ASSEMBLY ENDORSES INITIATIVES ON TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME, GENDER EQUALITY, ACTION AGAINST RACISM

17 December 1999
GA/9690

ASSEMBLY ENDORSES INITIATIVES ON TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME, GENDER EQUALITY, ACTION AGAINST RACISM

17 December 1999

Press ReleaseGA/9690

ASSEMBLY ENDORSES INITIATIVES ON TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME, GENDER EQUALITY, ACTION AGAINST RACISM

19991217

Action on Third Committee Texts Also Covers Social Development, Drug Control, Refugees, Women’s Issues, Human Rights Violations

The General Assembly this morning endorsed three major United Nations events by adopting resolutions on the recommendation of its Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural). By those resolutions, a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime will be finalized in 2000 and signed at a high- level conference in Palermo during the millennium session; a special session of the General Assembly will be held in spring 2000 on gender equality; and a world conference against racism will be held in 2001, with the entire year proclaimed the International Year of mobilizing against racism and related intolerance.

The texts were among 70 adopted by the Assembly on the Committee's recommendation. They were contained in 12 reports submitted by the Committee on social development; crime prevention; drug control; women's advancement; refugees; children's rights; the International Decade of Indigenous Peoples; elimination of racism; the right of self-determination; and human rights questions.

The drafts on the organized crime Convention were among seven contained in the Committee's report on crime prevention and criminal justice. By one of those, the Assembly reaffirmed the high priority of elaborating the Convention. By another, it decided that the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders shall consider ways and means of making the Convention operational in April 2000. By another text, the Assembly encouraged elaboration of an instrument on illicit explosives. By a resolution on the United Nations African Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to help improve regional capacity in fighting crime, especially in its transnational dimension. In another action, the Assembly took note of the Secretary-General's report on elimination of violence against women.

By a related, seven-part draft on international cooperation against the world drug problem, the Assembly emphasized its multidimensional nature and called for promoting drug control activities throughout the United Nations system.

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The Assembly finalized arrangements for its special session on women, to be held from 5 to 9 June next year on the theme, "Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century", with a provisional agenda to include a review of progress made and further actions to be taken in implementing the Beijing Platform for Action derived from the World Conference in Beijing. In another resolution, the Assembly welcomed the fact that progress made towards eliminating traditional practices affecting the health of women and girls would be considered at the special session. The Assembly decided to designate 25 November the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women. It requested the Secretary-General to undertake a comparative study of the impact of globalization and poverty on rural women and urged contributions to the United Nations Development Fund for Women. Universal ratification of the Convention on eliminating discrimination against women was called for in one of a number of other resolutions in the Third Committee’s report on the advancement of women. Stronger national efforts to protect the rights of women migrant workers were called for, as was support for achieving a 50/50 gender distribution in the United Nations system, especially at the higher levels.

By two resolutions in the Committee's report on eliminating racism and racial discrimination, the Assembly laid the foundation for the 2001 World Conference against Racism. By one of them, it declared racism to be among the most serious violations of human rights, to be combated by all available means. The other, four-part draft, concerning the Third Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination and on the convening of the World Conference against racism and related intolerance, urged all States to become parties to the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. It welcomed the offer by South Africa to host the World Conference in 2001 and requested the High Commissioner for Human Rights to coordinate publicity and fund-raising campaigns. The Assembly strongly reaffirmed the proclamation of the year 2001 as the International Year of Mobilizing against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, and called on the international community to observe the Year.

The Assembly adopted two drafts on the rights of the child. By one of them, on the girl child, the Assembly urged all States to institute legal reforms and to enact legislation to protect girls from violence and abuse, particularly from gender-based abuse in situations of armed conflict. The other, in eight parts, called for actions to promote and protect children's rights, among them implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and support for the elaboration of a draft optional protocol to the Convention aimed at preventing the sexual exploitation and abuse of children. It called for States in armed conflict to take special measures to protect children and for governments to implement policies and programmes to protect refugee and internally displaced children.

Five resolutions and a decision in the Committee's report on social development, were adopted without vote. They deal with policies and programmes involving youth; implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning disabled persons; a United Nations literacy decade: education for all; cooperatives in social development; and follow-up to the International Year of the Family

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The Assembly also took note of the Secretary-General's report on the World Programme of Action for Youth to the Year 2000 and Beyond.

Six drafts were adopted, without a vote, on the situation of refugees. Continued regional cooperation was called for in implementing the Programme of Action as a follow-up to the 1996 Regional Conference on refugees and displaced persons in countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Measures were sought to assist refugee minors, to protect refugees through the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and to assist refugees, returnees and displaced persons in Africa.

A resolution, adopted without vote, on the programme of activities of the International Decade of the World's Indigenous People (1995-2005), urged governments to submit proposals for establishing a permanent forum for indigenous people within the United Nations system.

Three texts were adopted on issues related to self-determination. By a resolution on the right to self-determination itself, adopted without a vote, the Assembly declared its firm opposition to acts of foreign military intervention, aggression and occupation. Deploring the plight of millions of refugees and displaced persons uprooted as a result of such actions, the Assembly called for States to immediately cease such actions.

A resolution on the use of mercenaries to violate human rights and impede the right to self-determination, was adopted by a recorded vote of 110 in favour to 16 against, with 35 abstentions. (For details of vote, see Annex I.) The Assembly urged States to take steps against the menace of mercenary activities, including legislatively, and urged cooperation with the Special Rapporteur on mercenaries.

A further resolution, adopted by a recorded vote of 156 in favour to 2 against (Israel, United States), with 1 abstention (Georgia), urged the international community to support and assist the Palestinian people in their quest for self-determination. (See Annex II.)

Finally, the Assembly took up a six-part report on human rights questions. It adopted a draft decision taking note of two reports, one by the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the other by the Secretary General on unilateral coercive measures. It then proceeded to adopt 42 resolutions in that report: three on implementing human rights instruments, adopted without a vote; 20 on alternative approaches to the enjoyment of human rights, 13 of them without vote, and 10 resolutions on human rights situations and reports, five of those without a vote.

Adopted without a vote, in the section on implementing human rights instruments, were three resolutions concerning the Convention on torture, the international covenants on human rights and the Convention on protecting migrant workers. All stressed ratification of the instruments and training for implementation.

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Of the texts on alternative approaches to the enjoyment of human rights, those approved without a vote concerned: elimination of religious intolerance; respect for cultural diversity; the United Nations Decade for Human Rights Education, 1995-2004; the Declaration on rights of minorities; human rights in the administration of justice, with a focus on capacity-building in post-conflict situations; protection of internally displaced persons; the Declaration on protecting human rights; the situation of human rights in Cambodia; strengthening United Nations action for human rights; national institutions for human rights; human rights and mass exoduses; and enhancing cooperation for human rights.

A draft on protection of migrants, by which the Assembly strongly condemned all forms of racial discrimination and xenophobia, was adopted without a vote after a preambular paragraph on legal decisions regarding migrants was adopted by a recorded vote of 134 in favour to 1 against (United States), with 14 abstentions. (See Annex III.)

By a recorded vote of 106 in favour to none against, with 58 abstentions, the Assembly adopted a resolution on human rights and terrorism. It unequivocally condemned the acts, methods and practices of terrorism as activities aimed at destroying human rights, threatening the security of States, undermining pluralistic civil society and having adverse consequences for development. The Assembly urged regional and international cooperation in fighting terrorism, urging States to bring to trial those involved in terrorist acts. (See Annex IV.)

Also by a recorded vote, of 99 in favour to 2 against (United States, Togo), with 64 abstentions, the Assembly adopted a resolution on globalization and its impact on human rights, to emphasize that a narrowing of the gap between rich and poor, both within and between countries, should be an explicit global goal. (See Annex V.)

A resolution on respect for sovereignty was adopted by a recorded vote of 91 in favour to 59 against, with 10 abstentions (Belarus, Brazil, Costa Rica, Solomon Islands, Guatemala, Malawi, Nicaragua, Panama, Senegal and Tajikistan). (See Annex VI.) Another, on freedom of travel and the importance of family reunification, was adopted by a recorded vote of 95 in favour to 1 against (United States), with 66 abstentions. (See Annex VII.)

On human rights and unilateral coercive measures, the Assembly adopted a resolution by a recorded vote of 109 in favour to 48 against, with 7 abstentions (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Nicaragua, Republic of Korea, Ukraine and Uzbekistan). (See Annex VIII.)

On strengthening the United Nations role in elections and in promoting democracy, the Assembly adopted a resolution by a recorded vote of 153 in favour to none against, with 11 abstentions. (See Annex X.) An operative paragraph on national mechanisms was adopted by a recorded vote of 136 in favour to none against, with 21 abstentions. (See Annex IX.)

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The Assembly took a series of votes on a resolution on the right to development. The overall text was adopted by a recorded vote of 119 in favour to 10 against (Canada, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Japan, Liechtenstein, Netherlands, Sweden and United States), with 38 abstentions. (See Annex XVIII.) A preambular paragraph on the negative impact of sanctions was adopted by a recorded vote of 113 in favour to 44 against, with 1 abstention (Croatia). (See Annex XI.) Another preambular paragraph, on human rights being an economic conditionality, was retained by a recorded vote of 111 in favour to 44 against, with 1 abstention (Croatia). (See Annex XII.) An operative paragraph on national sovereignty, separately voted on, was retained by 113 votes in favour to 42 against, with 3 abstentions (Croatia, Cyprus, Bosnia and Herzegovina). (See Annex XIII.)

An operative paragraph on broadened participation of developing countries in global economic decision-making was retained by a recorded vote of 121 in favour to 39 against, with no abstentions. (See Annex XIV.) An operative paragraph on the humanitarian effects of sanctions was retained by a recorded vote of 114 in favour to 43 against, with 1 abstention (Afghanistan). (See Annex XV.) An operative paragraph on a Convention concerning the right to development was retained by a recorded vote of 112 in favour to 43 against, with 2 abstentions (Russian Federation, Ukraine). (See Annex XVI.) Finally, operative paragraph 22, on reporting by the independent expert was retained by a recorded vote of 115 in favour to 42 against, with no abstentions. (See Annex XVII.)

Of 10 resolutions on human rights situations and reports of special rapporteurs and representatives, four were adopted without a vote. They concerned the situations of human rights in Afghanistan, Myanmar, Haiti and Rwanda.

On the situation of human rights in Iran, the Assembly adopted a resolution welcoming progress in a number of important areas but expressing concern at the absence of an invitation to the Special Representative and at restrictions on freedoms of expression and reported human rights violations. It called on the Government to end such practices along with cruel punishments such as amputations and stoning. The voting was 61 in favour to 47 against, with 51 abstentions. (See Annex XIX.)

