SECURITY COUNCIL ADOPTS RESOLUTION DEFINING MANDATE OF EUROPEAN UNION FORCE TO TAKE OVER STABILIZATION ROLE IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

22 November 2004
SC/8250

SECURITY COUNCIL ADOPTS RESOLUTION DEFINING MANDATE OF EUROPEAN UNION FORCE TO TAKE OVER STABILIZATION ROLE IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

22/11/2004
Press ReleaseSC/8250

Security Council

5085th Meeting* (AM)

Security Council adopts resolution defining mandate of European Union

force to take over stabilization role in Bosnia and Herzegovina

 

Just ahead of the European Union’s assumption on 2 December of the main multinational stabilization role in Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUFOR), the Security Council today unanimously adopted a two-part resolution defining EUFOR’s mandate for an initial 12 months as the legal successor to the Multinational Stabilization Force (SFOR) led by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

Adopting resolution 1575 (2004) under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Council welcomed the decision by NATO to conclude the SFOR operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina by the end of the year and to maintain a presence there, by establishing a headquarters, in order to continue to assist in implementing the Peace Agreement in conjunction with EUFOR.

The Council expressed its intention to consider the terms of further authorization as necessary in light of developments in implementation of the Peace Agreement and the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina.  (On 21 November 1995, the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina was signed in Dayton, along with 11 associated annexes, together known as the Peace Agreement.)

Member States were authorized today to take all necessary measures, at the request of either EUFOR or NATO headquarters, in defence of either presence, and to assist both organizations in carrying out their missions.  The Council also recognized the right of both EUFOR and the NATO presence to take all necessary measures to defend themselves from attack or threat of attack.

In a related provision, the Council demanded that the parties respect the security and freedom of movement of EUFOR, the NATO presence and other international personnel.  It requested Member States, acting through or in cooperation with the European Union or NATO, to report to the Council on their activities through the appropriate channels and at least every three months.

The Council also underlined that full cooperation by States and entities with the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia included, among other things, the surrender for trial of all persons indicted by the Tribunal and provision of information to assist its investigations.

(The NATO had decided in June to terminate SFOR on 2 December.  In a discussion on 11 November, its Secretary General, Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, told the Security Council that the Multinational Implementation Force (IFOR) and SFOR had been NATO’s first peacekeeping operation, representing the birth of UN-NATO cooperation.

The European Union representative had commended NATO to the Council for the constructive role it had played in leading IFOR and SFOR operations, which were key to establishing stability in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to implementing the Dayton Peace Accords.  (For details of that discussion, as well as the briefing on that day by the United Nations High Representative, Lord Paddy Ashdown, see Press Release SC/8242.)

Today’s meeting began at 10:06 a.m. and adjourned at 10:11 a.m.

Council Resolution

The full text of resolution 1575 (2004) reads, as follows:

“The Security Council,

Recalling all its previous relevant resolutions concerning the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia and relevant statements of its President, including resolutions 1031 (1995) of 15 December 1995, 1088 (1996) of 12 December 1996, 1423 (2002) of 12 July 2002, 1491 (2003) of 11 July 2003 and 1551 (2004) of 9 July 2004,

Reaffirming its commitment to the political settlement of the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia, preserving the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all States there within their internationally recognized borders,

Emphasizing its full support for the High Representative’s continued role in Bosnia and Herzegovina,

Underlining its commitment to support the implementation of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Annexes thereto (collectively the Peace Agreement, S/1995/999, annex), as well as the relevant decisions of the Peace Implementation Council (PIC),

Recalling all the agreements concerning the status of forces referred to in Appendix B to Annex I-A of the Peace Agreement, and reminding the parties of their obligation to continue to comply therewith,

Further recalling the provisions of its resolution 1551 (2004) concerning the provisional application of the status of forces agreements contained in Appendix B to Annex I-A of the Peace Agreement,

Emphasizing its appreciation to the High Representative, the Commander and personnel of the multinational stabilization force (SFOR), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the European Union (EU) and the personnel of other international organizations and agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina for their contributions to the implementation of the Peace Agreement,

Emphasizing that a comprehensive and coordinated return of refugees and displaced persons throughout the region continues to be crucial to lasting peace,

Recalling the declarations of the Ministerial meetings of the Peace Implementation Conference,

Noting the reports of the High Representative, including his latest report of 6 October 2004 (S/2004/807),

