5018th Meeting (PM)
SECURITY COUNCIL WELCOMES 30 JULY AGREEMENT AIMED
AT CONSOLIDATING COTED’IVOIRE PEACE PROCESS
In a presidential statement, read by its President Andrey Denisov (Russian Federation) the Security Council this afternoon welcomed the signing by the President of Côte d’Ivoire, the Prime Minister of the Government of National Reconciliation and all the political forces of the country of the “Accra III Agreement”.
Signed on 30 July in Accra, Ghana, the Agreement aims at consolidating implementation of the peace process that began with the signing of a peace agreement in Linas-Marcoussis, France, on 24 January 2003. The Council, through the adoption of resolution 1464 (2003), authorized the deployment of the forces of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and France in support of that agreement.
The Council urged the parties to adhere strictly to the deadlines that had been fixed, in particular to settle the issue of eligibility to the Presidency, to start the disarmament for all paramilitary groups and militias and to disband disruptive youth groups. It called on the parties to remain committed to the obligations undertaken in signing the Accra III Agreement so that open, free and transparent elections could be held before the end of 2005.
The Council also took note “with profound concern” of the preliminary results of the investigation on the massacres that had occurred in Korhogo and firmly condemned all atrocities and violations of human rights and international humanitarian law committed in Côte d’Ivoire.
The meeting, which started at 1 p.m., was adjourned at 1:06 p.m.
The full text of presidential statement S/PRST/2004/29 reads, as follows:
“The Security Council welcomes the signature, on 30 July 2004 in Accra, by the President of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, Mr. Laurent Gbagbo, the Prime Minister of the Government of National Reconciliation, Mr. Seydou Elimane Diarra, and all the political forces of Côte d’Ivoire, of an agreement (the “Accra III Agreement”) that consolidates the implementation of the Linas-Marcoussis process. It recalls that it endorsed the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement. It welcomes the resolute commitment of the African heads of State and government, in particular of the acting President of the Economic Community of Western African States, Mr. John Agyekum Kufuor, President of the Republic of Ghana, and the acting President of the African Union, Mr. Olusegun Obasanjo, President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, as well as of the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the other participants to the Accra summit of 29-30 July 2004, thanks to which the conclusion of this agreement was made possible.
“The Security Council welcomes the spirit of dialogue and responsibility showed by President Gbagbo and each of the Ivorian parties, who have clearly demonstrated their willingness to lead the political process in Côte d’Ivoire to its completion. It welcomes the concrete measures agreed upon by the signatories of the Accra III Agreement, with a view to facilitate the full and comprehensive implementation of the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement and because of the serious threats, caused by the continuing crisis, which persist against the territorial integrity of Côte d’Ivoire. It urges the parties to adhere strictly to the deadlines that have been fixed, in particular to settle the issue of the eligibility to the Presidency of the Republic and to start the disarmament, in accordance with the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement, for all paramilitary groups and militias and to disband disruptive youth groups.
“The Security Council urges all parties to implement in good faith, without delays or preconditions, the obligations they have undertaken in signing the Accra III Agreement. It calls upon them, in particular, to remain committed so that open, free and transparent elections could be held, as agreed, before the end of 2005. It reaffirms its complete readiness to take any appropriate measure against individuals who impede the full implementation of the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement.
“The Security Council takes note with profound concern of the preliminary results of the investigation led by the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire on the massacres that occurred in Korhogo. It reiterates its firm condemnation of all atrocities and violations of human rights and international humanitarian law committed in Côte d’Ivoire and, in particular, those that have occurred on 25 and 26 March 2004 in Abidjan. It reiterates its full support to the international commission of inquiry put in place by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, in order to establish the facts and circumstances of the perpetration of violations of human rights and international humanitarian law which occurred in Côte d’Ivoire since 19 September 2002 and, as far as possible, to identify their authors. It recalls that all persons responsible for such violations will be brought to justice. It encourages the Ivorian parties to establish without further delay, as they have committed themselves to, the National Commission for Human Rights provided for by the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement.
“The Security Council expresses its intention to continue to follow closely developments of the situation in Côte d’Ivoire and the implementation of the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement. It emphasises in this regard the importance of the follow-up mechanism and looks forward to the regular reports provided for in the Accra III Agreement of 30 July 2004. It requests in this regard the Secretary-General to keep the Council regularly informed about the implementation of commitments under the Accra III Agreement.”
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