GENERAL ASSEMBLY ADOPTS 49 DISARMAMENT, INTERNATIONAL SECURITY TEXTS ON RECOMMENDATION OF ITS FIRST COMMITTEE

20 November 2000
GA/9829

GENERAL ASSEMBLY ADOPTS 49 DISARMAMENT, INTERNATIONAL SECURITY TEXTS ON RECOMMENDATION OF ITS FIRST COMMITTEE

20 November 2000

Press ReleaseGA/9829

GENERAL ASSEMBLY ADOPTS 49 DISARMAMENT, INTERNATIONAL SECURITY TEXTS ON RECOMMENDATION OF ITS FIRST COMMITTEE

20001120

ABM Treaty, Nuclear Proliferation, Small Arms Among Issues Addressed; Also Decides on 2001 Special Session to Review World Children’s Summit

The General Assembly this afternoon, acting on the recommendation of its First Committee (Disarmament and International Security), adopted 48 resolutions and one decision on a broad range of disarmament measures, aimed at, among others, the total elimination of nuclear weapons, control of the excessive accumulation of small arms and light weapons, increased transparency and strengthened international security.

The Assembly also adopted, without a vote, a 90-Power resolution by which it decided to convene the special session of the General Assembly for follow-up to the World Summit for Children from 19 to 21 September 2001. It further decided to convene two substantive sessions of the Preparatory Committee for the special session in New York during 2001, one from 29 January to 2 February and the other from 11 to 15 June.

Among the terms of some of the nuclear-related texts adopted this afternoon which required most of the 32 separate recorded votes, were calls to stem the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; strengthen the Treaty on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems (ABM Treaty); engage the nuclear-weapon States in the process leading to the total elimination of nuclear weapons; and take immediate and urgent steps to reduce the risk of unintentional and accidental use of nuclear weapons. The nuclear-weapon States were also urged, as an interim measure, to immediately de-alert and deactivate their nuclear weapons and to take other concrete measures to further reduce the operational status of their nuclear weapon systems.

According to a new resolution on general and complete disarmament, the Assembly welcomed the consensus adoption on 19 May of the Final Document of the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 163 in favour to 1 against (India), with 3 abstentions (Cuba, Israel, Pakistan). (For details of the vote, see Annex IX).

Also today, by a vote of 155 in favour to 1 against (India), with 12 abstentions, the Assembly stressed the central importance of taking practical

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steps to implement the NPT, including early signature and ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) by all States, as well as a moratorium on nuclear-weapon-test explosions or any other explosions pending its entry into force, according to a resolution entitled "a path to the total elimination of nuclear weapons" (Annex XVIII).

Prior to acting on the text, the Assembly adopted operative paragraph 8, which calls upon all States to redouble their efforts to prevent the proliferation of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, including their means of delivery, confirming and strengthening, if necessary, their policies not to transfer equipment, materials or technology that could contribute to the proliferation of those weapons. The provision was adopted by a vote of 150 in favour to 2 against (Egypt, Pakistan), with 10 abstentions (Algeria, Cuba, India, Indonesia, Iran, Lebanon, Monaco, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates) (Annex XVII).

Under the terms of a text entitled "Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world: the need for a new agenda", the Assembly called for: the further reduction of non-strategic nuclear weapons based on unilateral initiatives and as an integral part of the nuclear arms reduction and disarmament process; measures to further reduce the operational status of nuclear weapons systems; a diminishing role for nuclear weapons in security policies to minimize the risk that those weapons would ever be used; and, to facilitate the process of their total elimination, the engagement of all the nuclear-weapon States in the process leading to the total elimination of nuclear weapons. The text was adopted by a vote of 154 in favour to 3 against (India, Israel, Pakistan), with 8 abstentions (Bhutan, France, Kyrgyzstan, Mauritius, Monaco, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Uzebkistan) (Annex VIII).

Before adopting the draft resolution as a whole, the Assembly took separate votes, on the fifteenth preambular paragraph and operative paragraph 16.

The fifteenth preambular paragraph, which welcomes the Final Document of the Sixth Review Conference of the Parties to the NPT, was adopted by a recorded vote of 160 in favour to 3 against (India, Israel, Pakistan), with 1 abstention (Cuba) (Annex VI).

It adopted operative paragraph 16 by a vote of 161 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (Cuba, India, Israel, Pakistan). That provision notes the agreement of the Sixth Review Conference of the Parties to the NPT that legally binding security assurances by the five nuclear-weapon States to the non-nuclear-weapon States parties to the Treaty strengthen the nuclear non- proliferation regime. The Assembly would call upon the Preparatory Committee to make recommendations to the 2005 Review Conference on that issue (Annex VII).

The Assembly, stressing the paramount importance of full and strict compliance by the parties with the 1972 Treaty on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems (ABM Treaty), called for continued efforts to strengthen it and preserve its integrity and validity, so that it remained a cornerstone in maintaining global strategic stability. The resolution was

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adopted by a vote of 88 in favour to 5 against (Albania, Federated States of Micronesia, Honduras, Israel, United States), with 66 abstentions (Annex V).

A resolution on missiles had the Assembly request the Secretary-General to further seek the views of Member States on the issue of missiles in all its aspects and to report to it at its fifty-sixth session. It requested the Secretary-General, with the assistance of a panel of governmental experts to be established in 2001, to prepare a report for the Assembly's consideration at its next session. The text was adopted by a vote of 97 in favour to none against, with 65 abstentions (Annex IV).

By a vote of 163 in favour to none against, with 3 abstentions (Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, United States) , the Assembly adopted a text by which it reaffirmed the importance and urgency of preventing an arms race in outer space and the readiness of all States to contribute to that common objective, in conformity with the provisions of the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies (Annex III).

By a text on nuclear disarmament, adopted by a vote of 109 in favour to 39 against, with 20 abstentions, the Assembly urged the nuclear-weapon States to stop immediately the qualitative improvement, development, production and stockpiling of nuclear warheads and their delivery systems. The Assembly also urged them, as an interim measure, to immediately de-alert and deactivate their nuclear weapons and to take other concrete measures to further reduce the operational status of their nuclear-weapon systems (Annex XX).

Before voting on the text, the Assembly adopted operative paragraph 9, which welcomed the positive outcome of the 2000 Review Conference of the NPT and the unequivocal undertaking by the nuclear-weapon States in the final document to accomplish total elimination of their nuclear arsenals. The provision was adopted by a vote of 150 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 15 abstentions (Annex XIX).

Acting on a resolution on the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the use or threat of nuclear weapons, the Assembly underlined the Court's unanimous conclusion that there exists an obligation to pursue and bring to a conclusion, negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective international control. States were called upon to immediately fulfil that obligation by commencing multilateral negotiations in 2001 leading to an early conclusion of a nuclear weapons convention. The text was adopted by a vote of 119 in favour to 28 against, with 22 abstentions (Annex XXVIII).

Before voting on the text as a whole, a separate vote was taken on operative paragraph 1, which underlined the Court's unanimous conclusion concerning the obligation to conclude negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament. The operative paragraph was adopted by a vote of 162 in favour to 4 against (France, Israel, Russian Federation, United States), with 1 abstention (United Kingdom) (Annex XXVII).

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By a vote of 109 in favour to 43 against, with 16 abstentions the Assembly reiterated its request to the Conference on Disarmament to commence negotiations in order to reach agreement on an international convention prohibiting the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons under any circumstances (Annex XXIX).

The Assembly reaffirmed the urgent need to reach an early agreement on effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, although the difficulties with regard to evolving a common approach acceptable to all had also been pointed out. It appealed to all States, especially the nuclear-weapon States, to work actively towards an early agreement on a common approach and, in particular, on a common formula that could be included in an international instrument of a legally binding character. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 111 in favour to none against, with 54 abstentions (Annex II).

The Assembly called upon signatories to nuclear-weapon-free zone treaties, in order to pursue the goals envisaged in such treaties and to promote the nuclear-weapon-free status of the southern hemisphere and adjacent areas, to explore and implement further ways and means of cooperation among themselves and their treaty agencies. The resolution, which also called upon all States to support the nuclear disarmament process and work for the total elimination of nuclear weapons, was adopted by a vote of 159 in favour to 4 against (France, Monaco, United Kingdom, United States), with 5 abstentions (Andorra, India, Israel, Russian Federation, Spain) (Annex XII).

Prior to voting on the text, the Assembly first adopted the last three words of operative paragraph 3 of the text, "and South Asia", by a vote of 152 in favour to 1 against (India), with 10 abstentions (Bhutan, Cuba, Cyprus, Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Pakistan, United Kingdom, United States) (Annex X).

The third operative paragraph welcomes the steps taken to conclude further nuclear-weapon-free zone treaties, and calls upon all States to consider all relevant proposals, including those reflected in its resolutions on the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones in the Middle East and South Asia. It adopted the paragraph as a whole by a vote of 155 in favour to 1 against (India), with 9 abstentions (Bhutan, Cyprus, Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Pakistan, United Kingdom, United States) (Annex XI).

The Assembly, considering that the hair-trigger alert of nuclear weapons carried unacceptable risks, would call for a review of nuclear doctrines and, in that context, immediate and urgent steps to reduce the risks of unintentional and accidental use of nuclear weapons, under a text on reducing nuclear danger. It was adopted by a vote of 110 in favour to 45 against, with 14 abstentions (Annex XV).

According to a resolution adopted by a vote of 161 in favour to none against, with 6 abstentions (Bhutan, India, Libya, Mauritius, Syria, United Republic of Tanzania), the Assembly stressed the importance and urgency of signatures and ratifications, without delay and without conditions to achieve the early entry into force of the CTBT. It urged States to maintain their

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moratoriums on nuclear-weapons tests, pending the Treaty’s operation, and called upon all States to sign and ratify the Treaty as soon as possible and to refrain from acts that would defeat its object and purpose in the meanwhile (Annex XXXII).

By a vote of 163 in favour, to none against, with 5 abstentions (Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Marshall Islands, Republic of Korea, United States), the Assembly adopted a text on measures to uphold the authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare (Annex XIII).

Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted two resolutions on other weapons of mass destruction. Under a text on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (Biological Weapons Convention), the Assembly called upon all States parties to accelerate negotiations on a protocol to strengthen the Convention, and to redouble their efforts within the Ad Hoc Group to formulate the efficient, cost-effective and practical regime and seek early resolution of the outstanding issues through renewed flexibility.

By the next, on chemical weapons, it urged all States parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention) to meet in full and on time their obligations under the Convention and to support the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in its implementation activities.

A resolution on transparency in armaments had the Assembly call upon Member States, with a view to achieving universal participation in the Register of Conventional Arms, to provide the Secretary-General by 31 May annually the requested data and information for the Register, including nil reports if appropriate. The Assembly reaffirmed its decision, with a view to further the Register's development, to keep the scope of and participation in the Register under review. The text was adopted by a vote of 149 in favour to none against, with 16 abstentions (Annex XXV).

