SECURITY COUNCIL RENEWS CÔTE D’IVOIRE ARMS EMBARGO, TRAVEL RESTRICTIONS UNTIL 15 DECEMBER 2006, UNANIMOUSLY ADOPTING RESOLUTION 1643 (2005)

15 December 2005
SC/8585

SECURITY COUNCIL RENEWS CÔTE D’IVOIRE ARMS EMBARGO, TRAVEL RESTRICTIONS UNTIL 15 DECEMBER 2006, UNANIMOUSLY ADOPTING RESOLUTION 1643 (2005)

15/12/2005
Security Council
SC/8585
Department of Public Information • News and Media Division • New York

Security Council

5327th Meeting (AM)

SECURITY COUNCIL RENEWS C ÔTE D’IVOIRE ARMS EMBARGO, TRAVEL RESTRICTIONS

UNTIL 15 DECEMBER 2006 , UNANIMOUSLY ADOPTING RESOLUTION 1643 (2005)

Also Bans Import of Rough Diamonds from Country;

Expert Group to Report on Implementation within 90 Days

Expressing serious concern at the persistence of the crisis in Côte d’Ivoire and of obstacles to peace from all sides, the Security Council today renewed for another year the arms embargo and the travel and financial restrictions imposed on the country on 15 November 2004 and decided to ban imports of rough diamonds from the country, while indicating its readiness to apply those measures to anyone deemed by it to have threatened the peace, violated the arms embargo, or been responsible for inciting violence or serious human rights violations.

Acting under Chapter VII, the Council unanimously adopted resolution 1643 (2005) and requested the Secretary-General to re-establish, within the next 30 days, for six months a five-member expert group to perform several tasks related to the sanctions, including reporting to the Council within 90 days on the implementation of the measures imposed by paragraph 7 of resolution 1572 (2004) and by paragraph 6 of the present text outlining the bans.

It also decided that any serious obstacle to the freedom of movement of the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) and of the French forces which supported it, or any attack or obstruction to the action of UNOCI, of the French forces, of the High Representative for the elections and of the International Working Group was a threat to peace and national reconciliation in Côte d’Ivoire.

In a related provision, the Council requested the Secretary-General and the French Government to report to it immediately of any serious obstacle to the freedom of movement of the mission and of the French forces which supported it, including the names of those responsible.  The Council also requested the High Representative for the elections and the International Working Group to report to it immediately any attack or obstruction to their action.

Further, the Council asked the Secretary-General to communicate to it information gathered by UNOCI and, when possible, reviewed by the Expert Group, about the supply of arms and related materiel to Côte d’Ivoire and about the production and illicit export of diamonds.  It asked the French Government to do the same, and the Kimberley Process to communicate about the production and illicit export of diamonds.  All States were urged to report on any violations of the sanctions measures referred to in this text and in resolution 1572 (2004).

In reaffirming the key provisions of last year’s resolution, the Council demanded that the Force nouvelles establish, without delay, a comprehensive list of armaments in their possession.

The meeting began at 10:12 a.m. and was adjourned at 10:15 a.m.

Council Resolution

The full text of resolution 1643 (2005) reads, as follows:

The Security Council,

Recalling its previous resolutions and statements of its President relating to the situation in Côte d’Ivoire,

Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and unity of Côte d’Ivoire, and recalling the impor­tance of the principles of good neighbourliness, non-interference and regional cooperation,

Recalling that it endorsed the Agreement signed by the Ivorian political forces in Linas-Marcoussis on 24 January 2003 (S/2003/99) (the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement) approved by the Conference of Heads of State on Côte d’Ivoire, held in Paris on 25 and 26 January 2003, the Agreement signed in Accra on 30 July 2004 (the Accra III Agreement) and the Agreement signed in Pretoria on 6 April 2005 (the Pretoria Agreement), as well as the decision of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union on the situation in Côte d’Ivoire adopted at its 40th meeting at the level of Heads of State and Government held on 6 October 2005 in Addis Ababa (S/2005/639),

