The Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1572 (2004) concerning Côte d'Ivoire was established on 15 November 2004 to oversee the relevant sanctions measures and to undertake the tasks set out by the Security Council in paragraph 14 of the same resolution.
The sanctions regime and the mandate of the Committee have been modified by subsequent resolutions, most notably Security Council resolutions 1584 (2005) and 1643 (2005). The regime was most recently renewed until 30 April 2012 by paragraph 1 of resolution 1980 (2011), which was adopted on 28 April 2011 . The Security Council will review the sanctions regime in light of the progress achieved in the implementation of the key steps of the peace process and of the progress of the electoral process in Côte d'Ivoire, as referred to in resolution 1911 (2010), 1933 (2010) and 1962 (2010). The sanctions measures currently in effect are summarized in the table below.
|Measure||Description (unofficial)||In effect until||Exceptions to the measure|
|Arms Embargo||All States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the supply to Côte d’Ivoire of arms and related materiel of all types and also of technical training and assistance.||
30 April 2011
|Set out in paragraph 8 of resolution 1572 (2004).|
Consolidated Travel Ban and Assets Freeze List
|All States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the entry into or transit through their territories of individuals designated by the Committee for inclusion on its consolidated travel ban and assets freeze list on the basis of the criteria summarized in paragraph 12 of 1727 (2006)||30 April 2011||Set out in paragraph 10 of resolution 1572 (2004). Information regarding exceptions, as well as on procedures for requesting delisting can be found in the Committee’s Guidelines
Consolidated Travel Ban and Assets Freeze List
|Decides that all States shall freeze without delay funds, other financial assets and economic resources owned or controlled by individuals and entities designated by the Committee for inclusion on its consolidated travel ban and assets freeze list on the basis of the criteria summarized in paragraph 12 of 1727 (2006)||30 April 2011||Set out in paragraph 12 of resolution 1572 (2004)Information regarding exceptions, as well as on procedures for requesting delisting can be found in the Committee’s Guidelines|
|Diamond sanctions||All States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect import of all rough diamonds from Côte d’Ivoire to their territory.||30 April 2011||Set out in paragraphs 6 of resolution 1643 (2005) and 16-17 of resolution 1893 (2009).|
By virtue of paragraph 8 of resolution 1572 (2004), the arms embargo does not apply to supplies and technical assistance for the support or use by UNOCI and the French forces, as well as to supplies of protective clothing exported to Côte d'Ivoire by UN personnel, media representatives, humanitarian and development workers, for their personal use. The Committee may decide to approve exemptions for exports to Côte d'Ivoire of non-lethal military equipment for humanitarian or protective use, of military supplies to the force of a State taking action to facilitate the evacuation of its nationals, and of arms and related materiel in connection with the process of the security sector reform pursuant to paragraph 3 of the Linas Marcoussis Agreement.
On 7 February 2006, the Committee approved the list of individuals and entities subject to the measures imposed by paragraphs 9 and 11 of resolution 1572 (2004) (the consolidated travel ban and assets freeze list), which is maintained and regularly updated by the Committee. Exemptions from these measures can be requested from the Committee pursuant to paragraphs 12 and 14 of resolution 1572 (2004). The procedure to request such exemptions, as well as listing and de-listing procedures can be found in the Committee’s guidelines for the conduct of its work.
In paragraph 20 of resolution 1893 (2009) the Council underlined that it is fully prepared to impose targeted measures against persons, to be designated by the Committee, who are determined to be a threat to the peace and national reconciliation process in Côte d'Ivoire; responsible for attacking or obstructing the actions of UNOCI, the French forces, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, the Facilitator or his Special Representative in Côte d'Ivoire; obstacles to the freedom of movement of UNOCI and the French forces; as well as for serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, for inciting public hatred and violating the arms embargo.
In paragraph 5 of resolution 1946 (2010) the Council decided, in addition to the provisions of paragraph 8 of resolution 1572 (2004), that the arms embargo shall not apply to the supplies of non-lethal equipment intended solely to enable the Ivorian security forces to use only appropriate and proportionate force while maintaining public order, as approved in advance by the Sanctions Committee.
On 30 March 2011, by paragraph 12 of resolution 1975 (2011), the Security Council decided to adopt targeted sanctions against five new individuals whose names were subsequently included in the list of individuals and entities subject to the measures imposed by paragraphs 9 and 11 of resolution 1572 (2004).
By paragraph 8 of resolution 1980 (2011), adopted on 28 April 2011, the Security Council decided that the supply of vehicles to the Ivorian security forces shall be subject to the measures imposed by paragraph 7 of resolution 1572 (2004).
By paragraph 9 of resolution 1980 (2011), the Council decided that the exemption procedure set out in paragraph 8 (e) of resolution 1572 (2004) shall apply only to arms and related materiel, vehicles, and the provision of technical training and assistance in support of the Ivorian process of Security Sector Reform, pursuant to a formal request by the Ivorian Government and approved in advance by the Sanctions Committee.
The current Chair of the Committee, for the period ending 31 December 2013, is His Excellency Mr. Gert Rosenthal (Guatemala). The two Vice-Chairs for 2013 are Australia and Rwanda.
The Committee publishes annual reports of its activities and its Chair briefs the Security Council regularly. The latest press release of the Committee's work can be found here.
Formal and informal meetings of the Committee are announced in the Journal of the United Nations.
The Committee is supported by a Group of Experts originally established by resolution 1584 (2005) for a period of six months, with the mandate to, inter alia, monitor the effectiveness of the sanctions regime, in cooperation with UNOCI. The Group of Experts has been re-established or its mandate has been extended for additional periods by resolutions 1632 (2005), 1643 (2005), 1708 (2006), 1727 (2006), 1761 (2007), 1782 (2007), 1842 (2008), 1893 (2009), 1946 (2010) and 1980 (2011). The reports of the Group of Experts can be found here. Under the current mandate, the Group of Experts is due to report to the Security Council in writing, through the Committee, by 15 October 2011 and by 15 April 2012.