GENERAL ASSEMBLY DEPLORES SOUTH ASIA NUCLEAR TESTS, AS IT ACTS ON RECOMMENDATIONS OF FIRST COMMITTEE

4 December 1998
GA/9526

GENERAL ASSEMBLY DEPLORES SOUTH ASIA NUCLEAR TESTS, AS IT ACTS ON RECOMMENDATIONS OF FIRST COMMITTEE

4 December 1998


Press Release
GA/9526


GENERAL ASSEMBLY DEPLORES SOUTH ASIA NUCLEAR TESTS, AS IT ACTS ON RECOMMENDATIONS OF FIRST COMMITTEE

19981204 Adopts 48 Resolutions, 1 Decision, On Wide Range of Disarmament, International Security Issues

The General Assembly this morning expressed grave concern over and strongly deplored recent nuclear tests in South Asia, by the terms of one of 48 resolutions and one decision adopted on the recommendation of its First Committee (Disarmament and International Security).

The Assembly noted that the countries concerned had declared moratoriums on further testing and had expressed their willingness to enter into legal commitments not to conduct any further nuclear tests. It reiterated the need for such legal commitments to be expressed in legal form, by signing and ratifying the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 118 in favour to 9 against (Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, India, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Zimbabwe), with 33 abstentions. (For details of the vote see Annex IX.)

In related action, the Assembly decided to include an item on the CTBT in the provisional agenda of its next session. That decision was adopted by a recorded vote of 164 in favour to none against, with 6 abstentions (Bhutan, India, Lebanon, Mauritius, Syria, United Republic of Tanzania) (Annex XXXVIII).

Convinced that nuclear disarmament and the complete elimination of nuclear weapons was essential to removing the danger of nuclear war, the Assembly called for a review of nuclear doctrines and, in that context, for immediate and urgent steps to reduce the risks of unintentional and accidental use of nuclear weapons. The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 108 in favour to 45 against, with 17 abstentions (Annex VIII).

Prior to acting on that resolution, the Assembly took a separate recorded vote on operative paragraph 3, concerning the call on Member States to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and to promote nuclear disarmament. It adopted that paragraph by a vote of 99 in favour to none against, with 68 abstentions (Annex VII).

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The Assembly called upon the nuclear-weapon States to demonstrate an unequivocal commitment to the speedy and total elimination of their nuclear weapons, according to a resolution entitled, "Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world: the need for a new agenda". It was adopted by a recorded vote of 114 in favour to 18 against, with 38 abstentions (Annex XXXII).

Prior to adoption of the text, two separate recorded votes were taken on its operative portion. By the first, on operative paragraph 8, the Assembly called upon States to adhere, unconditionally and without delay, to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). That paragraph was adopted by a recorded vote of 160 in favour to 3 against (India, Israel, Pakistan), with 2 abstentions (Bhutan, Cuba) (Annex XXX).

A second vote was taken on operative paragraph 17, by which the Assembly called for legally binding security assurances to non-nuclear-weapon States party to the NPT against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons. It was adopted by a recorded vote of 156 in favour to 1 against (United States), with 5 abstentions (Cuba, India, Israel, Pakistan, Republic of Korea) (Annex XXXI).

In another call upon nuclear-weapon States, the Assembly urged them to stop immediately the qualitative improvement of nuclear warheads and their delivery systems and, as interim measures, to immediately de-alert and deactivate their nuclear weapons. The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 110 in favour to 41 against, with 18 abstentions (Annex XXIX).

The Assembly also called upon all States to redouble their efforts to prevent proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons, confirming and strengthening their policies not to export equipment, materials or technology that could contribute to those weapons, under a resolution on nuclear disarmament and the ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons. The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 160 in favour to none against, with 11 abstentions (Annex XXIII).

Prior to its adoption, separate votes were taken on preambular paragraph 2 and operative paragraph 1. The second preambular paragraph, by which the Assembly bore in mind recent nuclear tests that challenged the international non-proliferation regime, was adopted by a recorded vote of 159 in favour to 1 against (India), with 3 abstentions (Bhutan, Israel, Pakistan) (Annex XXI).

The first operative paragraph of the text, by which the Assembly reaffirmed the importance of achieving universality of the NPT, was adopted by a recorded vote of 166 in favour to 3 against (Algeria, India, Pakistan), with 2 abstentions (Bhutan, Cuba) (Annex XXII).

