NARRATIVE SUMMARIES OF REASONS FOR LISTING
QE.L.96.03. LASHKAR I JHANGVI (LJ)
Date on which the narrative summary became available on the Committee’s website: 7 October 2011
Lashkar i Jhangvi (LJ) was listed on 3 February 2003 pursuant to paragraphs 1 and 2 of resolution 1390 (2002) as being associated with Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden or the Taliban for “participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf or in support of”, “supplying, selling or transferring arms and related materiel to” or “otherwise supporting acts or activities of” Al-Qaida (QE.A.4.01) and the Taliban.
Lashkar i Jhangvi (LJ) emerged in 1996. It is based primarily in Pakistan’s Punjab region and in the city of Karachi. While LJ initially directed most of its attacks against the Pakistani Shia Muslim community, it claimed responsibility for the 1997 killing of four American oil workers in Karachi, Pakistan. It was responsible for the January 2002 kidnapping and killing of American journalist Daniel Pearl. LJ was also responsible for a March 2002 bus bombing in Karachi that killed 15 people, including 11 French citizens. In July 2002, Pakistani police arrested four LJ members for their role in the bombing of a church in Islamabad in March 2002, which killed two American citizens. The LJ members confessed to the killings.
LJ has also been involved in attacks on Pakistan Government targets, including an attempt to assassinate then Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in 1999, two failed assassination attempts against then President Musharraf in 2003, and the failed assassination attempt against former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto in 2007. It was also believed to have been involved in the attack in Lahore, Pakistan, on the visiting Sri Lankan cricket team in March 2010.
LJ has targeted civilians of all types, including doctors, lawyers, teachers, politicians, lobbyists and scholars; it has also attacked targets on the basis of their Christian or Shia Muslim affiliation, including Iranian nationals in Pakistan, whom it has accused of funding groups in Pakistan that it perceives to be trying to establish Shia dominance.
LJ has ties to Al-Qaida (QE.A.4.01) and the Taliban. In addition to receiving sanctuary from the Taliban in Afghanistan, LJ members have fought alongside Taliban units. Al-Qaida has been involved in training LJ members.
LJ has received support from Al-Akhtar Trust International (QE.A.121.05).
Related listed individuals and entities:
Al-Qaida (QE.A.4.01), listed on 6 October 2001
Harakat Ul-Mujahidin / HUM (QE.H.8.01) listed on 6 October 2001
Al-Akhtar Trust International (QE.A.121.05), listed on 17 August 2005
Mati ur-Rehman Ali Muhammad (QI.M.296.11), listed on 22 August 2011