NARRATIVE SUMMARIES OF REASONS FOR LISTING
QI.B.136.03. Mokhtar Belmokhtar
Date on which the narrative summary became available on the Committee’s website: 8 July 2009
Dates on which the narrative summary was updated: 27 November 2013, 9 September 2014
Mokhtar Belmokhtar was listed on 11 November 2003 pursuant to paragraphs 1 and 2 of resolution 1390 (2002) as being associated with Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden or the Taliban for “participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf, or in support of” and “recruiting for” the Organization of Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (QE.T.14.01).
Mokhtar Belmokhtar is a former Algerian soldier with experience in training camps in Afghanistan. He is the longest serving active group leader and is the head of Al Mouakaoune Biddam (QE.M.139.14), Al Moulathamoun (QE.M.140.14) and Al Mourabitoun (QE.M.141.14). His family connections with local tribes allow the groups to capitalize on criminal opportunities in the southern Maghreb, such as smuggling, to finance terrorism.
Mokhtar Belmokhtar, together with Saifi Ammari (QI.A.152.03), masterminded the exploitation of the Sahara’s permissive operating environment by GSPC (Salafist Group for Call and Combat), now listed as the Organization of Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).
Mokhtar Belmokhtar is the subject of international arrest warrant for establishing and belonging to the international terrorist group AQIM.
In June 2004, a tribunal in Illizi, Algeria, sentenced Belmokhtar in absentia to lifetime imprisonment for forming terrorist groups, robbery, detention and use of illegal weapons.
In March 2007, Belmokhtar was sentenced in absentia by a criminal court in Algeria to 20 years imprisonment for forming terrorist groups, kidnapping foreigners, importing and trafficking in illegal weapons.
In March 2008, the court of Ghardaïa, Algeria, sentenced Belmokhtar in absentia to lifetime imprisonment for the murder of 13 customs officers.
Mokhtar Belmokhtar is active in northern Mali and, among other crimes, was involved in the kidnap of two Canadian diplomats working for the United Nations who were abducted in December 2008.
Related listed individuals and entities:
Al-Qaida (QE.A.4.01), listed on 6 October 2001
The Organization of Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (QE.T.14.01), listed on 6 October 2001
Mouvement pour l’Unification et le Jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest (MUJAO) (QE.M.134.12), listed on 5 December 2012
Al Mouakaoune Biddam (QE.M.139.14), listed on 2 June 2014
Al Moulathamoun (QE.M.140.14), listed on 2 June 2014
Al Mourabitoun (QE.M.141.14), listed on 2 June 2014
Saifi Ammari (QI.A.152.03), listed on 4 December 2003
Kamel Djermane (QI.D.167.04), listed on 3 May 2004
Ahmad Zerfaoui (QI.Z.168.04) listed on 3 May 2004
Dhou el-Aich (QI.E.169.04), listed on 3 May 2004
Hacene Allane (QI.A.170.04), listed on 3 May 2004
Abdelmalek Droukdel (QI.D.232.07), listed on 27 August 2007
Yahia Djouadi (QI.D.249.08), listed on 3 July 2008
Amor Mohamed Ghedeir (QI.H.250.08), listed on 3 July 2008
Salah Eddine Gasmi (QI.G.251.08), listed on 3 July 2008
Ahmed Deghdegh (QI.D.252.08), listed on 3 July 2008
Mohamed Belkalem (QI.B.279.10), listed on 22 April 2010
Tayeb Nail (QI.N.280.10), listed on 22 April 2010
Abd al-Rahman Ould Muhammad al-Husayn Ould Muhammad Salim (QI.O.298.11), listed on 15 September 2011
Djamel Akkacha (QI.A.313.13), listed on 5 February 2013
Mohamed Lahbous (QI.L.319.13), listed on 24 October 2013