Before taking a decision on the draft as a whole, four separate votes were taken on the fifth preambular paragraph, and operative paragraphs 2, 5(b) and 7. The fifth preambular paragraph, adopted by a vote of 149 in favour to 2 against (Egypt, Syria), with 10 abstentions (Algeria, Bahrain, China, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Myanmar, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia) had the Assembly welcome the note by the Secretary-General on the continuing operation of the Register and its further development (Annex XXI).

Operative paragraph 2, by which the Assembly endorsed the report of the Secretary-General on the continuing operation of the Register and its further development and the recommendations contained therein, was adopted by a vote of 147 in favour to 3 against (Egypt, Lebanon, Syria) with 11 abstentions (Annex XXII).

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By the terms of operative paragraph 5(b), the Assembly requested the Secretary-General, with the assistance of a group of governmental experts to be convened in 2003, to prepare a report on the continuing operation of the Register and its further development, with a view to a decision at its fifty- eighth session. The Assembly adopted that provision by a vote of 147 in favour to 3 against (Egypt, Lebanon, Syria) with 13 abstentions (Annex XXIII).

Operative paragraph 7, adopted by a vote of 144 in favour to none against, with 17 abstentions, had the Assembly invite the Conference on Disarmament to consider continuing its work undertaken in the field of transparency in armaments (Annex XXIV).

Acting without a vote on another text concerning confidence-building measures -- the activities of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa -- the Assembly reaffirmed its support for efforts aimed at promoting confidence-building measures at regional and subregional levels in order to ease tensions and conflicts in the subregion and to further peace, stability and sustainable development.

By the terms of a resolution on the 1998 decision of the Conference on Disarmament to establish a committee to negotiate a fissile material cut-off treaty, the Assembly, acting without a vote, urged the Conference to agree on a programme of work which would include the immediate commencement of negotiations on such a treaty with a view to their conclusion within five years.

Under a resolution on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East, the Assembly reaffirmed the importance of Israel's accession to the NPT and placement of all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards, in order to realize the goal of universal adherence to the Treaty in the Middle East. The text was adopted by a vote of 157 in favour to 3 against (Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, United States), with 8 abstentions (Australia, Canada, Ethiopia, India, Marshall Islands, Singapore, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago) (Annex XXXI).

Prior to that, by a vote of 158 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 5 abstentions (Bhutan, Cuba, Marshall Islands, Pakistan, Tonga), the Assembly adopted the sixth preambular paragraph, by which it recognized with satisfaction that, in the Final Document of the 2000 NPT Review, the Conference undertakes to make determined efforts towards achieving universality of the Treaty. Also by that provision, the Assembly called upon those remaining States not party to the Treaty to accede to it and to accept IAEA safeguards on all their nuclear activities (Annex XXX).

Acting without a vote, the Assembly urged all parties directly concerned with the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East to seriously consider taking the practical and urgent steps required for the implementation of that proposal, and as a means of promoting that objective, invite the countries concerned to adhere to the NPT. It called upon all countries of the region that had not done so, pending the establishment of the zone, to agree to place all their nuclear activities under IAEA safeguards.

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Also acting without a vote, the Assembly:

-- welcomed the concrete steps taken by some countries during the past year for the consolidation of the regime of military denuclearization established by the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco).

-- welcomed the desire of the five States of the Central Asian region to finalize work on the establishment of such a zone and the concrete steps that they had taken to prepare the legal framework for the initiative and the progress that they had achieved;

-- it welcomed the joint statement of the five nuclear-weapon States to provide security assurances to Mongolia in connection with its nuclear-weapon- free status, as a contribution to implementing the relevant General Assembly resolution of 1998;

-- urged the strengthening of relations among the States of South-Eastern Europe on the basis of respect for international law and agreements in accordance with the principle of good-neighbourliness and mutual respect;

-- and expressed its satisfaction at the continuing efforts by Mediterranean countries to contribute actively to the elimination of all causes of tension in the region and to the promotion of just and lasting solutions to the persistent problems of the region through peaceful means.

Under the terms of a text on conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels, the Assembly decided to give urgent consideration to the issues involved, and requested the Conference on Disarmament, as a first step, to consider the formulation of principles that could serve as a framework for regional agreements on conventional arms control. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 163 in favour to 1 against (India), with 1 abstention (Bhutan) (Annex XVI).

Acting without a vote, the Assembly affirmed that global and regional approaches to disarmament complemented each other and should therefore be pursued simultaneously to promote regional and international peace and security. In that context, the Assembly called upon States to conclude agreements, wherever possible, for nuclear non-proliferation, disarmament and confidence- building measures at the regional and subregional levels.

By a text on the role of science and technology in the context of international security and disarmament, adopted by a vote of 97 in favour to 46 against, with 21 abstentions, the Assembly affirmed that scientific and technological progress should be used for the benefit of all mankind to promote the sustainable economic and social development of all States and to safeguard international security, and that international cooperation in the use of science and technology, through the transfer and exchange of technological know-how for peaceful purposes, should be promoted (Annex I).

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In the conventional weapons field, a text on implementation of the Convention of the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines an on Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention) was adopted by a vote of 143 in favour to none against, with 22 abstentions on. Among its terms, the Assembly urged all States that had signed but not ratified the Convention to do so without delay. It renewed its call upon all States to work support and advance the care, rehabilitation and social and economic reintegration of mine victims, mine-awareness programmes, and the removal of anti-personnel mines placed throughout the world (Annex XXVI).

Acting without a vote on texts on conventional weapons, the Assembly: encouraged the setting up, in the African countries of the Saharo-Sahelian subregion, of national commissions against the proliferation of small arms; and called upon all States that had not yet done so to take measures to become parties to the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects and its Protocols.

By another consensus text on conventional weapons, the Secretary-General was requested to provide the 2001 United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects with information on the magnitude and scope of illicit trafficking in and circulation of small arms and light weapons, measures to combat that phenomenon, and the role of the United Nations in collecting, collating, sharing and disseminating information on the illicit trafficking.

According to a decision on small arms, also adopted without a vote, the Assembly decided to convene the United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects from 9 to 20 July 2001 in New York. It also decided to hold the third session of the Preparatory Committee for the Conference from 19 to 30 March in New York.

On related matters of disarmament and international security, the Assembly stressed the particular relevance of the guidelines on conventional arms control/limitation and disarmament, with particular emphasis on consolidation of peace. It noted the report of the Secretary-General on the consolidation of peace through practical disarmament measures and encouraged Member States, as well as regional arrangements and agencies, to support the implementation of recommendations contained therein.

Under other disarmament measures, the Assembly adopted a text by a recorded vote of 165 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States). By its terms, the Assembly reaffirmed that international disarmament forums should take fully into account relevant environmental norms in negotiating treaties and agreements on disarmament and arms limitation and that all States should fully contribute to ensuring compliance with such norms in the implementation of treaties and conventions to which they were parties (Annex XIV).

Acting without a vote on other disarmament measures, the Assembly called upon Member States to promote further, at multilateral levels, the consideration

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of existing and potential threats in the field of information security, as well as consideration of possible measures to limit the threats emerging in that field; and urged the international community to devote part of the resources made available by the implementation of disarmament and arms control agreements to economic and social development, with a view to reducing the ever widening gap between developed and developing countries.

Also without a vote, the Assembly adopted several resolutions on the disarmament machinery of the United Nations, by which it recognized the importance and high quality of the work of the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), and urged the Conference on Disarmament to fulfil its role as the single multilateral disarmament negotiating forum of the international community.

The Assembly, also acting without a vote: stressed the importance of the work of the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research; and expressed its appreciation to the Governments of Germany and Japan for inviting the 1999 and 2000 fellows of the United Nations disarmament, fellowship, training and advisory services to study selected activities in the field of disarmament, and to the Government of the United States for organizing specific study programmes in the disarmament field.

Adopting a new resolution on United Nations study on disarmament and non- proliferation education, the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to prepare, with the assistance of a group of qualified governmental experts, a study on disarmament and non-proliferation that would, among other things: define contemporary disarmament and non-proliferation education and training; assess the global situation of disarmament and non-proliferation education and training at the primary, secondary, university and post-graduate levels; and examine ways to utilize more fully evolving pedagogical methods to enhance efforts in disarmament education and training at all levels, in the developed and the developing world.

Also acting without a vote, the Assembly reiterated the importance of United Nations activities at the regional level to increase stability and security of Member States, which could be promoted in a substantive manner by the maintenance and revitalization of the three regional centres for peace and disarmament.

In related texts, the Assembly reaffirmed its strong support for the forthcoming operation and further strengthening of the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific; reaffirmed its support for the revitalization of the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa, and emphasized the need to provide it with resources to enable it to strengthen its activities and carry out its programmes; and reiterated its strong support for the role of the Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Also without a vote, the Assembly: reaffirmed the role of the Disarmament Commission as the specialized, deliberative body within the United Nations

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multilateral disarmament machinery that allowed for in-depth deliberations on specific disarmament issues, leading to the submission of concrete recommendations on those issues; and decided, subject to the emergence of a consensus on its objectives and agenda, to convene the fourth special session of the Assembly devoted to disarmament. In that context, it requested the Secretary-General to seek the views of Member States on the objectives, agenda and timing of the special session and to report to the Assembly at its next session.

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Assembly Work Programme

The General Assembly met this morning to take action on 16 reports of the First Committee (Disarmament and International Security). Those reports contain 48 draft resolutions and one draft decision on disarmament and security-related issues.

The Assembly was expected to first take up the report of the Committee on reduction of military budgets (document A/55/551). The report does not contain any draft resolutions.

The Committee’s report on development of good-neighbourly relations among Balkan States; maintenance of international security -- good-neighbourliness, stability and development of South-Eastern Europe (document A/55/552) contains one draft resolution. Under the terms of the text the Assembly would urge the strengthening of relations among the States of South-Eastern Europe on the basis of respect for international law and agreements, in accordance with the principle of good-neighbourliness and mutual respect. The Assembly would also urge all States to undertake effective measures against illicit traffic and circulation of small arms, to help programmes aimed at the safe destruction of surplus stocks of small arms and light weapons.

In a related provision, the Assembly would stress the importance of closer cooperation among States in such areas as crime prevention, combating illicit trade of people, drug trafficking and money-laundering. It would call upon all participants in the Stability Pact for South-Eastern Europe, and all concerned international organizations, to support the efforts of the South-Eastern European States to overcome the negative effects of the Kosovo crisis and other recent crises to enable them to pursue sustainable development and their integration into the European structures.

The Assembly would also call upon all States, the relevant international organizations and competent organs of the United Nations to respect the principles of territorial integrity and sovereignty, and the inviolability of international borders to continue to take measures, in accordance with the United Nations Charter, to eliminate threats to international peace and security and to help to prevent conflicts which could lead to the violent disintegration of States.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 31 October by a vote of 150 in favour to none against and no abstentions.