The human rights situation in Iraq was addressed in a resolution adopted by a recorded vote of 100 in favour to 3 against (Iran, Libya, Sudan) with 53 abstentions. (See Annex XXI.) The Assembly strongly condemned the extreme human rights violations causing an all-pervasive repression sustained by terror. It called on the Government to correct those violations and abide by obligations under human rights treaties, including by bringing security forces into conformity with international standards and establishing an independent judiciary. By a recorded vote of 94 in favour to none against, with 56 abstentions, the Assembly adopted operative paragraphs on human rights violations, respect for minorities, cooperation with international agencies and implementing Security Council resolutions. (See Annex XX.)

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On the human rights situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Assembly adopted a resolution by a recorded vote of 91 in favour to 10 against (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cuba, Iran, Zimbabwe, Myanmar, China, Sudan, Angola, Burkina Faso and Chad), with 54 abstentions. (See Annex XXII.) The Assembly welcomed numerous improvements, including the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement, but expressed concern at the continuing conflict in the eastern part of the country, as well as the proliferation of small arms and overall human rights violations.

By a recorded vote of 89 in favour to 30 against, with 39 abstentions, the Assembly expressed concern at the impact of armed conflict on human rights in the Sudan, urging parties to protect human rights, stop using weapons against civilians, grant access for delivery of humanitarian assistance, cooperate with peace efforts, prohibit recruitment of children and investigate the abduction of women and children in southern Sudan. (See Annex XXIII.)

On the situation of human rights in Kosovo, the Assembly adopted, by a recorded vote of 108 in favour to 4 against (Iran, Russian Federation, India, Belarus), with 45 abstentions, a resolution demanding that the Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) comply with requests regarding missing and detained persons of Kosovo. It stressed the responsibility of all parties to create a secure environment to allow refugees and displaced persons to return. (See Annex XXIII.)

By a recorded vote of 123 in favour to 2 against (Belarus, Russian Federation), with 34 abstentions, the Assembly adopted a resolution on the situation of human rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). (See Annex XXVII). It urged parties to the General Framework Agreement to cooperate fully with the International Tribunal prosecuting serious violations of humanitarian law since 1991.

Separate votes were taken on sections of the draft. Section III on the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was adopted by a recorded vote of 120 in favour to 3 against (Belarus, China, Russian Federation), with 31 abstentions. (See Annex XXV.) Section I on Bosnia and Herzegovina, along with Section II on the Republic of Croatia, were adopted by a recorded vote of 119 in favour to none against, with 34 abstentions. (See Annex XXVI.) The Assembly acknowledged progress in Bosnia and Herzegovina but condemned in the strongest terms the complicity of local governments in perpetrating violence against minority displaced persons. In relation to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), the Assembly strongly condemned the presence of indicted war criminals in the government hierarchy.

As the meeting ended, the Assembly then took note of the final parts of the Committee's report, on implementation of the follow-up to the Vienna Declaration and on the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. It also adopted two decisions contained in the Committee's report on the Economic and Social Council's report. By one, the Assembly adopted the Committee's organization of work and its biennial programme of work for

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2000-2001. By the other, the Assembly took note of relevant chapters in the Economic and Social Council's report.

During the meeting, the representatives of Finland, Algeria, United States, Mexico, Thailand, Chile, Democratic Republic of the Congo, China, Syria, Bolivia, Albania, India and Jordan spoke in explanation of position.

The Assembly meets again at 3 p.m. today.

Assembly Work Programme

The General Assembly met this morning to take action on a total of 17 reports of its Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural). They concern social development, including issues related to the world social situation, and to youth, ageing, disabled persons and the family; crime prevention and criminal justice; international drug control; advancement of women and implementation of the outcome of the Fourth World Conference on Women; the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and questions related to the displaced, including humanitarian issues; promotion and protection of children's rights; programme of activities for the International Decade of the World's Indigenous People; elimination of racism and racial discrimination; the right of peoples to self-determination; human rights questions; and the report of the Economic and Social Council.

The report on the wide-ranging human rights agenda includes implementation of human rights instruments; alternative approaches to improving the enjoyment of human rights; human rights situations and reports of special rapporteurs and representatives; implementation of the follow-up to the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action; and the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Social Development

The Committee's report on social development (document A/54/595) contains five resolutions approved without a vote on issues concerning youth, disabled persons, education, cooperatives and the International Year of the Family. The report also contains a draft decision by which the Assembly would take note of the Secretary-General's report on implementing the World Programme of Action for Youth to the Year 2000 and Beyond (document A/54/59).

Resolution I of the report on social issues, approved on 14 October, concerns policies and programmes involving youth. By that, the Assembly would endorse the recommendation of the World Conference of Ministers Responsible for Youth that 12 August be declared International Youth Day. It would recommend that the second World Conference be organized under the aegis of the United Nations, taking note with appreciation of the offer by the Government of Turkey to organize that event, together with the fifth session of the World Youth Forum and the World Youth Festival. It would also welcome the offer of the Government of Senegal to host the fourth session of the World Youth Forum. Calling for international cooperation in implementing the World Programme of Action for Youth and the Lisbon Declaration issuing from the first Conference, the Assembly would recognize the importance of the United Nations Youth Fund in that implementation and would call for contributions to it. Finally, it would call for improved communications between the United Nations system and youth groups, reiterating the call to include youth representatives in delegations to the General Assembly.

By draft resolution II on implementing the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons: towards a society for all in the twenty-first century, approved on 28 October, the Assembly would call for a range of actions to reinforce activities on behalf of the disabled and involve them in policy-making. It would urge the United Nations system to share experiences, findings and recommendations with the United Nations programme on persons with disabilities. It would urge governments to cooperate with the United Nations Statistics Division in developing global statistics and indicators on disability, encouraging the use of the Division's technical assistance in building national capacities for data collection. It would encourage governments to give special attention to children with disabilities and their families in developing policies and programmes. Support to the United Nations Voluntary Fund on Disability would also be encouraged.

Approved on 21 October, draft resolution III on a United Nations literacy decade: education for all would have the Assembly appeal to governments to step up efforts to eradicate illiteracy to set firm targets and timetables, including gender-specific education targets and programmes to combat illiteracy among women and girls. It would further appeal to governments to reach those targets by working in partnership with civil society. Finally, the Assembly would request the Secretary-General, in cooperation with the Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), to submit to the Assembly at its fifty-fifth session a proposal for a United Nations literacy decade and plan of action, with a view to holding the decade during the period 2001-2010 based on the outcome of the world education forum to be held in April 2000.

Draft resolution IV on cooperatives in social development, approved on 28 October, would have the Assembly adopt the guidelines elaborated by the Committee for the Promotion and Advancement of Cooperatives to create a supportive environment for cooperatives to develop. The Assembly would request the Secretary-General to encourage wider dissemination and use of the guidelines, and would urge the international community to collaborate with national and international cooperative organizations in giving due consideration to the role of cooperatives in follow-up to such conferences as the World Summit for Social Development. It would urge governments to develop the potential of cooperatives in attaining social development goals and to facilitate their development by partnerships with the cooperative movement. Finally, the Assembly would invite annual observance of the International Day of Cooperatives on the first Saturday of July.

By draft V on follow-up to the International Year of the Family, also approved on 28 October, the Assembly would urge governments to take sustained action at all levels concerning families and to promote the role of families in development. It would invite governments to develop concrete measures and approaches to address national priorities in dealing with family issues. It would recommend the development of strategies and programmes aimed at strengthening the economic and sustainable livelihood of families. It would finally request the Secretary-General to prepare a fourth biennial progress report and include draft guidelines on exploring ways and means to observe the tenth anniversary of the International Year of the Family in 2004.

By a draft decision, the Assembly would take note of the Secretary-General's report on implementing the World Programme of Action for Youth to the Year 2000 and Beyond (document A/54/59), which describes inter-sectoral priority youth issues for the twenty-first century in 10 core social areas ranging from education to decision-making.

Crime Prevention; Drug Control

On crime prevention and criminal justice (document A/54/596), the Assembly has before it the Committee's report containing seven resolutions, all approved without vote.

By draft I of the report, on the tenth United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention, approved by the Committee on 21 October, the Assembly would decide that the high-level segment of the tenth Congress will be held in April 2000. It would also decide that particular attention would be devoted to ways and means of making operational the provisions of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, focusing on capacity-building in developing countries. The Congress would be asked to submit a final declaration to the Millennium Assembly.

By draft II, on the Convention against Organized Crime, approved by the Committee on 17 November, the Assembly would take note of results achieved by the Ad Hoc Committee on elaborating a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the draft protocols addressing the issues of trafficking in women and children, illicit firearms and illegal trafficking in migrants. It would decide that the protocol addressing trafficking in women and children should address trafficking in all persons, but especially women and children. It would also decide that the Ad Hoc Committee would be convened in 2000, holding no fewer than four sessions of two weeks each and that the Ad Hoc Committee in Vienna would submit the final texts of the draft Convention and protocols to the General Assembly for early adoption prior to a high-level signing conference.

Draft III, on the Ad Hoc Committee's work in elaborating the protocol on illegal firearms and considering the elaboration of another instrument on illicit explosives, was approved by the Committee on 21 October. By that draft, the Assembly would call on States to adopt measures making it a criminal offence to manufacture and traffic in illicit firearms and related materiel. The Assembly would request the Secretary-General to convene an expert group to prepare a study on explosives used for criminal purposes, also requesting him to facilitate the participation of experts from developing countries by providing resources for their travel.

Action against corruption, draft IV, which was also approved on 21 October, would have the Assembly stress the need to develop a global strategy to strengthen international cooperation to prevent and punish corruption. The strategy would include consideration of developing a global system of peer review regarding the adequacy of practices aimed at combating corruption. The Assembly would direct the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime to incorporate into the draft Convention, measures against corruption linked to organized crime, requesting it to explore developing an international instrument against corruption. It would request the Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention to revise the manual on practical measures against corruption, develop a global programme of technical assistance and explore ways for financial centres to deal with organized crime and corruption.

Draft V, on the high-level political signing conference for the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, was approved by the Committee on 17 November. By it, the Assembly would decide to hold the high-level political signing conference and would accept with appreciation Italy's offer to host it in Palermo. It would request the Secretary-General to schedule the conference for a period of up to one week before the end of the Millennium Assembly in 2000. It would request the United Nations Centre for International Crime Prevention to propose the agenda, including opportunities to discuss matters related to the draft Convention and its protocols.

By terms of draft VI, approved on 17 November, the Assembly would urge States members of the African Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders to make every effort to meet their obligations. It would call upon the international community to adopt concrete practical measures, including by increasing financial assistance, to support the Institute in developing the necessary capacity to implement its programmes and activities. It would request the Secretary-General to mobilize the financial resources to provide the Institute with the core professional staff, enabling it to carry out its mandate. It would call upon the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme to work closely with the Institute.

