|Department of Public Information • News and Media Division • New York|
7014th Meeting (AM)
Security Council Extends Mandate of Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus Until
31 January 2014, Adopting Resolution 2114 (2013) by Vote of 13-0-2
Expressing support for the long-standing United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP), the Security Council this morning decided to extend the mission, established in 1964, for another six months until 31 January 2014.
Adopting resolution 2114 (2013) by a vote of 13 in favour to 0 against, with 2 abstentions (Azerbaijan, Pakistan), the Council urged the Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders to continue discussions on core issues, noting that progress thus far between the two sides to end the division on the island had yet to result in a comprehensive, durable settlement.
Also by the text, presented by Rosemary Di Carlo ( United States), whose delegation holds the 15-member body’s rotating presidency for July, the Council urged the implementation of military and other confidence-building steps, such as the opening of other crossing points.
Both sides were called on to continue to engage, as a matter of urgency, with UNFICYP on the demarcation of the buffer zone and on the United Nations 1989 aide-memoire with a view to reaching early agreement on outstanding matters. Additionally, they were urged to give deminers access to Cyprus’ remaining mines and to extend mine clearance operations outside the buffer zone.
The Council also asked the Secretary-General to submit by 10 January 2014 a report on implementation of the text and contingency planning in relation to the settlement, and to update the Council on events as necessary. Developments during the first half of 2013 are set forth in the Secretary-General’s latest report on UNFICYP (document S/2013/392).
Explaining his abstention, after the vote, Masood Khan (Pakistan) said much of his delegation’s suggested language to ensure that the text was fair and balanced had been incorporated, but he regretted the exclusion of references to joint statements on 23 May and 1 July by the Greek and Turkish Cypriot sides, which the Council had included in its 24 January text on the matter, when the mission was last extended. Nevertheless, he supported the current text’s essential aims and hoped that both parties would direct their efforts towards a results-oriented process.
Tofig Musayev ( Azerbaijan), who also had abstained, said that, while the resolution urged both sides to resume substantive negotiations and stressed that the status quo was unsustainable, it did not give a full and accurate update of the situation on the ground, nor did it emphasize the need to agree to a results-oriented process.
Mr. Musayev called attention to operative paragraph 5 of the text, by which the Council welcomed all efforts to accommodate the exhumation requirements of the Committee on Missing Persons and called upon all parties to accommodate the Committee’s requirements, saying it should have been more specific in relation to access to be provided.
The meeting began at 10:20 a.m. and ended at 10:26 a.m.
The full text of resolution 2114 (2013) reads as follows:
“The Security Council,
“Welcoming the report of the Secretary-General of 5 July 2013 (S/2013/392) on the United Nations operation in Cyprus,
“Noting that the Government of Cyprus is agreed that in view of the prevailing conditions on the island it is necessary to keep the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) beyond 31 July 2013,
“Noting the intention of the Secretary-General to report on his good offices in the next reporting period, and echoing the Secretary-General’s firm belief that the responsibility for finding a solution lies first and foremost with the Cypriots themselves, and reaffirming the primary role of the United Nations in assisting the parties to bring the Cyprus conflict and division of the island to a comprehensive and durable settlement,
“Welcoming the progress made so far and the work the parties are putting into preparing for negotiations to go forward productively in October,
“Recalling the importance attached by the international community to all parties engaging fully, flexibly and constructively in the negotiations, and noting that the move towards a more intensive phase of negotiations has not yet resulted in an enduring, comprehensive and just settlement based on a bicommunal, bizonal federation with political equality, as set out in the relevant Security Council resolutions, encouraging the sides to resume the substantive negotiations on the core issues, and stressing that the status quo is unsustainable,
“Welcoming the efforts of the Secretary-General to stimulate progress during his meeting with the two leaders on 31 October 2011 and 23 January 2012, and expressing continued support for his efforts,
“Noting the need to advance the consideration of and discussions on military confidence-building measures, calling for renewed efforts to implement all remaining confidence-building measures, and for agreement on and implementation of further steps to build trust between the communities,
“Reaffirming the importance of continued crossings of the Green Line by Cypriots, and encouraging the opening by mutual agreement of other crossing points,
“Convinced of the many important benefits, including economic benefits, for all Cypriots that would flow from a comprehensive and durable Cyprus settlement, urging the two sides and their leaders to foster positive public rhetoric, and encouraging them clearly to explain the benefits of the settlement, as well as the need for increased flexibility and compromise in order to secure it, to both communities well in advance of any eventual referenda,
“Considering that undermining the United Nations’ credibility undermines the peace process itself,
“Highlighting the importance of the supporting role of the international community, and in particular that of the parties concerned in taking practical steps towards helping the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot leaders to exploit fully the current opportunity,