By the terms of a draft resolution contained in the report on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security (document A/55/554) the Assembly would call upon Member States to promote further at multilateral levels the consideration of existing and potential threats in the field of information security, as well as consideration of possible measures to limit the threats emerging in that field. It would consider that the purpose of such measures could be served through the examination of relevant international concepts aimed at strengthening the security of global information and telecommunications systems.

The Assembly would invite all Member States to continue to inform the Secretary-General of their views and assessments of the following questions: general appreciation of the issues of information security; definition of the basic notions related to information security, including unauthorized interference with or misuse of information and telecommunications systems and information resources; and the content of the examination of relevant international concepts aimed at strengthening the security of global information and telecommunications systems. The Secretary-General would be asked to submit a report based on replies received from Member States to the next Assembly session.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 30 October without a vote.

The draft resolution contained in the report on the role of science and technology in the context of international security and disarmament (document A/55/555) would have the Assembly affirm that scientific and technological progress should be used for the benefit of all mankind to promote the sustainable economic and social development of all States and to safeguard international security, and that international cooperation in the use of science and technology through the transfer and exchange of technological know-how for peaceful purposes should be promoted.

In that connection, the Assembly would urge Member States to undertake multilateral negotiations with the participation of all interested States in order to establish universally acceptable, non-discriminatory guidelines for international transfers of dual-use goods and technologies and high technology with military applications.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 27 October by a vote of 91 in favour to 44 against, with 17 abstentions.

By the terms of a draft resolution contained in the report on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East (document A/55/556), the General Assembly would urge all parties directly concerned to consider seriously taking the practical and urgent steps required for the implementation of the proposal to establish a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East and, as a means of promoting that objective, invite the countries concerned to adhere to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).

By further terms of the resolution, the Assembly would call upon all countries of the region that had not done so, pending the establishment of the zone, to agree to place all their nuclear activities under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards. It would also invite all countries of the region to declare their support for establishing such a zone and not to develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons or permit the stationing on their territories, or territories under their control, of nuclear weapons or nuclear explosive devices.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 26 October without a vote.

According to a draft text contained in the report on conclusion of effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons (document A/55/557), the Assembly would reaffirm the urgent need to reach an early agreement on effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, although the difficulties with regard to evolving a common approach acceptable to all had also been pointed out. The Assembly would note with satisfaction that there was no objection in the Conference on Disarmament, in principle, to the idea of an international convention to grant such assures to non-nuclear-weapon States, although the difficulties with regard to evolving a common approach and, in particular, on a common approach acceptable to all had also been pointed out.

The Assembly would appeal to all States, especially the nuclear-weapon States, to work actively towards an early agreement on a common approach and, in particular, on a common formula that could be included in an international instrument of a legally binding character. The Assembly would recommend that further intensive efforts be devoted to the search for such a common approach or formula and that the various alternative approaches, including, in particular, those considered in the Conference, be further explored in order to overcome the difficulties.

It would also recommend that the Conference actively continue intensive negotiations with a view to reaching early agreement and concluding effective international arrangements, taking into account the widespread support for the conclusion of an international convention and giving consideration to any other proposals designed to secure the same objective.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 25 October by a vote of 97 in favour to none against, with 50 abstentions.

A draft resolution contained in the report on the prevention of an arms race in outer space (document A/55/558) would have the General Assembly reaffirm the importance and urgency of preventing an arms race in outer space and the readiness of all States to contribute to that common objective, in conformity with the provisions of the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies.

The Assembly would call upon all States, particularly those with major space capabilities, to contribute actively to the objective of peaceful use of outer space and prevention of an arms race in outer space. It would call on them to refrain from actions contrary to that objective and to existing treaties, in the interest of maintaining international peace and security and promoting international cooperation.

By further terms of the draft, the Assembly would emphasize the necessity of further measures, with appropriate and effective provisions for verification, to prevent an arms race in outer space. It would reiterate that the Conference on Disarmament, as the single multilateral disarmament-negotiating forum, has the primary role in the negotiation of a multilateral agreement or agreements on the prevention of an arms race in outer space in all its aspects.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 30 October by a vote of 154 in favour to none against, with 2 abstentions (Israel, United States).

The report on General and Complete Disarmament (document A/55/559) contains 25 draft resolutions (A to Y) and one draft decision. (The texts are listed as they are expected to be considered by the Assembly).

Draft resolution A on Missiles would have the General Assembly request the Secretary-General to seek the views of Member States on the issue of missiles in all its aspects and to report to the Assembly at its fifty-sixth session. It would also request the Secretary-General, with the assistance of a panel of governmental experts to be established in 2001 on the basis of equitable geographical distribution, to prepare a report for the Assembly’s consideration at its next session on the issue of missiles in all its aspects.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 31 October by a vote of 90 in favour to none against, with 60 abstentions.

By the terms of draft B on preservation of and compliance with the Treaty on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems (ABM Treaty), the General Assembly, stressing the paramount importance of full and strict compliance with the 1972 Treaty by the parties, would call for continued efforts to strengthen it and to preserve its integrity and validity, so that it remains a cornerstone in maintaining global strategic stability and world peace, and in promoting further strategic nuclear arms reductions. The Assembly would also call for renewed efforts by each of the States parties to preserve and strengthen the Treaty through full and strict compliance.

Further, the Assembly would call upon the Treaty’s parties, in accordance with their obligations under the Treaty, to limit the deployment of anti- ballistic missile systems and refrain from the deployment of anti-ballistic missile systems for the defence of the territory of their country and not to provide a base for such a defence, and not to transfer to other States or deploy outside their national territory anti-ballistic missile systems or their components limited by the Treaty.

By further terms of the text, the Assembly would urge all Member States to support efforts aimed at stemming the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery. It would support further efforts by the international community, towards safeguarding the inviolability and integrity of the Treaty, which is in the strongest interest of the international community.

According to a new operative paragraph 7, the Assembly would welcome the decision taken by the United States on 1 September not to authorize deployment of a national missile defence at this time, and consider that it constitutes a positive step for the preservation of strategic stability and security.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 1 November by a vote of 78 in favour to 3 (Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia, Israel and the United States) against, with 65 abstentions.

Draft resolution C entitled “Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world: the need for a new agenda” would have the Assembly call for the following: the upholding of a moratorium on nuclear-weapon-test explosions pending the entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT); applying the principle of irreversibility to nuclear disarmament, nuclear and other related arms control and reduction measures; for the early entry into force and full implementation of Strategic Arms Limitations and Reduction Treaty II (START II) and the conclusion of START III as soon as possible, while preserving and strengthening the ABM Treaty as a basis for further reductions of strategic offensive weapons, in accordance with its provisions; and the completion and implementation of the trilateral initiative between the United States, the Russian Federation and the IAEA.

By further terms of the text, the Assembly would call for: steps by all the nuclear-weapon States leading to nuclear disarmament in a way that promoted international stability, and based on the principle of undiminished security for all; further efforts by them to reduce their nuclear arsenals unilaterally; increased transparency with regard to the nuclear weapons capabilities and the implementation of agreements pursuant to article VI of NPT Treaty and as a voluntary confidence-building measure to support further progress on nuclear disarmament.

The Assembly would also call for the further reduction of non-strategic nuclear weapons based on unilateral initiatives and as an integral part of the nuclear arms reduction and disarmament process; concrete agreed measures to further reduce the operational status of nuclear weapons systems; a diminishing role for nuclear weapons in security policies to minimize the risk that those weapons would ever be used; and, to facilitate the process of their total elimination, the engagement, as soon as appropriate, of all the nuclear-weapon States in the process leading to the total elimination of their nuclear weapons.

In a further provision, the Assembly would call for arrangements by all nuclear-weapon States to place, as soon as practicable, fissile material designated by each of them as no longer required for military purposes under the IAEA or other relevant international verification and arrangements for the disposition of such materials for peaceful purposes, to ensure that such material remained permanently outside military programmes. It would also call for regular reports, within the framework of the strengthened review process of the NPT, by all States parties on the implementation of article VI of the Treaty and paragraph 4(c) of the 1995 decision entitled “Principles and objectives for nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament”, and recalling the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice of 8 July 1996.

Further, it would call on all States not yet party to the NPT to accede to it as non-nuclear-weapon States, promptly and without condition, particularly those States that operated unsafeguarded nuclear facilities. It would also call upon those States to bring into force the required comprehensive safeguards agreements, together with additional protocols consistent with the Model Protocol Additional to the Agreement(s) between State(s) and the IAEA for the application of safeguards for ensuring nuclear non-proliferation and to reverse, clearly and urgently, any policies to pursue any nuclear-weapon development or deployment, and to refrain from any action which could undermine regional and international peace and security and the efforts of the international community towards nuclear disarmament and the prevention of nuclear weapons proliferation.

It would call upon those States that had not yet done so to conclude full- scope safeguards agreements with the IAEA and to conclude additional protocols to their safeguards agreement on the basis of the Model Protocol approved by the Board of Governors of the Agency on 15 May 1997. The Assembly would agree to pursue the further development of the verification capabilities that would be required to assure compliance with nuclear disarmament agreements for the achievement and maintenance of a nuclear-weapon-free world.

Also, the Assembly would note that the Sixth NPT Review Conference agreed that legally binding security assurances by the five nuclear-weapon States to the non-nuclear-weapon States parties to the Treaty strengthen the nuclear non- proliferation regime, and that it called upon its Preparatory Committee to make recommendations to the 2005 Review Conference on that issue.

The Committee approved the draft resolution as a whole on 1 November by a vote of 146 in favour to 3 against (India, Pakistan, Israel), with 8 abstentions (Bhutan, France, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mauritius, Monaco, Russian Federation, Uzbekistan).

[START II and III refers to the Strategic Arms Limitation and Reduction Treaties, by which the Russian Federation and the United States agreed to significantly reduce the number of deployed strategic nuclear warheads. Article VI of the NPT concerns the pursuit of nuclear disarmament negotiations.]

Draft resolution D on the 2000 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Review Conference would have the Assembly welcome the consensus adoption on 19 May of the final document of the Review Conference, including in particular the documents entitled “Review of the operation of the Treaty, taking into account the decisions and the resolution adopted by the 1995 Review and Extension Conference” and “Improving the effectiveness of the strengthened review process for the Treaty”.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 25 October by a vote of 141 in favour to 2 against (Cape Verde, India) with 3 abstentions (Cuba, Israel, Pakistan).

