GENERAL ASSEMBLY CALLS FOR STRENGTHENED NATIONAL MEASURES TO PREVENT TERRORIST ACQUISITION OF MASS DESTRUCTION WEAPONS

22 November 2002
GA/10105

GENERAL ASSEMBLY CALLS FOR STRENGTHENED NATIONAL MEASURES TO PREVENT TERRORIST ACQUISITION OF MASS DESTRUCTION WEAPONS

22/11/2002
Press Release
GA/10105


Fifty-seventh General Assembly

Plenary

57th Meeting (AM)


GENERAL ASSEMBLY CALLS FOR STRENGTHENED NATIONAL MEASURES TO PREVENT


TERRORIST ACQUISITION OF MASS DESTRUCTION WEAPONS


53 First Committee Texts Adopted; New Russian Federation/United States

Strategic Framework, Nuclear Weapon Elimination among Other Issues Addressed


Deeply concerned by the growing risk of linkages between terrorism and weapons of mass destruction, the General Assembly urged Member States to undertake and strengthen national measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring mass destruction weapons, their delivery means and related materials and technologies, according to one of 53 texts adopted today on the recommendation of its First Committee (Disarmament and International Security).


The Assembly adopted that new text on measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring mass destruction weapons without a vote.  The resolution was one of five new ones adopted today concerning the new United States/Russian Federation strategic nuclear framework, non-strategic nuclear weapons reductions, national legislation on military transfers and the promotion of multilateralism.


The new drafts achieved consensus or received large majorities.  The voting patterns on the whole range of texts -- 23 of them required recorded votes -- reflected broad unity on the fundamental disarmament and non-proliferation goals, in particular the need to safeguard the human race from the fearsome destructive potential of weapons of mass destruction, with substantial disagreements remaining on the ways to achieve those goals. 


According to the text on the new strategic framework, the Assembly agreed that new global challenges and threats required the building of a qualitatively new foundation for strategic relations between the United States and the Russian Federation and welcomed their commitment to strategic nuclear warhead reductions in the 2002 Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions (Moscow Treaty).  It was   adopted without a vote.


The Assembly called on those two States to initiate negotiations on an effectively verifiable agreement on "significant reductions" of non-strategic nuclear weapons, reiterating the particular responsibility of the nuclear-weapon States for transparent, verifiable and irreversible reductions in nuclear weapons leading to nuclear disarmament.  That new resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 120 in favour to 3 against, with 42 abstentions (Annex IV).


The text also called for concrete measures to reduce further the operational status of non-strategic nuclear weapons.  It was submitted by the New Agenda Coalition, a group of seven countries -- Brazil, Egypt, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, South Africa and Sweden -- which tabled a resolution at the fifty-third General Assembly calling for a nuclear-weapon-free world.  


The New Agenda Coalition once again submitted its wide-ranging resolution on a nuclear-weapon-free world.  Among its many terms, the Assembly expressed deep concern that the total number of nuclear weapons deployed and stockpiled still amounted to thousands, and at the continuing possibility that nuclear weapons could be used.  It called for "urgent action" to achieve concrete agreed measures to reduce further the operational status of those weapons systems.


The resolution was adopted, as orally amended, by a recorded vote of 125 in favour to 6 against (France, India, Israel, Pakistan, United Kingdom, United States), with 36 abstentions (Annex V). 


The new draft on national legislation on military transfers received overwhelming support, in a vote of 166 in favour to none against, with no abstentions.  Among its terms, Member States in a position to do so were invited to enact or improve national legislation to exercise effective control over the transfer of arms, military equipment and dual-use goods and technology, consistent with States parties’ obligations under international treaties (Annex XI). 


Prior to adoption of the resolution as a whole, a separate recorded vote was taken on a phrase in the second preambular paragraph, which recalled that the States parties to global disarmament and non-proliferation treaties had undertaken, inter alia, both to control transfers that could contribute to proliferation activities and to facilitate the fullest possible exchange of materials, equipment and technological information for peaceful purposes, in accordance with the provisions of those treaties.


The decision to retain the phrase "inter alia, both to control transfers that could contribute to proliferation activities and" was taken by a vote of   131 in favour to none against, with 27 abstentions (Annex X). 


By a recorded vote of 105 in favour to 12 against, with 44 abstentions, the Assembly adopted the new text entitled "Promotion of multilateralism in the area of disarmament and non-proliferation".  By so doing, it reaffirmed multilateralism as the core principle in disarmament and non-proliferation negotiations, and urged participation in multilateral negotiations on arms regulation, non-proliferation and disarmament in a non-discriminatory manner (Annex VII).


A series of traditional texts also stressed the risk of acquisition of nuclear and other mass destruction weapons by terrorists.  Among them, a text on compliance with disarmament and arms control treaties had the Assembly recognize, in the light of the threat of international terrorism, that it is especially important that States parties comply with arms limitation and disarmament and non-proliferation obligations and commitments.


(page 1b follows)


Acting without a vote on that United States-led text, the Assembly urged all States parties to those agreements to implement and comply with the entirety of their provisions.  It called on Member States to give serious consideration to the implications that non-compliance by States parties with any provisions had for global security and stability, as well as prospects for progress in those fields.  


Seized of the danger of the use of weapons of mass destruction, particularly nuclear weapons, in terrorist acts and the urgent need for concerted international efforts to control and overcome it, the Assembly would recognize that, in view of recent political developments, the time was now opportune for all nuclear-weapon States to take effective disarmament measures with a view to achieving the elimination of those weapons, by the terms of another nuclear weapons-related text adopted by a vote of 107 in favour to 41 against, with 21 abstentions (Annex XXIII).


Prior to approval of the text as a whole, the Assembly took a separate vote on operative paragraph 10, which concerns the commitments made by the nuclear-weapon-States towards total elimination of nuclear weapons.  It retained that paragraph by a vote of 160 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with

5 abstentions (Mauritius, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Saint Vincent, United States) (Annex XXII).


According to a resolution entitled "A path to the total elimination of nuclear weapons", the Assembly called upon all States to maintain the highest standards of security, safe custody, effective control and physical protection of all materials that could contribute to the proliferation of nuclear and other mass destruction weapons, in order, among other things, to prevent those materials from falling into the hands of terrorists.  It was adopted, as orally amended, by a recorded vote of 156 in favour to 2 against (India, United States), with 13 abstentions (Annex XXI).


Another resolution had the Assembly reaffirm that effective measures should be taken to prevent the emergence of new types of mass destruction weapons.  It was adopted without a vote.


Calling for a review of nuclear doctrines and immediate and urgent steps to reduce the risks of unintentional and accidental use of nuclear weapons, the Assembly requested the five nuclear-weapon States to take measures towards the implementation of that provision, by a vote of 107 in favour to 46 against, with 17 abstentions (Annex XXIV). 


Reiterating that the cessation of nuclear-weapon-test explosions was an effective nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation measure and urging all States to remain seized of the matter at the "highest political level", the Assembly stressed the importance and urgency of signature and ratification, without delay and without conditions, of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), under a text adopted by a recorded vote of 164 in favour to 1 against (United States), with 5 abstentions (Colombia, India, Lebanon, Mauritius, Syria) (Annex XXXI).


Following up on the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the Assembly adopted a resolution calling upon all States to commence


(page 1c follows)


multilateral negotiations leading to an early conclusion of a nuclear weapons convention to prohibit the development, production, testing, deployment, stockpiling, transfer, threat or use of nuclear weapons and provide for their elimination.  The vote was 117 in favour to 30 against, with 24 abstentions (Annex XXVI).


Prior to approval of the resolution as a whole, it voted to retain operative paragraph 1, which underlined the Court's unanimous opinion that there was an obligation to pursue and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective international control.  That provision was adopted by a vote of 161 in favour to 4 against (France, Israel, Russian Federation, United States), with 1 abstention (United Kingdom) (Annex XXV).


According to a resolution on the conclusion of effective arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, adopted by a vote of 106 in favour to none against, with 55 abstentions, the Assembly reaffirmed the urgent need to reach an early agreement on effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons (Annex II).


By a vote of 110 in favour to 45 against, with 12 abstentions, the Assembly reiterated its request to the Conference on Disarmament to commence negotiations in order to reach agreement on an international convention prohibiting the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons under any circumstances (Annex XVIII). 


Acting without a vote, the Assembly urged the Conference on Disarmament to agree on a programme of work that would include the immediate commencement of negotiations on a non-discriminatory, multilateral and internationally and effectively verifiable treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.


A decision adopted by a recorded vote of 121 in favour to 6 against (France, Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, Poland, United Kingdom, United States), with 37 abstentions, on a United Nations conference to identify ways of elimination of nuclear dangers in the context of nuclear disarmament had the Assembly decide to include the item in the provisional agenda of its next session (Annex XXVII).


Recognizing that prevention of an arms race in outer space would avert a grave danger for international peace and security, the Assembly reaffirmed that the legal regime applicable to outer space had not, in and of itself, guaranteed the prevention of such an arms race.  It emphasized the need for further measures with effective provisions for verification to prevent an outer space arms race.  The resolution was adopted by a vote of 159 in favour to none against, with

3 abstentions (Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United States) (Annex III). 


Convinced of the need for a comprehensive approach towards missiles as a contribution to international peace and security, the Assembly welcomed the report of the Secretary-General on the issue and asked him to submit another report to


(page 1d follows)


the next session, according to a resolution adopted by a recorded vote of 104 in favour to 3 against (Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United States), with 60 abstentions (Annex XII).


