NARRATIVE SUMMARIES OF REASONS FOR LISTING
QI.M.205.05. RAFIK MOHAMAD YOUSEF
Date on which the narrative summary became available on the Committee’s website: 26.08.2009
Rafik Mohamad Yousef was listed on 6 December 2005 pursuant to paragraphs 1 and 2 of resolution 1617 (2005) as being associated with Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden or the Taliban for “participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf, or in support of” and “supplying, selling, or transferring arms and related materiel to” Ansar al-Islam (QE.A.98.03).
Rafik Mohamad Yousef belonged to Ansar al-Islam (QE.A.98.03) and carried out activities in Germany on its behalf. He had close contacts with the former leader of Ansar-al-Islam, Mullah Krekar, listed as Najmuddin Faraj Ahmad (QI.A.226.06), and to Ansar al-Islam members Ata Abdoulaziz Rashid (QI.A.199.05) and Mazen Salah Mohammed (QI.A.202.05).
Yousef provided support to Ansar al-Islam through fundraising. He raised money and transferred it via middlemen to Mohammed, who then transferred it to Ansar al-Islam.
Between April 2004 and his arrest on 3 December 2004, Yousef tried to recruit fighters for Ansar al-Islam.
Yousef, along with Rashid and Mohammed, planned an assassination attempt against former Iraqi Prime Minister Iyad Allawi during his visit to Berlin on 2 and 3 December 2004.
He was found guilty of terrorism offences and attempted murder, and sentenced on 15 July 2008 to eight years of imprisonment in Germany.
Ansar al-Islam is a terrorist group formed in September 2001 that operates in northeastern Iraq and has close links to and support from Al-Qaida (QE.A.4.01). Al-Qaida and Usama bin Laden (QI.B.8.01) participated in the formation and funding of Ansar al-Islam. Ansar al-Islam has also received training and logistical assistance from Al-Qaida. Ansar al-Islam had close association with senior Al-Qaida operative Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, now deceased, also known as Ahmad Fadil Nazal al-Khalayleh. Ansar al-Islam has provided safe haven to Al-Qaida in northeastern Iraq.
Related listed individuals and entities:
Al-Qaida (QE.A.4.01), listed on 6 October 2001
Ansar al-Islam (QE.A.98.03), listed on 24 February 2003
Usama Muhammed Awad bin Laden (QI.B.8.01), listed on 25 January 2001
Ata Abdoulaziz Rashid (QI.A.199.05), listed on 6 December 2005
Mazen Salah Mohammed (QI.A.202.05), listed on 6 December 2005
Najmuddin Faraj Ahmad (QI.A.226.06), listed on 7 December 2006