the Committee’s Guidelines
  Judicial, administrative or arbitral lien or judgment,
in which case the funds, other financial assets and economic resources may be used to satisfy that lien or judgment provided that the lien or judgment was entered into prior to the date of the present resolution, is not for the benefit of a person or entity designated by the Committee, and has been notified by the relevant State or Member States to the Committee
Paragraph 8 (c) of resolution 2196 (2015) Paragraph 10 (c,d) of the Committee’s Guidelines
  Interests or other earnings due on those accounts or payments due under contracts, agreements or obligations that arose prior to the date on which those accounts became subject to the provisions of this resolution, provided that any such interest, other earnings and payments continue to be subject to these provisions and are frozen Paragraph 9 of resolution 2196 (2015) Paragraph 10 (e) of the Committee’s Guidelines
  Payment due under a contract entered into prior to the listing of such a person or entity, provided that the relevant States have determined that the payment is not directly or indirectly received by a person or entity designated, and after notification by the relevant States to the Committee of the intention to make or receive such payments or to authorize, where appropriate, the unfreezing of funds, other financial assets or economic resources for this purpose, 10 working days prior to such authorization Paragraph 10 of resolution 2196 (2015) Paragraph10 (f) of the Committee’s Guidelines

In paragraph 24 of resolution 2196 (2015), the Security Council calls upon all States particularly those in the region and those in which designated individuals and entities designated are based, to regularly report to the Committee on the actions they have taken to implement the measures. Reports from Member States can be found here.

In monitoring the implementation of the measures, the Committee is assisted by a Panel of Experts, whose tasks are set out in paragraph 17 of resolution 2196 (2015).

The current Chair of the Committee, for the period ending 31 December 2015, is Her Excellency
Ms. Raimonda Murmokaitė (Lithuania). The Vice-Chair for 2015 is Jordan.