By a recorded vote of 160 in favour to 3 against (France, United Kingdom, United States), with 5 abstentions (India, Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, Russian Federation, Spain), the Assembly adopted a resolution on a nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere, as orally amended.  The text expresses the Assembly’s determination to pursue the total elimination of nuclear weapons and call for the ratification of existing nuclear-weapon-free zone treaties in the regions of Latin America and the Caribbean, South Pacific, South-East Asia, Africa and Antarctica (Annex XV).


Prior to adopting the draft as a whole, the Assembly took two separate votes.  The first was on the phrase "and South Asia" in operative paragraph

3, which called on States to consider relevant proposals for the establishment of such zones, including in the Middle East and South Asia.  The phrase was retained by a vote of 151 in favour to 2 against (India, Pakistan), with 8 abstentions (Cuba, France, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States)  (Annex XIII).


The Assembly adopted operative paragraph 3 as a whole by a vote of 156 in favour to 1 against (India), with 8 abstentions (France, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Pakistan, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States) (Annex XIV).


A resolution on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia, adopted without a vote, welcomed the decision by all five Central Asian States to sign the Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty as soon as possible.  It invited them to continue consulting with the five nuclear-weapon States on the draft treaty and its protocol for the establishment of the zone.


A resolution calling for the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East was adopted without a vote.  By its terms, the Assembly urged all parties directly concerned to consider seriously taking the practical and urgent steps required for the implementation of the proposal to establish such a zone, and, as a means of promoting that objective, invited the countries concerned to adhere to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).


Cognizant that the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the Middle East would pose a serious threat to international peace and security, the Assembly reaffirmed the importance of Israel's accession to the NPT and placement of all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards, according to a resolution adopted by a recorded vote of 158 in favour to 3 against (Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United States), with

8 abstentions (Australia, Cameroon, Canada, Ethiopia, India, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago) (Annex XXX).


Prior to adoption of the text as a whole, a separate vote was taken on the sixth preambular paragraph, which concerned the universality of the NPT and IAEA safeguards, by 163 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 2 abstentions (Pakistan, United States) (Annex XXIX).


(page 1e follows)


Acting without a vote this morning, the Assembly approved a draft resolution by which the Assembly, convinced that the internationally recognized nuclear-weapon-free status of Mongolia would enhance regional stability, welcomed the efforts made by Member States to cooperate with Mongolia in implementing that goal, as well as progress made in consolidating Mongolia’s international security.


Two texts were adopted today on biological weapons.  The first, a resolution on measures to uphold the authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol prohibiting the use of poisonous gases and bacteriological methods of warfare, was adopted by a recorded vote of 164 in favour to none against, with 3 abstentions (Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United States) (Annex VI). 


The second, a draft decision on the Biological Weapons Convention, requests the Secretary-General to render the necessary assistance to depositary governments and provide services for implementing the decisions of the Convention's Review Conferences.  It was approved without a vote.


Also without a vote, the Assembly adopted a resolution, as orally amended, on the Chemical Weapons Convention, by which the Assembly would emphasize the necessity of universal adherence and call upon all States that had not yet done so to become parties to it without delay. 


In the conventional weapons category, the Assembly adopted a resolution on conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels, by a vote of  165 in favour to 1 against (India), with 1 abstention (Bhutan).  By its terms, the Assembly decided to give urgent consideration to the issues involved and would request the Conference on Disarmament to consider formulating principles that could serve as the framework for related regional agreements (Annex XX).


Stressing that the continuing operation of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms and its further development should be reviewed in order to secure the widest possible participation, the Assembly would ask the Secretary-General, with the assistance of a group of governmental experts to be convened in 2003, to prepare a report on that question, with a view to a decision at its fifty-eighth session, under a text on transparency approved by a recorded vote of 143 in favour to none against, with 23 abstentions (Annex XIX).


Prior to approval of the text as a whole, separate votes were taken on operative paragraphs 4(b) and 6.  The first, on operative paragraph 4(b), concerned that request of the Secretary-General.  The Assembly voted to retain it by a vote of 140 in favour to 2 against (Egypt, Syria), with 20 abstentions (Annex XVII).


It voted to retain operative paragraph 6, by which the Conference on Disarmament would be invited to consider continuing its work undertaken in the field of transparency in armaments, by a recorded vote of 139 in favour to none against, with 23 abstentions (Annex XVIII).


The Assembly urged member States to undertake multilateral negotiations with the participation of all interested States, in order to establish universally

acceptable, non-discriminatory guidelines for international transfers of dual-use


(page 1f follows)


goods and technologies and high technology with military applications, according to a text on the role of science and technology, adopted by a vote of 90 in favour to 48 against, with 21 abstentions (Annex I).


By a recorded vote of 160 in favour to 1 against (United States), with4 abstentions (Federated States of Micronesia, France, Israel, United Kingdom), the Assembly requested the Secretary-General, with the assistance of a group of governmental experts to be established in 2003, to report at the fifty-ninth session on recommendations for reappraising the relationship between disarmament and development in the current international context, as well as the future role of the Organization in that connection (Annex IX).


A text calling on States to adopt measures to ensure the application of scientific and technological progress in the framework of disarmament without detriment to the environment was adopted by a vote of 163 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions (Federated States of Micronesia, France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States) (Annex VIII).


     The Assembly also adopted a draft resolution on implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention) by a vote of  143 in favour to none against, with 23 abstentions (Annex XVI).


Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted texts on:  the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects; assistance to States for curbing the illicit traffic in small arms; the illicit small arms trade; regional disarmament; the activities of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa; convening of the fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament; and developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security.


Also acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted texts on:  peace through practical disarmament; strengthening security and cooperation in the Mediterranean region; good-neighbourliness, stability and development in South-Eastern Europe; the Disarmament Commission; United Nations Study on Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Education; Conference on Disarmament; United Nations Disarmament Information Programme; United Nations Regional Centres for Peace and Disarmament; United Nations Regional Centres for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific and in Africa; United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean, as orally amended; and the United Nations Disarmament Fellowship Training and Advisory Services.


The Assembly also adopted a resolution on the question of Antarctica without a vote.  It recognized that the 1959 Antarctic Treaty -- which provides for the demilitarization of the continent, the prohibition of nuclear explosions and the disposal of nuclear wastes, freedom of scientific research and the free exchange of scientific information -- was in furtherance of the United Nations Charter.  It also noted, with satisfaction, the entry into force of the Madrid Protocol, under which Antarctica was designated as a natural reserve, devoted to peace and science.

Background


The General Assembly met this morning to take action on 17 reports of the First Committee (Disarmament and International Security).  Those reports contain 52 draft resolutions and two draft decisions.


The Assembly was expected to first take up the report of the Committee on the prohibition of the development and manufacture of new types of weapons of mass destruction and new systems of such weapons (document A/57/502), which contains one draft resolution.  By that draft, the Assembly would call upon all States to give favourable consideration to recommendations made by the Conference on Disarmament on undertaking specific negotiations dealing with preventing the emergence of new types of weapons of mass destruction.


The Committee approved the draft resolution on 22 October without a vote.


By the terms of the draft resolution contained in the report on the question of Antarctica (document A/57/503), the Assembly would recognize that the Antarctic Treaty, which provides for the demilitarization of the continent, the prohibition of nuclear explosions and the disposal of nuclear wastes, the freedom of scientific research and the free exchange of scientific information, was in furtherance of the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter.  By a further term, it would note, with satisfaction, the entry into force of the Madrid Protocol, under which Antarctica has been designated as a natural reserve, devoted to peace and science.  Taking note of the Secretary-General's report on the topic, it would also recall that States carrying out research activities in Antarctica should make their findings available to the international community.


The Committee approved the draft resolution on 1 November without a vote.


The report on maintenance of international security -– good neighbourliness, stability and development in South-Eastern Europe (document A/57/504) contains a draft resolution which would have the Assembly reaffirm the urgency of consolidating South-Eastern Europe as a region of peace.  The Assembly would also call upon all participants in the Stability Pact for South-Eastern Europe, as well as all concerned international organizations, to continue to support the efforts of the States of that region towards regional stability and cooperation.


The Committee approved the draft resolution on 23 October without a vote.


According to the draft resolution contained in the report on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security (document A/57/505), the Assembly would call upon Member States to promote further, at multilateral levels, the consideration of existing and potential threats in the field of information security, as well as possible measures to limit the threats emerging in this field, consistent with the need to preserve the free flow of information.


The Committee approved the draft resolution on 28 October without a vote.


The report on the role of science and technology in the context of international security and disarmament (document A/57/506) contains a draft resolution that would have the Assembly urge member States to undertake multilateral negotiations with the participation of all interested States, in

order to establish universally acceptable, non-discriminatory guidelines for international transfers of dual-use goods and technologies and high technology with military applications.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October by a vote of 93 in favour to 46 against, with 18 abstentions.


By the terms of the draft resolution contained in the report on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East (document A/57/507), the Assembly would urge all parties directly concerned to consider seriously taking the practical and urgent steps required for the implementation of the proposal to establish such a zone, and, as a means of promoting that objective, would invite the countries concerned to adhere to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).


The Assembly would call upon all countries of the region that had not yet done so, pending the zone's establishment, to agree to place all their nuclear activities under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards.  It would invite the nuclear-weapon States and all others to render their assistance in establishing such a zone and, at the same time, to refrain from any action that ran counter to both the letter and spirit of the present text.