By terms of draft resolution E on the United Nations study on disarmament and non-proliferation education the General Assembly would request the Secretary-General to prepare, with the assistance of a group of qualified governmental experts, a study on disarmament and non-proliferation, that would: define contemporary disarmament and non-proliferation education and training; assess the global situation of disarmament and non-proliferation education and training at the primary, secondary, university and post-graduate levels; recommend ways to promote education and training in disarmament and non- proliferation at all levels of formal and informal education; examine ways to utilize more fully evolving pedagogical methods to enhance efforts in disarmament education and training at all levels, in the developed and the developing world; recommend ways that organizations of the United Nations system with special competence in disarmament or education or both can harmonize and coordinate their efforts in disarmament and non-proliferation education; and devise ways to introduce disarmament and non-proliferation education into post- conflict situations as a contribution to peace-building.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 27 October without a vote.

Draft resolution F on assistance to States for curbing illicit traffic in small arms and collecting them would have the General Assembly encourage the setting up, in the countries in the Saharo-Sahelian subregion, of national commissions against the proliferation of small arms, and invite the international community to support as far as possible the smooth functioning of the national commissions where they have been set up.

By further terms of the draft resolution, the Assembly would welcome the Declaration of a Moratorium on the Importation, Exportation and Manufacture of Small Arms and Light Weapons in West Africa, adopted by the heads of State and government of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) at Abuja on 31 October 1998, and urge the international community to give its support to the implementation of the moratorium. It would also recommend the involvement of organizations and associations of civil society in efforts to combat the proliferation of small arms in the context of the national commissions and their participation in the implementation of the moratorium on the importation, exportation and manufacture of small arms.

It would express its full support for the appeal launched by the Assembly of heads of State and government of the Organization of African Unity at its thirty-fifth session for a coordinated African approach, under the auspices of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), to the problems posed by the illicit proliferation and circulation of and traffic in small arms, bearing in mind the experiences of the various regions. It would also express its full support for the convening of an international conference on the illicit arms trade in all its aspects no later than 2001.

The Assembly would also express its full support for the convening of a United Nations conference on the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects in June/July 2001, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 54/54 J of 15 December 1999.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 1 November without a vote.

By the term of draft resolution G on consolidation of peace through practical disarmament measures the General Assembly would stress the particular relevance of the guidelines on conventional arms control/limitation and disarmament, with particular emphasis on consolidation of peace. It would take note of the report of the Secretary-General on the consolidation of peace through practical disarmament measures and encourage Member States, as well as regional arrangements and agencies, to lend their support to the implementation of recommendations contained therein.

By the further terms of the draft resolution, the Assembly would invite the group of interested States that was formed in New York in March 1998 to continue to analyse lessons learned from previous disarmament and peace-building projects and to promote new practical disarmament measures to consolidate peace, especially as undertaken or designed by affected States themselves.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 27 October without a vote.

Draft H on the implementation of the Convention of the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention) would have the Assembly urge all States parties to the Convention to meet in full and on time their obligations under the Convention and to support the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in its implementation activities. The Assembly would stress the importance to the Convention that all possessors of chemical weapons, chemical weapons production facilities or chemical weapons facilities, including previously declared possessor States, should be among the States parties to the Convention, and would welcome progress to that end.

By further terms, the Assembly would stress the importance of the OPCW in verifying compliance with the Convention’s provisions, as well as in promoting the timely and efficient accomplishment of all its objectives. It would also stress the vital importance of full and effective implementation of and compliance with all provisions of the Convention.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 25 October without a vote.

By the terms of draft resolution I on the nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere and adjacent areas, the Assembly would call upon all States to support the process of disarmament and to work for the total elimination of all nuclear weapons. It would also call upon the States parties and signatories to the treaties of Tlatelolco, Rarotonga, Bangkok and Pelindaba, in order to pursue the common goals envisaged in those treaties and to promote the nuclear-weapon- free status of the southern hemisphere and adjacent areas, to explore and implement further ways and means of cooperation among themselves and their treaty agencies.

By the further terms of the draft resolution, the Assembly would welcome the vigorous efforts being made among the parties and signatories to promote their common objective, and consider that an international conference of States parties and signatories might be held to support the common goals envisaged in those treaties. It would encourage competent authorities of the treaties to provide assistance to the States parties and signatories to facilitate the accomplishment of those goals.

The Committee approved the draft resolution as a whole on 31 October by a vote of 146 in favour to 4 against (France, Monaco, United Kingdom, United States) with 6 abstentions (Andorra, Federated States of Micronesia, India, Israel, Russian Federation, Spain).

By the terms of draft resolution J on measures to uphold the authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol, the General Assembly would renew its call on all States to observe strictly the principles and objectives of the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, signed at Geneva on 17 June 1925, and reaffirm the vital necessity of upholding its provisions. The text would also have the Assembly call on States that continued to maintain reservations to the Protocol to withdraw those reservations.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 25 October by a vote of 144 in favour to none against with 4 abstentions (Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Republic of Korea, United States).

Draft resolution K on the observance of environmental norms in the drafting and implementation of agreements on disarmament and arms control would have the General Assembly reaffirm that international disarmament forums should take fully into account relevant environmental norms in negotiating treaties and agreements on disarmament and arms limitation and that all States should fully contribute to ensuring compliance with such norms in the implementation of treaties and conventions to which they were parties.

The Assembly would also call upon States to adopt unilateral, bilateral, regional and multilateral measures, so as to contribute to ensuring the application of scientific and technological progress in the framework of international security, disarmament and other related spheres, without detriment to the environment or to its effective contribution to attaining sustainable development.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 27 October by a vote of 149 in favour to none against with 4 abstentions (France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States).

Draft L on the relationship between disarmament and development would have the Assembly urge the international community to devote part of the resources made available by the implementation of disarmament and arms control agreements to economic and social development, with a view to reducing the ever widening gap between developed and developing countries.

By further terms of the text, the Assembly would call upon the high-level Steering Committee on Disarmament and Development to strengthen and enhance its programme of activities. It would invite all Member States to communicate to the Secretary-General, by 15 April, their views and proposals for the implementation of the Action Programme adopted at the International Conference on the Relationship between Disarmament and Development, as well as any other views and proposals with a view to achieving the goals of the Action Programme, within the framework of current international relations.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 27 October without a vote.

Draft resolution M on the convening of the fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament would have the General Assembly decide, subject to the emergence of a consensus on its objectives and agenda, to convene the fourth special session of the Assembly devoted to disarmament. It would request the Secretary-General to seek the views of Member States on the objectives, agenda and timing of the special session and to report to the Assembly at its fifty-sixth session.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 26 October without a vote.

A draft decision on small arms would have the Assembly decide to convene the United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects from 9 to 20 July 2001 in New York. The Assembly would decide to hold the third session of the Preparatory Committee for the Conference from 19 to 30 March 2001 in New York. It would also decide to include the item in the provisional agenda of its fifty-sixth session.

The Committee approved the draft decision on 31 October without a vote.

According to draft N on reducing nuclear danger, the Assembly, considering that the hair-trigger alert of nuclear weapons carried unacceptable risks, would call for a review of nuclear doctrines and, in that context, immediate and urgent steps to reduce the risks of unintentional and accidental use of nuclear weapons. The Assembly would request the five nuclear-weapon States to undertake measures towards that goal. It would call upon Member States to take the necessary measures to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons in all its aspects and to promote nuclear disarmament, with the ultimate objective of eliminating nuclear weapons.

The Assembly would request the Secretary-General, within existing resources, to continue to seek input from the Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters on information with regard to specific measures that would significantly reduce the risk of nuclear war, including the proposal contained in the Declaration adopted at the United Nations Millennium Summit, for convening an international conference to identify ways of eliminating nuclear dangers, and to report thereon to the Assembly at its next session.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 30 October by a vote of 102 in favour to 42 against, with 14 abstentions.

Draft O on regional disarmament would have the Assembly affirm that global and regional approaches to disarmament complemented each other and should, therefore, be pursued simultaneously to promote regional and international peace and security. In that context, the Assembly would call upon States to conclude agreements, wherever possible, for nuclear non-proliferation, disarmament and confidence-building measures at the regional and subregional levels.

In a related provision, the Assembly would stress that sustained efforts were needed, within the framework of the Conference on Disarmament and under the umbrella of the United Nations, to make progress on the entire range of disarmament issues. It would welcome the initiatives towards disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation and security undertaken by some countries at the regional and subregional levels, and support and encourage efforts aimed at promoting confidence-building measures at the regional and subregional levels in order to ease regional tensions and further disarmament and nuclear non- proliferation measures at those levels.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 1 November without a vote.

According to draft resolution P on conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels, the Assembly would decide to give urgent consideration to the issues involved. It would request the Conference on Disarmament, as a first step, to consider the formulation of principles that could serve as a framework for regional agreements on conventional arms control, and looked forward to a report of the Conference on that subject. It would decide to include the item in the provisional agenda of the next Assembly session.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 26 October by a vote of 145 in favour to 1 against (India) and one abstention (Bhutan).

Draft resolution Q on illicit traffic in small arms and light weapons would have the General Assembly request the Secretary-General to continue his broad-based consultations, within available financial resources and with any other assistance provided by States, and to provide the 2001 United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects with information on the magnitude and scope of illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons, measures to combat illicit trafficking in, and circulation of, small arms and light weapons, and the role of the United Nations therein.

It would also encourage States to promote regional and subregional initiatives and request the Secretary-General and States in a position to do so, to assist States taking such initiatives to address the illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons in affected regions. It would encourage States to take appropriate national measures to destroy surplus, confiscated or collected small arms and light weapons, and to provide, on a voluntary basis, information to the Secretary-General on types and quantities of arms destroyed as well as the methods of their destruction.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 25 October without a vote.

By the terms of draft R on a path to total elimination of nuclear weapons the Assembly would reaffirm the importance of achieving the universality of the NPT and call upon States not party to the NPT to accede to it as non-nuclear- weapon States without delay and without conditions.

Under the text, the Assembly would reaffirm the importance for all States parties to the NPT to fulfil their obligations under the Treaty. It would stress the central importance of taking the practical steps for the systematic and progressive efforts to implement article VI of the NPT and paragraphs 3 and 4(c) of the 1995 decision on “Principles and Objectives for Nuclear Non- Proliferation and Disarmament”.

[Article VI concerns the obligations of all parties to the Treaty to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and on a treaty on general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control.

Paragraph 3 of the 1995 Decision on "Principles and Objectives for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament" refers to the achievement of nuclear disarmament and a reaffirmation by the nuclear-weapon States to pursue in good faith negotiations on effective measures relating to nuclear disarmament. Paragraph 4(c) refers to the determined pursuit by the nuclear-weapon States of systematic and progressive efforts to reduce nuclear weapons globally, with the ultimate goal of the elimination of those weapons, and by all States of general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control.]

Under the draft, the practical steps towards implementation of those commitments include: early signature and ratification of CTBT by all States, especially by those States whose ratification is required for its entry into force, with a view to its early entry into force before 2003, as well as a moratorium on nuclear-weapon-test explosions or any other nuclear explosions pending its entry into force; and immediate commencement of negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament, and their conclusion as early as possible before 2005, of a non-discriminatory, multilateral, and internationally and effectively verifiable treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.

