NARRATIVE SUMMARIES OF REASONS FOR LISTING
QE.J.115.04. AL-QAIDA IN IRAQ
Date on which the narrative summary became available on the Committee’s website: 28 March 2011
Al-Qaida in Iraq was listed on 18 October 2004 pursuant to paragraphs 1 and 16 of resolution 1526
(2004) as being associated with Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden or the Taliban for “participating in the
financing, planning, facilitating, preparing or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with,
under the name of, on behalf or in support of”, “supplying, selling or transferring arms and related
materiel to” or “otherwise supporting acts or activities of” Usama bin Laden and Al-Qaida (QE.A.4.01.).
Al-Qaida in Iraq (AQI) is an extremist group operating in Iraq. It was led by extremist Abu Musab al-
Zarqawi, also known as Ahmad Fadil Nazal al-Khalayleh (deceased), who was killed in June 2006. Al-
Zarqawi had been operating independently in Iraq since mid-2003 using the name Jama’at al-Tawhid
Wa’al-Jihad (JTJ). Al-Zarqawi’s group was responsible for the August 2003 bombing of the United
Nations Headquarters in Baghdad that killed at least 23 people, including United Nations Special
Envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello.
JTJ, under Al-Zarqawi, established links to Al-Qaida (QE.A.4.01.). Al-Zarqawi had a long-standing
connection with the senior Al-Qaida leadership, appeared to be well regarded by them and was a
close associate of Usama bin Laden (deceased). He arranged for his followers to be trained in Al-
Since his designation by the 1267 Committee, Al-Zarqawi moved the center of his operations to Iraq
and consolidated his group of operatives under JTJ. As the leader of JTJ, his ties to Al-Qaida,
however, remained, as evidenced by a letter intercepted in February 2004 that Al-Zarqawi wrote to Al-
Qaida/Usama bin Laden in Afghanistan, taking credit for various terrorist attacks.
In October 2004 JTJ issued a statement pledging allegiance to Usama bin Laden, and undertook to
follow Bin Laden’s orders. At this time the group also changed its name to Tanzim Qa’idat al-Jihad fi
Bilad al-Rafidayn (the Al-Qaida Group in the Land of the Two Rivers, AQI). The group’s stated aim is
the creation of a state in Iraq based on extremist ideology.
Following Al-Zarqawi’s death in 2006, Abu Ayyub al-Masri assumed leadership of AQI until his own
death in April 2010. The group continues to attack Iraqi civilians, the Iraqi Security Forces, and Iraqi
governmental institutions. It has claimed many terrorist attacks inside Iraq including the high-profile
attacks in Baghdad in August, October and December 2009, which, combined, killed over 480 people.
The group also claimed responsibility for the 2005 attack on three hotels in Amman, Jordan, which
killed at least 60 people.
Members of JTJ’s precursor cell operating in Germany include Aschraf al-Dagma (QI.A.132.03.),
Ismail Abdallah Sbaitan Shalabi (QI.S.128.03.), Djamel Moustfa (QI.M.129.03.) and Mohamed
Ghassan Ali Abu Dhess (QI.A.130.03.).
Jabhat al Nusrah emerged publicly on 23 January 2012. The group was created by members of Al-
Qaida in Iraq including, in particular, Ibrahim Awwad Ibrahim Ali Al-Badri Al Samarrai, also known as
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (QI.A.299.11.). The leader of Jabhat al Nusrah is Al-Fatih Abu Muhammad al-Jawlani (QI.A.317.13.).The group is part of Al Qaida in Iraq. It operates in Syria where it has carried out a number of terrorist attacks.
Related listed individuals and entities:
Al-Qaida (QE.A.4.01.), listed on 6 October 2001
Omar Mahmoud Uthman (QI.M.31.01.), listed on 17 October 2001
Ismail Abdallah Sbaitan Shalabi (QI.S.128.03.), listed on 23 September 2003
Djamel Moustfa (QI.M.129.03.), listed on 23 September 2003
Mohamed Ghassan Ali Abu Dhess (QI.A.130.03.), listed on 23 September 2003
Aschraf al-Dagma (QI.A.132.03.), listed on 23 September 2003
Hamid Abdallah Ahmed al-Ali (QI.A.236.08.), listed on 16 January 2008
Jaber Abdallah Jaber Ahmad al-Jalahmah (QI.A.237.08.), listed on 16 January 2008
Mubarak Mushakhas Sanad Mubarak al-Bathali (QI.A.238.08.), listed on 16 January 2008
Redouane el Habhab (QI.E.262.08.), listed on 12 November 2008
Akram Turki Hishan al-Mazidih (QI.A.276.10.), listed on 11 March 2010
Ghazy Fezza Hishan al-Mazidih (QI.A.277.10.), listed on 11 March 2010
Muthanna Harith al-Dari (QI.A.278.10.), listed on 25 March 2010
Ibrahim Awwad Ibrahim Ali al-Badri al-Samarrai (QI.A.299.11.), listed on 5 October 2011
Abu Mohammed al-Jawlani (QI.A.317.13.), listed on 24 July 2013