The Committee approved the draft resolution on 21 October without a vote.


The draft resolution contained in the report on the conclusion of effective international arrangements to ensure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons (document A/57/508) would have the Assembly reaffirm the urgent need to reach an early agreement on effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons.


In that connection, it would appeal to all States, especially the nuclear-weapon States, to work actively towards an early agreement on a common approach and, in particular, on a common formula that could be included in an international instrument of a legally binding character.  It would recommend that further intensive efforts be devoted to the search for such a common approach or common formula, and that various alternative approaches, including, in particular, those considered in the Conference on Disarmament, be further explored in order to overcome the difficulties.


The Assembly would also recommend that the Conference on Disarmament actively continue intensive negotiations with a view to reaching early agreement and concluding effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, taking into account the widespread support for the conclusion of an international convention and giving consideration to any other proposals designed to secure the same objective.


The Committee approved the draft on 21 October by a vote of 98 in favour to none against, with 54 abstentions.


According to the draft resolution contained in the report on the prevention of an arms race in outer space (document A/57/509), the Assembly would reaffirm the importance and urgency of preventing an arms race in outer space and the readiness of all States to contribute to that common objective.


The Assembly would reaffirm its recognition that the legal regime applicable to outer space did not, in and of itself, guarantee the prevention of an outer space arms race, and that there was a need to consolidate and reinforce that regime and enhance its effectiveness and that it was important to comply strictly with existing agreements, both bilateral and multilateral.


Under a related term, it would emphasize the necessity for further measures with appropriate and effective provisions for verification to prevent an arms race in outer space.


The Assembly would call on all States, in particular those with major space capabilities, to contribute actively to the objective of the peaceful use of outer space and the prevention of an arms race in outer space; and to refrain from actions contrary to that objective and to the relevant existing treaties in the interest of maintaining international peace and security and promoting international cooperation.


The Committee approved the draft on 22 October by a vote of 151 in favour to none against, with 2 abstentions (Israel, United States).


The report on general and complete disarmament (document A/57/510) contains 29 draft resolutions, A to CC, and one draft decision (the texts are listed as they are expected to be considered by the Assembly).


According to draft A, on reductions of non-strategic nuclear weapons, the Assembly would agree that the further reduction of non-strategic nuclear weapons should be accorded priority and that the reduction and elimination of non-strategic nuclear weapons should be included as an integral part of the nuclear-arms reduction and disarmament process.


The Assembly would agree further that the reduction of those weapons should be carried out in a transparent and irreversible manner.  It also would agree on the importance of preserving, reaffirming, implementing and building upon the  1991 and 1992 Presidential Nuclear Initiatives of the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics/Russian Federation on non-strategic nuclear weapons.


Under a related provision, the Assembly would agree on the importance of special security and physical protection measures for the transport and storage of non-strategic nuclear weapons.  It would call upon the Russian Federation and the United States to codify the Presidential Nuclear Initiatives into a legally binding treaty and to initiate negotiations on an effectively verifiable agreement on significant reductions of non-strategic nuclear weapons.


The Committee approved the draft on 28 October by a vote of 115 in favour to 3 against (France, United Kingdom, United States), with 38 abstentions.


Draft B, entitled “Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world:  the need for a new agenda,” would have the Assembly reaffirm that any possibility that nuclear weapons could be used was a continued risk for humanity.  It would also call upon nuclear-weapon States to undertake the necessary steps towards the seamless integration of all five nuclear-weapon States into a process leading to the total elimination of nuclear weapons.


The draft would further call upon them to:  implement the NPT commitments to apply the principle of irreversibility by destroying their nuclear warheads in the context of strategic nuclear reductions and avoid keeping them in a state that lends itself to their possible redeployment; and to increase their transparency and accountability with regard to their nuclear weapon arsenals and their implementation of disarmament measures.


Also:  to respect fully their existing commitments with regard to security assurances, pending the conclusion of multilaterally negotiated legally binding security assurances to all non-nuclear-weapon States parties; to place their fissile material no longer required for military purposes under IAEA or other relevant international verification; and to make arrangements for the disposition of such material for peaceful purposes, in order to ensure that such material remains permanently outside military programmes.


The Assembly would underline the urgency of the entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).  It would call for the upholding and maintenance of the moratorium on nuclear-weapon-test explosions or any other nuclear explosions, pending its entry into force.


It would call upon all States parties to pursue, with determination and continued vigour, the full and effective implementation of the substantial agreements reached at the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the NPT.  The Assembly would call upon those three States that were not yet parties to the NPT, and that operated unsafeguarded nuclear facilities, to promptly accede to the Treaty, without condition, as non-nuclear-weapon States.


Those States would also be called upon:  to bring into force the required IAEA comprehensive safeguards agreements; to reverse clearly and urgently any policies to pursue any nuclear weapons development or deployment; and to refrain from any action that could undermine regional and international peace and security and the efforts of the international community towards nuclear disarmament and the prevention of nuclear weapons proliferation.


It would call upon those States that had not yet done so to conclude full-scope safeguards agreements with the IAEA and additional protocols to their safeguards agreements on the basis of the Model Protocol.  It would also call for the completion and implementation of the Trilateral Initiative between the IAEA, the Russian Federation and the United States, and for consideration to be given to the possible inclusion of other nuclear-weapon States.


By a further term, the Assembly would agree that the further reduction of non-strategic nuclear weapons should be accorded priority and that nuclear-weapon States must live up to their commitments in this regard.  It would also agree that reductions of non-strategic nuclear weapons should be carried out in a transparent and irreversible manner, and that the reduction and elimination of non-strategic nuclear weapons should be included in the overall arms-reduction negotiations.


In that context, urgent action would be taken to achieve:  further reduction of non-strategic nuclear weapons, based on unilateral initiatives and as an integral part of the nuclear arms reduction and disarmament process; further confidence-building and transparency measures to reduce the threats posed by non-strategic nuclear weapons; concrete agreed measures to reduce further the operational status of nuclear-weapons systems; and the formalizing of existing informal bilateral arrangements regarding non-strategic nuclear reductions.

The Assembly would additionally affirm that a nuclear-weapon-free world would ultimately require the underpinning of a universal and multilaterally negotiated legally binding instrument or a framework encompassing a mutually reinforcing set of instruments.


The Committee approved the draft on 25 October by a vote of 118 in favour to 7 against (France, India, Israel, Monaco, Pakistan, United Kingdom, United States), with 38 abstentions.


Under the terms of draft C on the United Nations study on disarmament and non-proliferation education, the Assembly would express its appreciation to the Secretary-General for providing Member States with the study, which contains a series of recommendations for immediate and long-term implementation.


The Committee approved the draft resolution on 23 October without a vote.


Draft D, on the convening of the fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament, would have the Assembly decide to establish an open-ended working group, working on the basis of consensus, to consider the objectives and agenda for that session.  It would ask it to meet for an organizational session to set the date for its substantive sessions, and to submit a report on its work, including substantive recommendations, before the end of the current session.


The Committee approved the draft resolution on 28 October without a vote.


According to draft E, on measures to uphold the authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol, the Assembly would renew its previous call to all States to strictly observe the principles and objectives of the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, signed at Geneva in 1925.


The Assembly would reaffirm the vital necessity of upholding the Protocol’s provisions and call upon those States that continued to maintain reservations to the Protocol to withdraw them.


The Committee approved the draft on 22 October by a vote of 140 in favour to none against, with 2 abstentions (Israel, United States).


Under the terms of draft F, on the promotion of multilateralism in the area of disarmament and non-proliferation, the Assembly would reaffirm multilateralism as the core principle in negotiations in the area of disarmament and non-proliferation.


It would urge the participation of all interested States in multilateral negotiations on arms regulation, non-proliferation and disarmament in a non-discriminatory manner.  It would also call, once again, upon all Member States to renew and fulfil their individual and collective commitments to multilateral cooperation.


States parties to the relevant instruments on weapons of mass destruction would be asked to consult and cooperate among themselves in resolving their concerns with regard to cases of non-compliance as well as on their implementation, in accordance with the procedures defined in those instruments. 


They would also be requested to refrain from resorting or threatening to resort to unilateral actions or directing unverified non-compliance accusations against one another.


The Committee approved the draft on 25 October by a vote of 100 in favour to 11 against, with 44 abstentions.


According to draft G, on the observance of environmental norms in the drafting and implementation of agreements on disarmament and arms control, the Assembly would call upon States to adopt unilateral, bilateral, regional and multilateral measures so as to contribute to ensuring the application of scientific and technological progress in the framework of international security, disarmament and other related spheres, without detriment to the environment or to its effective contribution to attaining sustainable development.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October by a vote of 153 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States).


Draft H, on the relationship between disarmament and development would have the Assembly request the Secretary-General, with the assistance of a group of governmental experts to be established in 2003, to present a report at its fifty-ninth session with recommendations for re-appraising that relationship in the current international context, as well as the future role of the Organization in that connection.


It would further ask him to continue to take action for the implementation of the Action Programme adopted at the International Conference on the Relationship between Disarmament and Development.


The Committee approved the draft on 28 October by a vote of 156 in favour to 1 against (United States) with 4 abstentions (France, Israel, Monaco, United Kingdom).


According to draft I, on national legislation on transfer of arms, military equipment and dual-use goods and technology, the Assembly would invite Member States that were in a position to do so, to enact or improve national legislation, regulations and procedures to exercise effective control over the transfer of arms, military equipment and dual-use goods and technology, while ensuring that such legislation, regulations and procedures were consistent with States parties’ obligations under international treaties.