Commending the efforts of the Secretary-General, the African Union, in particular President Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria, Chair of the African Union, and President Thabo Mbeki of the Republic of South Africa, Mediator of the African Union, President Mamadou Tandja of Niger, Chair of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the leaders of the region, to promote peace and stability in Côte d’Ivoire, and reiterating its full support for them,

Recalling the final communiqué of the International Working Group of 8 November 2005, which stated in particular that the fundamental basis of the peace and national reconciliation process is enshrined in resolution 1633 (2005), and recalling also its final communiqué of 6 December 2005,

Recalling strongly the obligations of all Ivorian parties, the Government of Côte d’Ivoire as well as the Forces nouvelles, to refrain from any violence, in particular against civilians including foreign citizens, and to cooperate fully with the activities of the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI),

Expressing its serious concern at the persistence of the crisis in Côte d’Ivoire and of obstacles to the peace and national reconciliation process from all sides,

Reiterating its firm condemnation of all violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, including the use of child soldiers, in Côte d’Ivoire,

Taking note of the final communiqué of the Kimberley Process Plenary Meeting held in Moscow from 15 to 17 November 2005 and of the resolution adopted by Kimberley Process participants at that meeting setting out concrete measures to prevent the introduction of diamonds from Côte d’Ivoire into the legitimate diamond trade, and recognizing the linkage between the illegal exploitation of natural resources such as diamonds, illicit trade in such resources, and the proliferation and trafficking of arms and the recruitment and use of mercenaries as one of the sources of fuelling and exacerbating conflicts in West Africa,

Taking note alsoof the report of the United Nations Panel of Experts on Côte d’Ivoire dated 7 November 2005 (S/2005/699),

Determining that the situation in Côte d’Ivoire continues to pose a threat to international peace and security in the region,

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

“1.   Decides to renew until 15 December 2006 the provisions of paragraphs 7 to 12 of resolution 1572 (2004);

“2.   Reaffirms paragraphs 4 and 6 of resolution 1572 (2004), paragraph 5 of resolution 1584 (2005), and paragraphs 3, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 and 21 of resolution 1633 (2005), reaffirms also paragraph 8 of resolution 1584 (2005), and, in this regard, demands that the Forces nouvelles establish without delay a comprehensive list of armaments in their possession, in accordance with their obligations;

“3.   Reaffirms its readiness to impose the individual measures provided for in paragraphs 9 and 11 of resolution 1572 (2004), including against any person designated by the Committee established by paragraph 14 of resolution 1572 who blocks the implementation of the peace process as enshrined in resolution 1633 (2005) and in the final communiqué of the International Working Group, who is determined responsible for serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law committed in Côte d'Ivoire since 19 September 2002, who incites publicly hatred and violence, and who is determined to be in violation of the arms embargo;

“4.   Decides that any serious obstacle to the freedom of movement of UNOCI and of the French forces which support it, or any attack or obstruction to the action of UNOCI, of the French forces, of the High Representative for the elections and of the International Working Group constitutes a threat to the peace and national reconciliation process for purposes of paragraphs 9 and 11 of resolution 1572 (2004);

“5.   Requests the Secretary-General and the French Government to report to it immediately, through the Security Council Committee established by paragraph 14 of resolution 1572 (2004) (the Committee), of any serious obstacle to the freedom of movement of UNOCI and of the French forces which support it, including the names of those responsible, and requests also the High Representative for the elections and the International Working Group to report to it immediately, through the Committee, any attack or obstruction to their action;

“6.   Decides that all States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the import of all rough diamonds from Côte d’Ivoire to their territory, welcomes the measures agreed by participants in the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme to this effect, and calls upon the States in the region which are not participants in the Kimberley Process to intensify their efforts to join the Kimberley Process in order to increase the effectiveness of monitoring the import of diamonds from Côte d'Ivoire;