Finally, by draft VII on strengthening the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme, approved on 5 November, the Assembly would reaffirm the importance of the Programme, reaffirming the role of the Centre for International Crime Prevention of the United Nations Office for Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in providing assistance to States in crime prevention and criminal justice. It would urge States and funding agencies to review development assistance policies and include in them a crime prevention and criminal justice component. It would request the Secretary-General to take all necessary measures to assist the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice as the principal policy-making body in the field. In addition, it would reaffirm the high priority of elaborating a comprehensive Convention against transnational organized crime and the instruments addressing trafficking in persons, illicit manufacture and trafficking of firearms, and illegal transport of migrants.

The Committee's report on international drug control (document A/54/597) contains a single five-part resolution approved by the Committee on 28 October without vote. By Part I, addressing respect for the principles in the Charter and those of international law in fighting the world drug problem, the Assembly would urge States to ratify the United Nations instruments for drug control. By Part II, it would urge States to carry out the action plan giving effect to the Declaration as principles to guide drug demand reduction, and to do this through national, regional and international actions, including by strengthening national efforts to fight illicit drug use, particularly among children and youth.

By Part III of the resolution on international cooperation to counter the world drug problem, the Assembly would urge authorities to implement the outcome of the Assembly's twentieth special session held earlier this year. The Assembly would also urge that international support be provided on request to enhance the capacity of transit States to fight illicit trafficking, emphasizing the importance of subregional, regional and international cooperation. Further, it would call on States to adopt measures enhancing cooperation to stem illicit trade in small arms, which is associated with the illicit drug trade and exacerbates crime and violence. By Part IV, the Assembly would set out actions for the United Nations system, reaffirming the role of the Executive Director of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme in heading the integrated strategy for programming and planning as set out at the special session. Governments would be urged to support the Programme financially and politically by widening the donor base and increasing voluntary contributions to expand and strengthen its operational and technical cooperation activities.

An Annex contains the text of the Action Plan for Implementing the Declaration on the Guiding Principles of Drug Demand Reduction, which targets 2008 for a significant reduction in world drug demand. The Action Plan sets interim targets and objectives at national, regional and international levels. It includes assessment, information and training components and sets out measures for practical actions. Advancement of Women

The Committee's report on the advancement of women (document A/54/598) contains eight resolutions adopted without a vote.

By draft I, approved on 21 October, concerning traditional or customary practices affecting the health of women and girls, the Assembly would welcome efforts to address the issue and would call on States to implement international commitments. It would emphasize the need to provide technical and financial assistance to developing countries in eliminating those practices.

By draft II, approved on 3 November, the Assembly would decide to designate 25 November as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.

Draft III, on improving the situation of women in rural areas, was approved on 2 November. It would have the Assembly invite States to collaborate with United Nations organizations and civil society in giving greater importance to improving the situation of rural women when implementing the outcomes of United Nations conferences and summits. States would take such actions as investing in measures and strengthening efforts to meet rural women's basic needs by ensuring equal access to productive resources and services and by promoting their political and socio-economic empowerment through support of their participation in decision- making at all levels.

By draft resolution IV on the United Nations Development Fund for Women approved on 28 October, the Assembly would emphasize the importance of the Fund's work within the framework of the 1994 Beijing Platform for Action. The Assembly would encourage the Fund to cooperate with partners, governments and non- governmental organizations (NGOs) in assessment activities for the five-year review of the Platform for Action by improving capacities to collect and disseminate sex- disaggregated data and implementing accountability mechanisms at the country level. It would encourage the Fund to implement the Convention on eliminating discrimination against women and would request it to strengthen capacities of women in armed conflict and to mainstream a gender perspective in United Nations operational activities. Recognizing progress in increasing the size and impact of the Trust Fund to eliminate violence against women, and in the Fund's success in securing increased contributions for its work, the Assembly would urge continuing contributions.

Regarding the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), by draft resolution V approved on 21 October the Assembly would urge States to ratify or accede to the Convention, to submit required reports on implementing it, and in presenting their reports to cooperate with the Committee on eliminating discrimination against women. It would encourage the Secretariat to extend technical assistance in preparing the reports and invite Governments to contribute. The Assembly, taking note that it had adopted the optional protocol regarding individual complaints, would emphasize the need for adequate financing and staff support, including in connection with disseminating information.

By draft resolution VI approved on 3 November regarding violence against women migrant workers, the Assembly would urge governments, particularly those of countries of origin and destination, to strengthen national efforts to protect the welfare of those women through sustained cooperation at all levels, including bilateral and interregional. It would urge the development of strategies, joint efforts and dialogue to facilitate information exchange, urging governments to support prevention programmes, including by providing information to target groups and by increasing public awareness at the national and grass-roots levels. In addition, it would call for governments to institute penalties punishing perpetrators of violence against women migrant workers, encouraging them to implement training programmes for law enforcement officials while adopting measures to regulate recruitment and deployment of the workers. Finally, it would invite governments to identify causes of undocumented migration and its economic, social and demographic impact.

The Assembly would call for improving the status of women in the Secretariat by resolution VII approved on 28 October. Reaffirming the urgent goal of achieving 50/50 gender distribution in all categories of posts within the United Nations system, especially at the D-1 level and above, it would express regret that the goal would not be achieved by 2000 and would request the special session on women, next June, to consider forward-looking strategies for achieving it. Welcoming the personal commitment of the Secretary-General to meeting the goal, it would encourage him to appoint women as special representatives and envoys. It would strongly encourage department and office heads to organize training programmes on gender mainstreaming and gender issues in the workplace and would request the implementation of pro-active special measures to improve women's representation. It would also request States to identify women for appointments.

Approved on 17 November, draft resolution VIII on revitalizing and strengthening the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women would have the Assembly take note with appreciation of the proposed new working method of the Institute through an electronic Gender Awareness Information and Networking System, urging traditional methods of disseminating information to be improved and strengthened. Expressing satisfaction with the Institute's new staffing structure, the Assembly would request the new Director to prepare a feasibility study for the new networking system, recommending that it include information on how the changes will benefit women, particularly from developing countries. The Assembly would urge the use of all six official United Nations languages on the Institute's Web site and would urge the international community to contribute to the Institute.

The report on implementing the outcome of the Fourth World Conference on Women (document A/54/599) contains two draft resolutions approved by the Committee without vote on 10 November.

By draft resolution I on follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women and implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform of Action the Assembly, recalling the decision to convene a high-level plenary review of implementation at a special session of the General Assembly to take place from 5 to 9 June 2000 and entitled “Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century”, would reaffirm the need for adequate resources to implement the Platform for Action with that special session in mind. It would reiterate that participation in the special session would be at a high political level and that the decision to include non-governmental organizations (NGOs) as participants would not set a precedent for future Assembly sessions.

By draft resolution II on that item, preparations for the special session of the General Assembly on Women 2000, the Assembly would reiterate an invitation for governments to prepare national action plans and reports on implementing the Beijing Platform for Action, and would decide that the special session shall have a plenary and an ad hoc committee of the whole. It would further decide that the provisional agenda for the special session would include a review of progress in implementing the Platform for Action and would consider further actions to overcome obstacles in implementation. It would request the Secretary-General to prepare a report on the Platform's implementation and would urge States and observers to ensure they were represented at a high political level in the special session.

Questions Relating to Refugees

Five draft resolutions on the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for refugees and on questions relating to refugees and displaced persons are contained in the Committee's report (document A/54/600). All were approved without vote.

By draft resolution I, approved on 12 November, the Assembly would decide to enlarge the Executive Committee of the Programme of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees from 54 to 57 States. The Economic and Social Council would elect the additional members at its organizational session for 2000.

Approved on 17 November, draft resolution II on follow-up to the regional conference on refugees and others displaced in the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) would have the Assembly endorse the broad consensus reached by the steering group of the Conference that implementation of the Programme of Action adopted by the Conference be continued and that follow-up after the year 2000 be considered. The Assembly would invite implementation to continue, welcoming progress in building civil society in the region. Finally, it would emphasize the need to fulfil Programme of Action recommendations on ensuring human rights as an important factor in managing migration flows and in consolidating democracy, the rule of law and stability.

Draft resolution III, on assistance to unaccompanied refugee minors, was approved on 18 November. By its terms, the Assembly would express deep concern at their plight and would emphasize the urgent need for their early identification and for timely, detailed and accurate information on their numbers and whereabouts. It would call on the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and other United Nations bodies to pursue policies preventing separation of refugee families. Further, the Assembly would call on parties in armed conflicts to respect international humanitarian law and the provisions of the Geneva Conventions, as well as the Convention as the Rights of the Child, which accords children affected by armed conflict special protection. The Assembly would condemn all acts of exploitation of unaccompanied refugee minors, including their use as soldiers or human shields and their forced recruitment into military forces. It would call on the United Nations system to mobilize assistance to unaccompanied refugee minors in the areas of relief, education, health and psychological rehabilitation.

Also approved on 18 November, draft resolution IV concerning the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees would have the Assembly condemn acts threatening the security and well-being of refugees and asylum-seekers, such as refoulement, unlawful expulsion and physical attacks. It would call on refuge States, in cooperation with international organizations, to ensure respect for the principles of refugee protection, including the humane treatment of asylum- seekers. It would call for States to promote conditions conducive to voluntary repatriation, including by furthering reconciliation and long-term development in cooperation with the Office and development agencies. The Assembly would also call for international solidarity and burden-sharing with countries of asylum and for efforts to widen the donor base of the Office for greater burden-sharing among donors.

By draft resolution V, on assistance to refugees in Africa, approved by the Committee on 18 November, the Assembly would urge States and other actors to take all necessary measures to protect activities related to humanitarian assistance, to prevent attacks and kidnapping of national and international humanitarian workers, and to ensure their safety and security. Also, the international community would be asked to respond in the spirit of solidarity and burden-sharing to third-country resettlement requests of African refugees and to funding requests of the Office of the High Commissioner, taking into account the greater needs of programmes in Africa to ensure it gets an equitable share of resources designated for refugees.

Rights of Children

The Committee's report on promoting and protecting children's rights (document A/54/601) contains two draft resolutions approved without vote and a draft decision taking note of the Secretary-General's report on the status of the Convention on the rights of the child.

By draft resolution I on the girl child, approved by the Committee on 5 November, the Assembly would stress the need to fully and urgently implement the rights of the girl-child as guaranteed under all human rights instruments. It would urge States to take all necessary measures and institute legal reforms to ensure the full and equal enjoyment of her rights. It would urge them to enact and enforce laws ensuring that marriage was entered into only freely, to fulfil obligations under United Nations conventions, and to take special measures to protect the girl-child in situations of armed conflict. States would be urged to formulate comprehensive, multidisciplinary and coordinated national plans, programmes and strategies to eliminate violence against women and girls.

Draft resolution II, an eight-part draft on the rights of the child, was approved by the Committee on 10 November. By that, the Assembly would call for actions to promote and protect those rights. Part I, on the Convention on the Rights of the Child, would call for implementing the Convention and for States to withdraw reservations. By Part II, on eradicating the sale of children and their sexual exploitation, the Assembly would strongly support elaboration of an optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on that issue. It would also call on States to criminalize and effectively penalize all forms of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children.