The Assembly would encourage Member States to provide, on a voluntary basis, that information to the Secretary-General, who would be requested to make that accessible for them.  It would decide to include the item in the provisional agenda of its fifty-eighth session.


The Committee approved the draft on 25 October by a vote of 160 in favour to none against, with no abstentions.


Prior to action on the draft as a whole, the phrase "inter alia, both to control transfers that could contribute to proliferation activities and," found in the second preambular paragraph, was approved by a vote of 117 in favour to none against, with 31 abstentions.  With the approved phrase, the entire paragraph read as follows:  “Recalling that the States parties to the international disarmament and non-proliferation treaties have undertaken, inter alia, both to control transfers that could contribute to proliferation activities and to facilitate the fullest possible exchange of materials, equipment and technological information for peaceful purposes, in accordance with the provisions of those treaties.”


Under the report's sole draft decision, which concerns the United Nations conference to identify ways of eliminating nuclear dangers in the context of nuclear disarmament, the Assembly would decide to include the item in the provisional agenda of its next session.


The Committee approved the draft on 21 October by a vote of 111 in favour to 7 against (France, Germany, Israel, Monaco, Poland, United Kingdom, United States), with 37 abstentions.


Draft J, on Mongolia's international security and nuclear-weapon-free status, would have the Assembly welcome the efforts made by Member States to cooperate with Mongolia in implementing resolution 55/33 S, as well as progress made in consolidating Mongolia’s international security.  The Assembly would appeal to Member States of the Asia and Pacific region to support Mongolia's efforts to join the relevant regional security and economic arrangements.


The Committee approved the draft on 28 October without a vote.


According to draft resolution K, on bilateral strategic nuclear arms reductions and the new strategic framework, the General Assembly would welcome the commitment of the United States and the Russian Federation to strategic nuclear warhead reductions in the Moscow Treaty on 24 May, which was an important result of the new bilateral strategic relationship, and which would help establish more favourable conditions for actively promoting security and cooperation, and enhancing international stability.


The Assembly would note, with satisfaction, the Joint Declaration signed by those countries on that date, through which they would strengthen mutual confidence, expand transparency, share information and plans and discuss strategic issues of mutual interest.


It would recognize that the Group of 8 industrialized countries’ (G-8) Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction, launched by leaders at the June 2002 Kananaskis Summit, would enhance international security and safety, by supporting specific cooperation projects, initially in the Russian Federation, to address non-proliferation, disarmament, counter-terrorism and nuclear safety issues.


Under a related term, the Assembly would invite all countries, as appropriate, to join the G-8 commitment to the non-proliferation principles endorsed by the G-8 leaders at the Kananaskis Summit aimed at preventing terrorists, or those that harbour them, from acquiring or developing nuclear, chemical, radiological and biological weapons, missiles and related materials, equipment and technology.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October without a vote.


Draft L, on establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia, would have the Assembly welcome the decision by all five Central Asian States to sign the Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty as soon as possible.


It would also invite those States to continue consulting with the five nuclear-weapon States on the draft treaty and its protocol for the establishment of the zone, in conformity with the 1999 Disarmament Commission agreed guidelines for establishing nuclear-weapon-free zones.  The Assembly would also request the Secretary-General, within existing resources, to continue to provide assistance to those States in their further work for the early establishment of the zone.


The Committee approved the draft on 25 October without a vote.


Under the terms of draft M, on assistance to States for curbing the illicit traffic in small arms and collecting them, the Assembly would encourage the establishment in the countries of the Sahelo-Saharan subregion of national commissions to combat the illegal proliferation of illicit small arms, and invite the international community to lend its support, whenever possible, to ensure the smooth functioning of those commissions.


The Assembly would welcome the Declaration of a Moratorium on the Importation, Exportation and Manufacture of Small Arms and Light Weapons in West Africa, which was adopted in 1998, and encourage the international community to support its implementation.  It would call on the international community to provide technical and financial support to strengthen the capacity of civil organizations to take action to combat the illicit small arms trade.


The Committee approved the draft on 22 October without a vote.


According to draft N, on missiles, the Assembly, convinced of the need for a comprehensive approach towards missiles, would welcome the report of the Secretary-General on the issue (document A/57/229) and ask him to seek the views of Member States and submit another report to the next session.


The Assembly would also ask him, with the assistance of a panel of governmental experts, to further explore the issue of missiles in all its aspects and prepare a report for consideration of the Assembly at its fifty-ninth session.


The Committee approved the draft on 21 October by a vote of 90 in favour to 2 against (Israel, United States), with 57 abstentions.


Draft O, on the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects would have the Assembly decide to convene the first of the biennial meetings of States, as stipulated in the 2001 Programme of Action, to consider national, regional and global implementation of the Programme.


It would encourage all initiatives to mobilize resources and expertise to promote implementation, and it would decide to consider further steps to enhance international cooperation at its next session, taking into consideration the views of States on such further steps, provided to the Secretary-General, that could be undertaken.


The Committee approved the draft on 22 October without a vote.


By the terms of draft P, on the nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere and adjacent areas, the Assembly, convinced of the important role of nuclear-weapon-free zones in strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime and in extending the areas of the world that were nuclear-weapon-free, and with particular


reference to the responsibilities of the nuclear-weapon States, would call upon all States to support the process of nuclear disarmament and to work for the total elimination of all nuclear weapons.


The Assembly would welcome the steps taken to conclude further nuclear-weapon-free zone treaties on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at among the States of the region concerned, and call upon all States to consider all relevant proposals, including those reflected in its resolutions on the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones in the Middle East and South Asia.


The Committee approved the draft on 21 October by a vote of 148 in favour to 3 against (France, United Kingdom, United States), with 4 abstentions (India, Israel, Russian Federation, Spain).


Prior to that, two separate votes were taken.  In the first, the Assembly voted to retain the words "and South Asia" in operative paragraph 3, by 141 in favour to 2 against (India, Pakistan), with 8 abstentions (Cuba, France, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States).


Operative paragraph 3, by which the Assembly would welcome the steps taken to conclude further nuclear-weapon-free zone treaties on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at among the States of the region concerned and called upon all States to consider all relevant proposals, including those reflected in its resolutions on the establishment of such zones in the Middle East and South Asia, was adopted by a vote of 145 in favour to 1 against (India) with 8 abstentions (France, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Pakistan, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States).


Draft Q, on the implementation of the Ottawa Convention [Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction] would have the Assembly urge all States that had signed but not ratified the Convention to do so without delay.  It would urge all States parties to provide the Secretary-General with complete and timely information, as required under article 7 of the Convention, in order to promote transparency and compliance.


The Assembly would invite all States that had not ratified or acceded to the Convention to provide, on a voluntary basis, information to make global mine action efforts more effective.  It would renew its call upon all States and other relevant parties to work together to promote, support and advance the care, rehabilitation and social and economic reintegration of mine victims, mine risk education programmes, and the removal of anti-personnel mines placed throughout the world and the assurance of their destruction.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October by a vote of 128 in favour to none against, with 20 abstentions.


According to draft R, on transparency in armaments, the Assembly would reaffirm its decision, with a view to the further development of the Register of Conventional Arms, to keep the scope of and participation in the Register under review.  To that end, it would recall its request to Member States to provide the Secretary-General with their views on the Register's continuing operation and further development and on transparency measures related to weapons of mass destruction.


Also, the Assembly would request the Secretary-General, with the assistance of a group of governmental experts to be convened in 2003, to prepare a report on the continuing operation of the Register and its further development, with a view to a decision at its fifty-eighth session.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October by a vote of 132 in favour to none against, with 23 abstentions.


Prior to that, two separate votes were taken.  The first concerned operative paragraph 4(b), which would have the Assembly request the Secretary-General, with the assistance of a group of governmental experts, to prepare a report on the continuing operation of the Register and its further development.  It was approved by a vote of 134 in favour to 2 against (Egypt, Syria), with 17 abstentions.


In the second, the Committee approved operative paragraph 6, which invites the Conference on Disarmament to consider continuing its work undertaken in the field of transparency in armaments, by a vote of 134 in favour to none against, with 20 abstentions.


Under the terms of draft S, on regional disarmament, the Assembly would stress that sustained efforts were needed, within the framework of the Conference on Disarmament and under the umbrella of the United Nations, to make progress on the entire range of disarmament issues.


The Assembly would affirm that global and regional approaches to disarmament complemented each other and should, therefore, be pursued simultaneously, to promote regional and international peace and security.  It would call upon States to conclude agreements, wherever possible, for nuclear non-proliferation, disarmament and confidence-building measures at the regional and subregional levels.


The Committee approved the draft on 22 October without a vote.


Draft T, on conventional arms control at the regional and subregional level, would have the Assembly decide to give urgent consideration to the issues involved.  It would request the Conference on Disarmament to consider the formulation of principles that could serve as the framework for regional agreements on conventional arms control, and look forward to a report of the Conference on the subject.


The Committee approved the draft on 22 October by a vote of 149 in favour to 1 against (India), with 1 abstention (Bhutan).


According to draft U, entitled "A path to the total elimination of nuclear weapons", the Assembly would call upon States to redouble their efforts to prevent and curb the proliferation of nuclear and other mass destruction weapons, confirming and strengthening, if necessary, their policies not to transfer equipment, materials or technology that could contribute to the proliferation of those weapons, while ensuring that such policies were consistent with States' obligations under the NPT.