Determined to promote the peaceful resolution of the conflicts in accordance with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,

Recalling the relevant principles contained in the Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel adopted on 9 December 1994 and the statement of its President of 10 February 2000 (S/PRST/2000/4),

Welcoming and encouraging efforts by the United Nations to sensitize peace-keeping personnel in the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS and other communicable diseases in all its peace-keeping operations,

Recalling the decisions set out in paragraph 8 of the communiqué of the NATO Istanbul Summit of 28 June 2004, which refers to NATO’s intention to conclude the SFOR operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina by the end of 2004 and to establish a NATO Headquarters in Sarajevo that will constitute NATO’s residual military presence,

“Recalling further that resolution 1551 (2004) took note of the European Union’s intention to launch an EU mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina, including a military component, from December 2004, under the terms set out in the letter of 29 June 2004 from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ireland and President of the Council of the European Union to the President of the Security Council (S/2004/522*/Annex),

Taking note of the letters between the European Union and NATO sent to the Security Council on 19 November 2004 on how those organisations will cooperate together in Bosnia and Herzegovina in which both organisations recognize that the EUFOR will have the main peace stabilisation role under the military aspects of the Peace Agreement (S/2004/916; S/2004/915),

Further taking note of the confirmation by the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, on behalf of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including its constituent entities, of the arrangements for EUFOR and the NATO Headquarters presence (S/2004/917),

Welcoming in the light of the forthcoming EU Mission the European Union’s increasing engagement in Bosnia and Herzegovina,

Further welcoming tangible signs of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s progress towards European integration,

Determining that the situation in the region continues to constitute a threat to international peace and security,

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

I

“1.   Reaffirms once again its support for the Peace Agreement, as well as for the Dayton Agreement on implementing the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina of 10 November 1995 (S/1995/1021, annex) and calls upon the parties to comply strictly with their obligations under those Agreements;

“2.   Reiterates that the primary responsibility for the further successful implementation of the Peace Agreement lies with the authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina themselves and that the continued willingness of the international community and major donors to assume the political, military and economic burden of implementation and reconstruction efforts will be determined by the compliance and active participation by all the authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina in implementing the Peace Agreement and rebuilding a civil society, in particular in full cooperation with the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, in strengthening joint institutions, which foster the building of a fully functioning self-sustaining state, able to integrate itself into the European structures and in facilitating returns of refugees and displaced persons;

“3.   Reminds the parties once again that, in accordance with the Peace Agreement, they have committed themselves to cooperate fully with all entities involved in the implementation of this peace settlement, as described in the Peace Agreement, or which are otherwise authorized by the Security Council, including the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, as it carries out its responsibilities for dispensing justice impartially, and underlines that full cooperation by States and entities with the International Tribunal includes, inter alia, the surrender for trial of all persons indicted by the Tribunal and provision of information to assist in Tribunal investigations;

“4.   Emphasizes its full support for the continued role of the High Representative in monitoring the implementation of the Peace Agreement and giving guidance to and coordinating the activities of the civilian organizations and agencies involved in assisting the parties to implement the Peace Agreement, and reaffirms that under Annex 10 of the Peace Agreement the High Representative is the final authority in theatre regarding the interpretation of civilian implementation of the Peace Agreement and that in case of dispute he may give his interpretation and make recommendations, and make binding decisions as he judges necessary on issues as elaborated by the Peace Implementation Council in Bonn on  9 and 10 December 1997;

“5.   Expresses its support for the declarations of the Ministerial meetings of the Peace Implementation Conference;

“6.   Reaffirms its intention to keep implementation of the Peace Agreement and the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina under close review, taking into account the reports submitted pursuant to paragraphs 18 and 21 below, and any recommendations those reports might include, and its readiness to consider the imposition of measures if any party fails significantly to meet its obligations under the Peace Agreement;

II

“7.   Acknowledges the support of the authorities of Bosnia and Herzegovina for the EU force and the continued NATO presence and their confirmation that both are the legal successors to SFOR for the fulfilment of their missions for the purposes of the Peace Agreement, its Annexes and Appendices and relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions and can take such actions as are required, including the use of force, to ensure compliance with Annexes I-A and 2 of the Peace Agreement and relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions;

