Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1533 (2004) concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo


SECURITY COUNCIL COMMITTEE ESTABLISHED PURSUANT TO RESOLUTION 1533 (2004) CONCERNING THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO - RESOLUTIONS

S/RES/2136(2014) 30 January 2014 Renews the measures on arms, transport, finance and travel imposed by resolution 1807 (2008), and extends the mandate of the Group of Experts until 1 February 2015. Reaffirms the provisions referred to in paragraph 4 of resolution 1857, and renews the exemptions set out in paragraph 10 of resolution 2078 (2012). Calls upon all states to ensure that there is no support in and from their territories for the armed groups operating in eastern DRC; and to take steps against leaders of armed groups residing in their countries. Demands that the DRC accelerate the implementation of its DDR programme and follow through on the action plan on the recruitment of child soldiers. Encourages MONUSCO to assist the DRC in actively seeking to hold accountable those responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity. Calls on the DRC to enhance stockpile security of arms and ammunition. Recalls the mandate of MONUSCO to monitor the implementation of the arms embargo, and requests MONUSCO to assist the Committee and the Group of Experts within its capabilities. Emphasizes the primary responsibility of the DRC Government to reinforce State authority and governance. Welcomes measures taken by the Governments in the region to implement the due diligence guidelines. Reiterates its call to the DRC and states in the region to strengthen their control on exports and imports of minerals from the DRC and to cooperate to combat the illegal exploitation of natural resources. Expresses its full support to Group of Experts.
S/RES/2078 (2012) 28 November 2012 Renews until 1 February 2014 the measures on arms, transport, finance and travel imposed by
resolution 1807 (2008), and reaffirms the provisions of paragraphs 10 and 12 of that resolution regarding the individuals and entities referred to in paragraph 4 of resolution 1857. Decides that the financial and travel measures shall apply to the individuals, and, as appropriate, entities acting in violation of the measures on arms, transport, and finance; to political and military leaders of foreign armed groups operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) who impede the disarmament and the voluntary repatriation of their combatants; to political and military leaders of Congolese militias receiving support from outside the DRC, who impede the participation of their combatants in DDR processes, and recruiting or using children in armed conflict; to individuals or entities committing serious violations involving the targeting of children or women in situations of armed conflict; obstructing the access to or the distribution of humanitarian assistance, supporting armed groups through illicit trade of natural resources; and acting on behalf of or at the direction of a designated individual or entity owned or controlled by a designated individual. Extends until 1 February 2014 the mandate of the Group of Experts. Expresses deep concern at reports indicating that external support continues to be provided to the M23. Reiterates its demand that any and all outside support cease immediately, and its call on the ICGLR to monitor and inquire into reports of outside support to the M23. Welcomes the measures taken by the Congolese Government to implement the due diligence guidelines, and calls on all States to assist in their implementation. Expresses its full support to the Group of Experts, and reiterates its demand that all parties and all States ensure the safety of its members and its support staff.

S/RES/2021 (2011) 29 November 2011 Renews until 30 November 2012 the measures on arms and transport, as well as the financial and travel measures imposed by resolution 1807 (2008), and reaffirms the provisions of paragraphs 10 and 12 of that resolution regarding the individuals and entities referred to in paragraph 4 of resolution 1857 (2008). Extends the mandate of the Group of Experts until 30 November 2012 and reaffirms paragraphs 6 to 13 of resolution 1952 (2010) regarding the United Nations Group of Experts due diligence guidelines for importers, processing industries and consumers of Congolese minerals. Requests the Group of Experts to evaluate the impact of including assessing economic and social development in relevant mining areas within its continued evaluation of the impact the due diligence guidelines. Encourages all States to continue to raise awareness of the due diligence guidelines referred to above, in particular in the gold sector. Encourages the Government of the DRC to urgently implement a national weapons marking program and continue to address the underlying issue of the cohesion of the national Army, including by further ensuring proper integration and vetting of former armed groups, particularly the CNDP. Stresses the importance of the Government holding accountable those responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity in the country and regional cooperation to this end. Decides that it shall review measures set forth in this resolution no later than 30 November 2012, with a view to adjusting them, as appropriate, in light of the security situation in the DRC.