The Assembly would also call upon all States to maintain the highest standards of security, safe custody, effective control and physical protection of

all materials that could contribute to the proliferation of nuclear and other mass destruction weapons, in order, among other things, to prevent those materials from falling into the hands of terrorists.


It would stress the importance of further development of the verification capabilities, including IAEA safeguards, that would be required to provide assurance of compliance with nuclear disarmament agreements for the achievement and maintenance of a nuclear-weapon-free world.


The Assembly would stress the central importance of 14 practical steps for the systematic and progress efforts to implement article VI of the NPT and paragraphs 3 and 4 of the 1995 decision on "Principles and Objectives for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament".


Those steps include:  the establishment of an ad hoc committee in the Conference on Disarmament, as early as possible in 2003, to negotiate a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons; an unequivocal undertaking by the nuclear-weapon States, as agreed at the 2000 NPT Review Conference, to accomplish the total elimination of their nuclear arsenals leading to nuclear disarmament; deep reductions by Russia and the United States in their strategic offensive arsenals; and steps by the nuclear-weapon States leading to nuclear disarmament in a way that promoted international stability, and based on the principle of undiminished security for all.


Also:  further efforts by all the nuclear-weapon States to continue to reduce their nuclear arsenals unilaterally; increased transparency by them with regard to the nuclear weapons capabilities and the implementation of related agreements under the NPT; the further reduction of non-strategic nuclear weapons; concrete agreed measures to further reduce the operational status of nuclear weapons systems; and a diminishing role for nuclear weapons in security policies to minimize the risk that those weapons would ever be used and to facilitate their total elimination.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October by a vote of 136 in favour to 2 against (India, United States), with 13 abstentions.


By the terms of draft V, on nuclear disarmament, the Assembly, seized of the danger of the use of weapons of mass destruction, particularly nuclear weapons, in terrorist acts and the urgent need for concerted international efforts to control and overcome it, would recognize that, in view of recent political developments, the time was now opportune for all nuclear-weapon States to take effective disarmament measures with a view to achieving the elimination of those weapons.


The Assembly would also recognize that there was a genuine need to diminish the role of nuclear weapons in strategic doctrines and security policies to minimize the risk that those weapons would ever be used, and to facilitate the process of their total elimination.


It would urge the nuclear-weapon States to:  stop immediately the qualitative improvement, development, production and stockpiling of nuclear warheads and their delivery systems; as an interim measure, to de-alert and deactivate immediately their nuclear weapons and to take other concrete measures to reduce further the operational status of their nuclear-weapon systems; to commence plurilateral negotiations among themselves on further deep reductions of nuclear weapons as an effective measure of nuclear disarmament; and to carry out further reductions of non-strategic nuclear weapons, based on unilateral initiatives and as an integral part of the nuclear arms reduction and disarmament process.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October by a vote of 91 in favour to 40 against, with 19 abstentions.


Prior to that, it voted on operative paragraph 10, which would have the Assembly welcome the unequivocal undertaking by the nuclear-weapon States to accomplish the total elimination of their nuclear arsenals and the reaffirmation of the States parties to the NPT that the total elimination of nuclear weapons was the only absolute guarantee against the use or threat of nuclear weapons.  The Assembly would also call for the full and effective implementation of the steps set out in the Final Document of the 2000 NPT Review Conference.


The paragraph was approved by a vote of 139 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel) with 8 abstentions (France, Georgia, Monaco, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States).


Draft W, on fissile material negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament, would have the Assembly urge the Conference to agree on a programme of work that would include the immediate commencement of negotiations on a non-discriminatory, multilateral and internationally and effectively verifiable treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.


The Committee approved the draft on 21 October without a vote.


According to draft X, on the consolidation of peace through practical disarmament measures, the Assembly would invite the group of interested States that was formed in New York in 1998 to continue to analyse lessons learned from previous disarmament and peace-building projects, as well as to promote new practical disarmament measures to consolidate peace, especially as undertaken or designed by affected States themselves.


It would also encourage Member States, including the group of interested States, to lend their support to the Secretary-General, as well as relevant international, regional, subregional and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in responding to requests by Member States to collect and destroy small arms and light weapons in post-conflict situations.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October without a vote.


Under the terms of draft Y, on implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention, the Assembly would emphasize the necessity of universal adherence to the Convention and call upon all States that had not yet done so to become parties to it without delay.


The Assembly would also stress the importance to the Convention that all possessors of chemical weapons and production or development facilities, including previously declared possessor States, should be among the States parties to the Convention.


It would also stress the importance of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in verifying compliance with the Convention, as well as in promoting the timely and efficient accomplishment of all its objectives, and would urge all States parties to meet, in full and on time, their obligations under the Convention and to support the OPCW in its implementation activities.


The Committee approved the draft on 22 October without a vote.


Under draft resolution Z, on measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction, the Assembly, deeply concerned by the evidence of growing risk of linkages between terrorism and weapons of mass destruction, and especially that terrorists might seek to acquire weapons of mass destruction, would call upon all Member States to support international efforts to prevent terrorists from acquiring those weapons and their delivery means.


The Assembly would urge all Member States to undertake and strengthen national measures, as appropriate, to prevent terrorists from acquiring mass destruction weapons, their delivery means, and related materials and technologies.  It would invite them to inform, on a voluntary basis, the Secretary-General of the measures taken in that regard, and request him to convene a panel of governmental experts, to be established in 2003, to undertake a study on the related issues.


The Committee approved the draft on 25 October without a vote.


Draft AA, on reducing nuclear danger, would have the Assembly call for a review of nuclear doctrines and immediate and urgent steps to reduce the risks of unintentional and accidental use of nuclear weapons.  It would request the five nuclear-weapon States to take measures towards the implementation of that provision.


It would also call upon Member States to take the necessary measures to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons in all its aspects, and to promote nuclear disarmament, with the objective of eliminating nuclear weapons.


The Committee approved the draft on 21 October by a vote of 96 in favour to 45 against, with 15 abstentions.


According to draft BB, entitled “Follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons”, the Assembly would call, once again, upon all States to commence multilateral negotiations leading to an early conclusion of a nuclear weapons convention to prohibit the development, production, testing, deployment, stockpiling, transfer, threat or use of nuclear weapons and provide for their elimination.


The Committee approved the draft on 21 October by a vote of 106 in favour to 30 against, with 22 abstentions.


Prior to that, a vote was taken on operative paragraph 1, which would have the Assembly underline, once again, the unanimous conclusion of the Court that there existed an obligation to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament under strict and effective international control.  It was approved by a vote of 146 in favour to 5 against (Afghanistan, France, Israel, Russian Federation, United States) with       5 abstentions (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Republic of Moldova, Uganda, United Kingdom).


Under the terms of draft CC, on compliance with arms limitation and disarmament and non-proliferation agreements, the Assembly, stressing that any violation of such agreements and obligations could adversely affect the security of States parties and create security risks for other States, would urge all States parties to arms limitation and disarmament and non-proliferation agreements to implement and comply with the entirety of all provisions.


The Assembly would call upon all Member States to give serious consideration to the implications that non-compliance by States parties with any provisions of those agreements had for international security and stability, as well as for prospects for progress in those fields.


It would also call upon Member States to support efforts aimed at the resolution of compliance questions by means consistent with such agreements and international law, with a view to encouraging strict observance by all States parties of the provisions of arms limitation and disarmament and non-proliferation agreements and maintaining or restoring the integrity of such agreements.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October without a vote.


The report on the review and implementation of the Concluding Document of the Twelfth Special Session of the General Assembly (document A/57/511) contains eight draft resolutions.


By the first, draft A, on the United Nations regional centres for peace and disarmament, the Assembly would appeal to Member States in each region and those that were able to do so, as well as to international governmental and non-governmental organizations and foundations, to contribute to the regional centres to strengthen their activities and initiatives.


The Committee approved the draft on 25 October without a vote.


Draft B, on the activities of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa, would have the Assembly reaffirm its support for efforts aimed at promoting regional and sub-regional confidence-building measures and for the Committee’s programme of work.


Additionally, the Assembly would emphasize the need to make the early-warning mechanism in Central Africa operational, to prevent, in part, the outbreak of future armed conflicts.  It would also appeal to Member States and to governmental and non-governmental organizations to make additional voluntary contributions to the Trust Fund for the implementation of the Committee’s programme of work.


The Committee approved the draft on 28 October without a vote.


According to draft C, on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean, the Assembly would reiterate its strong support for the role of the Centre and congratulate it for expanding the vast range of activities carried out last year in the field of peace, disarmament and development.


The Centre would be asked to take into account the proposals to be submitted by the countries of the region in promoting confidence-building measures, arms control and limitation, transparency, disarmament and development at the regional level.


The Assembly would appeal to Member States, particularly in the region, and to international governmental and non-governmental organizations to make and increase voluntary contributions to strengthen the Centre, its programme of activities and their implementation.


The Committee approved the draft on 25 October without a vote.


Draft D, on the United Nations Disarmament Information Programme would have the Assembly stress the importance of the Programme as a significant instrument in enabling all Member States to participate fully in the deliberations and negotiations on disarmament in the various United Nations bodies, and in assisting them in complying with treaties, and in contributing to agreed mechanisms for transparency.


