HUMAN RIGHTS AT YOUR FINGERTIPS

QUESTIONS

1. What is the first human rights declaration adopted by the United Nations?
2. When was the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted?
3. Where was the Universal Declaration adopted?
4. Who were the key contributors to the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
5. How many articles does the Universal Declaration of Human Rights contain?
6. Can you name some of the rights championed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
7. What human rights event is celebrated in 1998?
8. To whom does the Universal Declaration of Human Rights apply?
9. What is the slogan adopted for the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
10. When is Human Rights Day observed?
11. Why is Human Rights Day observed on 10 December each year?
12. When was the International Year for Human Rights?
13. What is the International Bill of Human Rights?
14. Can you name some of the United Nations commissions specializing in the field of human rights?
15. How many countries are members of the Commission on Human Rights?
16. Which United Nations council selects the members of the Commission on Human Rights and on what basis?
17. Where does the United Nations Commission on Human Rights meet and for how long?
18. How many women have chaired the annual sessions of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights since its first meeting in 1947? Who are they?
19. Which main committee of the General Assembly deals with most of the human rights issues?
20. Which United Nations declaration states that the objectives of economic activity should be the mprovement of the social, economic, political and cultural well-being of individuals and not growth and profit?
21. Which office in the United Nations is responsible for dealing with human rights questions on a daily basis?
22. When was the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights established? How many High Commissioners have there been so far?
23. Who was appointed in 1997 as the High Commissioner for Human Rights?
24. Who was the first High Commissioner for Human Rights?
25. How many world conferences on human rights has the United Nations held? When and where were these conferences held?
26. Which important documents were adopted at the 1993 World Conference on Human Rights held in Vienna?
27. Where do human rights bodies usually hold their meetings? Do any of them meet at United Nations Headquarters in New York?
28. What is the difference between a convention and a declaration?
29. What name is given to a series of conventions covering humanitarian questions in times of war?
30. Which human rights bodies can hear individual complaints of human rights violations?
31. Which United Nations human rights convention or treaty first set up an international monitoring system, as well as a procedure for individual complaints?
32. What is Procedure "1503"?
33. How many human rights treaty bodies are there?
34. What are the six international human rights treaties monitored by the treaty bodies?
35. Which mechanisms were devised by the United Nations to monitor human rights violations?
36. What are special rapporteurs and what do they do?
37. Can any victim of human rights abuses directly contact the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights?
38. What is the most recent human rights treaty adopted by the General Assembly?
39. Which United Nations human rights treaty has the highest number of country ratifications?
40. How many countries have ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child?
41. Which country originally suggested the idea of an international treaty on the rights of the child?
42. The year 1985 was designated as International __________ Year.
43. Which declaration was adopted by the United Nations in 1965 in order to protect the rights of young people?
44. What does CEDAW stand for?
45. When was the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women adopted by the General Assembly?
46. Which United Nations treaty deals with genocide?
47. What seven milestones mark United Nations efforts to combat racial discrimination?
48. What United Nations convention deals with the rights of refugees?
49. Has the United Nations done anything about stateless persons?
50. The year 1995 was designated as the International Year for __________.
51. Which international declaration is aimed at religious intolerance?
52. Which United Nations group reviews developments pertaining to the promotion and protection of the rights of indigenous people?
53. What United Nations human rights decades were proclaimed for the period 1995-2004?
54. What is apartheid?
55. When was apartheid eradicated in South Africa?
56. Which United Nations human rights decade is being observed during the period 1993-2003?
57. The United Nations has established two ad hoc International Criminal Courts to judge war crimes committed in which countries?
58. In which 10 places have United Nations human rights field offices been established?
59. What is the role of the human rights field offices?
60. Why is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights important to you?

ANSWERS

1. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a landmark document.

2. 10 December 1948.

3. At the Palais de Chaillot, in Paris, France.

4. Eleanor Roosevelt (United States of America), René Cassin (France), Charles Malik (Lebanon), Peng Chun Chang (China), Hernan Santa Cruz (Chile), Alexandre Bogomolov/Alexei Pavlov (Soviet Union), Lord Dukeston/Geoffrey Wilson (United Kingdom) William Hodgson (Australia) and John Humphrey (Canada).