“7.   Requests all States concerned, in particular those in the region, to report to the Committee, within 90 days from the date of adoption of this resolution, on the actions they have taken to implement the measures imposed by paragraphs 7, 9 and 11 of resolution 1572 (2004) and by paragraphs 4 and 6 above, and authorizes the Committee to request whatever further information it may consider necessary;

“8.   Decides that at the end of the period mentioned in paragraph 1 above, the Security Council shall review the measures imposed by paragraphs 7, 9 and 11 of resolution 1572 (2004) and by paragraphs 4 and 6 above, in the light of progress accomplished in the peace and national reconciliation process in Côte d’Ivoire, and expresses its readiness to consider the modification or termination of these measures before the aforesaid period only if the provisions of resolution 1633 (2005) have been fully implemented;

“9.   Requests the Secretary-General, in consultation with the Committee, to re-establish, within 30 days from the date of adoption of this resolution and for a period of 6 months, a group of experts consisting of no more than five members (the Group of Experts), with the appropriate range of expertise, in particular on arms, diamonds, finance, customs, civil aviation and any other relevant expertise, to perform the following mandate:

(a)   To exchange information with UNOCI and the French forces in the context of their monitoring mandate set out in paragraphs 2 and 12 of resolution 1609 (2005),

(b)   To gather and analyse all relevant information in Côte d’Ivoire and elsewhere, in cooperation with the governments of those countries, on flows of arms and related materiel, on provision of assistance, advice or training related to military activities, on networks operating in violation of the measures imposed by paragraph 7 of resolution 1572 (2004), and on the sources of financing, including from the exploitation of natural resources in Côte d’Ivoire, for purchases of arms and related materiel and activities,

(c)   To consider and recommend, where appropriate, ways of improving the capabilities of States, in particular those in the region, to ensure the effective implementation of the measures imposed by paragraph 7 of resolution 1572 (2004) and by paragraph 6 above,

(d)   To seek further information regarding the action taken by States with a view to implementing effectively the measures imposed by paragraph 6 above,

(e)   To report to the Security Council in writing within 90 days from its establishment, through the Committee, on the implementation of the measures imposed by paragraph 7 of resolution 1572 (2004) and paragraph 6 above, with recommendations in this regard,

(f)   To keep the Committee regularly updated on its activities,

(g)   To provide the Committee in its reports with evidence of any violations of the measures imposed by paragraph 7 of resolution 1572 (2004) and paragraph 6 above,

(h)   To cooperate with other relevant groups of experts, in particular that established on Liberia by resolutions 1521 of 22 December 2003 and 1579 of 21 December 2004,

(i)   To monitor the implementation of the individual measures set out in paragraphs 9 and 11 of resolution 1572 (2004);

“10.  Requests the Secretary-General to communicate as appropriate to the Security Council, through the Committee, information gathered by UNOCI and, when possible, reviewed by the Group of Experts, about the supply of arms and related materiel to Côte d’Ivoire and about the production and illicit export of diamonds;

“11.  Requests also the French Government to communicate as appropriate to the Security Council, through the Committee, information gathered by the French forces and, when possible, reviewed by the Group of Experts, about the supply of arms and related materiel to Côte d’Ivoire and about the production and illicit export of diamonds;

“12.  Requests also the Kimberley Process to communicate as appropriate to the Security Council, through the Committee, information and, when possible, reviewed by the Group of Experts, about the production and illicit export of diamonds;

“13.  Urges all States, relevant United Nations bodies and other organizations and interested parties, including the Kimberley Process, to cooperate fully with the Committee, the Group of Experts, UNOCI and the French forces, in particular by supplying any information at their disposal on possible violations of the measures imposed by paragraphs 7, 9 and 11 of resolution 1572 (2004) and by paragraphs 4 and 6 above;

“14.  Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.”

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For information media • not an official record
For information media. Not an official record.