The Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1521 (2003) concerning Liberia was established on 22 December 2003 to oversee the relevant sanctions measures and to undertake the tasks set out by the Security Council in paragraph 21 of the same resolution. The 1521 Committee is the successor body to two previous Security Council Committees that are no longer in existence, namely the Committee established pursuant to resolution 985 (1997) and the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1343 (2001).
The sanctions regime and the mandate of the Committee have been modified by subsequent resolutions, most notably Security Council resolutions 1532 (2004), 1683 (2006), 1903 (2009) and 2237 (2015). The regime was most recently extended by resolution 2237 of 2 September 2015. The sanctions measures currently in effect are summarized in the table below.
|Measure||Description (unofficial)||In effect until||Exceptions to the measure|
All States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the supply of arms and any related material and the provision of any assistance, advice, or training related to military activities to all non-governmental entities and individuals operating in the territory of Liberia
2 June 2016
Set out in paragraph 5 of resolution 1903 (2009).
By paragraph 2 of resolution 2188 (2014), the Council modified the notification requirements associated with the sanctions measures on arms as follows:
(i) Notification for non-lethal materials and associated training is no longer required.
(ii) The Liberian authorities shall have the primary responsibility to notify to the Committee at least five days in advance of the shipment of any supplies of lethal arms and related materiel, or any provision of assistance, advice or training related to military or other security sector activities for the Government of Liberia referred to in paragraph 2 (b) of resolution 2188 (2014).
(iii) Member States delivering assistance may, in the alternative, make this notification pursuant to paragraph 2 (b) of resolution 2188 (2014) in consultation with the Government of Liberia.
With the adoption of resolution 2237 (2015) on 2 September 2015, the Security Council terminated the travel and financial measures set forth in paragraph 4 of resolution 1521 (2003) and paragraph 1 of resolution 1532 (2004) and the 1521 Sanctions list was, thereby, dissolved.
The individuals and entities on the 1521 Sanctions list immediately prior to the adoption of 2237 (2015) are no longer subject to the travel and financial measures set forth in paragraph 4 of resolution 1521 (2003) and paragraph 1 of resolution 1532 (2004) and their names have been removed from the Consolidated United Nations Security Council Sanctions List.
Previously, the sanctions regime included prohibitions on the import of all round logs and timber products from Liberia, however the Security Council decided to allow the timber sanctions to expire on 20 June 2006 with the adoption of resolution 1689 (2006) in light of the Government of Liberia’s commitment to transparent management of the country’s forestry resources (see SC/8856).
The Liberia sanctions regime also previously included prohibitions on the import of rough diamonds from Liberia, however the Security Council decided to terminate the diamond sanctions on 27 April 2007, with the adoption of resolution 1753 (2007).
The current Chair of the Committee, for the period ending 31 December 2015, is Her Excellency Mrs. Dina Kawar (Jordan). The two Vice-Chairs for 2015 are Spain and Angola. The Committee publishes annual reports of its activities. The Committee has guidelines for the conduct of its work. The latest information on the Committee’s work can be found here. For other selected documents see menu.
The Committee is also supported by a Panel of Experts on Liberia whose reports can be found here.