5. 30.

6. Right to life, liberty and security of person; education; freedom of thought, conscience and religion; freedom of opinion and expression; work; seek and obtain asylum from persecution in other countries; among others.

7. The Fiftieth Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

8. To each individual, regardless of gender, race, religion or cultural background.

9. "All Human Rights for All".

10. 10 December each year.

11. In commemoration of the date of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

12. 1968.

13. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, together with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

14. The Commission on Human Rights, the Commission on the Status of Women, and the Subcommission on the Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities.

15. 53 countries, representing all regions of the world.

16. The Economic and Social Council, according to regional geographical distribution.

17. In Geneva for six weeks each year.

18. Three. Eleanor Roosevelt (USA), Princess Ashraf Pahlavi (Iran) and Purificación Quisumbing (Philippines).

19. The Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural).

20. The Declaration on the Right to Development, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1986.

21. The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva, formerly known as the Centre for Human Rights.

22. 1993. Two.

23. Mrs. Mary Robinson (former President of Ireland).

24. Mr. José Ayala Lasso (Ecuador), from April 1994 to March 1997.

25. Two. One in Tehran (Iran), 22 April--13 May 1968, and the other in Vienna (Austria), 14-25 June 1993.

26. The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action.

27. In Geneva. Yes, the Human Rights Committee, the Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances, and the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women.

28. A convention is a legally binding treaty, coming into force upon ratification by a certain number of States. A declaration is not legally binding but carries moral weight because it is adopted by the international community.

29. The Geneva Conventions.

30. The Human Rights Committee that monitors the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, and the Committee on Torture.

31. The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.

32. A procedure that allows anyone or any group of persons to report human rights violations to the United Nations even when the case is not covered by a United Nations treaty.

33. Six treaty bodies. Each treaty body monitors how countries implement a specific human rights treaty.

34. The Covenant on Civil and Political Rights; the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; the Convention on the Rights of the Child; the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women; the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination; and the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.

35. Conventional mechanisms (treaty bodies to monitor compliance of States parties to Conventions) and extra-conventional mechanisms (Special Rapporteurs, working groups and Special Representatives of the Secretary-General).

36. Special rapporteurs are experts appointed by the Commission on Human Rights. They examine, monitor and publicly report on human rights situations and compliance of States with the various international human rights instruments.

37. Yes. A 24-hour fax "hot line" (41-22-9170092) can be used by victims of human rights violations, their relatives and non-governmental organizations.

38. The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, adopted in 1990 but yet to go into force.

39. The Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1989.

40. 191 as of September 1997.

41. Poland.

42. Youth.

43. The Declaration on the Promotion among Youth of the Ideals of Peace, Mutual Respect and Understanding between Peoples.

44. The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, the treaty body that monitors the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.

45. In 1979.

46. The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948.

47. The United Nations General Assembly adopted a Declaration (1963) and a Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1965). The United Nations held two World Conferences to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1978 and 1983) and proclaimed a First, Second and Third Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1973-1983, 1983-1993 and 1993-2003).

48. The Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, signed in Geneva in 1951.

49. The United Nations General Assembly adopted a Convention related to the Status of Stateless Persons (1954) and the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness (1961).

50. Tolerance.

51. The Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief, adopted by the General Assembly in 1981.

52. The United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Populations, established in 1982, which meets annually in Geneva.

53. The International Decade of the World's Indigenous People and the United Nations Decade for Human Rights Education.

54. The former system in South Africa of institutionalized racial segregation.

55. In 1994.

56. The International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination.

57. In the former Yugoslavia and in Rwanda.

58. Abkhazia (Georgia), Burundi, Cambodia, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gaza, Malawi, Mongolia, Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia.

59. To assist in the development of national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights, and to conduct information campaigns on human rights, among other activities.

60. Because it protects and promotes your individual rights.

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