NARRATIVE SUMMARIES OF REASONS FOR LISTING
QDi.088 GULBUDDIN HEKMATYAR
Date on which the narrative summary became available on the Committee’s website: 30 October 2009
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar was listed on 20 February 2003 pursuant to paragraphs 1 and 2 of resolution 1390 (2002) as being associated with Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden or the Taliban for “participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf or in support of” the Taliban and Al-Qaida (QDe.004).
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, who founded Hizb-I-Islami Gulbuddin as a faction of the Afghan Hizb-I Islami party in 1977, is a warlord who has battled every Afghan Government since 1979. In 1993, Hekmatyar’s forces shelled the city of Kabul, killing thousands and destroying significant portions of the city. Hekmatyar became Prime Minister following these attacks but his tenure lasted only months. He continued to fight for control of Afghanistan from within the country until the Taliban captured Kabul in 1996. Hekmatyar offered to shelter Usama bin Laden (deceased) after the latter fled Sudan in 1996.
During much of the Taliban rule, Hekmatyar lived in exile in Iran. He subsequently allied himself with the remnants of the Taliban and Al-Qaida (QDe.004), and announced the alliance of his military forces with those of Al-Qaida and the Taliban in Afghanistan against the Afghan Government and its international allies.
Hekmatyar organized training camps and unified command structures with the Taliban. His forces, acting in concert with the remnant of the Taliban forces, were engaged in major battles in the weeks preceding February 2003.
Hekmatyar directed a car bombing that killed 26 persons and wounded hundreds of others in Kabul on 5 September 2002, as well as the 27 January 2003 attack against United States forces near Spin Boldak, Afghanistan.
In a video broadcast of May 2006, Hekmatyar pledged support for Al-Qaida leaders Usama bin Laden and Aiman Muhammed Rabi al-Zawahiri (QDi.006), and promised to carry on the fight alongside them. In another video statement broadcast on 29 September 2008, Hekmatyar claimed responsibility for an ambush that killed ten French soldiers in Sarobi, Afghanistan, in August 2008.
Related listed individuals and entities:
Al-Qaida (QDe.004), listed on 6 October 2001
Aiman Muhammed Rabi al-Zawahiri (QDi.006), listed on 25 January 2001