The Assembly would recommend that the Programme focus its efforts on, among other things:  generating public understanding of the importance of multilateral action, including by the United Nations and the Conference on Disarmament, in the field of arms limitation and disarmament; and to maintain the Disarmament web site.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October without a vote.


By draft resolution E, on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa, the Assembly would reaffirm its strong support for the Centre's revitalization and appeal, once again, to all States, as well as to international governmental and non-governmental organizations and foundations, to make voluntary contributions, in order to strengthen its programmes and activities.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October without a vote.


Under the terms of draft F, on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific, the Assembly would urge the Secretary-General to ensure the physical operation of the Centre from Kathmandu within six months of the date of signature of the host country agreement, and to enable it to function effectively.


The Assembly would appeal to Member States, in particular those within the Asia-Pacific region, as well as international governmental and non-governmental organizations and foundations, to make voluntary contributions, the only resources of the Centre, to strengthen its programmes of activities and their implementation.


The Committee approved the draft on 25 October without a vote.


Draft G, on the United Nations Disarmament Fellowship Training and Advisory Services, would have the Assembly request the Secretary-General to continue to annually implement the Geneva-based programme within existing resources and to report thereon to the Assembly at its fifty-ninth session.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October without a vote.


According to draft H, on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Nuclear Weapons, the Assembly would reiterate its request to the Conference on Disarmament to commence negotiations in order to reach agreement on an international convention prohibiting the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons under any circumstances.


The Committee approved the draft on 21 October by a vote of 98 in favour to 45 against, with 9 abstentions (Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Ukraine).


The report on the review of the implementation of the recommendations and decisions adopted by the General Assembly at its tenth special session (document A/57/512) contains two draft resolutions.


By draft A, on the report of the Disarmament Commission, the General Assembly would request the Disarmament Commission to meet from 31 March to 17 April of 2003, to continue its work in accordance with its mandate.


It would also request it to continue the consideration of ways and means to achieve nuclear disarmament, as well as practical confidence-building measures in the field of conventional arms.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October without a vote.


Draft B, on the report of the Conference on Disarmament would have the Assembly urge the Conference to fulfil its role as the single multilateral disarmament negotiating forum for the international community, in light of the evolving international situation and with a view to making early substantive progress on priority agenda items.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October without a vote.


According to the draft resolution contained in the report on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/57/513), the Assembly would reaffirm the importance of Israel's accession to the NPT and placement of all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive IAEA safeguards.


The Assembly would call upon that State to accede to the NPT without further delay and not to develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons, and to renounce possession of those weapons, and place all its unsafeguarded nuclear facilities under full-scope IAEA safeguards as an important confidence-building measure among all States of the region and as a step towards enhancing peace and security.


The Committee approved the draft on 25 October by a vote of 150 in favour to 4 against (Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, United States), with 9 abstentions (Australia, Cameroon, Canada, Ethiopia, India, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Vanuatu).


Prior to that, it voted on the sixth preambular paragraph, which would have the Assembly recognize, with satisfaction, that the 2000 NPT Review Conference called upon those remaining States not parties to the Treaty to accede to it.  The paragraph was approved by a vote of 153 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 5 abstentions (Bhutan, Marshall Islands, Pakistan, United States, Vanuatu).


The report on the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects (document A/57/514) contains a draft resolution that would have the Assembly call upon all States that had not yet done so to take all measures to become parties, as soon as possible, to the Convention and the Protocols annexed thereto, as amended, as well as the amendment of article  1 extending the scope of the convention, with a view to achieving the widest possible adherence to those instruments at an early date.  It would also call upon successor States to take appropriate measures so that, ultimately, adherence to these instruments would be universal.


By a further term, the Assembly would call upon all States parties to the Convention that had not yet done so to express their consent to be bound by the Protocols to the Convention.  It would also call upon them to notify the depository of their consent, at an early date, to be bound by the amendment extending the scope of the Convention and its Protocols to include armed conflicts of a non-international character.


The Assembly would additionally encourage the Chairman-designate and the group of governmental experts to conduct work expeditiously with a view to submitting recommendations on explosive remnants of war to States parties for consideration at the earliest possible date.


The Committee approved the draft on 28 October without a vote.


By the terms of the draft resolution contained in the report on strengthening security and cooperation in the Mediterranean region (document A/57/515), the Assembly would call upon all States of that region that had not yet done so to adhere to all the multilaterally negotiated legal instruments related to the field of disarmament and non-proliferation, thus creating the necessary conditions for strengthening peace and cooperation there.


It would encourage all States of the region to promote genuine openness and transparency on all military matters, by participating in, among other measures, the United Nations system for the standardized reporting of military expenditures and by providing accurate data and information to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms.


The Committee approved the draft on 23 October without a vote.


The draft decision contained in the report on Biological Weapons Convention (document A/57/516) would have the Assembly request the Secretary-General to continue to render the necessary assistance to depositary governments of the Convention to provide services, as required, for implementing the decisions and recommendations of the Review Conferences, as well as the decisions contained in the final report of the Special Conference of the States parties to the Convention, held from 19 to 30 September 1994.  It would also ask him to render the necessary assistance for the Fifth Review Conference, to be held in Geneva from 11 to 22 November 2002.


The Committee approved the draft on 22 October without a vote.


According to the draft contained in the report concerning the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) (document A/57/517), the General Assembly would stress the importance and urgency of signing and ratifying the CTBT.


It would also urge States to maintain their moratoriums on nuclear-weapons-test explosions or any other nuclear explosions, pending the entry into force of the Treaty.  It would urge all States to remain seized of the issue at the highest political level.


Under a related term, the Assembly would urge all States that had not yet signed the Treaty to sign and ratify it as soon as possible, while refraining from acts that would defeat its object and purpose in the meanwhile.  With respect to States that had signed but not yet ratified the Treaty, in particular those whose ratification was needed for its entry into force, it would urge them to accelerate their ratification processes.


The Committee approved the draft on 21 October by a vote of 125 in favour to 1 against (United States) with 4 abstentions (Colombia, India, Mauritius, Syria).


Action on Texts


MEHMET SAMSAR (Turkey), Rapporteur, introduced the reports of the First Committee (Disarmament and International Security).


The Assembly first took up the report on the prohibition of the development and manufacture of new types of weapons of mass destruction and new systems of such weapons (document A/57/502) and adopted the resolution contained therein, without a vote.


The Assembly next took up the report on the question of Antarctica (document A/57/503) and adopted the relevant resolution without a vote.


Turning to the report on the maintenance of international security, good-neighbourliness, stability and development in South-Eastern Europe (document A/57/504), the Assembly adopted the related resolution without a vote.


The draft resolution contained in the report on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security (document A/57/505) was adopted without a vote.


By a vote of 90 in favour to 48 against, with 21 abstentions, the Assembly adopted the resolution contained in the report on the role of science and technology in the context of international security and disarmament (document A/57/506) (Annex I).


The Assembly next considered the report on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East (document A/57/507) and adopted the relevant text without a vote.


The report on effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons (document A/57/508) contained a resolution which was adopted by a recorded vote of 106 in favour to none against, with 55 abstentions  (Annex II).


By a vote of 159 in favour to none against, with 3 abstentions (Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United States), the Assembly adopted the resolution contained in the report on the prevention of an arms race in outer space (document A/57/509)  (Annex III).


The Assembly next considered the report on general and complete disarmament (document A/57/510), which contains 29 draft resolutions, A to CC, and one draft decision.


PHILOMENA MURNAGHAN (Ireland), on behalf of the co-sponsors, proposed an oral amendment to draft B of that report, on a new agenda for a nuclear-weapon-free world.  The proposal would welcome Cuba’s accession to the NPT and its ratification of the Treaty of Tlatelolco, and that would be reflected in the twenty-fourth preambular paragraph of the text.


SANTIAGO IRAZABAL MOURÃO (Brazil) said that, following further consultations on the draft on a nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere, draft P, he wished to propose amendments to welcome Cuba’s ratification to the Treaty of Tlatelolco, in the third preambular paragraph, and call for the ratification by outstanding countries to the Treaties of Bangkok and Tlatelolco, in operative paragraph 2.


Similarly, HIROSHI ISHIKAWA (Japan) said he wished to amend the second from the last line of the third preambular paragraph of the draft, on a path to the total elimination of nuclear weapons, to welcome Cuba’s accession to the NPT.


SLAWOMIR LEMANSKI (Poland) presented an oral technical revision to the draft on implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention, draft Y.  When the delegations of Poland and Canada first presented the text to the Committee, the number of States parties was 145.  Since then, two more countries had acceded, bringing to 147 the total number of States parties.  The third preambular paragraph of the draft should be amended to reflect that. 


Draft A, on reductions of non-strategic nuclear weapons, was adopted by a vote of 120 in favour to 3 against (France, United Kingdom, United States), with 42 abstentions (Annex IV).


Prior to acting on draft B entitled “Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world: the need for a new agenda,” as a whole, the Assembly adopted the oral amendment presented by the representative of Ireland without a vote.


Then, by a vote of 125 in favour to 6 against (France, Israel, India, Pakistan, United Kingdom, United States), with 36 abstentions, the Assembly adopted the draft as a whole and as orally amended (Annex V).


Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted draft C, on the United Nations study on disarmament and non-proliferation education.


Draft D, on the convening of a fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament, was also adopted without a vote.


The Assembly then adopted draft E, on measures to uphold the authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol, by a vote of 164 in favour to none against, with  3 abstentions (Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United States) (Annex VI).