S/RES/1952 (2010) 29 November 2010 Renews until 30 November 2011 the measures on arms and transport, as well as the financial and travel measures imposed by resolution 1807 (2008), and reaffirms the provisions of paragraphs 10 and 12 of that resolution regarding the individuals and entities referred to in paragraph 4 of resolution 1857 (2008). Renews the mandate of the Group of Experts, with the addition of a sixth expert on natural resources issues, and requests the Group to evaluate the impact of due diligence guidelines referred to in the resolution. Supports taking forward the Group of Experts’ recommendations on guidelines for due diligence for importers, processing industries and consumers of Congolese mineral products, as set out in the final report (S/2010/596). Calls upon all States to take appropriate steps to raise awareness of the due diligence guidelines referred to above, and to urge importers, processing industries and consumers of Congolese mineral products to exercise due diligence by applying the aforementioned guidelines, or equivalent guidelines. Decides that the Sanctions Committee, in determining whether to designate an individual or entity supporting the illegal armed groups in the eastern part of the DRC through illicit trade of natural resources, should consider, amongst other things, whether the individual or entity has exercised due diligence consistent with the steps set out in the resolution.

S/RES/1896 (2009) 30 November 2009 Renews the arms embargo, previously imposed by paragraph 1 of resolution 1857 (2008), on all non-governmental entities and individuals operating in the territory of the DRC until 30 November 2010. Renews the measures on aviation and customs, as well as the travel ban and assets freeze on individuals and entities pursuant to the designation criteria set out in paragraph 4a to 4g of resolution 1857 (2008) which apply also to individuals obstructing the access to, or the distribution of, humanitarian assistance in eastern DRC, as well as individuals or entities supporting illegal armed groups in eastern DRC through illicit trade of natural resources. Extends the mandate of the Group of Experts for a period ending on 30 November 2010 and requests the Group of Experts to report to the Council in writing, through the Committee, by 21 May 2010 and again before 20 October 2010. Mandates the Group of Experts to produce, taking into account paragraph 4 (g) of resolution 1857 (2008), drawing inter alia on their reports and taking advantage of work done in other forums, recommendations to the Committee for guidelines for the exercise of due diligence by the importers, processing industries and consumers of mineral products regarding the purchase, sourcing, acquisition and processing of mineral products from the DRC.

S/RES/1857 (2008) 22 December 2008 Renews the arms embargo, previously imposed by paragraph 1 of resolution 1807 (2008), on all non-governmental entities and individuals operating in the DRC territory until 30 November 2009. Renews the measures on aviation and customs, as well as the travel ban and assets freeze on individuals and entities pursuant to resolution 1807 (2008) which apply also to individuals obstructing the access to, or the distribution of, humanitarian assistance in eastern DRC, as well as individuals or entities supporting illegal armed groups in eastern DRC through illicit trade of natural resources. Extends the mandate of the Group of Experts for a period ending on 30 November 2009 and requests the Group of Experts to report to the Council in writing, through the Committee, by 15 May 2009 and again before 15 October 2009.

S/RES/1807 (2008) 31 March 2008 Renews the arms embargo, previously imposed by paragraph 20 of resolution 1493 and 1 of resolution 1596 (2005), on all non-governmental entities and individuals operating in the DRC territory until 31 December 2008; and decides that the measures on arms and technical training no longer apply to the Government of the DRC. Renews the measures on aviation and customs, as well as the travel ban and assets freeze on individual and entities pursuant to resolution 1596 (2005), 1649 (2006) and 1698 (2006) which now apply also to individuals operating in the DRC and committing serious violations of international law involving the targeting of women in situations of armed conflict. Extends the mandate of the Group of Experts for a period ending on 31 december 2008 and decides to review the sanctions regime no later than 31 December 2008, in light of the consolidation of the security situation in the DRC