“Taking note of the assessment of the Secretary-General that the security situation on the island and along the Green Line remains stable, and urging all sides to avoid any action which could lead to an increase in tension, undermine the progress achieved so far, or damage the goodwill on the island,
“Recalling the Secretary-General’s firm belief that the situation in the buffer zone would be improved if both sides accepted the 1989 aide-memoire used by the United Nations,
“Noting with regret that the sides are withholding access to the remaining minefields in the buffer zone, and that demining in Cyprus must continue, noting the continued danger posed by mines in Cyprus, and urging rapid agreement on facilitating the recommencement of demining operations and clearance of the remaining minefields,
“Highlighting the importance of the activities of the Committee on Missing Persons, urging the opening up of access to all areas to allow the Committee to carry out their work, and trusting that this process will promote reconciliation between the communities,
“Agreeing that active participation of civil society groups, including women’s groups, is essential to the political process and can contribute to making any future settlement sustainable, recalling that women play an important role in peace processes, welcoming all efforts to promote bicommunal contacts and events including, inter alia, on the part of all United Nations bodies on the island, and urging the two sides to promote the active engagement of civil society and the encouragement of cooperation between economic and commercial bodies and to remove all obstacles to such contacts,
“Stressing the need for the Council to pursue a rigorous, strategic approach to peacekeeping deployments,
“Welcoming the intention of the Secretary-General to keep all peacekeeping operations under close review to ensure efficiency and effectiveness, including a review of UNFICYP when appropriate, and noting the importance of contingency planning in relation to the settlement, including recommendations as appropriate for further adjustments to UNFICYP’s mandate, force levels and other resources and concept of operations, taking into account developments on the ground and the views of the parties,
“Welcoming also the continued efforts of Alexander Downer as the Secretary-General’s Special Adviser with a mandate to assist the parties in the conduct of fully fledged negotiations aimed at reaching a comprehensive settlement, and the efforts of Lisa Buttenheim as the Secretary-General’s Special Representative,
“Echoing the Secretary-General’s gratitude to the Government of Cyprus and the Government of Greece for their voluntary contributions to the funding of UNFICYP, and his request for further voluntary contributions from other countries and organizations, and expressing appreciation to Member States that contribute personnel to UNFICYP,
“Welcoming and encouraging efforts by the United Nations to sensitize peacekeeping personnel in the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS and other communicable diseases in all its peacekeeping operations,
“1. Acknowledges the progress made so far in the fully fledged negotiations, but notes that this has not been sufficient and has not yet resulted in a comprehensive and durable settlement, and urges the sides to continue their discussions to reach decisive progress on the core issues;
“2. Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General (S/2013/392);
“3. Recalls Security Council resolution 2026 (2011), and calls upon the two leaders to:
(a) Put their efforts behind further work on reaching convergences on the core issues;
(b) Continue to work with the Technical Committees with the objective of improving the daily lives of the Cypriots;
(c) Improve the public atmosphere for the negotiations, including by focussing public messages on convergences and the way ahead, and delivering more constructive and harmonized messages; and
(d) Increase the participation of civil society in the process as appropriate;
“4. Urges the implementation of confidence-building measures, and looks forward to agreement on and implementation of further such steps, including military confidence-building measures and the opening of other crossing points;
“5. Welcomes all efforts to accommodate the Committee on Missing Persons exhumation requirements and calls upon all parties to provide full access;
“6. Reaffirms all its relevant resolutions on Cyprus, in particular resolution 1251 (1999) of 29 June 1999 and subsequent resolutions;
“7. Expresses its full support for UNFICYP and decides to extend its mandate for a further period ending 31 January 2014;
“8. Calls on both sides to continue to engage, as a matter of urgency and while respecting UNFICYP’s mandate, in consultations with UNFICYP on the demarcation of the buffer zone, and on the United Nations 1989 aide-memoire, with a view to reaching early agreement on outstanding issues;
“9. Calls on the Turkish Cypriot side and Turkish forces to restore in Strovilia the military status quo which existed there prior to 30 June 2000;
“10. Calls on both sides to allow access to deminers and to facilitate the removal of the remaining mines in Cyprus within the buffer zone, and urges both sides to extend demining operations outside the buffer zone;
“11. Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report on implementation of this resolution, including on contingency planning in relation to the settlement, by 10 January 2014 and to keep the Security Council updated on events as necessary;
“12. Welcomes the efforts being undertaken by UNFICYP to implement the Secretary-General’s zero-tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse and to ensure full compliance of its personnel with the United Nations code of conduct, requests the Secretary-General to continue to take all necessary action in this regard and to keep the Security Council informed, and urges troop-contributing countries to take appropriate preventive action, including the conduct of pre-deployment awareness training, and to take disciplinary action and other action to ensure full accountability in cases of such conduct involving their personnel;
“13. Decides to remain seized of the matter.”
* *** *