NARRATIVE SUMMARIES OF REASONS FOR LISTING
QE.L.11.01. LIBYAN ISLAMIC FIGHTING GROUP
Date on which the narrative summary became available on the Committee’s website: 23 August 2010
Date on which the narrative summary was updated: 7 November 2013
The Libyan Islamic Fighting Group was listed on 6 October 2001 pursuant to paragraph 8(c) of resolution 1333 (2000) as being associated with Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden or the Taliban for “participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf or in support of”, “supplying, selling or transferring arms and related materiel to” or “otherwise supporting acts or activities of” Al-Qaida (QE.A.4.01.), Usama bin Laden and the Taliban.
The Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) is an Al-Qaida (QE.A.4.01.) affiliate. It was created in 1995 by Libyans who had fought in Afghanistan and had plotted against the Government of Libya. LIFG participated with the Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group (QE.M.89.02.) in planning the May 2003 bombings in Casablanca, Morocco, that killed over 40 people and injured more than 100. LIFG has also been linked to the 2004 attacks in Madrid, Spain.
In 2002, Al-Qaida leader Zayn al-Abidin Muhammad Hussein (QI.H.10.01.), also known as Abu Zubaydah, was captured in Faisalabad, Pakistan, accompanied by at least three LIFG operatives and a fourth individual, the former head of the Sanabel Relief Agency Limited (defunct) in Kabul, Afghanistan, who was also known to have ties to LIFG. LIFG commanders, including Abu Yahya al-Liby and the now-deceased Abu al-Laith al-Liby, have occupied prominent positions within Al-Qaida’s senior leadership.
On 3 November 2007, LIFG formally merged with Al-Qaida. The merger was announced via two video clips produced by Al-Qaida’s propaganda arm, Al-Sahab. The first clip featured Usama bin Laden’s (deceased) deputy, Aiman Muhammed Rabi al-Zawahiri (QI.A.6.01.), and the second featured Abu Laith al-Liby, who then served as a senior member of LIFG and a senior leader and trainer for Al-Qaida in Afghanistan.
LIFG is believed to have several hundred members or supporters, mostly in the Middle East and Europe. Since the late 1990s, many LIFG members have fled from Libya to various Asian, Arabian Gulf, African, and European countries, particularly the United Kingdom. It is likely that LIFG has maintained a presence in eastern Libya and has facilitated the transfer of foreign fighters to Iraq.
Related listed individuals and entities:
Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya / AIAI (QE.A.2.01.), listed on 6 October 2001
Al-Qaida (QE.A.4.01.), listed on 6 October 2001
Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group (QE.M.89.02.), listed on 10 October 2002
The Tunisian Combatant Group (QE.T.90.02.), listed on 10 October 2002
Aiman Muhammed Rabi al-Zawahiri (QI.A.6.01.), listed on 25 January 2001
Zayn al-Abidin Muhammad Hussein (QI.H.10.01.), listed on 25 January 2001
Hassan Dahir Aweys (QI.D.42.01.), listed on 9 November 2001
Ibrahim Ali Abu Bakr Tantoush (QI.T.57.02.), listed on 11 January 2002
Merai Zoghbai (QI.Z.223.06.), listed on 2 August 2006
Aly Soliman Massoud Abdul Sayed (QI.A.229.07.), listed on 8 June 2007
Salem Nor Eldin Amohamed al-Dabski (QI.A.231.07.), listed on 8 June 2007
Adil Muhammad Mahmud Abd Al-Khaliq (QI.A.255.08.), listed on 10 October 2008