By Part III, on protecting children affected by armed conflict, the Assembly would urge the United Nations system to intensify efforts in developing a concerted approach to the rights, protection and welfare of those children. States and other parties to armed conflict would be urged to respect international humanitarian law and to put an end to any form of targeting. Part IV, on refugee and internally displaced children, would have the Assembly urge that Governments implement policies and programmes for those children with international cooperation. Part V, on progressive elimination of child labour, would have the Assembly call on States to translate their commitment to eliminate child labour into concrete measures.

By Part VI, on the plight of children working and/or living on the streets, Governments would be strongly urged to guarantee respect for all human rights and fundamental freedoms of those children, and to take urgent and effective measures to prevent their being killed. By part VII, on children with disabilities, the Assembly would call on States to take all measures to ensure full and equal rights to children with disabilities and to promote a decent life for them. By part VIII, the Assembly would decide to request reports related to the rights of the child from both the Secretary-General and his Special Representative on children and armed conflict.

World’s Indigenous People

The report on the programme of activities of the International Decade of the World's Indigenous People (document A/54/602) contains a draft resolution approved by the Committee without vote on 9 November.

By its terms, the Assembly would urge governments to participate in the open-ended inter-sessional ad hoc working group set up by the Commission on Human Rights to submit proposals on establishing a permanent forum for indigenous people within the United Nations system. The Assembly would also decide that the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Indigenous Populations would be used to assist representatives of indigenous communities and organizations to participate in the deliberations of the working group. Governments would be encouraged to support the Decade by such measures as preparing programmes, plans and reports; by giving indigenous people greater responsibility for their own affairs and an effective voice in decisions on matters affecting them; and by contributing to the United Nations Trust Fund for the International Decade for the World’s Indigenous People.

The Assembly would also welcome the offer of the Government of Spain to host at Seville in February 2000 the first meeting of the ad hoc group concerning contributions of indigenous people to issues of biological diversity. It would encourage Governments to include representatives of indigenous people in delegations to the meeting.

Elimination of Racism

The Committee's report on eliminating racism and racial discrimination (document A/54/603) contains two draft resolutions, both approved without vote.

By draft I on measures to combat contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, approved on 16 November, the Assembly would declare that racism and racial discrimination were among the most serious violations of human rights in the contemporary world, to be combated by all available means. The Assembly would express unequivocal condemnation of all forms of racism, in particular racial violence, propaganda or activities based on doctrines of racial superiority, and those actions aimed at migrant workers or their families and at persons belonging to minorities or vulnerable groups. The Assembly would also condemn all manifestations of racism and stereotyping of migrant workers or their families, and of persons belonging to minorities or vulnerable groups.

Condemning the misuse of print, media and new technology for the purpose of inciting violence motivated by racial hatred the Assembly would urge Governments to cooperate with the Special Rapporteur on racism and would call for international participation in events to carry out, promote and disseminate actions ensuring success for 2001 as the International Year of Mobilization against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, in particular the outcome of the World Conference against racism to be held that year. A three-part draft II on racism, concerning the Third Decade to Combat Racism and the convening of the World Conference on racism, was also approved on 16 November. By the first part, the Assembly would urge Governments to take all necessary measures to combat new forms of racism as one way to implement the Programme of Action for the Third Decade. The Assembly would urge States to become parties to the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and to limit reservations lodged against it. Further, it would urge worldwide implementation of the Programme of Action, with particular attention to indigenous people, strongly underlining the importance of education as a significant means of eradicating racism and racial discrimination.

By Part Two of the draft, concerning the world conference against racism and related intolerance, the Assembly would decide that the conference and the sessions of its preparatory committee should be open to participation by States members and specialized agencies, regional organizations and commissions, as well as to other organizations and bodies who would participate as observers. The Assembly would request the High Commissioner for Human Rights, among others, to undertake preparatory activities for the world conference, also requesting the preparatory committee to begin drafting a final document containing specific goals, objectives and timetables. The Assembly would welcome the offer by the Government of South Africa to host the conference in 2001, appealing to all Member States to contribute generously to the voluntary fund for the conference, and also calling for the holding of national and regional meetings and other initiatives raising awareness about the conference.

By Part Three of the draft, the Assembly would strongly reaffirm the proclamation of 2001 as the International Year of Mobilization against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, calling for observance of the Year, including through programmes of action. By Part Four of the draft, the Assembly would consider the item of elimination of racism and racial discrimination as a matter of high priority at its next (fifty-fifth) session.

In addition, as decided by the Committee at the proposal of the Chairman on 22 November, the Assembly would take note of the report of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination and refer it back to the Committee for further consideration.

Right of Self-determination

The Committee's report on the right of peoples to self-determination (document A/54/604) contains three drafts.

Draft I, on the right to self-determination itself, was approved by the Committee without a vote on 28 October. By its terms, the Assembly would, among other things, declare its firm opposition to acts of foreign military intervention, aggression and occupation, which had resulted in the suppression of the right of peoples to self-determination and other human rights in parts of the world. It would call on those States responsible to cease immediately their military intervention and occupation of foreign countries. The Assembly would deplore the plight of the millions of refugees and displaced persons uprooted as a result of acts of repression, discrimination, exploitation and maltreatment, and would reaffirm their right to return to their homes voluntarily in safety and honour. The Commission on Human Rights would be asked to continue giving special attention to the violation of human rights, especially the right to self- determination, resulting from foreign military intervention, aggression or occupation. Draft II, on the use of mercenaries as a means of violating rights and impeding self-determination, was approved by the Committee on 16 November by a recorded vote of 103 in favour to 16 against, with 32 abstentions. The Assembly would urge States to take the necessary steps against the menace posed by the activities of mercenaries. It would also urge States to take legislative measures to ensure that their territories and their nationals were not used for any activities related to mercenary actions.

Related to the draft on mercenaries, the Assembly has before it a Fifth Committee report (document A/54/672) stating that, if adopted, an additional $184,600 would be required over and above the Committee's proposed programme budget for the biennium 2000-2001, requiring additional appropriation as a charge against the contingency fund.

Draft III in the report, on the right of the Palestinian people to self- determination, was approved by the Committee on 4 November with a recorded vote of 119 in favour to 2 against (Israel and the United States), with two abstentions (Uganda and Uruguay). The text would have the Assembly would urge the international community to support and assist the Palestinian people in their quest for self-determination.

Human Rights Questions

The Committee's report on human rights questions (document A/54/605) contains a draft decision by which the Assembly would take note of reports by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and (on human rights and unilateral coercive measures) by the Secretary-General. Additions to the report contain 42 resolutions: three on implementing human rights instruments, all approved without a vote; 20 on alternative approaches to the enjoyment of human rights, 13 approved without a vote; and nine on human rights situations and reports, three approved without vote.

An addition to the report, on implementation of human rights instruments, (document A/54/605/Add.1) contains three draft resolutions, all approved without vote.

Draft resolution I, on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, was approved by the Committee on 10 November. By its terms, the Assembly would urge all States to become parties to the relevant Convention and would urge them to comply strictly with their obligations under it.

Approved on 9 November, draft resolution II on the international covenants on human rights would have the Assembly strongly appeal for States to become parties to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as well as to the optional protocols on the latter.

Draft resolution III on the international Convention on the rights of migrant workers and their families was approved on 11 November, and would have the Assembly express deep concern at the growing manifestations of racism, xenophobia and other forms of discrimination and inhuman or degrading treatment directed against migrant workers in parts of the world. It would call on States to sign and ratify the Convention.

The addition to the report on alternative approaches to the enjoyment of human rights, (document A/54/605/Add.2), contains 20 resolutions, 13 approved without vote.

A draft on eliminating all forms of religious intolerance was approved on 16 November without a vote. By its terms, the Assembly would urge States to ensure that their constitutional and legal systems provided effective guarantees for freedom of thought and belief, a fundamental human right derived from the inherent dignity of the human person. It would urge States to provide remedies for violations of the right, to ensure protection of the right within their jurisdiction, and also take measures to combat hatred, intolerance and other acts of coercion against freedom of religion or belief, and to ensure that officials did not discriminate against persons professing other beliefs.

Approved on 22 November without a vote, a draft on human rights and cultural diversity would have the Assembly call on the international community to advance the objectives of peace, development and universally accepted human rights, by recognizing and respecting cultural diversity.

A text approved without a vote on 17 November concerning the United Nations Decade for Human Rights Education, 1995-2004, and public information activities in the field of human rights, would have the Assembly urge governments to implement the Decade's Plan of Action by establishing broadly representative committees to develop national action plans. Governments would also be urged to support community-based organizations in implementing national plans.

By a draft on promoting the Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities approved without a vote on 17 November, the Assembly would urge States and the international community to promote and protect the rights of persons belonging to minorities, as set out in the Declaration. States would also be urged to take, as appropriate, all the necessary to promote and give effect to the Declaration.

Also approved on 17 November was a draft resolution on human rights in the administration of justice, by which the Assembly would stress the need for national capacity-building in the field of administering justice in post-conflict situations, through reform of the judiciary, the police and the penal systems. Also, it would call on the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, as well as mechanisms of the Commission on Human Rights and its subsidiary bodies, to give special attention to questions relating to the effective promotion of human rights in the administration of justice.

By a draft on the protection of migrants, approved without a vote on 18 November, would have the Assembly strongly condemn all forms of racial discrimination and xenophobia regarding access to employment, vocational training, housing, schooling, health services and social services, and to public services. The Assembly would call on States to review and revise immigration policies to eliminate discriminatory policies and practices against migrants and to provide specialized training for governmental policy-making and law enforcement officials.

Approved on 17 November without a vote, a draft resolution on protecting and assisting internally displaced persons would have the Assembly urge all relevant United Nations humanitarian assistance and development organizations to collaborate with the representative of the Secretary-General on displaced persons by developing frameworks of cooperation, especially through the inter-agency Standing Committee. By another draft, also approved on 17 November without a vote, the General Assembly would call on governments, specialized agencies and relevant intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to submit proposals and ideas to further the work of implementing the Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individual, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

A draft on human rights and terrorism approved by the Committee on 18 November by a recorded vote of 93 in favour to none against with 73 abstentions would have the Assembly condemn violations of the right to live free from fear, and of the right to life, liberty and security. It would urge cooperation in fighting terrorism at the regional and international levels and would urge States to take steps towards bringing to trial those involved in terrorist acts.

Approved on 19 November by a recorded vote of 100 in favour to one against (United States) with 59 abstentions, was a draft on globalization and its impact on the full enjoyment of all human rights. It would have the Assembly emphasize that narrowing the gap between rich and poor within and between countries should be an explicit global goal. It would underline the need to analyze the consequences of globalization and affirm the importance of establishing an open, accountable, development-oriented and non-discriminatory global system of economic relations. It would express concern that globalization held the promise of prosperity but had not touched the vast majority of the world's population, and would stress the need to manage and monitor globalization so as to enhance its positive impact and alleviate its negative consequences.

