IN CHAPTER VII DECISION, SECURITY COUNCIL ESTABLISHES POOL OF AD LITEM JUDGES FOR RWANDA TRIBUNAL

14 August 2002
SC/7482

IN CHAPTER VII DECISION, SECURITY COUNCIL ESTABLISHES POOL OF AD LITEM JUDGES FOR RWANDA TRIBUNAL

14/08/2002
Press ReleaseSC/7482

Security Council

4601st Meeting (AM)

IN CHAPTER VII DECISION, SECURITY COUNCILESTABLISHES

POOL OF AD LITEM JUDGES FOR RWANDA TRIBUNAL

Requests Secretary-General To Arrange for Election of 18 Judges

Acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Security Council decided this morning to establish a pool of ad litem judges in the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda to enable it to expedite the conclusion of its work as early as possible.

To that end, the Council, unanimously adopting resolution 1431 (2002), decided to amend articles 11, 12 and 13 of the Statute of the Rwanda Tribunal and to replace those articles with the provisions set out in annex I to that text.  It also decided to amend articles 13 bis and 14 of the Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and to replace those articles with the provisions set out in annex II of the resolution. 

Also by that text, the Council requested the Secretary-General to make practical arrangements for the election, as soon as possible, of 18 ad litem judges and for the timely provision to the Rwanda Tribunal of personnel and facilities, particularly for the ad litem judges and related offices of the Prosecutor. 

The Council created the Rwanda Tribunal, located in Arusha, United Republic of Tanzania, in November 1994, to prosecute people responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994.  It may also deal with the prosecution of Rwandan citizens responsible for genocide and other such violations of international law committed in neighbouring States over the same period.

The Yugoslavia Tribunal, located at The Hague, Netherlands, was established by the Council in early 1993 to prosecute those responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991.  According to the Statute of the Tribunal, individuals may be indicted for crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, violations of the laws of war and crimes of genocide.

Beginning at 11:04 a.m., the meeting adjourned at 11:08 a.m.

Following is the full text of Council resolution 1431 (2002):

"The Security Council,

Reaffirming its resolutions 827 (1993) of 25 May 1993, 955 (1994) of 8 November 1994, 1165 (1998) of 30 April 1998, 1166 (1998) of 13 May 1998, 1329 (2000) of 30 November 2000 and 1411 (2002) of 17 May 2002,

Having considered the letter from the Secretary-General to the President of the Security Council dated 14 September 2001 (S/2001/764) and the annexed letter from the President of the International Tribunal for Rwanda addressed to the Secretary-General dated 9 July 2001,

Having considered also the letter from the Secretary-General to the President of the Security Council dated 4 March 2002 (S/2002/241) and the annexed letter from the President of the International Tribunal for Rwanda addressed to the Secretary-General dated 6 February 2002,

Convinced of the need to establish a pool of ad litem judges in the International Tribunal for Rwanda in order to enable the International Tribunal for Rwanda to expedite the conclusion of its work at the earliest possible date and determined to follow closely the progress of the operation of the International Tribunal for Rwanda,

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

"1.   Decides to establish a pool of ad litem judges in the International Tribunal for Rwanda, and to this end decides to amend articles 11, 12 and 13 of the Statute of the International Tribunal for Rwanda and to replace those articles with the provisions set out in annex I to this resolution and decides also to amend articles 13 bis and 14 of the Statute of the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and to replace those articles with the provisions set out in annex II to this resolution;

"2.   Requests the Secretary-General to make practical arrangements for the election as soon as possible of 18 ad litem judges in accordance with article 12 ter of the Statute of the International Tribunal for Rwanda and for the timely provision to the International Tribunal for Rwanda of personnel and facilities, in particular, for the ad litem judges and related offices of the Prosecutor, and further requests him to keep the Security Council closely informed of progress in this regard;

"3.   Urges all States to cooperate fully with the International Tribunal for Rwanda and its organs in accordance with their obligations under resolution 955 (1994) and the Statute of the International Tribunal for Rwanda;

"4.   Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.”

International Tribunal for Rwanda

Annex I

Article 11

Composition of the Chambers

1.    The Chambers shall be composed of 16 permanent independent judges, no two of whom may be nationals of the same State, and a maximum at any one time of four ad litem independent judges appointed in accordance with article 12 ter, paragraph 2, of the present Statute, no two of whom may be nationals of the same State.

2.    Three permanent judges and a maximum at any one time of four ad litem judges shall be members of each Trial Chamber.  Each Trial Chamber to which ad litem judges are assigned may be divided into sections of three judges each, composed of both permanent and ad litem judges.  A section of a Trial Chamber shall have the same powers and responsibilities as a Trial Chamber under the present Statute and shall render judgement in accordance with the same rules.

3.    Seven of the permanent judges shall be members of the Appeals Chamber.  The Appeals Chamber shall, for each appeal, be composed of five of its members.

