NARRATIVE SUMMARIES OF REASONS FOR LISTING
QI.A.317.13. ABU MOHAMMED AL-JAWLANI
Date on which the narrative summary became available on the Committee’s website: 24.07.2013
Abu Mohammed al-Jawlani was listed on 24 July 2013 pursuant to paragraphs 2 and 3 of resolution 2083 (2012) as being associated with Al-Qaida and other individuals, groups, undertakings or entities associated with Al-Qaida for “participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing, or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf of, or in support of”, “supplying, selling or transferring arms and related materiel to”, and “Recruiting for” Al-Qaida (QE.A.4.01), Al-Qaida in Iraq (QE.J.115.04), Ayman al-Zawahiri (QI. A.6.01), and Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (QI.A. 299.11).
Abu Mohammed al-Jawlani is the leader of Jabhat al-Nusrah, a Syria-based terrorist group listed as an alias of Al-Qaida in Iraq (QE.J.115.04). In 2011 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, listed as Ibrahim Awwad Ibrahim Ali al-Badri al-Samarrai (QI.A.299.11), instructed Abu Mohammed al-Jawlani to establish a front for Al-Qaida in Iraq in Syria by developing a local presence and fighting. Al-Qaida in Iraq supplied Jabhat al-Nusrah with manpower, money, weapons and advice.
The formation of Jabhat al-Nusrah, featuring Abu Mohammed al-Jawlani, was announced on 23 January 2012. Abu Mohammed stated that the group consisted of fighters from the Near East.
In a statement issued in late May 2012 by Jabhat al-Nusrah’s media outlet Al-Manara Al-Baydh'a Media Foundation (the White Minaret), Abu Mohammed al-Jawlani was referred to as “the supervisor general for Jabhat al-Nusrah”. He called on his followers in Jabhat al-Nusrah to carry out attacks in revenge for a reported massacre in Houla, Syria, and urged the populations of the Levant to unite under his movement. Many of the attacks carried out by Jabhat al-Nusrah under the command of Abu Mohammed al-Jawlani have caused the deaths of civilians.
In a statement released on 10 April 2013, Abu Mohammed al-Jawlani confirmed that Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi gave Jabhat al-Nusrah considerable support, and that Abu Bakr had deputised Abu Mohammed to run the Al-Qaida fight in Syria. Abu Mohammed declared that it was his intention to establish a state in the Levant region (not just Syria) through violent means. Abu Mohammed asserted his pride in the banner of Al-Qaida in Iraq. Abu Mohammed pledged his and his organisation's allegiance to Aiman Muhammed Rabi al-Zawahiri (QI.A.6.01), the head of the international Al-Qaida umbrella movement and deferred to his guidance.
Abu Mohammed al-Jawlani's media statements have been published by the same internet sites that host authentic Al-Qaida media. In June 2013, the leader of Al-Qaida, Ayman al-Zawahiri, confirmed in a letter to Abu Bakr and Abu Mohammed that Abu Mohammed al-Jawlani is in charge of Jabhat al-Nusrah.
Jabhat al-Nusrah operates in Syria where it has carried out a number of terrorist attacks.
Related listed individuals and entities:
Al-Qaida (QE.A.4.01), listed on 6 October 2001
Al-Qaida in Iraq (QE.J.115.04), listed on 18 October 2004
Aiman Muhammed Rabi al-Zawahiri (QI.A.6.01), listed on 25 January 2001
Ibrahim Awwad Ibrahim Ali al-Badri al-Samarrai (QI.A.299.11), listed on 5 October 2011