A draft on the situation of human rights in Cambodia was approved without a vote on 18 November. By its terms, the Assembly would express concern about the situation of impunity in Cambodia and would urge the Government to develop a democratic judicial system. It would call on the Government to investigate and prosecute those who had perpetrated violations of human rights, ensuring that those most responsible for serious human rights violations be brought to account. The Assembly would express grave concern at the devastating consequences of the use of anti-personnel landmines on Cambodian society and would welcome ratification of the Convention on landmines by Cambodia.

The Assembly would call for strengthening United Nations action for human rights by promoting international cooperation and by non-selectivity, impartiality and objectivity by a further draft approved without vote by the Committee on 18 November. The Assembly would call on States to base activities for protecting and promoting human rights on relevant United Nations instruments, and to refrain from activities inconsistent with that framework. It would stress the need for impartial and objective information on the political, economic and social situations and events in all countries.

A draft on respect for the principles of national sovereignty and non- interference in the internal affairs of States in their electoral processes was approved on 18 November by a recorded vote of 78 in favour to 57 against with 14 abstentions. By its terms, the Assembly would strongly appeal to all States to refrain from financing political parties or groups in other States and from taking any other action that undermines their electoral processes. Also, it would condemn any act of armed aggression or threat or use of force against peoples, their elected Governments or their legitimate leaders.

A draft resolution on respect for the right to universal freedom of travel and the vital importance of family reunification was approved on 18 November by a vote of 88 in favour with one against (United States) and 68 abstentions. By the text, the Assembly would call on States to guarantee that all foreign nationals legally residing in their territory enjoy the universally recognized freedom of travel. They would also be called on to refrain from enacting legislation intended as a coercive measure to discriminate against legal migrants.

Under the terms of a draft resolution on national institutions for promoting and protecting human rights, approved on 18 November without vote, the Assembly would urge the Secretary-General to give high priority to requests for assistance in establishing and strengthening national human rights institutions as part of the programme of advisory services and technical assistance in the field of human rights.

By terms of a draft approved without vote on 18 November, concerning human rights and mass exoduses, the Assembly would strongly deplore ethnic and other forms of intolerance as one of the major causes of forced migratory movements. It would urge States to take all necessary steps to ensure respect for human rights, especially the rights of persons belonging to minorities. The Secretary-General would be urged to allocate resources within the regular budget of the United Nations for emergency preparedness in the humanitarian area so that effective action is taken to identify human rights abuses which contribute to mass exoduses of persons.

A Draft resolution on human rights and unilateral coercive measures was approved on 18 November by a vote of 101 in favour to 47 against, with six abstentions. By the text, the General Assembly would urge the Commission on Human Rights to take fully into account the negative impact of unilateral coercive measures, including enactment of national laws and their extraterritorial application, in its work of implementing the right to development. The Assembly would call on States that had initiated such measures to commit themselves to obligations and responsibilities arising from international human rights instruments to which they were party by revoking such measures.

Approved on 19 November, by a vote of 141 in favour to none against with 12 abstentions, was a draft on strengthening the role of the United Nations in enhancing the effectiveness of the principle of periodic and genuine elections and promoting democracy. By terms of the draft, the Assembly would request the United Nations system, through the Electoral Assistance Division to ensure that assistance for free and fair elections be given to States who requested it and that provisions were made for reporting the results. The Secretary-General would be requested to support democratization activities by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) would be requested to continue its programmes of assistance for governance, in particular those for strengthening democratic institutions.

A draft resolution on enhancing international cooperation in the field of human rights was approved without vote on 22 November. The draft would have the Assembly call on the United Nations system and intergovernmental organizations to carry out inter-cultural dialogue as a salient part of the dialogue among civilizations and to continue consultations to enhance understanding and promote human rights and fundamental freedoms, encouraging non-governmental organizations to contribute. The draft is sponsored by South Africa and China, on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement. Approved on 22 November, by a vote of 98 in favour to 10 against (Canada, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Japan, Liechtenstein, Netherlands, Sweden and United States), with 32 abstentions, was a draft on the right to development which would have the Assembly express deep concern that the gap between the developed and developing countries remained unacceptably wide. It would urge States to eliminate obstacles to development at all levels by promoting and protecting all rights and by implementing comprehensive development programmes at the national level, integrating them into development activities, and promoting international cooperation. Recommending proper consideration of the humanitarian effects of sanctions, it would stress the need to give high priority to the right to development, urging all States to promote it as a vital element in a balanced human rights programme. Finally, it would urge States and the United Nations system to fully support the follow-up mechanism for implementing the right to development.

The addition to the report on human rights situations and reports of special rapporteurs and representatives(document A/54/605/Add.3) contains nine resolutions, three adopted without vote.

The question of human rights in Afghanistan was addressed in resolution I, approved by the Committee on 19 November without a vote. By that text, the Assembly would strongly condemn the mass killings and systematic human rights violations against civilians and prisoners of war in areas of Mazar-e-Sharif and Bamyan, noting with alarm the resumption by the Taliban of a wider conflict resulting in massive, forced displacement of civilians. The Assembly would reiterate its condemnation of attacks on United Nations personnel in Taliban-held territories and would note with deep concern the sharp deterioration of the humanitarian situation.

By the draft, the Assembly would urge States to respect the sovereignty and national unity of Afghanistan, to refrain from interfering in its internal affairs, and to end the supply of arms or military support to parties in the conflict. Further, it would urge Afghan parties to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms, cease hostilities, provide remedies to victims, treat detainees in accordance with international instruments, and fulfil obligations for the safety of humanitarian and diplomatic personnel. Finally, it would urge the Taliban to end human rights violations against women and girls, and to take other urgent measures to ensure their rights.

Draft resolution II, on the situation of human rights in Iran, was approved on 18 November by a vote of 60 in favour to 41 against with 53 abstentions. It would have the Assembly welcome progress in a number of important human rights areas in Iran, noting with interest the increased presence of women in public life. It would express concern that no invitations had been extended to the Special Representative since 1996 and also express concern at restrictions on freedoms of expression and discrimination against religious minorities, in particular, Baha'is. The Assembly would express serious concern at such reported violations as executions and torture. It would call on the Government to end the cruel punishments of amputations and stoning.

The human rights situation in Iraq was addressed in draft resolution III, approved by the Committee on 19 November by a recorded vote of 96 in favour to two against (Sudan and Libya) with 51 abstentions. By that text , the Assembly would strongly condemn the systematic and extremely grave violations of human rights in Iraq resulting in an all-pervasive repression sustained by widespread terror. It would also strongly condemn suppression of freedoms, summary executions and systematic torture. It would call on the Government to correct those violations and abide by human rights treaty obligations, including by bringing security forces into conformity with international standards, cooperating with United Nations mechanisms, establishing independence of the judiciary, respecting the rights of all ethnic and religious groups and by cooperating with the Tripartite Commission on missing persons. Finally, the Assembly would call for equitable distribution of humanitarian supplies purchased under the “oil-for-food” programme.

Draft resolution IV, on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, was approved on 22 November by a recorded vote of 80 in favour to 8 against (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cuba, Iran, Zimbabwe, Myanmar, China, Sudan and Chad) with 47 abstentions. It would have the Assembly welcome numerous improvements in the situation, including two visits this year by the Special Rapporteur; the activities of the Human Rights Field Office; the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement; the appointment by the Secretary-General of a Special Envoy for the peace process, the appointment of a Human Rights Minister by the Democratic Republic; and the Government's commitment to reintegrating child soldiers into society.

The Assembly would express concern at the adverse impact of continuing conflict and the preoccupying situation of human rights in the eastern part of the country, along with violations of rights throughout it, citing massacres, summary or arbitrary executions, and the trial of civilians with imposition of the death penalty by the Military Court.

Under the terms of the draft, the Assembly would urge parties to implement the Lusaka Agreement and to re-establish the authority of the Government, stressing the need for all Congolese to engage in all-inclusive political dialogue to achieve national reconciliation and democratic elections. Those same parties would be urged to protect human rights and respect humanitarian law, ensure the security and freedom of movement of United Nations and associated personnel, cease all military activity, prevent impunity and cooperate with the National Commission of Inquiry and others investigating alleged massacres of refugees. The Government would be called on to protect its people and promote the democratic process by complying with human rights obligations, upholding its commitment to restore the judicial system, ending impunity and cooperating with the International Criminal Tribunal.

On 19 November, the Committee approved, without a vote, draft resolution V on the situation of human rights in Myanmar. By its terms, the Assembly would urge the Government to cooperate with the Special Rapporteur and allow a field mission. The Assembly would deplore violations of human rights and would express grave concern at increased repression of public political activity, arbitrary detention of those exercising freedoms of expression and escalating persecution of the democratic opposition. The Assembly would strongly urge the Government to release detained political prisoners and take into account its own assurances to restore democracy in line with the 1990 elections.

Further, the Assembly would note with grave concern that the Government of Myanmar had failed to review its legislation. It would strongly urge the Government to cease the use of widespread forced labour and to implement recommendations by the Commission of Inquiry of the International Labour Organization (ILO) regarding the Forced Labour Convention of 1930. Finally, deploring violations of women's and minority rights, the Assembly would urge the Government to end enforced displacements and ensure respect for rights.

Approved on 18 November without vote, draft resolution VI on the situation of human rights in Haiti would have the Assembly draw attention to the Haitian National Police needing continued technical assistance to perform efficiently within a framework of respect for human rights. The Assembly would strongly support efforts to enable the people of Haiti to express their political will in forthcoming legislative and local elections, inviting all political leaders to involve themselves in constructive dialogue and inviting the Government to create an environment conducive to fair and free elections according to the schedule announced by the Provisional Electoral Council.

The Assembly would further call on the Government to continue structural reforms in the police and the judicial system, to investigate politically motivated crimes and to take vigorous action to eliminate human rights violations. Finally, the Assembly would reaffirm the importance of investigations by the National Commission for Truth and Justice with regard to combating impunity and realizing a genuine process of transition and national reconciliation.

Draft resolution VII, on the situation of human rights in the Sudan, was approved on 22 November by a recorded vote of 81 in favour to 28 against with 42 abstentions. It would have the Assembly express concern at the impact of armed conflict on human rights and on civilians, particularly women and children. It would urge parties to the conflict to respect and protect human rights and international humanitarian law; stop using weapons against civilians; grant access to international agencies and humanitarian organizations delivering humanitarian assistance; cooperate with peace efforts of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development; prohibit the use or recruitment of children; and allow for an independent investigation into the case of abducted Red Cross Sudanese. The Government would be called on to comply with obligations under international human rights instruments, to investigate the abduction of women and children in southern Sudan, and to stop the indiscriminate aerial bombardment of civilian and humanitarian targets.

The Committee approved draft resolution VIII on the situation of human rights in Kosovo, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on 22 November by a recorded vote of 101 in favour to three against (Russian Federation, India and Belarus) with 36 abstentions. By its terms, the Assembly would demand that the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) comply with requests regarding missing persons in Kosovo, stressing the responsibility of all parties to create a secure environment allowing return of refugees and displaced persons.