The Assembly would further call upon States to redouble efforts to prevent the proliferation of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, including their means of delivery, confirming and strengthening, if necessary, their policies not to transfer equipment, materials or technology that could contribute to the proliferation of those weapons.

It would call upon all States to maintain the highest possible standards of security, safe custody, effective control and physical protection of all materials that could contribute to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

The Committee approved the draft resolution as a whole on 1 November by a vote of 144 in favour to 1 against (India) with 12 abstentions.

According to a draft S on Mongolia's international security nuclear- weapon-free status, the Assembly would welcome the joint statement of the five nuclear-weapon States to provide security assurances to Mongolia in connection with its nuclear-weapon-free status, as a contribution to implementing General Assembly resolution 53/77D of 1998. It would request the Security Council to take note of that statement.

At the same time, the Assembly would appeal to the Member States of the Asia-Pacific region to support Mongolia's efforts to join the relevant regional security and economic arrangements. It would endorse and support Mongolia's good-neighbourly and balanced relationship with its neighbours as an important element of strengthening regional peace, security and stability. It would invite Member States to cooperate with Mongolia in taking the necessary measures to consolidate and strengthen its independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, the inviolability of its borders, its economic security, ecological balance and its nuclear-weapon-free status, as well as its independent foreign policy.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 25 October without a vote.

Draft T on nuclear disarmament would have the Assembly urge the nuclear- weapon States to stop immediately the qualitative improvement, development, production and stockpiling of nuclear warheads and their delivery systems. The Assembly would also urge them, as an interim measure, to immediately de-alert and deactivate their nuclear weapons and to take other concrete measures to further reduce the operational status of their nuclear weapon systems. It would also urge those States to commence plurilateral negotiations among themselves at an appropriate stage on further deep reductions of nuclear weapons as an effective nuclear disarmament measure.

In a related provision, the Assembly would urge the Conference on Disarmament to agree on a programme of work which included the immediate commencement of negotiations on a non-discriminatory, multilateral and internationally and effectively verifiable treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons, with a view to conclusion within five years. The Assembly would also call for the conclusion of an international legal instrument or instruments on adequate security assurances to non-nuclear- weapon States.

By a further term of the text, the Assembly would call upon those States, pending the achievement of the total elimination of nuclear weapons, to agree on an internationally and legally binding instrument on the joint undertaking not to be the first to use nuclear weapons. It would call on all States to conclude an internationally and legally binding instrument on security assurances of non- use and non-threat of use of nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon States.

In a related provision, the Assembly would call for the early entry into force and strict observance of the CTBT. It would reiterate its call upon the nuclear-weapon States to undertake the step-by-step reduction of the nuclear threat and to carry out effective nuclear disarmament measures with a view to the total elimination of those weapons.

It would reiterate its call upon the Conference to establish, on a priority basis, an ad hoc committee to deal with nuclear disarmament early in 2001 and to commence negotiations on a phased programme of nuclear disarmament leading to the eventual elimination of nuclear weapons. It would call for the convening of an international conference on nuclear disarmament in all its aspects at an early date to identify and deal with concrete measures of nuclear disarmament.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 30 October by a vote of 99 in favour to 39 against with 17 abstentions.

According to draft U on transparency in armaments, the Assembly would call upon Member States, with a view to achieving universal participation in the Register of Conventional Arms, to provide the Secretary-General, by 31 May, annually the requested data and information for the Register, including nil reports if appropriate. The Assembly would reaffirm its decision with a view to further the Register’s development, to keep the scope of and participation of the Register under review.

Towards that goal, the Assembly would recall its request to Member States to provide the Secretary-General with their views on the Register’s continuing operation and its further development, and on transparency measures related to weapons of mass destruction. It would also request the Secretary-General, with the assistance of a group of governmental experts to be convened in 2003, on the basis of equitable geographical representation, to prepare a report on the continuing operation of the Register and its further development, with a view to a decision at its fifty-eighth session.

The Committee approved the draft resolution as a whole on 1 November by a vote of 133 in favour to none against, with 17 abstentions.

According to draft V on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention), the Assembly would urge all States that had signed but not ratified the Convention to do so without delay. The Assembly would urge all States parties to provide the Secretary-General with complete and timely information, as required in article 7 of the Convention, in order to promote transparency and compliance.

In a further provision, the Assembly would renew its call upon all States and other relevant parties to work together to promote, support and advance the care, rehabilitation and social and economic reintegration of mine victims, mine awareness programmes, and the removal of anti-personnel mines placed throughout the world and the assurance of their destruction.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 26 October by a vote of 127 in favour to none against, with 22 abstentions.

By the terms of draft resolution W on the establishment of a nuclear- weapon-free zone in Central Asia, the General Assembly would welcome the desire of the five States of the Central Asian region to finalize work on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia and the concrete steps that they had taken to prepare the legal groundwork for the initiative and the progress that they had achieved. It would call upon the five States to continue their dialogue with the five nuclear-weapon States on the establishment of the nuclear-weapon-free zone and request the Secretary-General to continue to provide assistance to the Central Asian States in the elaboration of a treaty on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 25 October without a vote.

By the terms of draft resolution X on the follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons, the General Assembly would underline the unanimous conclusion of the International Court of Justice that there exists an obligation to pursue, in good faith and bring to a conclusion, negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective international control. It would call upon all States to immediately fulfil that obligation by commencing multilateral negotiations in 2001 leading to an early conclusion of a nuclear-weapon convention prohibiting the development, production, testing, deployment, stockpiling, transfer, threat or use of nuclear weapons and providing for their elimination.

By further terms of the draft resolution, the Assembly would request all States to inform the Secretary-General of efforts and measures they take on the implementation of the resolution and nuclear disarmament.

The Committee approved the draft resolution as a whole on 30 October by a vote of 109 in favour to 27 against, with 21 abstentions.

According to draft resolution Y on the 1998 decision of the Conference on Disarmament to establish a committee to negotiate a fissile material cut-off treaty, the Assembly would recall that decision and urge the Conference to agree on a programme of work which included the immediate commencement of negotiations on such a treaty.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 1 November without a vote.

The Committee’s report on the review and implementation of the Concluding Document of the Twelfth Special Session of the General Assembly (document A/55/560) contains 8 draft resolutions, A to H (The texts are listed as they are expected to be considered by the Assembly).

By the terms of draft resolution A on the United Nations Disarmament Information Programme, the General Assembly would commend the Secretary-General for his efforts to make effective use of the limited resources available to him in disseminating as widely as possible, including by electronic means, information on arms limitation and disarmament to governments, the media, non- governmental organizations (NGOs), educational communities and research institutes, and in carrying out a seminar and conference programme.

By further terms of the draft resolution, the Assembly would stress the importance of the Programme, as a significant instrument in enabling all Member States to participate fully in the deliberations and negotiations on disarmament in the various United Nations bodies, and in assisting them in complying with treaties and in contributing to agreed mechanisms for transparency. It would note with appreciation the cooperation of the United Nations Department of Public Information and its information centres in pursuit of the Programme's objectives.

It would further recommend that the Programme focus its efforts to inform, to educate and to generate public understanding of the importance of multilateral action and support for it, including action by the United Nations and the Conference on Disarmament, in the field of arms limitation and disarmament. It would also emphasize the importance of contributions to the Voluntary Trust Fund for the United Nations Disarmament Information Programme to sustain a strong outreach programme, and invite all Member States to make contributions to the Fund.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 26 October without a vote.

By the terms of draft resolution B on regional confidence-building measures: activities of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa the General Assembly would reaffirm its support for efforts aimed at promoting confidence-building measures at regional and subregional levels in order to ease tensions and conflicts in the subregion and to further peace, stability and sustainable development.

By further terms of the draft resolution, the Assembly would welcome the creation of a mechanism for the promotion, maintenance and consolidation of peace and security in Central Africa, to be known as the Council for Peace and Security in Central Africa, by the Summit Conference of Heads of State and Government of the Central African Countries, held at Yaoundé on 25 February 1999, and would request the Secretary-General to give his full support to the effective realization of that mechanism. It would also emphasize the need to make the early-warning mechanism in Central Africa operational and request the Secretary-General to provide it with the assistance necessary for it to function properly.

The Assembly would further request the Secretary-General and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to continue to lend all their support to the effective establishment and smooth functioning of the Subregional Centre for Human Rights and Democracy in Central Africa. It would also request the Secretary-General to support the establishment of a network of parliamentarians with a view to the creation of a subregional parliament in Central Africa.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 26 October without a vote.

By the terms of draft resolution C on the United Nations disarmament fellowship, training and advisory services, the General Assembly would express its appreciation to the Governments of Germany and Japan for inviting the 1999 and 2000 fellows to study selected activities in the field of disarmament, and to the Government of the United States for organizing specific study programmes in the field of disarmament, thereby contributing to the fulfillment of the overall objectives of the programme.

It would also have the Assembly express its appreciation to the IAEA, the OPCW, the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Organization and the Monterey Institute of International Studies for organizing specific study programmes in the field of disarmament in their respective areas of competence, thereby contributing to the objectives of the programme.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 26 October without a vote.

By the terms of draft resolution D on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa, the General Assembly would reaffirm its strong support for the revitalization of the Regional Centre, and emphasize the need to provide it with resources to enable it to strengthen its activities and carry out its programmes. It would appeal to all States and international governmental and non-governmental organizations and foundations, to make voluntary contributions in order to strengthen the programmes and activities of the Centre and facilitate their implementation.

The Assembly would also request the Secretary-General to continue to provide all necessary support, within existing resources, to the Centre. It would also request the Secretary-General to facilitate the establishment of close cooperation between the Centre and the Organization of African Unity (OAU), particularly in the area of peace, security and development, and to continue to assist the Director of the Centre in his efforts to stabilize the financial situation of the Centre and revitalize its activities.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 26 October without a vote.

Draft resolution E on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean would have the Assembly reiterate its strong support for the role of the Regional Centre in the promotion of United Nations activities at the regional level to strengthen peace, stability, security and development among its Member States. The Assembly would express its satisfaction with the vast range of activities carried out by the Regional Centre in its last year of work.

By further terms, the Assembly would express its appreciation for the political support and financial contributions to the Regional Centre, which were essential for its continued operation. In that respect, it would appeal to Member States, in particular the States of the Latin American and Caribbean region, and to international governmental and non-governmental organizations and to foundations, to make voluntary contributions to strengthen the Centre, its programme of activities and their implementation.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 26 October without a vote.

By the terms of draft resolution F on the United Nations regional centres for peace and disarmament, the General Assembly would reiterate the importance of United Nations activities at the regional level to increase stability and security of Member States, which could be promoted in a substantive manner by the maintenance and revitalisation of the three regional centres for peace and disarmament. It would also reaffirm that, in order to achieve positive results, the centres should carry out dissemination and educational programmes that promote regional peace and security aimed at changing basic attitudes with respect to peace and security and disarmament.