“8.   Pays tribute to those Member States which participated in the multinational stabilization force established in accordance with its resolution 1088 (1996), and expresses its appreciation of their efforts and achievements in Bosnia and Herzegovina;

“9.   Welcomes the EU’s intention to launch an EU military operation to Bosnia and Herzegovina from December 2004;

“10.  Authorizes the Member States acting through or in cooperation with the EU to establish for an initial planned period of 12 months a multinational stabilization force (EUFOR) as a legal successor to SFOR under unified command and control, which will fulfil its missions in relation to the implementation of  Annex 1-A and Annex 2 of the Peace Agreement in cooperation with the NATO HQ presence in accordance with the arrangements agreed between NATO and the EU as communicated to the Security Council in their letters of 19 November 2004, which recognize that the EUFOR will have the main peace stabilisation role under the military aspects of the Peace Agreement;

“11.  Welcomes the decision of NATO to conclude the SFOR operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina by the end of 2004 and to maintain a presence in Bosnia and Herzegovina through the establishment of a NATO Headquarters in order to continue to assist in implementing the Peace Agreement in conjunction with EUFOR and authorizes the Member States acting through or in cooperation with NATO to establish a NATO Headquarters as a legal successor to SFOR under unified command and control, which will fulfil its missions in relation to the implementation of Annex 1-A and Annex 2 of the Peace Agreement in cooperation with EUFOR in accordance with the arrangements agreed between NATO and the EU as communicated to the Security Council in their letters of 19 November 2004, which recognize that the EUFOR will have the main peace stabilization role under the military aspects of the Peace Agreement;

“12.  Recognizes that the Peace Agreement and the provisions of its previous relevant resolutions shall apply to and in respect of both EUFOR and the NATO presence as they have applied to and in respect of SFOR and that therefore references in the Peace Agreement, in particular in Annex 1-A and its appendices, and relevant resolutions to IFOR and/or SFOR, NATO and the NAC shall henceforth be read as applying, as appropriate, to the NATO presence, EUFOR, the European Union and the Political and Security Committee and Council of the European Union respectively;

“13.  Expresses its intention to consider the terms of further authorization as necessary in the light of developments in the implementation of the Peace Agreement and the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina;

“14.  Authorizes the Member States acting under paragraph 10 and 11 above to take all necessary measures to effect the implementation of and to ensure compliance with Annexes l-A and 2 of the Peace Agreement, stresses that the parties shall continue to be held equally responsible for compliance with that Annex and shall be equally subject to such enforcement action by EUFOR and the NATO presence as may be necessary to ensure implementation of those Annexes and the protection of EUFOR and the NATO presence;

“15.  Authorizes Member States to take all necessary measures, at the request of either EUFOR or the NATO Headquarters, in defence of EUFOR or NATO presence respectively, and to assist both organizations in carrying out their missions, and recognizes the right of both EUFOR and the NATO presence to take all necessary measures to defend themselves from attack or threat of attack;

“16.  Authorizes the Member States acting under paragraph 10 and 11 above, in accordance with Annex 1-A of the Peace Agreement, to take all necessary measures to ensure compliance with the rules and procedures governing command and control of airspace over Bosnia and Herzegovina with respect to all civilian and military air traffic;

“17.  Demands that the parties respect the security and freedom of movement of EUFOR, the NATO presence, and other international personnel;

“18.  Requests the Member States acting through or in cooperation with the EU and the Member States acting through or in cooperation with NATO to report to the Council on the activity of EUFOR and NATO HQ presence respectively, through the appropriate channels and at least at three-monthly intervals;

“19.  Invites all States, in particular those in the region, to continue to provide appropriate support and facilities, including transit facilities, for the Member States acting under paragraph 10 and 11 above;

“20.  Reiterates its appreciation for the deployment by the EU of its Police Mission (EUPM) to Bosnia and Herzegovina since 1 January 2003;

“21.  Also requests the Secretary-General to continue to submit to the Council reports from the High Representative, in accordance with Annex 10 of the Peace Agreement and the conclusions of the Peace Implementation Conference held in London on 4 and 5 December 1996 (S/1996/1012), and later Peace Implementation Conferences, on the implementation of the Peace Agreement and in particular on compliance by the parties with their commitments under that Agreement;

“22.  Decides to remain seized of the matter.”

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*     The 5083rd and 5084th meeting were held in Nairobi.

For information media. Not an official record.