Also on 22 November, by a recorded vote of 112 in favour to two against (Belarus and Russian Federation), the Committee approved draft resolution IX on the situation of human rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). It would have the Assembly urge parties to the General Framework Agreement to cooperate fully with the International Tribunal.

By part I of the text on Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Assembly would acknowledge progress but would condemn in the strongest terms the complicity by local governments in perpetrating violence against minority refugees and internally displaced persons returning to their homes.

By part II, on the Republic of Croatia, the Assembly would note and welcome initiatives to improve the situation of human rights but would express deep concern at commitments to improve freedoms remained unfulfilled. Part III, on the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), would have the Assembly strongly condemn the presence of indicted war criminals in the hierarchy of the Government and demand they be handed over to the Tribunal. The Assembly would insist that the Government support activities of the international community and of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) to rebuild and facilitate a multi-ethnic society.

Draft resolution X on the situation of human rights in Rwanda, approved without a vote on 19 November, would have the Assembly express concern that most perpetrators of the genocide and other gross violations of human rights in that country continued to evade justice. It would also express concern that, despite an arms embargo, the militias and former members of the armed forces continued to receive military, financial and logistic support. It called on the international community to take urgent measures to enable disarmament of those groups in accordance with the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement.

Welcoming numerous steps the Government had taken to build a State based on the rule of law, and encouraging further such actions, the Assembly would reiterate concern at conditions in communal detention centres and prisons, urging the Government to ensure control and accountability of civil defence patrols in the north-west. Expressing concern for continuing violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, the Assembly would urge the Government, and invite the International Tribunal for Rwanda, to prosecute and punish crimes of sexual violence against women during the 1994 genocide. It would reiterate an appeal to the international community financial and technical assistance to Rwanda.

In a further addition to the report on human rights questions, on implementation and follow-up to the Vienna Declaration and programme of action (document A/54/605/Add.4), it is stated that no proposals were submitted and no action was taken regarding it.

The final addition to the report (document A/54/605/Add.5), deals with the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. It notes activities connected with that item, stating that no proposals were submitted nor any action taken with regard to it.

Report of Economic and Social Council

The report of the Third Committee on the Economic and Social Council's report (document A/54/606) contains two draft decisions, both adopted by the Third Committee without vote on 22 November. Draft decision I concerns the organization of work of the Third Committee and its biennial programme of work for 2000-2001. Draft decision II takes note of relevant chapters in the Economic and Social Council's report.

Action on Reports

When the Assembly met this morning, the Rapporteur of the Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural), Naif Bin Bandar Al-Sudairy (Saudi Arabia), introduced the Committee's 12 reports.

The Assembly then took up the Committee's report on social development (document A/54/595), containing five resolutions and a draft decision.

Draft resolution I (on policies and programmes for youth), Draft II (on implementing the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons: towards a society for all in the twenty-first century, was also adopted without a vote), and Draft III (on a United Nations literacy decade: education for all) were adopted without vote.

Also adopted without vote were draft resolutions IV, on cooperatives in social development, and V, on follow-up to the International Year of the Family.

Finally on social development, the draft decision taking note of the Secretary-General's report on implementing the World Programme of Action for Youth was adopted without vote.

The Assembly next took up the Committee's report on crime prevention and criminal justice (document A/54/596), containing seven resolutions. All were adopted without a vote: Resolution I on the Tenth United Nations Congress on crime prevention and the treatment of offenders; Resolution II on the Convention against transnational organized crime and its three protocols; Resolution III, on elaborating a protocol to the transnational organized crime Convention to address illicit firearms and consider another protocol on explosives; Resolution IV on action against corruption; Resolution V on the high-level political signing conference for the Convention; Resolution VI on the African Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, and Resolution VII on strengthening the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme, particularly its technical cooperation capacity.

The Assembly then adopted a draft decision taking note of the Secretary- General's report on eliminating violence against women.

The representative of Uganda said the resolution on the African Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders should have the words “United Nations” added before the word “African”. That correction had been made during the Committee’s meetings.

The single draft resolution on international cooperation against the world drug problem contained in the Committee's report on international drug control (document A/54/597) was adopted without a vote.

The Assembly then took up the report on the advancement of women (document A/54/598) containing eight draft resolutions. All were adopted without a vote: Resolution I on traditional or customary practices affecting the health of women and girls; Resolution II on the International Day for Eliminating Violence against Women; Resolution III on improving the situation of women in rural areas; Resolution IV on the United Nations Development Fund for Women was adopted without a vote; Resolution V concerning the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women; Resolution VI on violence against women migrant workers; Resolution VII, on improving the status of women in the Secretariat, and Resolution VIII, on revitalizing and strengthening the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW).

The representative of the Russian Federation made a technical correction on the resolution concerning strengthening of INSTRAW. Morocco became a sponsor to the resolution traditional or customary practices affecting the health of women.

The representative of Brazil said his country had been a cosponsor of the draft on the International Day for Eliminating Violence against women. Nigeria, Ecuador and Slovenia became co-sponsors of that text after the vote.

China and Cuba said they were co-sponsors of the draft on improving the situation of women in rural areas.

Argentina and El Salvador said they were co-sponsors of the draft on the United Nations Development Fund for Women.

The representative of the Philippines made technical corrections on the resolutions concerning the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and on protection of women migrant workers.

The representative of the United States said his country could not support the language in preambular paragraph three on the draft on “Implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons: towards a society for all in the twenty-first century”. He said the paragraph amounted to a reaffirmation by all of the States supporting the draft resolution, of obligations which they had not all in fact undertaken.

The representative of Suriname spoke on advancement of women.

The Assembly took up the report on implementing the outcome of the Fourth World Conference on Women (document A/54/599), adopting its two draft resolutions without a vote –- one on follow-up to the Conference and on implementing the Bejing Declaration and Platform for Action derived from it; on preparations for the special session of the General Assembly entitled, Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century.

The representative of Finland, speaking for the European Union, said further discussions were needed in the light of new developments concerning participation by non-governmental organizations in the follow-up process of the Fourth World Conference on Women. It was important that women’s organizations be treated on an equal basis with NGOs who were participating in other similar follow-up processes, she continued. She hoped for the attendance of NGO’s, in particular women’s organizations which played an indispensable force for gender equality.

The representative of Algeria said the issue of NGO accreditation had been dealt with in the Committee. It was unfortunate that the European Union had reopened the issue.

Next to be taken up were five resolutions in the Committee's report on the report of the United Nations High Commissioner Refugees and on questions related to displaced persons, including humanitarian issues (document A/54/600). All were adopted without a vote.

-- resolution I on enlarging the Executive Committee of the Programmed of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees,

-- resolution II on follow-up to the regional Conference addressing problems of those displaced in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries;

-- resolution III on assistance to unaccompanied refugee minors,

--resolution IV on the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees;

-- resolution V on assistance to the displaced in Africa.

Next, the two draft resolutions in the report on promoting and protecting children's rights (document A/54/601) were taken up. Both resolution I (on the girl child) and resolution II (on the rights of the child) were adopted without vote.

The Assembly then adopted the draft decision taking note of the Secretary- General’s report on the status of the Convention of the child.

The representative of Finland said the language in operative paragraphs one and seven in the draft on the rights of the child had been subject to extensive negotiations and thus should revert to the language used in the Committee’s text. He then made technical corrections in those two paragraphs.

Pakistan, Solomon Islands, Fiji and Zambia said they were additional co- sponsors of the draft on the girl child. Morocco, Ghana, Costa Rica, Gabon and El Salvador said they were additional co-sponsors to the resolution on the rights of the child.

The Assembly then took up the report on the programme of activities of the International Decade of the World's Indigenous People (document A/54/602), containing a resolution on the International Decade of the World's Indigenous People (1994-2004). It was adopted without vote.

The Committee's report on eliminating racism, racial discrimination and other forms of intolerance (document A/54/603) was next taken up, for consideration of its two resolutions and one decision. All were adopted without a vote: Draft I on measures to combat contemporary forms of racism and related intolerance; Draft II on the Third Decade to combat racism and related intolerance, another draft decision, taking note of the report of the Committee on Elimination of Racism and referring it back to the Committee for further consideration.

Next, the report on the right of peoples to self-determination (document A/54/604) was taken up, containing three draft resolutions. The Assembly President, Theo-Ben Gurirab (Namibia) said draft resolution II in that report contained programme budget implications contained in a report of the Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary) (document A/54/672).

Resolution I, on the universal realization of the right of peoples to self- determination, was adopted without a vote.

Resolution II, on the use of mercenaries to violate human rights and impede the right to self-determination was adopted by a recorded vote of 110 in favour to 116 against with 35 abstentions. (For details of the vote, see Annex I.)

Resolution III on the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination was adopted by a recorded vote of 156 in favour to two against (United States and Israel) with one abstention (Georgia). (See Annex II.)

Finally, the Assembly took up the Committee's report on human rights questions (document A/54/605). It first adopted a decision taking note of two reports, that of the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights and that of the Secretary-General on human rights and unilateral coercive measures.

It then began considering the three draft resolutions on implementing human rights instruments.

Without a vote, the Assembly adopted resolution I on torture and other cruel punishments, resolution II on international human rights covenants, and resolution III on the Convention to protect migrants and their families.

The representative of the United States, in explanation of position on the draft on International Covenants of Human Rights, said he took exception to the language in operative paragraph six which suggested that there were broad rules proscribing the ability of States, under international law, to enter reservations to treaties beyond the provision that a reservation may not be incompatible with the object and purpose of the relevant treaty. With regard to the draft on the migrants, he said his country could not lend support to a resolution with so little support from sponsors.

After the vote, Mexico, in response to the statement by the United States, said the convention on migrants deserved support.

Next, the Assembly took up the 20 resolutions on alternative approaches to the enjoyment of human rights.

The representative of Thailand said his Government regretted that the right to development had become highly politicized during the current General Assembly. The selective interpretation went contrary to the principles enshrined in the 1978 Declaration on the Right to Development which clearly stipulated that the right to development encompassed all human rights. His Government believed that advancement of the right to development was contingent on the common understanding and consensus on the true spirit and the real objective of the Declaration on the Right to Development. His Government would vote in favour of the draft. “We deserve our right to express our views in future work and subsequent discussion on the right to development”, he said.

The representative of Japan made technical corrections on the draft regarding national human rights instruments.

The Assembly adopted without a vote draft I on elimination of religious intolerance, draft II on human rights and cultural diversity; draft III on the United Nations Decade for Human Rights Education (1995-2004), and public information activities for human rights; draft IV on the promoting of the Declaration on rights of persons belonging to minorities, and draft V on human rights in the administration of justice.

The Assembly then took up draft VI on protection of migrants. It adopted the tenth preambular paragraph by a recorded vote of 134 in favour to one against (United States), with 14 abstentions. (See Annex III.) It adopted the draft as a whole without a vote.