By further terms of the draft, the Assembly would appeal to Member States in each region, international governmental and non-governmental organisations and foundations to make voluntary contributions to the centres in their regions to strengthen their programmes of activities and implementation. It would also request the Secretary-General to provide all necessary support, within existing resources, to the centres in carrying out their programmes of activities.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 26 October without a vote.

According to draft resolution G on a convention prohibiting the use of nuclear weapons, the Assembly, determined to achieve an international convention banning the development, production, stockpiling and use of nuclear weapons, leading to their ultimate destruction, would reiterate its request to the Conference on Disarmament to commence negotiations in order to reach agreement on an international convention prohibiting the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons under any circumstances. The Assembly would request the Conference to report to it on the results of those negotiations.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 30 October by a vote of 101 in favour to 42 against, with 14 abstentions.

Draft H on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific would have the Assembly reaffirm its strong support for the forthcoming operation and further strengthening of the Regional Centre, and underscore the importance of the Kathmandu process as a powerful vehicle for the development of the practice of region-wide security and disarmament dialogue.

The Assembly would express its appreciation for the continuing political support and financial contributions to the Regional Centre, which were essential for its continued operation. In that connection, it would appeal to Member States, in particular those within the Asia-Pacific region, as well as to international government and non-government organizations and foundations, to make voluntary contributions, the only resources of the Regional Centre, to strengthen its programme of activities and their implementation.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 26 October without a vote.

The report of the Committee on the implementation of the recommendations and decisions adopted by the General Assembly at its tenth special session (document A/55/561) contains three draft resolutions.

Draft A, on the twentieth anniversary of the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research, would have the Assembly recognize the importance and high quality of the Institute’s work, and reiterate its conviction that it should continue to conduct independent research on problems relating to disarmament and security and to undertake specialized research requiring a high degree of expertise.

The Assembly would request all Member States to consider making financial contributions to the Institute in order to ensure its viability and the quality of its work over the long term. It would recommend that the Secretary-General seek ways to increase the funding of the Institute within existing resources.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 26 October without a vote.

Another draft resolution, B on the report of the Conference on Disarmament, would have the Assembly urge the Conference to fulfil its role as the single multilateral disarmament negotiating forum of the international community, in light of the evolving international situation, with a view to making early substantive progress on priority items on its agenda. In that connection, it would welcome the strong collective interest of the Conference in commencing substantive work as soon as possible during its 2001 session. It would also welcome the decision of the Conference to request its President to conduct, jointly with the incoming President, intensive consultations during the inter-sessional period in order to try to achieve that goal. The Conference would be encouraged to continue the ongoing review of its membership, agenda and methods of work.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 26 October without a vote.

Draft C on the report of the Disarmament Commission would have the Assembly reaffirm the importance of further enhancing the dialogue and cooperation among the First Committee, the Disarmament Commission and the Conference on Disarmament. It would also reaffirm the role of the Commission as the specialized, deliberative body within the United Nations multilateral disarmament machinery that allowed for in-depth deliberations on specific disarmament issues, leading to the submission of concrete recommendations on those issues.

The Assembly would recommend that the Commission, at its 2000 organizational session, adopt the following items for consideration at its 2001 session: ways and means to achieve nuclear disarmament; and practical confidence-building measures in the field of conventional arms. It would request the Commission to meet for a period not exceeding three weeks during 2001 and to submit a substantive report to the Assembly at its fifty-sixth session.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 26 October without a vote.

The Committee’s report on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/55/562) contains one draft text which would have the Assembly reaffirm the importance of Israel’s accession to the NPT and placement of all its nuclear facilities under IAEA safeguards, in realizing the goal of universal adherence to the Treaty in the Middle East.

The Assembly would call upon that State to accede to the Treaty without further delay and not to develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons, and to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, and to place all its unsafeguarded nuclear facilities under full-scope IAEA safeguards as an important confidence-building measure among all States of the region, and as a step towards enhancing peace and security. It would ask the Secretary-General to report to the Assembly at its next session on the implementation of the present resolution.

The Assembly would welcome the conclusions on the Middle East of the 2000 NPT Review Conference.

The Committee approved the draft resolution as a whole on 1 November by a vote of 139 in favour to 3 against (Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, United States) with 7 abstentions (Australia, Canada, India, Marshall Islands, Singapore, Tonga and Trinidad and Tobago).

The Committee’s report on the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects (Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons) (document A/55/563) contains a draft text that would have the Assembly call upon all States that had not yet done so to take all measures to become parties to the Convention and its Protocols as soon as possible, and particularly to amended Protocol II, with a view to achieving the widest possible adherence to that instrument at an early date. The Assembly would also call upon successor States to take appropriate measures so that ultimately adherence to those instruments would be universal.

The Assembly would also call upon States parties to the Convention that had not yet done so, to express their consent to be bound by the protocols annexed to the Convention. It would welcome the convening on 11 to 13 December of the second Annual Conference of States Parties to amended Protocol II, and call upon all such parties to address at that meeting the issue of holding the third annual conference in 2001. It would recall the decision of the States parties to the Convention to convene the next Review Conference no later than 2001 preceded by a Preparatory Committee and recommend that the Review Conference be held in December 2001 in Geneva.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 25 October without a vote.

By the terms of a draft resolution contained in the report of the Committee on the strengthening of security and cooperation in the Mediterranean region (document A/55/564), the General Assembly would express its satisfaction at the continuing efforts by Mediterranean countries to contribute actively to the elimination of all causes of tension in the region and to the promotion of just and lasting solutions to the persistent problems of the region through peaceful means, thus ensuring the withdrawal of foreign forces of occupation and respecting the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of all the countries and the right of the people to self-determination. It would call for full adherence to the principles of non-interference, non-intervention, non-use of force or threat of use of force and the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by force, in accordance with the Charter and relevant resolutions of the United Nations.

By further terms of the draft resolution, the Assembly would commend the efforts of the Mediterranean countries towards the general objective of turning the region into an area of dialogue, exchange and cooperation, guaranteeing peace, stability and prosperity. The Assembly would recognize that the elimination of the economic and social disparities in levels of development and other obstacles in the Mediterranean area will contribute to enhancing peace, security and cooperation. It would further call upon States of the region that had not yet done so to adhere to all multilaterally negotiated legal instruments related to the field of disarmament and non-proliferation, thus creating the necessary conditions for strengthening peace and security in the region.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 27 October without a vote.

By the terms of a draft resolution contained in the Committee’s report on the consolidation of the regime established by the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco) (document A/55/565), the Assembly would welcome the concrete steps taken by some countries of the region during the past year for the consolidation of the regime of military denuclearization established by the Treaty.

The Assembly would also urge the countries of the region that had not yet done so to deposit their instruments of ratification of the amendments to the Treaty approved by the General Conference of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean in its resolutions 267 (E-V), 268 (XII) and 290 (E-VII).

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 25 October without a vote.

According to a text contained in the Committee’s report on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (document A/55/566), the Assembly would welcome the progress achieved so far in negotiating a verification protocol to strengthen the Convention and reaffirm the decision of the Fourth Review Conference, which urged the conclusion of the negotiations by the Ad Hoc Group as soon as possible before the commencement of the Fifth Review Conference -- to be held in Geneva from 19 November to 7 December -- and submission of its report, which should be adopted by consensus, to the States parties to be considered at a special Conference.

In that context, the Assembly would call upon all States parties to accelerate the negotiations, and to redouble their efforts within the Ad Hoc Group to formulate the efficient, cost-effective and practical regime and seek early resolution of the outstanding issues through renewed flexibility in order to complete the protocol, in accordance with the decision of the Fourth Review Conference. The Assembly would note with satisfaction the increase in the number of States parties to the Convention and reaffirm the call on all signatory States to ratify the Convention without delay. It would also call upon those States that had not yet signed the Convention to become parties to it at an early date, thus contributing to universal adherence.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 31 October without a vote.

The Committee’s report on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) (document A/55/567) contains a draft resolution under which the General Assembly would stress the importance and urgency of signatures and ratifications, without delay and without conditions, to achieve the early entry into force of the CTBT.

The Assembly would also urge States to maintain their moratoria on nuclear-weapon test explosions or any other nuclear explosions, pending entry into force of the Treaty, and call upon all States that had not signed the Treaty to sign and ratify it as soon as possible and to refrain from acts that would defeat its object and purpose in the meanwhile. It would also call upon States that had signed but not yet ratified the Treaty, in particular those whose ratification is needed for its entry into force, to accelerate their ratification processes.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 30 October by a vote of 149 in favour to none against, with 7 abstentions (Bhutan, India, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritius, Syria, United Republic of Tanzania).

Action on First Committee Reports

RASTISLAV GABRIEL (Slovakia), Rapporteur, introduced the report of the First Committee (Disarmament and International Security).

The Assembly first took up the reports on development of good-neighbourly relations among Balkan States, and maintenance of international security-good- neighbourliness, stability and development of South-Eastern Europe (documents A/55/552 and A/55/553) and adopted the relevant resolution without a vote.

VLADISLAV MLADENOVIC (Yugoslavia), speaking in explanation of vote after the vote, said that his country was committed to the development of relations with all its neighbours on the basis of genuine good neighbourliness, mutual respect and cooperation which was an important factor in the promotion of peace and overall stability in the region. Now, as a full-fledged member of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the stability pact of South East Europe, the country stood ready to bear its share of responsibility in efforts aimed at fulfilling the goals and purposes enshrined in the basic documents of the organizations.

The Assembly next took up the report on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security (document A/55/554), adopting the related resolution without a vote.

Turning to the report on the role of science and technology in the context of international security and disarmament (document A/55/555), the Assembly adopted a related resolution by a vote of 97 in favour to 46 against, with 21 abstentions. (For details of the vote, see Annex I).

The Assembly then considered the report on the establishment of a nuclear- weapon-free zone in the Middle East (document A/55/556), adopting that text without a vote.

Next, the Assembly acted on the text contained in the report on conclusion of effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons (document A/55/557). It adopted the related resolution by a vote of 111 in favour to none against, with 54 abstentions (Annex II).

The report on the prevention of an arms race in outer space contained one resolution (document A/55/558), which was adopted by a vote of 163 in favour to none against, with 3 abstentions (Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, United States) (Annex III).

The Assembly then turned to report on general and complete disarmament (document A/55/559 A - Y),which contains 25 resolutions and one decision.

The first, draft A, on missiles, was adopted by a vote of 97 in favour to none against, with 65 abstentions (Annex IV).

The Assembly next acted on draft B on the preservation of and compliance with the Treaty on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems, and adopted it by a vote of 88 in favour to 5 against (Albania, Federated States of Micronesia, Honduras, Israel, United States), with 66 abstentions (Annex V).