4.    A person who for the purposes of membership of the Chambers of the International Tribunal for Rwanda could be regarded as a national of more than one State shall be deemed to be a national of the State in which that person ordinarily exercises civil and political rights.

Article 12

Qualifications of judges

The permanent and ad litem judges shall be persons of high moral character, impartiality and integrity who possess the qualifications required in their respective countries for appointment to the highest judicial offices.  In the overall composition of the Chambers and sections of the Trial Chambers, due account shall be taken of the experience of the judges in criminal law, international law, including international humanitarian law and human rights law.

Article 12 bis

Election of permanent judges

1.    Eleven of the permanent judges of the International Tribunal for Rwanda shall be elected by the General Assembly from a list submitted by the Security Council, in the following manner:

(a)   The Secretary-General shall invite nominations for permanent judges of the International Tribunal for Rwanda from States Members of the United Nations and non-member States maintaining permanent observer missions at United Nations Headquarters;

(b)   Within 60 days of the date of the invitation of the Secretary-General, each State may nominate up to two candidates meeting the qualifications set out in article 12 of the present Statute, no two of whom shall be of the same nationality and neither of whom shall be of the same nationality as any judge who is a member of the Appeals Chamber and who was elected or appointed a permanent judge of the International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991 (hereinafter referred to as ‘the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia’) in accordance with article 13 bis of the Statute of that Tribunal;

(c)   The Secretary-General shall forward the nominations received to the Security Council.  From the nominations received the Security Council shall establish a list of not less than 22 and not more than 33 candidates, taking due account of the adequate representation on the International Tribunal for Rwanda of the principal legal systems of the world;

(d)   The President of the Security Council shall transmit the list of candidates to the President of the General Assembly.  From that list the General Assembly shall elect 11 permanent judges of the International Tribunal for Rwanda.  The candidates who receive an absolute majority of the votes of the States Members of the United Nations and of the non-member States maintaining permanent observer missions at United Nations Headquarters, shall be declared elected.  Should two candidates of the same nationality obtain the required majority vote, the one who received the higher number of votes shall be considered elected.

2.    In the event of a vacancy in the Chambers amongst the permanent judges elected or appointed in accordance with this article, after consultation with the Presidents of the Security Council and of the General Assembly, the Secretary-General shall appoint a person meeting the qualifications of article 12 of the present Statute, for the remainder of the term of office concerned.

3.    The permanent judges elected in accordance with this article shall be elected for a term of four years.  The terms and conditions of service shall be those of the permanent judges of the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia.  They shall be eligible for re-election.

Article 12 ter

Election and appointment of ad litem judges

1.    The ad litem judges of the International Tribunal for Rwanda shall be elected by the General Assembly from a list submitted by the Security Council, in the following manner:

(a)   The Secretary-General shall invite nominations for ad litem judges of the International Tribunal for Rwanda from States Members of the United Nations and non-member States maintaining permanent observer missions at United Nations Headquarters;

(b)   Within 60 days of the date of the invitation of the Secretary-General, each State may nominate up to four candidates meeting the qualifications set out in article 12 of the present Statute, taking into account the importance of a fair representation of female and male candidates;

(c)   The Secretary-General shall forward the nominations received to the Security Council.  From the nominations received the Security Council shall establish a list of not less than 36 candidates, taking due account of the adequate representation of the principal legal systems of the world and bearing in mind the importance of equitable geographical distribution;

(d)   The President of the Security Council shall transmit the list of candidates to the President of the General Assembly.  From that list the General Assembly shall elect the 18 ad litem judges of the International Tribunal for Rwanda.  The candidates who receive an absolute majority of the votes of the States Members of the United Nations and of the non-member States maintaining permanent observer missions at United Nations Headquarters shall be declared elected;

(e)   The ad litem judges shall be elected for a term of four years.  They shall not be eligible for re-election.

2.    During their term, ad litem judges will be appointed by the Secretary-General, upon request of the President of the International Tribunal for Rwanda, to serve in the Trial Chambers for one or more trials, for a cumulative period of up to, but not including, three years.  When requesting the appointment of any particular ad litem judge, the President of the International Tribunal for Rwanda shall bear in mind the criteria set out in article 12 of the present Statute regarding the composition of the Chambers and sections of the Trial Chambers, the considerations set out in paragraphs 1 (b) and (c) above and the number of votes the ad litem judge received in the General Assembly.

Article 12 quater

Status of ad litem judges

1.    During the period in which they are appointed to serve in the International Tribunal for Rwanda, ad litem judges shall:

(a)            Benefit from the same terms and conditions of service mutatis mutandis

as the permanent judges of the International Tribunal for Rwanda;

(b)   Enjoy, subject to paragraph 2 below, the same powers as the permanent judges of the International Tribunal for Rwanda;

(c)   Enjoy the privileges and immunities, exemptions and facilities of a judge of the International Tribunal for Rwanda.