Then without a vote, the Assembly adopted draft VII, on protection and assistance to internally displaced persons, as well as draft VIII on the Declaration on the right and responsibility to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms.

The Assembly adopted draft IX on human rights and terrorism, by a recorded vote of 106 in favor to none against, with 58 abstentions. (See Annex IV.)

Draft X, on globalization and its impact on human rights, was adopted by a recorded vote of 99 in favor to two against (United States and Togo), with 64 abstentions. (See Annex V.)

Draft XI on the situation of human rights in Cambodia was adopted without a vote, as was draft XII on strengthening United Nations for actions in human rights by promoting cooperation and non-selectivity, impartiality and objectivity.

By a recorded vote of 91 in favor to 59 against with ten abstentions (Belarus, Brazil, Costa Rica, Solomon Islands, Guatemala, Malawi, Nicaragua, Panama, Senegal and Tajikistan), the Assembly adopted resolution XIII on respect for national sovereignty and non-interference in internal affairs of States. (See Annex VI.)

By a recorded vote of 95 in favour to one against (United States) with 66 abstentions, the Assembly adopted resolution XIV on respect for the universal freedom of travel and family reunification. (See Annex VII.)

Without votes, draft resolution XV on national institutions for human rights and resolution XVI on human rights and mass exoduses were adopted.

Taking up draft XVII on human rights and unilateral coercive measures, the Assembly adopted it by a recorded vote of 109 in favour to 48 against with seven abstentions (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Nicaragua, Republic of Korea, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. (See Annex VIII.)

Draft XVIII on strengthening the role of the United Nations in enhancing elections and promoting democracy was taken up. Operative paragraph eight was retained by a recorded vote of 136 in favour to none against with 21 abstentions. (See Annex IX.) The draft as a whole was adopted by a recorded vote of 153 in favour to none against, with eleven abstentions. (See Annex X.)

Draft XIX on enhancing international cooperation for human rights was adopted without a vote.

Draft XX on the right to development was then taken up. The preambular paragraph on the negative impact of sanctions was retained by a recorded vote of 113 in favor to 44 against, with one abstention (Croatia). (See Annex XI.) The 13th preambular paragraph was retained by a recorded vote of 111 in favor to 44 against, with one abstentions (Croatia). (See Annex XII.)

Further, operative paragraph 3c on national sovereignty was retained by a recorded vote of 113 in favour to 42 against with three abstentions (Croatia, Cyprus and Bosnia and Herzegovina). (See Annex XIII.) Operative paragraph 3e on broadened participation of developing countries in global economic decision-making was retained by a recorded vote of 121 in favour to 39 against, with no abstentions. (See Annex XIV.) Operative paragraph 13 on humanitarian effects of sanctions was retained by a recorded vote of 114 in favour to 43 against with one abstention (Afghanistan). (See Annex XV.) In addition, operative paragraph 21 on a Convention concerning the right to development was retained by a recorded vote of 112 in favour to 43 against with two abstentions (Russian Federation and Ukraine). (See Annex XVI.) Operative paragraph 22 on reporting by the independent expert was retained by a recorded vote of 115 in favour to 42 against, with no abstentions. (See Annex XVII.) The draft as a whole was adopted by a recorded vote of 119 in favor to ten against (Liechtenstein, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Iceland, Japan, Canada, United States, Netherlands and Hungary) with 38 abstentions. (See Annex XVIII.)

After the vote, the representative of Chile said his Government joined in the consensus on the draft on “human rights and cultural diversity”. Cultural diversity did not correspond in the sphere of human rights. The dignity of all human rights needed to be respected. To reopen a connection between human rights and cultural diversity could mean a step back in the universality and validity of those rights.

The representative of Finland, also speaking for the European Union and associated countries, said he was unable to support the consensus on the resolution on the right to development. “We regret that the sponsors decided to include a number of new elements which are not directly part of the subject matter under consideration”, he said. His Government was also concerned about the new reporting obligations established by the resolution. Implementation of the right to development deserved active support from the international community.

On the draft on human rights and cultural diversity, his Government opposed the reference in the draft to cultural diversity at the international level. Only in democratic societies that respected the cultures of its members could there be cultural diversity.

The representative of Qatar said that country would be a co-sponsor of the draft on cultural diversity.

The representative of Morocco said that his country would be a co-sponsor of the resolution on protecting human rights.

The representative of Togo said his country’s vote should have been shown as in favour of the draft on globalization.

The representative of Fiji said that country would be a sponsor of the draft on globalization.

The representative of the Russian Federation made technical corrections. Also, the report indicated his country had voted against the resolution on coercive measures. In fact, he had voted for that resolution.

The Assembly then turned to the ten draft resolutions on human rights situations and reports.

Speaking before the vote, the representative of Thailand made comments on the draft on human rights in Iran. Elections in that country had been held and women were more freely participating in all aspects of society. His Government recognized the positive efforts made by the Government of Iran.

The representative of the Democratic Republic of the Congo said the draft on his country was an unacceptable violation of the rights of the Congolese population. The European Union had neglected to mention the efforts made by his Government in spite of the on-going unjust war. The draft lacked objectivity and balance. In order not to hamper efforts already made in his country, draft resolutions such as that one should not be supported. A moratorium on capital punishment had been declared in his country. Also, child soldiers had been reintegrated into society. The draft was not concerned with the human rights in his country, but had politicized goals. He hoped that delegations would vote against the draft.

The Assembly adopted draft I, on the question of human rights in Afghanistan, without a vote.

By a recorded vote of 61 in favour to 47 against, with 51 abstentions, it adopted draft II, on the human rights situation in Iran. (See Annex XIX.)

The Assembly then took up draft III, on the human rights situation in Iraq. By a recorded vote of 94 in favour to none against with 56 abstentions, it adopted operative paragraphs 2a (condemning human rights violations), 3g (calling on Iraq to respect minorities), 3i (on cooperation with international agencies) and 3j (on implementing Security Council resolutions). (See Annex XX.)

It adopted the draft as a whole by a recorded vote of 100 in favour to three against (Libya, Iran and Sudan) with 53 abstentions. (See Annex XXI.)

Draft IV, on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, was adopted it by a recorded vote of 91 in favour to 10 against (Burkina Faso, Chad, Chile, China, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iran, Myanmar, Sudan and Zimbabwe) with 54 abstentions. (See Annex XXII.)

Without votes, the Assembly adopted draft V on the situation of human rights in Myanmar and draft VI on the situation of human rights in Haiti.

Next, the Assembly took up draft VII on the situation of human rights in the Sudan, adopting it by a recorded vote of 89 in favour to 30 against, with 39 abstentions. (See Annex XXIII.)

Draft VIII, on the situation of human rights in Kosovo, was adopted by a recorded vote of 108 in favour to four against (Belarus, Iran, India and Russian Federation) with 45 abstentions. (See Annex XXIV.)

Draft IX was taken up, on the situation of human rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro).

Section III (on the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) was adopted by a recorded vote of 120 in favour to three against (Belarus, China and Russian Federation), with 31 abstentions. (See Annex XXV.) Sections I (on Bosnia and Herzegovina) and II (on the Republic of Croatia) were adopted by a recorded vote of 119 in favour to none against, with 34 abstentions. (See Annex XXVI.)

The draft as a whole was adopted by a recorded vote of 123 in favour to two against (Belarus and Russian Federation), with 34 abstentions. (See Annex XXVII).

Draft X, on the situation of human rights in Rwanda, was adopted without a vote. After the voting, the representative of China spoke on the draft on human rights in Kosovo. He said countries should not interfere in the internal affairs of others. Kosovo was part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. For that reason, his country abstained in the vote.

The representative of Syria said he abstained in voting on the resolution on human rights in Iraq. The resolution attempted to divide that country. He rejected any attempt to make an assault in the territory of Iraq. He condemned what was happening in the north of that country.

The representative of Bolivia said her Government had abstained in voting on the resolution on the situation of human rights in Iraq during the Committee’s session. However, following Government instructions, she had now voted in favour of that draft.

The representative of Albania said the situation of human rights in Kosovo had been brutal. Ethnic Albanians were not treated well in Kosovo. There had been a terrible campaign of ethnic cleansing. Houses and business of ethnic Albanians had been burned. Albania alone had received 500,000 people from Kosovo. Kosovo was finally enjoying its freedom. His country had not been able to co- sponsor the draft, as it had in previous years, because the text did not refer to the will of the people of Kosovo at all.

The representative of India said the draft on the situation of human rights in Kosovo referred to Kosovo as an indeterminate territory and not as a part of the former Republic of Yugoslavia. The resolution reflected the use of human rights for political reasons.

The representative of Jordan said human rights belonged to everyone, regardless of religions or cultures. The issue of human rights in all countries of the world was essential. International surveillance could have an effect on State sovereignty. The promotion of norms resided in all States and individuals.

The representatives of Finland (on behalf of the European Union and Associates States) and of the Russian Federation, made technical corrections to drafts.

Next, without a vote, the Assembly took note of the Committee's report on human rights questions: on the implementation and follow-up to the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, and on the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Finally, also without vote, the Assembly adopted two decisions contained in the report of the Economic and Social Council. By decision I, it adopted the Committee's organization of work and its biennial programme of work for 2000-2001. By decision II, it took note of chapters I, III, IV, V, VII and IX in the Economic and Social Council's report, which related to the Committee's work.

(annexes follow)

ANNEX I

Vote on Use of Mercenaries as Violation of Human Rights

The draft resolution on the use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self- determination (draft resolution II in document A/54/604) was adopted by a recorded vote of 110 in favour to 16 against, with 35 absentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

Absent: Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Guatemala, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, South Africa, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Uganda.

(END OF ANNEX I)

ANNEX II

Vote on right of Palestinian people to self-determination

The draft resolution on the right of the Palestinian people to self- determination (Draft resolution III in document A/54/604) was adopted by a recorded vote of 156 in favour to 2 against, with 1 abstention, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Israel, United States.

Abstain: Georgia.

Absent: Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Gambia, Guatemala, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Nicaragua, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tonga, Turkmenistan.

(END OF ANNEX II)

ANNEX III

Vote on Preambular Paragraph in Draft on Protection of Migrants

The tenth preambular paragraph of the draft resolution on the protection of migrants (draft resolution VI in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 134 in favour to 1 against, with 14 abstentions:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: United States.

Abstain: Azerbaijan, China, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Georgia, Indonesia, Jamaica, Kenya, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Singapore.

Absent: Bahrain, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, India, Iran, Kiribati, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Nauru, Oman, Palau, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Syria, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan.

(END OF ANNEX III)

ANNEX IV

Vote on Human Rights and Terrorism

The draft resolution on human rights and terrorism (draft resolution IX in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 106 in favour to none against, with 58 abstentions, as follows:

In Favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Libya, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Benin, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Canada, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Romania, Samoa, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Syria, Togo, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela.

Absent: Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Guinea, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tonga.