Three separate recorded votes were taken on resolution C entitled: “Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world: the need for a new agenda.” By a vote of 160 in favour to 3 against (India, Israel, Pakistan), with 1 abstention (Cuba), the Assembly adopted preambular paragraph 15. That provision welcomes the Final Document of the 2000 NPT Review Conference. (Annex VI).

Next, operative paragraph 16 was adopted by a vote of 161 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (Cuba, India, Israel, Pakistan) (Annex VII). That provision notes that the NPT Review Conference had agreed that legally binding security assurances by the five nuclear-weapon States to the non- nuclear-weapon States parties to the Treaty strengthened the nuclear non- proliferation regime, and that it called upon its Preparatory Committee to make recommendations to the 2005 Review Conference on that issue.

The resolution as a whole was adopted by a vote of 154 in favour to 3 against (India, Israel, Pakistan), with 8 abstentions (Bhutan, France, Kyrgyzstan, Mauritius, Monaco, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan) (Annex VIII).

Draft D on the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons was adopted by a vote of 163 in favour to 1 against (India), with 3 abstentions (Cuba, Israel, Pakistan) (Annex IX).

Drafts E, F, G, H were adopted without a vote. They concern, respectively: the United Nations study on disarmament and non-proliferation education; assistance to States for curbing the illicit traffic in small arms and collecting them; consolidation of peace through practical disarmament measures; and implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction. The Assembly then took up draft I on a nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere and adjacent areas (document A/55/559), taking three separate recorded votes.

The Assembly first, adopted the last three words of operative paragraph 3, "and South Asia", by a vote of 152 in favour to 1 against (India), with 10 abstentions (Bhutan, Cuba, Cyprus, Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Pakistan, United States, United Kingdom) (Annex X).

It adopted the third operative paragraph as a whole, which calls upon all States to consider all relevant proposals relating to the conclusion of nuclear- weapon-free zone treaties, including in the Middle East and South Asia. It took that decision by a vote of 155 in favour to 1 against (India), with 9 abstentions (Bhutan, Cyprus, Micronesia Federated States, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Pakistan, United Kingdom, United States) (Annex XI).

The resolution on a nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere was then adopted by a vote of 159 in favour to 4 against (France, Monaco, United Kingdom, United States), with 5 abstentions (Andorra, India, Israel, Russian Federation, Spain) (Annex XII).

Acting on draft J of the report on general and complete disarmament, which concerns measures to uphold the authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol, the Assembly adopted the text by a vote of 163 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions (Micronesia Federated States, Israel, Marshall Islands, Republic of Korea, United States) (Annex XIII).

Draft K, on observance of environmental norms in the drafting and implementation of disarmament and arms control agreements, was next adopted by a vote of 165 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States) (Annex XIV).

Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted draft L, on the relationship between disarmament and development.

Also acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted draft M on convening the fourth special session devoted to disarmament.

It adopted a draft decision on small arms, also without a vote.

A text on reducing nuclear danger, draft N, was adopted by a vote of 110 in favour to 45 against, with 14 abstentions (Annex XV).

The Assembly adopted a text on regional disarmament, draft O without a vote.

It next adopted draft P on conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels by a vote of 163 in favor to 1 against (India), with 1 abstention (Bhutan) (Annex XVI).

Acting without a vote, it adopted resolution Q on the illicit traffic in small arms and light weapons.

By a vote of 150 in favour to 2 against (Egypt, Pakistan), with 10 abstentions (Algeria, Cuba, India, Indonesia, Iran, Lebanon, Monaco, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates), the Assembly adopted operative paragraph 8 of draft R on a path to the total elimination of nuclear weapons. That paragraph calls upon all States to redouble their efforts to prevent the proliferation of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, including their delivery means, confirming and strengthening, if necessary, their policies not to transfer equipment, materials or technology that could contribute to the proliferation of those weapons (Annex XVII).

It adopted draft R as a whole by a vote of 155 in favour to 1 against (India), with 12 abstentions (Annex XVIII).

Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted draft S entitled "Mongolia's international security and nuclear-weapon-free status".

Before adopting draft T, entitled "nuclear disarmament" as a whole, the Assembly adopted operative paragraph 9 by a vote of 150 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 15 abstentions. That provision welcomes the positive outcome of the 2000 Review Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and the unequivocal undertaking by the nuclear-weapon States and the reaffirmation by the States Parties that the total elimination of nuclear weapons was the only absolute guarantee against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, and calls for the full and effective implementation of the steps set out in the Final Document (Annex XIX).

Next, it adopted the resolution on nuclear disarmament as a whole by a vote of 109 in favour to 39 against, with 20 abstentions (Annex XX).

Before adopting a text on transparency in armaments, Draft U, the Assembly took four separate votes, on preambular paragraph 5, operative paragraph 2, operative paragraph 5(b), and operative paragraph 7.

The Assembly adopted preambular paragraph 5, which welcomes the note by the Secretary-General on the continuing operation of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms and its further development, by a vote of 149 in favour to 2 against (Egypt, Syria), with 10 abstentions (Algeria, Bahrain, China, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Myanmar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia,) (Annex XXI).

Operative paragraph 2, which endorses the report of the Secretary-General on the continuing operation of the Register and its further development, was adopted by a vote of 147 in favour to 3 against (Egypt, Lebanon, Syria), with 11 abstentions (Annex XXII).

It next adopted operative paragraph 5 (b), which requests the Secretary- General, with the assistance of a group of governmental experts to be convened in 2003, to prepare a report on the continuing operation of the Register and its further development, with a view to a decision at its fifty-eighth session. The vote was 147 in favour to 3 against (Egypt, Lebanon, Syria), with 13 abstentions (Annex XXIII).

Operative paragraph 7, which invites the Conference on Disarmament to consider continuing its work undertaken in the field of transparency in armaments, was adopted by a vote of 144 in favour to none against, with 17 abstentions (Annex XXIV).

The Assembly adopted draft U as a whole by a vote of 149 in favour to none against, with 16 abstentions (Annex XXV).

Draft V on implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction, draft V, was adopted by a vote of 143 in favour to none against, with 22 abstentions (Annex XXVI).

Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted draft W on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia.

Prior to acting on draft X on follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons, the Assembly adopted operative paragraph 1 by a vote of 162 in favour to 4 against (France, Israel, Russian Federation, United States), with 1 abstention (United Kingdom). That provision underlines once again the unanimous conclusion of the Court that there exists an obligation to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective international control (Annex XXVII).

It adopted draft X as a whole by a vote of 119 in favour to 28 against, with 22 abstentions (Annex XXVIII).

Acting without a vote, the Assembly next adopted Draft Y on the decision of the Conference on Disarmament to establish an ad hoc committee to negotiate a non-discriminatory, multilateral and internationally and effectively verifiable treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.

The Assembly next adopted the decision on small arms, contained in the report on general and complete disarmament.

DJAMA MAHAMOUD ALI (Djibouti) said that he had wanted to cast a yes vote on resolution A on missiles, but had pressed the “no” button in error.

J. ENKHSAIKHAN (Mongolia), in explanation of vote after the vote, said that providing nuclear security assurances to nuclear-weapon-free zones had become an integral part of the emerging international non-proliferation regime. When a State was singled out for nuclear assurances, it ought to be complemented by general assurances of non-use of force, unless the intention was otherwise. The resolution called on Member States and relevant United Nations bodies to continue to cooperate with Mongolia in promoting and strengthening the non- nuclear aspects of its security. His country was looking forward to that cooperation.

HIROYUKI YAMAMOTO (Japan), said that the establishment of nuclear-weapon- free zones, when appropriate conditions such as consent of all concerned countries, including nuclear weapon states were satisfied, could contribute to the goal of non-proliferation. His country welcomed the adoption of the resolution on Mongolia’s international security and nuclear-weapon-free status by consensus.

Acting without a vote on a report containing eight draft resolutions (document A/55/560), the Assembly adopted the following drafts: draft A on the United Nations Disarmament Information Programme; draft B on activities of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa; draft C on United Nations disarmament, fellowship, training and advisory services: draft D on United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa; draft E on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean; and draft F on United Nations regional centres for peace and disarmament.

Draft G, on a convention on the prohibition of the use of nuclear weapons was adopted by a vote of 109 in favour to 43 against, with 16 abstentions (Annex XXIX).

Draft H on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific was adopted without a vote.

On the report contained in document A/55/561, the Assembly adopted Drafts A, B and C without a vote on the following items, respectively: twentieth anniversary of the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research; report of the Conference on Disarmament; and report of the Disarmament Commission.

Turning to the relevant text contained in the report on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/55/562), the Assembly first adopted the sixth preambular paragraph by a vote of 158 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 5 abstentions (Bhutan, Cuba, Marshall Islands, Pakistan, Tonga) (Annex XXX).

By the terms of that provision, the Assembly recognized with satisfaction that, in the Final Document of the 2000 NPT Review, the Conference undertakes to make determined efforts towards the achievement of the goal of universality of the NPT and calls upon those remaining States not party to the Treaty to accede to it, thereby accepting an international legally binding commitment not to acquire nuclear weapons or nuclear explosive devices and to accept IAEA safeguards on all their nuclear activities. It also underlines the need for universal adherence to the Treaty and strict compliance by all parties.

The Assembly next adopted the draft as a whole on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East by a vote of 157 in favour to 3 against (Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, United States), with 8 abstentions (Australia, Canada, Ethiopia, India, Marshall Islands, Singapore, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago) (Annex XXXI).

Acting without a vote, it adopted the draft contained in the report on the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects (document A/55/563).

Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted the text contained in the report on strengthening security and cooperation in the Mediterranean region (document A/55/564).

Also without a vote, it adopted the text contained in the report on consolidation of the regime established by the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco) (document A/55/565).

It adopted the draft in the report on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (document A/55/566) without a vote.

The draft contained in the report on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) (document A/55/567) was adopted by a vote of 161 in favour to none against, with 6 abstentions (Bhutan, India, Libya, Mauritius, Syria, United Republic of Tanzania) (Annex XXXII).

The Assembly then took up a draft resolution on preparations for the special session of the General Assembly for follow-up to the World Summit for Children from 19 to 21 September 2001 (document A/55/34/Rev. 1).

The Assembly was informed that Belize, Burkina Faso, Chile, Eritrea, Liberia, Madagascar and Sri Lanka had joined as co-sponsors of the draft.

Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted the draft on the preparations for the special session of the General Assembly for follow-up to the World Summit for Children from 19 to 21 September 2001.

(annexes follow)

ANNEX I

Vote on Role of Science and Technology

The draft resolution on the role of science and technology in the context of international security (document A/55/555) was adopted by a recorded vote of 97 in favour to 46 against, with 21 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Lucia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Georgia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Paraguay, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Samoa, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Tajikistan, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Gambia, Kiribati, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Suriname, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe.

(END OF ANNEX I)

ANNEX II

Vote on Arrangements on Security Assurances

The draft resolution on the conclusion of effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons (document A/55/557) was adopted by a recorded vote of 111 in favour to none against, with 54 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.