2.    During the period in which they are appointed to serve in the International Tribunal for Rwanda, ad litem judges shall not:

(a)   Be eligible for election as, or to vote in the election of, the President of the International Tribunal for Rwanda or the Presiding Judge of a Trial Chamber pursuant to article 13 of the present Statute;

(b)   Have power:

(i)   To adopt rules of procedure and evidence pursuant to article 14 of the present Statute.  They shall, however, be consulted before the adoption of those rules;

(ii)  To review an indictment pursuant to article 18 of the present Statute;

(iii)To consult with the President of the International Tribunal for Rwanda in relation to the assignment of judges pursuant to article 13 of the present Statute or in relation to a pardon or commutation of sentence pursuant to article 27 of the present Statute;

(iv)  To adjudicate in pre-trial proceedings.

Article 13

Officers and members of the Chambers

1.    The permanent judges of the International Tribunal for Rwanda shall elect a President from amongst their number.

2.    The President of the International Tribunal for Rwanda shall be a member of one of its Trial Chambers.

3.    After consultation with the permanent judges of the International Tribunal for Rwanda, the President shall assign two of the permanent judges elected or appointed in accordance with article 12 bis of the present Statute to be members of the Appeals Chamber of the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and eight to the Trial Chambers of the International Tribunal for Rwanda.

4.    The members of the Appeals Chamber of the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia shall also serve as the members of the Appeals Chamber of the International Tribunal for Rwanda.

5.    After consultation with the permanent judges of the International Tribunal for Rwanda, the President shall assign such ad litem judges as may from time to time be appointed to serve in the International Tribunal for Rwanda to the Trial Chambers.

6.    A judge shall serve only in the Chamber to which he or she was assigned.

7.    The permanent judges of each Trial Chamber shall elect a Presiding Judge from amongst their number, who shall oversee the work of that Trial Chamber as a whole.

International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Annex II

Article 13 bis

Election of permanent judges

1.    Fourteen of the permanent judges of the International Tribunal shall be elected by the General Assembly from a list submitted by the Security Council, in the following manner:

(a)   The Secretary-General shall invite nominations for judges of the International Tribunal from States Members of the United Nations and non-member States maintaining permanent observer missions at United Nations Headquarters;

(b)   Within 60 days of the date of the invitation of the Secretary-General, each State may nominate up to two candidates meeting the qualifications set out in article 13 of the Statute, no two of whom shall be of the same nationality and neither of whom shall be of the same nationality as any judge who is a member of the Appeals Chamber and who was elected or appointed a permanent judge of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Genocide and Other Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of Rwanda and Rwandan Citizens Responsible for Genocide and Other Such Violations Committed in the Territory of Neighbouring States, between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994 (hereinafter referred to as ‘The International Tribunal for Rwanda’) in accordance with article 12 bis of the Statute of that Tribunal;

(c)   The Secretary-General shall forward the nominations received to the Security Council.  From the nominations received the Security Council shall establish a list of not less than 28 and not more than 42 candidates, taking due account of the adequate representation of the principal legal systems of the world;

(d)   The President of the Security Council shall transmit the list of candidates to the President of the General Assembly.  From that list the General Assembly shall elect 14 permanent judges of the International Tribunal.  The candidates who receive an absolute majority of the votes of the States Members of the United Nations and of the non-member States maintaining permanent observer missions at United Nations Headquarters, shall be declared elected.  Should two candidates of the same nationality obtain the required majority vote, the one who received the higher number of votes shall be considered elected.

2.    In the event of a vacancy in the Chambers amongst the permanent judges elected or appointed in accordance with this article, after consultation with the Presidents of the Security Council and of the General Assembly, the Secretary-General shall appoint a person meeting the qualifications of article 13 of the Statute, for the remainder of the term of office concerned.

3.    The permanent judges elected in accordance with this article shall be elected for a term of four years.  The terms and conditions of service shall be those of the judges of the International Court of Justice.  They shall be eligible for re-election.

Article 14

Officers and members of the Chambers

1.    The permanent judges of the International Tribunal shall elect a President from amongst their number.

2.    The President of the International Tribunal shall be a member of the Appeals Chamber and shall preside over its proceedings.

3.    After consultation with the permanent judges of the International Tribunal, the President shall assign four of the permanent judges elected or appointed in accordance with article 13 bis of the Statute to the Appeals Chamber and nine to the Trial Chambers.

4.    Two of the permanent judges of the International Tribunal for Rwanda elected or appointed in accordance with article 12 bis of the Statute of that Tribunal shall be assigned by the President of that Tribunal, in consultation with the President of the International Tribunal, to be members of the Appeals Chamber and permanent judges of the International Tribunal.

5.    After consultation with the permanent judges of the International Tribunal, the President shall assign such ad litem judges as may from time to time be appointed to serve in the International Tribunal to the Trial Chambers.

6.    A judge shall serve only in the Chamber to which he or she was assigned.

7.    The permanent judges of each Trial Chamber shall elect a Presiding Judge from amongst their number, who shall oversee the work of the Trial Chamber as a whole.

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For information media. Not an official record.