(END OF ANNEX IV)

ANNEX V

Vote on Impact of Globalization on Human Rights

The draft resolution on globalization and its impact on the full enjoyment of human rights (Draft resolution X in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 99 in favour to 2 against, with 64 absentions:

In Favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, China, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Togo, United States.

Abstain: Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Mozambique, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Yemen.

Absent: Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mali, Nauru, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tonga, Uganda.

(END ON ANNEX V)

ANNEX VI

Vote on Respect for Principles of National Sovereignty

The draft resolution on the respect for the principles of national sovereignty and non-interference in the affairs of States in their electoral process (draft resolution XIII in document A/54/605/Add. 2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 91 in favour to 59 against, with 10 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Lucia, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Samoa, San Marino, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Belarus, Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Malawi, Nicaragua, Panama, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Tajikistan.

Absent: Azerbaijan, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Togo, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan.

(END OF ANNEX VI)

ANNEX VII

Vote on right to universal freedom of travel

The draft resolution on respect for the right to universal freedom of travel and the vital importance of family unification (Draft resolution XIV in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 95 in favour to 1 against, with 66 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Lucia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zimbabwe.

Against: United States.

Abstain: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Samoa, San Marino, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Zambia.

Absent: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Guatemala, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Uganda.

(END OF ANNEX VII)

ANNEX VIII

Vote on Human Rights and Unilateral Coercive Measures

The draft resolution on human rights and unilateral coercive measures (draft resolution XVII in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 109 in favour to 48 against, with 7 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Nicaragua, Republic of Korea, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

Absent: Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Maldives, Nauru, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tonga, Turkmenistan.

(END OF ANNEX VIII)

ANNEX IX

Vote on Operative Paragraph on Role of United Nations in Elections

Operative paragraph 8 of the draft resolution on strengthening the role of the United Nations in enhancing the effectiveness of the pinciple of periodic and genuine elections and the promotion of democratization (draft resolution XVIII in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 136 in favour to none against, with 21 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea- Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Algeria, Bahrain, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Cuba, Egypt, Jamaica, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Myanmar, Pakistan, Qatar, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, Viet Nam, Yemen.

Absent: Azerbaijan, Comoros, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Guatemala, Iran, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Oman, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Tonga, Turkmenistan.

(END OF ANNEX IX)

ANNEX X

Vote on Strengthening Role of United Nations in Elections

The draft resolution on strengthening the role of the United Nations in enhancing the effectiveness of the principle of periodic and genuine elections and the promotion of democratization (draft resolution XVIII in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 153 in favour to none against, with 11 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Libya, Myanmar, Sudan, Syria, Viet Nam.

Absent: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Tonga.

(END OF ANNEX X)

ANNEX XI

Vote on Eighth Preambular Paragraph of Draft on Right to Development

The draft resolution on the right to development (draft resolution XX in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 113 in favour to 44 against, with 1 abstention, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea- Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Croatia.

Absent: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Chile, Equatorial Guinea, Federated States of Micronesia, Gambia, Haiti, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tonga, Turkey, Uzbekistan.

(END OF ANNEX XI)

ANNEX XII

Vote on 13th preambular paragraph of draft on right to development

The thirteenth preambular paragraph of the draft resolution on the right to development (draft resolution XX in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 111 in favour to 44 against, with 1 abstention, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Croatia.

Absent: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Chile, Costa Rica, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Jordan, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tajikistan, Tonga, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

(END OF ANNEX XXII)

ANNEX XIII

Vote on operative paragraph 3(c) of the draft on the right to development

Operative paragraph 3(c) of the draft resolution on the right to development (draft resolution XX in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 113 in favour to 42 against, with 3 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus.

Absent: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Chile, Equatorial Guinea, Federated States of Micronesia, Gambia, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, South Africa, Tajikistan, Tonga, Turkey, Uzbekistan.

(END OF ANNEX XIII)

ANNEX XIV

Vote on Operative Paragraph 3(e) of Draft on Right to Development

Operative paragraph 3(e) of the draft resolution on the right development (draft resolution XX in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 121 in favour to 39 against, with no abstention, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom.

Abstain: None.

Absent: Albania, Armenia, Equatorial Guinea, Federated States of Micronesia, Gambia, Guatemala, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, South Africa, Tajikistan, Tonga, Uzbekistan.

(END OF ANNEX XIV)

ANNEX XV

Vote on operative paragraph 13 of draft on right to development

Operative paragraph 13 of the draft resolution on the right to development (Draft resolution XX in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 114 in favour to 43 against, with 1 abstention.

In favour: Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Afghanistan.

Absent: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chile, Equatorial Guinea, Federated States of Micronesia, Gambia, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, South Africa, Tajikistan, Tonga, Uzbekistan.

(END OF ANNEX XV)

ANNEX XVI

Vote on Operative Paragraph 21 of Draft on Right to Development

Operative paragraph 21 of the draft resolution on the right to development (Draft resolution XX in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 112 in favour to 43 against, with 2 abstentions:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Russian Federation, Ukraine.

Absent: Albania, Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Equatorial Guinea, Federated States of Micronesia, Gambia, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, South Africa, Tajikistan, Tonga, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

(END OF ANNEX XVI)

ANNEX XVII

Vote on Operative Paragraph 22 of draft on right to development.

Operative paragraph 22 of the draft resolution on the right to development (draft resolution XX in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 115 in favour to 42 against, with 20 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: None.

Absent: Albania, Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chile, Equatorial Guinea, Federated States of Micronesia, Gambia, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, South Africa, Tajikistan, Tonga, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

(END OF ANNEX XVII)

ANNEX XVIII

Vote on the Right to Development

The draft resolution on the right to development (Draft resolution XX in document A/54/605/Add.2) was adopted by a recorded vote of 119 in favour to 10 against, with 38 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Canada, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Japan, Liechtenstein, Netherlands, Sweden, United States.

Abstain: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, , Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan.

Absent: Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tonga.

(END OF ANNEX XVIII)

ANNEX XIX

Vote on Human Rights Situation in Iran

The draft resolution on the human rights situation in Iran (Draft resolution II in document A/54/605/Add.3) was adopted by a recorded vote of 61 in favour to 47 against, with 51 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Andorra, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Samoa, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sweden, Trinidad and Tobago, United Kingdom, United States.

Against: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Maldives, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Viet Nam.

Abstain: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Benin, Botswana, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Congo, Cyprus, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Jamaica, Kenya, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Suriname, Swaziland, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Absent: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Seychelles, Tonga, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Yemen.

(END OF ANNEX XIX)

ANNEX XX

Vote on Operative Paragraphs in Draft on Human Rights in Iraq

Operative paragraphs 2(a), 3(g), 3(i) and 3(j) in the draft resolution on the human rights situation in Iraq (draft resolution III in document A/54/605/Add.3) were adopted by a recorded vote of 94 in favour to none against, with 56 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, China, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Viet Nam.

Absent: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Guinea, Honduras, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Oman, Palau, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Seychelles, Syria, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Yemen.

(END OF ANNEX XX)

ANNEX XXI

Vote on Human Rights Situation in Iraq

The draft resolution on the human rights situation in Iraq (draft resolution III of document A/54/605/Add.3) was adopted by a recorded vote of 100 in favour to 3 against, with 53 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Iran, Libya, Sudan.

Abstain: Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, China, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Saint Lucia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Viet Nam.

Absent: Azerbaijan, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Honduras, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Oman, Palau, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Seychelles, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Yemen.

(END OF ANNEX XXI)

ANNEX XXII

Vote on Human Rights Situation in Democratic Republic of the Congo

The draft resolution on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (draft resolution IV in document A/54/605/Add.3) was adopted by a recorded vote of 91 in favour to 10 against, with 54 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Tajikistan, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela.

Against: Angola, Burkina Faso, Chad, China, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iran, Myanmar, Sudan, Zimbabwe.

Abstain: Afghanistan, Algeria, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia.

Absent: Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Honduras, Kiribati, Lebanon, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Oman, Palau, Qatar, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Seychelles, Syria, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Viet Nam, Yemen.

(END OF ANNEX XXII)

ANNEX XXIII

Vote on Human Rights Situation in Sudan

The draft resolution on the situation of human rights in the Sudan (draft resolution VII of document A/54/605/Add.3) was adopted by a recorded vote of 89 in favour to 30 against, with 39 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Samoa, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zimbabwe.

Against: Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Chad, China, Comoros, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Viet Nam.

Abstain: Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mozambique, Nepal, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Saint Lucia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Zambia.

Absent: Azerbaijan, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Honduras, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Seychelles, Tonga, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yemen.

(END OF ANNEX XXIII)

ANNEX XXIV

Vote on situation of human rights in Kosovo

The draft resolution on the situation of human rights in Kosovo (Draft resolution VIII in document A/54/605/Add.3) was adopted by a recorded vote of 108 in favour to 4 against, with 45 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Belarus, India, Iran, Russian Federation.

Abstain: Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, China, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Grenada, Guinea, Jamaica, Kenya, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Libya, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Panama, Peru, Saint Lucia, Singapore, Suriname, Swaziland, Tajikistan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Viet Nam.

Absent: Armenia, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Kiribati, Lebanon, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Seychelles, Syria, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Yemen.

(END OF ANNEX XXIV)

ANNEX XXV

Vote on Human Rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Section III of the draft resolution on the situation of human rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) (draft resolution IX in document A/54/605/Add.3) was adopted by a recorded vote of 120 in favour to 3 against, with 31 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Belarus, China, Russian Federation.

Abstain: Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, India, Kenya, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Libya, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Saint Lucia, Singapore, South Africa, Suriname, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania.

Absent: Armenia, Comoros, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Seychelles, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, Yemen.

(END OF ANNEX XXV)

* Note: Sections I and II relate, respectively, to the situations in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the Republic of Croatia.

ANNEX XXVI

Vote on human rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia*

Sections I and II of the draft resolution on the situation of human rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) (draft resolution IX in document A/54/605/Add.3) was adopted by a recorded vote of 119 in favour to none against, with 34 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Angola, Belarus, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, China, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, India, Kenya, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Papua New Guinea, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Singapore, South Africa, Suriname, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania.

Absent: Armenia, Belize, Comoros, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Seychelles, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, Yemen.

(END OF ANNEX XXVI)

* Note: Sections I and II relate, respectively, to the situations in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the Republic of Croatia.

ANNEX XXVII

Vote on Situation of Human Rights on Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

The draft resolution on the situation of human rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (draft resolution IX of document A/54/605/Add.3) was adopted, as a whole, by a recorded vote of 123 in favour to 2 against, with 34 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Belarus, Russian Federation.

Abstain: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, China, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, India, Kenya, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Mali, Mexico, Myanmar, Namibia, Saint Lucia, Singapore, Suriname, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania.

Absent: Armenia, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Honduras, Israel, Kiribati, Lesotho, Madagascar, Nauru, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Seychelles, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Viet Nam, Yemen.

* *** *

For information media. Not an official record.