It adopted draft F, on the promotion of multilateralism in the area of disarmament and non-proliferation, by a recorded vote of 105 in favour to  12 against, with 44 abstentions (Annex VII).


By a vote of 163 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions (France, Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United Kingdom, United States), the Assembly adopted draft G, on the observance of environmental norms in the drafting and implementation of disarmament and arms control agreements (Annex VIII).


Draft H, on the relationship between disarmament and development, was adopted by a recorded vote of 160 in favour to 1 against (United States), with    4 abstentions (France, Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United Kingdom) (Annex IX).


The Assembly next turned to draft I, on national legislation on transfer of arms, military equipment and dual-use goods and technology.


Prior to action on the draft as a whole, the phrase "inter alia, both to control transfers that could contribute to proliferation activities and," found in the second preambular paragraph, was adopted by a vote of 131 in favour to none against, with 27 abstentions (Annex X).


[The second preambular paragraph recalls that the States parties to the international disarmament and non-proliferation treaties have undertaken, inter alia, both to control transfers that could contribute to proliferation activities and to facilitate the fullest possible exchange of materials, equipment and technological information for peaceful purposes.]


It then adopted draft I as a whole by a vote of 166 in favour to none against, with no abstentions (Annex XI).


Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted the following texts: 

draft J, on Mongolia’s international security and nuclear-weapon-free status; draft K, on bilateral strategic nuclear arms reductions and the new strategic framework; draft L, on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia; and draft M, on assistance to States for curbing the illicit traffic in small arms and collecting them.


Draft N, on missiles, was adopted by a vote of 104 in favour to 3 (Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United States) against, with 60 abstentions (Annex XII).


The Assembly adopted draft O, on the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects without a vote.


Taking up draft P, on a nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere and adjacent areas, the Assembly first decided to retain the last three words of operative paragraph 3 -- “and South Asia” -- by a vote of 151 in favour to 2 against (India, Pakistan), with 8 abstentions (Cuba, France, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States) (Annex XIII).


It then adopted operative paragraph 3 as a whole by a vote of 156 in favour to 1 against (India), with 8 abstentions (France, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Pakistan, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States) (Annex XIV). 


[Operative paragraph 3 welcomed the steps taken to conclude further nuclear-weapon-free zone treaties on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at among the States of the region concerned, and called upon all States to consider all relevant proposals, including those reflected in its resolutions on the establishment of such zones in the Middle East and South Asia.]


The draft as a whole was then adopted by a vote of 160 in favour to         3 against (France, United Kingdom, United States), with 5 abstentions (India, Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, Spain, Russian Federation) (Annex XV).  By a vote of 143 in favour to none against, with 23 abstentions, the Assembly then adopted draft Q, on implementation of the Ottawa Convention (Annex XVI).


Prior to taking a decision on draft R, which concerns transparency in armaments, as a whole, the Assembly took two separate votes.


First, it adopted operative paragraph 4(b) by a vote of 140 in favour to    2 against (Egypt, Syria), with 20 abstentions (Annex XVII).


[Operative paragraph 4(b) requested the Secretary-General, with the assistance of a group of governmental experts, on the basis of equitable geographical representation, to prepare a report on the continuing operation of the Register and its further development.]


Next, it adopted operative paragraph 6 by a vote of 139 in favour to none against, with 23 abstentions (Annex XVIII).


[Operative paragraph 6 invites the Conference on Disarmament to consider continuing its work undertaken in the field of transparency in armaments.]


Draft R on transparency was adopted, as a whole, by a vote of 143 in favour to none against, with 23 abstentions (Annex XIX).


Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted draft S on regional disarmament.


By a recorded vote of 165 in favour to 1 against (India), with 1 abstention (Bhutan), it adopted draft T on conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels (Annex XX).


By a vote of 156 in favour to 2 against (India, United States), with       13 abstentions, the Assembly then adopted a text on a path to the total elimination of nuclear weapons, Draft U, as orally amended (Annex XXI).


Prior to acting on draft V as a whole, also concerning nuclear disarmament, the Assembly adopted operative paragraph 10 by a vote of 160 in favour to         2 against (India, Israel), with 5 abstentions (Mauririus, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Saint Vincent, United States) (Annex XXII).


[Operative paragraph 10 welcomes the unequivocal undertaking by the nuclear-weapon States to accomplish the total elimination of their nuclear arsenals and the reaffirmation of the States parties to the NPT that the total elimination of nuclear weapons was the only absolute guarantee against the use or threat of nuclear weapons.  It also calls for the full and effective implementation of the steps set out in the Final Document of the 2000 NPT Review Conference.]


The draft, as a whole, on nuclear disarmament was adopted by a vote of 107 in favour to 41 against, with 21 abstentions (Annex XXIII).


Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted the following texts:  draft W, on a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons; and draft X, on the consolidation of peace through practical disarmament measures.


Next, the oral amendment to the third preambular paragraph of draft Y, on implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention, was adopted without a vote.  The whole draft Y, as orally amended, was adopted without a vote. 


The Assembly then adopted draft Z without a vote.


By a vote of 107 in favour to 46 against, with 17 abstentions, the Assembly adopted draft AA, on reducing nuclear danger  (Annex XXIV).


It then considered draft BB, on follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, and adopted operative paragraph 1 by a vote of 161 in favour to 4 against (France, Israel, Russian Federation, United States), with 1 abstention (United Kingdom) (Annex XXV).


[Operative paragraph 1 underlines, once again, the unanimous conclusion of the Court that there existed an obligation to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament under strict and effective international control.]


Draft BB, on the advisory opinion, was adopted as a whole by a recorded vote of 117 in favour to 30 against, with 24 abstentions (Annex XXVI).


Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted draft CC, on compliance with arms limitation and disarmament and non-proliferation agreements. 

It next adopted the decision on a United Nations conference to identify ways of eliminating nuclear dangers in the context of nuclear disarmament by a vote of  121 in favour to 6 against (France, Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, Poland, United Kingdom, United States), with 37 abstentions (Annex XXVII).


ZAGAR ERENDO (Mongolia), explaining his vote on draft J, on Mongolia’s nuclear-weapon-free status, said that a number of measures had been taken to consolidate his country’s status and external security.  He also suggested that his country’s experiences with its nuclear-weapon-free status be examined and possibly emulated by States in North-East Asia.


The Assembly next considered the report on the review and implementation of the Concluding Document of the Twelfth Special Session of the General Assembly (document A/57/511), which contains eight draft resolutions.


Speaking on behalf of the Group of Latin American and Caribbean Countries before the votes, ENRIQUE LOEDEL (Uruguay) proposed that an oral amendment be added to draft C, on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean.  That amendment to the sixth preambular paragraph would recognize Cuba’s accession to the Treaty of Tlatelolco.  It was adopted without a vote.


Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted the following texts:  draft A, on the United Nations regional centres for peace and disarmament; draft B, on the activities of the Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa; draft C, on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (as orally amended); draft D, on the United Nations Disarmament Information Programme; draft E, on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa; draft F, on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific; and draft G, on United Nations disarmament fellowship training and advisory services.


By a vote of 110 in favour to 45 against, with 12 abstentions, the Assembly adopted draft H, on the convention on the prohibition of the use of nuclear weapons (Annex XXVIII).


Speaking after the vote, ROLAND KPOTSRA (Togo) said that he had joined consensus on the draft concerning the United Nations regional centres for disarmament.  He called attention, however, to the financial difficulties faced by the centres.  In that context, he suggested that, because the Department of Disarmament Affairs relied on the viability of its regional initiatives, its budget should include provisions for the centres’ monetary needs.  Such a contribution would be more helpful than merely renewing old resolutions.


The Assembly next considered the report on the review of the implementation of the recommendations and decisions adopted by the General Assembly at its tenth special session (document A/57/512), which contains two draft resolutions.


Draft A, on the report of the Disarmament Commission was adopted without a vote.


Draft B, on the report of the Conference on Disarmament was also adopted without a vote.


Turning to the text contained in the report on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/57/513), the Assembly first adopted the sixth preambular paragraph by a vote of 163 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 2 abstentions (Pakistan, United States) (Annex XXIX).


[The sixth preambular paragraph recognizes, with satisfaction, that the 2000 NPT Review Conference calls upon those remaining States not parties to the Treaty to accede to it.]


The Assembly then adopted the draft as a whole by a vote of 158 in favour to 3 against (Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United States), with     8 abstentions (Australia, Cameroon, Canada, Ethiopia, India, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago) (Annex XXX).


The Assembly next took up the draft resolution contained in the report on the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (document A/57/514) and adopted it without a vote.


Also without a vote, the Assembly adopted the text contained in the report on strengthening of security and cooperation in the Mediterranean region (document A/57/515).

The Assembly next adopted the decision contained in the report on the Biological Weapons Convention (document A/57/516) without a vote.


By a vote of 164 in favour to 1 against (United States), with 5 abstentions (Colombia, India, Lebanon, Mauritius, Syria), the Assembly adopted the draft contained in the report on the CTBT (document A/57/517) (Annex XXXI).


(annexes follow)

ANNEX I

Vote on Role of Science and Technology


The draft resolution on the role of science and technology in the context of international security (document A/57/506) was approved by a recorded vote of 90 in favour to 48 against, with 21 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Algeria, Angola, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.


Against:  Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Yugoslavia.


Abstaining:  Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Brazil, Fiji, Georgia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Paraguay, Russian Federation, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, South Africa, Tajikistan, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan.