S/RES/1804 (2008) 13 March 2008 Recalls that the targeted measures including a travel ban and an asset freeze imposed by paragraphs 13 and 15 of resolution 1596 (2005) were extended by resolutions 1649 (2005) and 1698 (2006) to apply in particular to political and military leaders of armed groups operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo who impede the disarmament and the voluntary repatriation or resettlement of combatants belonging to those groups, and stresses that those measures are applicable to leaders of the FDLR, ex-FAR/Interahamwe and other Rwandan armed groups designated in accordance with the provisions of those resolutions

S/RES/1799 (2008) 15 February 2008 Extends the arms embargo imposed by resolution 1493 (2003) as amended and expanded by resolution 1596 (2005), as well as the measures on transport imposed by resolution 1596 (2005) and the financial and travel measures imposed by resolution 1596 (2005), 1649 (2005) and 1698 (2006). Extends the mandate of the Group of Experts until 31 March 2008

S/RES/1771 (2007) 10 August 2007 Renews until 15 February 2008 the arms embargo as well as travel and financial restrictions on individuals designated by the Committee in accordance with the criteria set out in resolutions 1596 (2005), 1649 (2006) and 1698 (2006). Requests the Secretary General to re-establish the Group of Experts for a period expiring on 15 February 2008

S/RES/1768 (2007) 31 July 2007 Extends until 10 August 2007 the arms embargo as well as travel and financial restrictions on individuals designated by the Committee in accordance with the criteria set out in resolutions 1596 (2005), 1649 (2006) and 1698 (2006). Extends the mandate of the Group of Experts until 10 August 2007

S/RES/1698 (2006) 31 July 2006 Renews until 31 July 2007 the arms embargo as well as travel and financial restrictions on individuals designated by the Committee in accordance with the criteria set out in resolution 1596 (2005) and 1649 (2006). Extends the travel and financial measures to political and military leaders recruiting or using children in armed conflict and to individuals violating international law involving targeting of children in arms conflict. Re-establishes the Group of Experts for a period expiring on 31 July 2007. Mandates the Group of Experts, in addition to the tasks defined in resolutions 1533, 1596 and 1649 to recommend feasible and effective measures the Council might impose to prevent illegal exploitation of natural resources financing armed groups in the Eastern part of the DRC. Requests the Secretary General to present a report on the potential economic, humanitarian and social impact on the population of the DRC of implementation of possible restrictive measures on natural resources

S/RES/1654 (2006) 31 January 2006 Re-established the Group of experts until 31 July 2006

S/RES/1649 (2005) 21 December 2005 Renews and expands travel and financial restrictions until 31 July 2006 to political and military leaders, as designated by the Committee, of foreign and Congolese armed groups impeding the disarmament reintegration of combatants

S/RES/1616 (2005) 29 July 2005 Renews the measures until 31 July 2006 and re-established the Group of experts

S/RES/1596 (2005) 18 April 2005 Amends and expands the arms embargo imposed by resolution 1493 (2003) and imposes targeted travel and fiancial measures on individuals designated by the Committee in accordance with the criteria set out in the resolution

S/RES/1552 (2004) 27 July 2004 Renews the arms embargo imposed by resolution 1493 (2003) until 31 July 2005 and re-establishes the Group of experts for a period expiring on 31 January 2005

S/RES/1533 (2004) 12 March 2004 Establishes a Sanctions Committee to oversee the arms embargo imposed by resolution 1493 (2003) and a Group of experts to gather and analyze all relevant information in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), countries of the region and, as necessary, in other countries, connected to flows of arms and related materiel, as well as networks operating in violation of the arms embargo

S/RES/1493 (2003) 28 July 2003 Decides that all States shall, for an initial period of 12 months, take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer of arms and any related material, and the provision of any assistance, advice or training related to military activities, to all foreign and Congolese armed groups and militias operating in the territory of North and South Kivu and of Ituri, and to groups not party to the Global and All-inclusive agreement, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo