PRESENTATION OF MICIVIH
Haiti, July, 1996: Ambassador Colin Granderson, a Trinidadian diplomat,
has led the OAS/UN International Civilian Mission in Haiti (MICIVIH)
since its creation in 1993
July, 1996: Some of the international and local staff are shown here
in a group photo taken outside the central office, flanked by the flags
of the United Nations and the Organization of American States.
Airport, February 14, 1993: Colin Granderson and Michael Muller arrive
with the first group of MICIVIH observers. The Haitian Military are
waiting for them.
VERIFICATION OF THE RESPECT FOR
HUMAN RIGHTS DURING THE 1991-1994 COUP D'ÉTAT
August, 1993: MICIVIH observer Lizbeth Cullity observes political activists'
attempt to exercise their freedom of expression during operation "Kole
Foto", as they post flyers. Antoine Izmery is walking towards
MICIVIH observers when the Haitian soldiers cause a panic by opening
1993: MICIVIH is evacuated because of insecurity.
of MICIVIH's Evacuation, 1994, by Jean Louis..
of Observers Interviewing a Victim, 1993, by Jean Louis.
of MICIVIH's "Medicine and Human Rights Conference" May 25,
Enlargement of the Poster
TRAINING SEMINARS FOR THE PROMOTION
OF HUMAN RIGHTS : MICIVIH organized seminars for a
cross-section of Haitians to promote the respect of human rights and
understand the function of democratic institutions.
July, 1996: Observers Marc André Dorel (standing) and Leah Werchick
(sitting) speaking during a seminar for law students in Jacmel.
Marc, July, 1996: MICIVIH organized a number of meetings between local
journalists and the Haitian National Police in most of Haiti's main
provincial towns in an effort to help the two sides get along better
and promote respect for human rights. Two observers, Michael Tarr (right)
and Carlos Castillo (left) are seen at one of the meetings moderated
by Inter Press Service reporter Ives Marie Channel (standing by the
blackboard with finger raised).
MICIVIH'S PROMOTION OF RELATIONS
BETWEEN JUDGES AND POLICE :
July, 1996: MICIVIH organized meetings between the police and representatives
of the judicial and penal system to promote cooperation and coordination
between them. Observer Tamara Thompson (right) speaks with a police
officer outside the police station in Marigot before one of the meetings.
July, 1996: MICIVIH observes the Haitian National Police (HNP), in particular
how they treat prisoners while they are waiting to be brought before
a judge. Hannah Taylor (left) and Claudia Mojica (center) are gathering
information from the head of personnel at the Delmas station in metropolitan
July, 1996: Based on information received on the ground, MICIVIH writes
a report on the police. In July, 1996, MICIVIH releases the 56-page
report on the work of the police and the human rights situation one
year after the Haitian National Police force was launched in Haiti.
MICIVIH observers Hannah Taylor (right) and Claudia Mojica (left) are
seen interviewing Petionville Police Commissioner Mario Andresol.
MICIVIH'S FOLLOW-UP ON THE JUDICIAL
July, 1996. Criminal court sessions should be held two times a year
in more an a dozen towns throughout the country. They represent a key
element in the Haitian judicial system and are monitored closely by
MICIVIH observers. Chris Thomas observes a lawyer addressing the court
during a criminal trial session in front of the judge.
July, 1996: MICIVIH monitors the working of the judicial apparatus at
all levels. MICIVIH observer Cecily Lawrence-Silla (right) at work getting
information from a court official in the south of Gonaives' tribunal
de paix (the lowest level of court).
MICIVIH VISITS THE PRISONS:
MICIVIH regularly visits Haiti's prisons to verify the respect of
detainees' rights and to make recommendations to the National Penitentiary
July, 1996: MICIVIH observer Mohamed Djilane (left) is seen here asking
questions to a defense lawyer during the semi-annual criminal assizes
Marc Prison, September, 1995: Observer Maria-Isabel Vargas (United Nations
Volunteer) traveled around the country to teach administrative personnel
of the National Penitentiary Administration (APENA) (left) how to keep
good prison registration records. In St. Marc, observers Margareth Harris
(right) and Piedad Roman-Espina follow APENA closely during regular
July, 1996: Observer Paula Hacopian (right) speaks with prisoners in
the cells of Jacmel's prison. A penal agent in uniform can be seen in
May 1997: Verification of prison conditions and the treatment of prisoners
in Haitian detention centers constitutes a fundamental aspect of MICIVIH's
human rights monitoring work. Recommendations are regularly made to
Haitian authorities in an effort to improve respect for due process.
Pictured here, a typical scene in a Haitian detention center.
Haitien, May 1997: MICIVIH observers based in Haiti's second largest
city conduct regular visits to the local prison where they inquire about
respect for judicial and penal procedures.
May 1997: A MICIVIH legal officer visits the women's section of the
Fort National prison. Since the return to constitutional government,
prison administration officials have consistently enforced the legal
requirement calling for the separation of male and female prisoners.
Nonetheless, female minors in detention continue to share a single cell
with their adult counterparts at this prison.
MICIVIH AND FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY:
September, 1995: Exhumation of victims of organized violence during
the coup d'état. MICIVIH staff Javier Hernandez (standing at the far
left), Denis Racicot (leaning in the front), and Jose Pablo Baraybar,
forensic anthropologist with the Mission, (crouching in the center)
working in collaboration with the National Truth and Justice Commission.
September 1995: Bones from victims of the coup d'état unearthed in Gonaives
at the initiative of the National Commission of Truth and Justice.
MICIVIH AND UNSMIH (UNITED NATIONS
SUPPORT MISSION IN HAITI):
July, 1996: MICIVIH observers often work closely with UNSMIH personnel,
especially members of the International Civilian Police. Chris Thomas
(right) exchange information with a CIVPOL police outside the Aquin
MICIVIH AND OAS:
of the Port-au-Prince City Hall, December, 1995. MICIVIH Executive Director
Colin Granderson, who was acting as director of the OAS Electoral Mission,
outside a Communal Electoral Office during the presidential elections.
PROMOTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS:
MICIVIH encourages local artists to paint murals promoting human rights
themes in the towns for contests and annual town celebrations.
1995-1996: Six murals made by Haitian artists as part of a human rights
promotion campaign launched around the country; first series.
Mural paintings; second series.
May 1997: MICIVIH observer oversees a human rights promotion seminar.
Participants engage in a close reading of the Haitian constitution and
learn about the proper role of the police in a democratic society.
Haitien, May 1997: MICIVIH observers host local radio talk shows in
towns around the country to encourage discussion about the police, the
judicial system and other human rights issues. Pictured here, Simona
Silvestri interview a local judge.
THE HAITIAN NATIONAL POLICE (HNP):
Haitien, May 1997: In the spring of 1997 MICIVIH conducted an intensive
conflict resolution training series for community police officers in
Cap Haitien. The training sought to improve the analytical and communications
skills of officers and to explore ways of taking a more proactive role
in the community in preventing crime. Afterwards, some of the officers
began a training-of-trainers program to share these skills with other
colleagues in other precincts in the North. The Cap Haitien Commissariat,
with assistance from CIVPOL, is the first police precinct in Haiti to
restructure its force on a model of Community Policing. Here UN CIVPOL
officers and MICIVIH observers are seen attending one of the training-of-trainers
- MICIVIH Arrival: Before and After
- November, 1995, Montagne Noire, Colin Granderson
receives the painting of K.J. Martial
Photos 3,4,5 are graciously offered by photographer
Photos 1,2,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,18,25 UNSMIH, Antonio BRUNO.
Photos 22 et 23 by observer Michèle MORRIS.
Photos 17, 24 32 by Isabelle ABRIC.
Photos 6,7,8,26,27,31 by Marc STEED.
Photos 26, 27 by J-F PRODUCTIONS.
Photos 19,20,21,30 by Eskinder DEBEBE.