Absent:  Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Benin, Botswana, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX I)


ANNEX II


Vote on Non-Nuclear-Weapon States


The draft resolution on security arrangements for non-nuclear-weapon States (document A/57/56) was adopted by a recorded vote of 106 in favour to none against, with 55 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belize, Bhutan, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.


Against:  None.


Abstaining:  Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Yugoslavia.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Benin, Botswana, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Germany, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX II)


ANNEX III

Vote on Outer Space Arms Race


The draft resolution on the prevention of an arms race in outer space (document A/57/57) was approved by a recorded vote of 159 in favour to none against, with 3 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  None.


Abstaining:  Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United States.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Benin, Botswana, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Germany, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX III)


ANNEX IV


Vote on Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons


The draft resolution on reduction in non-strategic nuclear weapons (document A/57/62) was adopted by a recorded vote of 120 in favour to 3 against, with 42 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.


Against:  France, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstaining:  Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Federated States of Micronesia, Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia.


Absent:  Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX IV)


ANNEX V


Vote on New Agenda


The draft resolution on "Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world:  the need for a new agenda" (document A/57/59) was adopted by a recorded vote of 125 in favour to 6 against, with 36 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.


Against:  France, India, Israel, Pakistan, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstaining:  Albania, Australia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Federated States of Micronesia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia.


Absent:  Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX V)


ANNEX VI


Vote on 1925 Geneva Protocol


The draft resolution on upholding the authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol (document A/57/62) was adopted by a recorded vote of 164 in favour to none against, with 3 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  None.


Abstaining:  Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United States.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX VI)


ANNEX VII


Vote on Multilateralism


The draft resolution on the promotion of multilateralism in disarmament and non-proliferation (document A/57/63) was adopted by a recorded vote of 105 in favour to 12 against, with 44 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Algeria, Angola, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.


Against:  Bulgaria, Germany, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Federated States of Micronesia, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstaining:  Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Japan, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Nauru, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Ukraine, Yugoslavia.


Absent:  Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX VII)


ANNEX VIII


Vote on Environmental Norms


The draft resolution on the observance of environmental norms in drafting disarmament agreements (document A/57/64) was adopted by a recorded vote of 163 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  None.


Abstaining:  France, Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United Kingdom, United States.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX VIII)


ANNEX IX


Vote on Disarmament and Development


The draft resolution on the relationship between disarmament and development (document A/57/65) was adopted by a recorded vote of 160 in favour to 1 against, with 4 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  United States.


Abstaining:  France, Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United Kingdom.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sao Tome and Principe, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX IX)


ANNEX X


Vote on Preambular Para 2/National Legislation


The 13 words in the second preambular paragraph of the draft resolution on national legislation on the transfer of arms (document A/57/66) was adopted by a recorded vote of 131 in favour to none against, with 27 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  None.


Abstaining:  Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, Comoros, Cuba, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Myanmar, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Federated States of Micronesia, Mozambique, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Viet Nam, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX X)


ANNEX XI


Vote on National Legislation


The draft resolution on national legislation on the transfer of arms (document A/57/66) was adopted by a recorded vote of 166 in favour to none against, with no abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  None.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Mozambique, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XI)


ANNEX XII


Vote on Missiles


The draft resolution on missiles (document A/57/71) was adopted by a recorded vote of 104 in favour to 3 against, with 60 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.


Against:  Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United States.


Abstaining:  Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Nauru, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Mozambique, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XII)


ANNEX XIII


Vote on “and South Asia”


The words “and South Asia” in operative paragraph 3 of the draft resolution on a nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere (document A/57/73) was adopted by a recorded vote of 151 in favour to 2 against, with 8 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  India, Pakistan.


Abstaining:  Cuba, France, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Mozambique, Niger, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Somalia, Suriname, Syria, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XIII)


ANNEX XIV


Vote on Op Para 3/Southern Hemisphere


Operative paragraph 3 of the draft report on a nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere (document A/57/73) was adopted by a recorded vote of 156 in favour to

1 against, with 8 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  India.


Abstaining:  France, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Pakistan, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Mozambique, Niger, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XIV)


ANNEX XV


Vote on Southern Hemisphere


The draft resolution on a nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere (document A/57/73) was adopted by a recorded vote of 160 in favour to 3 against, with

5 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  France, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstaining:  India, Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, Russian Federation, Spain.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Monaco, Mozambique, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XV)


ANNEX XVI

Vote on Ottawa Convention


The draft resolution on the Ottawa Convention (document A/57/74) was adopted by a recorded vote of 143 in favour to none against, with 23 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  None.


Abstaining:  Azerbaijan, China, Cuba, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Federated States of Micronesia, Morocco, Myanmar, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Syria, Tajikistan, United States, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hungary, Iraq, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XVI)


ANNEX XVII


Vote on Op Para 4(b)/Transparency


Operative paragraph 4(b) of the draft resolution on transparency in armaments (document A/57/75) was adopted by a recorded vote of 140 in favour to   2 against, with 20 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  Egypt, Syria.


Abstaining:  Algeria, China, Comoros, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Viet Nam, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XVII)


ANNEX XVIII


Vote on Op Para 6/Transparency


Operative paragraph 6 of the draft resolution on transparency in armaments (document A/57/75) was adopted by a recorded vote of 139 in favour to none against, with 23 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  None.


Abstaining:  Algeria, China, Comoros, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Viet Nam, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XVIII)


ANNEX XIX


Vote on Transparency in Armaments


The draft resolution on transparency in armaments (document A/57/75) was adopted by a recorded vote of 143 in favour to none against, with 23 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  None.


Abstaining:  Algeria, Bahrain, China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, ChadDemocratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Viet Nam, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XIX)


ANNEX XX


Vote on Regional Conventional Arms Control


The draft resolution on conventional arms control at the regional level (document A/57/77) was adopted by a recorded vote of 165 in favour to 1 against, with 1 abstention, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  India.


Abstaining:  Bhutan.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Viet Nam, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XX)


ANNEX XXI


Vote on Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons


The orally amended draft resolution on a path to the total elimination of nuclear weapons (document A/57/78) was adopted by a recorded vote of 156 in favour to 2 against, with 13 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  India, United States.


Abstaining:  Brazil, China, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Egypt, Ireland, Israel, Mexico, Myanmar, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sweden.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XXI)


ANNEX XXII


Vote on Operative Paragraph 10/Nuclear Disarmament


Operative Paragraph 10 of the draft resolution on nuclear disarmament (document A/57/79) was adopted by a recorded vote of 107 in favour to 41 against, with 21 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  India, Israel.


Abstaining:  Mauritius, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, United States.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XXII)


ANNEX XXIII


Vote on Nuclear Disarmament


The draft resolution on nuclear disarmament (document A/57/59) was adopted by a recorded vote of 107 in favour to 41 against, with 21 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.


Against:  Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Yugoslavia.


Abstaining:  Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Cyprus, Georgia, India, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Mauritius, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Sweden, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XXIII)


ANNEX XXIV


Vote on Reducing Nuclear Danger


The draft resolution on reducing nuclear danger (document A/57/84) was adopted by a recorded vote of 107 in favour to 46 against, with 17 abstentions, as follows:


In favour

Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.


Against:  Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Yugoslavia.


Abstaining:  Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Brazil, China, Georgia, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Paraguay, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XXIV)


ANNEX XXV


Vote on Operative Paragraph 1/ICJ Decision


Operative paragraph 1 of the draft resolution on the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) (document A/57/85) was adopted by a recorded vote of 161 in favour to 4 against, with 1 abstention, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  France, Israel, Russian Federation, United States.


Abstaining:  United Kingdom.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XXV)


ANNEX XXVI


Vote on ICJ Opinion


The draft resolution on the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) (document A/57/85) was adopted by a recorded vote of 117 in favour to 30 against, with 24 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.


Against:  Albania, Andorra, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstaining:  Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Liechtenstein, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Switzerland, Tajikistan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XXVI)


ANNEX XXVII


Vote on UN Conference


The draft resolution on a United Nations Conference to identify ways of eliminating nuclear weapons (document A/57/510) was adopted by a recorded vote of 121 in favour to 6 against, with 37 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.


Against:  France, Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, Poland, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstaining:  Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Yugoslavia.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Monaco, New Zealand, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Somalia, Suriname, Switzerland, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XXVII)


ANNEX XXVIII


Vote on Convention Prohibiting Nuclear Weapons


The draft resolution on a Convention on the prohibition of nuclear weapons (document A/57/94) was adopted by a recorded vote of 110 in favour to 45 against, with 12 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  None.


Abstaining:  Algeria, China, Comoros, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Viet Nam, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XXVIII)


ANNEX XXIX


Vote on Pream Para 6/Middle East Nuclear Proliferation


The sixth preambular paragraph in the draft resolution on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/57/97) was adopted by a recorded vote of 163 in favour to 2 against, with 2 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  India, Israel.


Abstaining:  Pakistan, United States.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XXIX)


ANNEX XXX


Vote on Middle East Nuclear Proliferation


The draft resolution on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/57/97) was adopted by a recorded vote of 158 in favour to 3 against, with 8 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United States.


Abstaining:  Australia, Cameroon, Canada, Ethiopia, India, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Belgium, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zimbabwe.


(END OF ANNEX XXX)


ANNEX XXXI


Vote on Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty


The draft on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) (document A/57/100) was adopted by a recorded vote of 164 in favour to 1 against, with      5 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.


Against:  United States.


Abstaining:  Colombia, India, Lebanon, Mauritius, Syria.


Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Niger, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.


* *** *

For information media. Not an official record.