Against: None.

Abstain: Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Tonga, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Vanuatu.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Gambia, Kiribati, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Suriname, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe.

(END OF ANNEX II

ANNEX III

Vote on Prevention of Outer Space Arms Race

The draft resolution on the prevention of an arms race in outer space (document A/55/558) was adopted by a recorded vote of 163 in favour to none against, with 3 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, United States.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Gambia, Kiribati, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sao Tome and Principe, Suriname, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX III)

ANNEX IV

Vote on Missiles

The draft resolution on missiles (document A/55/559-A) was adopted by a recorded vote of 97 in favour to none against, with 65 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Eritrea, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Nauru, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Samoa, San Marino, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Gambia, Kiribati, Lebanon, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Syria, Tuvalu, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX IV)

ANNEX V

Vote on ABM Treaty

The draft resolution on preservation of and Compliance with the Treaty on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems (ABM Treaty) (document A/55/559-B) was adopted by a recorded vote of 88 in favour to 5 against, with 66 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, China, Colombia, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Gabon, Grenada, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Vanuatu, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Albania, Federated States of Micronesia, Honduras, Israel, United States.

Abstain: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Eritrea, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Morocco, Nauru, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Romania, Samoa, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, El Salvador, Gambia, Jordan, Kuwait, Maldives, Palau, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX V)

ANNEX VI

Vote on Fifteenth Preambular Paragraph of New Agenda

The fifteenth preambular paragraph of the draft resolution entitled “Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world: the need for a new agenda” (document A/55/559-C) was adopted by a recorded vote of 160 in favour to 3 against, with 1 abstention, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: India, Israel, Pakistan.

Abstain: Cuba.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, France, Honduras, Kiribati, Monaco, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sao Tome and Principe, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX VI)

ANNEX VII

Vote on Operative Paragraph 16 of New Agenda

Operative paragraph 16 of the draft resolution entitled “Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world: the need for a new agenda” (document A/55/559-C) was adopted by a recorded vote of 161 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Cuba, India, Israel, Pakistan.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, France, Kiribati, Monaco, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sao Tome and Principe, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX VII)

ANNEX VIII

Vote on New Agenda

The draft resolution entitled “Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world: the need for a new agenda” (document A/55/559-C) was adopted by a recorded vote of 154 in favour to 3 against, with 8 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: India, Israel, Pakistan.

Abstain: Bhutan, France, Kyrgyzstan, Mauritius, Monaco, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Honduras, Kiribati, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sao Tome and Principe, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX VIII)

ANNEX IX

Vote on 2000 NPT Review Conference

The draft resolution on the 2000 NPT Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (document A/55/559-D) was adopted by a recorded vote of 163 in favour to 1 against, with 3 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: India.

Abstain: Cuba, Israel, Pakistan.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sao Tome and Principe, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX IX)

ANNEX X

Vote on ‘and South Asia’ in Nuclear-Weapon-Free Southern Hemisphere

The words “and South Asia” in operative paragraph 3 of the draft resolution on the nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere (document A/55/559-I) were adopted by a recorded vote of 152 in favour to 1 against, with 10 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: India.

Abstain: Bhutan, Cuba, Cyprus, Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Pakistan, United Kingdom, United States.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, France, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Monaco, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Syria, Tuvalu, Viet Nam, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX X)

ANNEX XI

Vote on Operative Paragraph 3 in Nuclear-Weapon-Free Southern Hemisphere

Operative paragraph 3, as a whole, in the draft resolution on the nuclear- free southern hemisphere (document A/55/559-I) was adopted by a recorded vote of 155 in favour to 1 against, with 9 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: India.

Abstain: Bhutan, Cyprus, Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Pakistan, United Kingdom, United States.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, France, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Monaco, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Tuvalu, Viet Nam, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XI)

ANNEX XII

Vote on Nuclear-Weapon-Free Southern Hemisphere

The draft resolution on the nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere (document A/55/559-I) was adopted by a recorded vote of 159 in favour to 4 against, 5 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: France, Monaco, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Andorra, India, Israel, Russian Federation, Spain.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia,

(END OF ANNEX XII)

ANNEX XIII

Vote on 1925 Geneva Protocol

The draft resolution on measures to uphold the authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol (document A/55/559-J) was adopted by a recorded vote of 163 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Marshall Islands, Republic of Korea, United States.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Nicaragua, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XIII)

ANNEX XIV

Vote on Environmental Norms

The draft resolution on the observance of environmental norms in the drafting and implementation of disarmament and arms control agreements (document A/55/559) was adopted by a recorded vote of 165 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XIV)

ANNEX XV

Vote on Reducing Nuclear Danger

The draft resolution on reducing nuclear danger (document A/55/559-N) was adopted by a recorded vote of 110 in favour to 45 against, with 14 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Argentina, Armenia, Brazil, China, Georgia, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Paraguay, Republic of Korea, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XV)

ANNEX XVI

Vote on Regional Conventional Arms Control

The draft resolution on conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels (document A/55/559-P) was adopted by a recorded vote of 163 in favour to 1 against, with 1 abstention, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: India.

Abstain: Bhutan.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Tuvalu, Viet Nam, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XVI)

ANNEX XVII

Vote on Operative Paragraph 8 of Nuclear-Weapon Elimination

Operative paragraph 8 of the draft resolution on a path to the total elimination of nuclear weapons (document A/55/559-R) was adopted by a recorded vote of 150 in favour to 2 against, with 10 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Egypt, Pakistan.

Abstain: Algeria, Cuba, India, Indonesia, Iran, Lebanon, Monaco, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, China, Comoros, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, France, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Morocco, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Tunisia, Tuvalu, Yemen, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XVII)

ANNEX XVIII

Vote on Nuclear Weapon Elimination

The draft resolution on a path to the total elimination of nuclear weapons (document A/55/559-R) was adopted by a recorded vote of 155 in favour to 1 against, with 12 abstentions as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: India.

Abstain: Bhutan, China, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Egypt, France, Israel, Mauritius, Monaco, Myanmar, Pakistan, Russian Federation.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Tuvalu, Yemen, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XVIII)

ANNEX XIX

Vote on Operative Paragraph 9 of Nuclear Disarmament

Operative paragraph 9 of the draft resolution on nuclear disarmament (document A/55/559-T) was adopted by a recorded vote of 150 in favour to 2 against, with 15 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: India, Israel.

Abstain: Albania, Bulgaria, Cuba, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, France, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Monaco, Pakistan, Russian Federation, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Palau, Republic of Korea, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XIX)

ANNEX XX

Vote on Nuclear Disarmament

The draft resolution on nuclear disarmament (document A/55/559-T) was adopted by a recorded vote of 109 in favour to 39 against, with 20 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Georgia, India, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, San Marino, Sweden, Tajikistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XX)

ANNEX XXI

Vote on Fifth Preambular Paragraph of Transparency in Armaments

The fifth preambular paragraph of the draft resolution on transparency in armaments (document A/55/559-U) was adopted by a recorded vote of 149 in favour to 2 against, with 10 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Egypt, Syria.

Abstain: Algeria, Bahrain, China, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Myanmar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Sudan, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XXI)

ANNEX XXII

Vote on Operative Paragraph 2 of Transparency in Armaments

Operative paragraph 2 of the draft resolution on transparency in armaments (document A/55/559-U) was adopted by a recorded vote of 147 in favour to 3 against, with 11 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Egypt, Lebanon, Syria.

Abstain: Algeria, Bahrain, China, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Morocco, Myanmar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Sudan, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XXII)

ANNEX XXIII

Vote on Operative Paragraph 5(B) of Transparency in Armaments

Operative paragraph 5(B) of the draft resolution on transparency in armaments (document A/55/559-U) was adopted by a recorded vote of 147 in favour to 3 against, with 13 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Egypt, Lebanon, Syria.

Abstain: Algeria, Bahrain, China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Morocco, Myanmar, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Oman, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Sudan, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XXIII)

ANNEX XXIV

Vote on Operative Paragraph 7 of Transparency in Armaments

Operative paragraph 7 of transparency in armaments (document A/55/559-U) was adopted by a recorded vote of 144 in favour to none against, with 17 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Algeria, Bahrain, China, Cuba, Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Sudan, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XXIV)

ANNEX XXV

Vote on Transparency in Armaments

The draft resolution on transparency in armaments (document A/55/559-U) was adopted by a recorded vote of 149 in favour to none against, with 16 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Algeria, Bahrain, China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Libya, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Oman, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Sudan, Tuvalu, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XXV)

ANNEX XXVI

Vote on Ottawa Convention

The draft resolution on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention) (document A/55/559-V) was adopted by a recorded vote of 143 in favour of none against, with 22 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Azerbaijan, China, Cuba, Egypt, Federated States of Micronesia, India, Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Marshall Islands, Morocco, Myanmar, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Syria, United States, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XXVI)

ANNEX XXVII

Vote on Operative Paragraph 1 of ICJ Advisory Opinion

Operative paragraph 1 of the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice (document A/55/559-X) was adopted by a recorded vote of 162 in favour to 4 against, with 1 abstention, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: France, Israel, Russian Federation, United States.

Abstain: United Kingdom.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Monaco, Niger, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Tuvalu, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XXVII)

ANNEX XXVIII

Vote on Advisory Opinion of ICJ

The draft resolution on the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons (document A/55/559-X) was adopted by a recorded vote of 119 in favour to 28 against, with 22 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Andorra, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Albania, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Liechtenstein, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Tajikistan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XXVIII)

ANNEX XXIX

Vote on Convention Prohibiting Use of Nuclear Weapons

The draft resolution on a convention on the prohibition of the use of nuclear weapons (document A/55/560) was adopted by a recorded vote of 109 in favour to 43 against, with 16 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, China, Cyprus, Georgia, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XXIX)

ANNEX XXX

Vote on Sixth Preambular Paragraph of Middle East

The sixth preambular paragraph of the draft resolution on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/55/562) was adopted by a recorded vote of 158 in favour to 2 against, with 5 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Against: India, Israel.

Abstain: Bhutan, Cuba, Marshall Islands, Pakistan, Tonga.

Absent: Afghanistan, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, United States, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XXX)

ANNEX XXXI

Vote on Middle East Nuclear Proliferation

The draft resolution on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/55/562) was adopted by a recorded vote of 157 in favour to 3 against, with 8 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, United States.

Abstain: Australia, Canada, Ethiopia, India, Marshall Islands, Singapore, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago.

Absent: Afghanistan, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia.

(END OF ANNEX XXXI)

ANNEX XXXII

Vote on Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

The draft resolution on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) (document A/55/567) was adopted by a recorded vote of 161 in favour to none against, with 6 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Bhutan, India, Libya, Mauritius, Syria, United Republic of Tanzania.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Lebanon, Palau, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Yugoslavia.

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For information media. Not an official record.