The Russian Federation and the United States were urged to reduce their nuclear weapons on the basis of existing agreements in order to contribute to the ultimate goal of eliminating those weapons, according to a text adopted by

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a recorded vote of 166 in favour to none against, with 8 abstentions (Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, India, Iran, Lebanon, Pakistan, Syria, United Republic of Tanzania) (Annex XXXIII).

According to a resolution on the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice regarding the legality of nuclear weapons, the Assembly underlined, once again, the Court's unanimous conclusion that there existed an obligation to pursue in good faith and conclude negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament under strict and effective international control. The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 123 in favour to 25 against, with 25 abstentions (Annex XXVIII).

Prior to approval of that resolution, a separate recorded vote was taken on operative paragraph 1, which underlined once again the unanimous conclusion of the international Court of Justice that there exists an obligation to conclude nuclear disarmament negotiations. That paragraph was adopted by a vote of 159 in favour to 4 against (France, Monaco, Russian Federation, United States), with 8 abstentions (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Gabon, Israel, Marshall Islands, Turkey, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan) (Annex XXVII).

Under the terms of another nuclear-related text, the Assembly reiterated its request to the Conference on Disarmament to commence negotiations on an international convention prohibiting the use of nuclear weapons under any circumstances. It was adopted by a recorded vote of 111 in favour to 39 against, with 22 abstentions (Annex XXXV).

Before adopting the text as a whole, the Assembly adopted preambular paragraph 8 by a vote of 103 in favour to 39 against, with 21 abstentions. By its terms, the Assembly stressed that an international convention banning the use of nuclear weapons was an important step in a phased programme towards the complete elimination of nuclear weapons, within a specified time framework (Annex XXXIV).

Also concerning nuclear weapons, the Assembly appealed to all States, especially the nuclear-weapon States, to work actively towards a legally binding international instrument on security assurances to non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 117 in favour to none against, with 52 abstentions (Annex III).

By one of four resolutions on nuclear-weapon-free zones, the Assembly called upon States parties and signatories to all existing nuclear-weapon-free zone treaties to pursue the common goals those envisaged and to promote the nuclear-weapon-free status of the southern hemisphere and adjacent areas. The text was adopted by a vote of 154 in favour to 3 against (France, United Kingdom, United States), with 10 abstentions (Annex XVII).

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Prior to adopting the text, the Assembly held two separate votes. By the first, it voted to retain the words "and South Asia" in operative paragraph 3, by 141 in favour to 2 against (Bhutan, India), with 20 abstentions (Annex XV).

By a recorded vote of 146 in favour to 2 against (Bhutan, India), with 15 abstentions, the Assembly also retained operative paragraph 3 as a whole, which calls upon States to consider all relevant proposals for the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones, including in the Middle East and South Asia (Annex XVI).

Acting without a vote on the issue of nuclear-weapon-free zones, the Assembly: urged all parties directly concerned with the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East to consider seriously taking the practical and urgent steps required to establish such a zone; called upon all countries to support the initiative for a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia; and urged the countries of the Latin American and Caribbean region that had not yet done so to ratify the 1967 Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty for Tlatelolco).

Also without a vote, the Assembly invited Member States, including the five nuclear-weapon States, to cooperate with Mongolia in consolidating and strengthening its independence, sovereignty, economic security and nuclear- weapon-free status.

By the terms of another nuclear-related text, the Assembly, noting that Israel remained the only State in the Middle East not party to the NPT, called upon that State to accede to the Treaty without further delay and not develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons. The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 158 in favour to 2 against (Israel, United States), with 11 abstentions (Annex XXXVII).

Prior to its adoption, the Assembly took a separate recorded vote on the sixth preambular paragraph, which recalls the decision of the 1995 Conference of the Parties to the NPT to call upon all States not yet party to the Treaty to accede to it at the earliest date, particularly those States that operated unsafeguarded nuclear facilities. The paragraph was adopted by a vote of 162 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 2 abstentions (Cuba, Pakistan) (Annex XXXVI).

By a recorded vote of 168 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions (Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Marshall Islands, Republic of Korea, United States), the Assembly renewed its call to all States to strictly observe the principles and objectives of the 1925 Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gasses, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, and called upon those States which continue to maintain reservations to that Protocol to withdraw those reservations (Annex XII).

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Acting without a vote, the Assembly: called upon all signatory States that had not yet ratified or signed the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (Biological Weapons Convention) to do so without delay; and urged all States parties to meet their obligations under the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention) in a full and timely manner.

By a recorded vote of 165 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Marshall Islands, United States), the Assembly called upon all States, in particular those with major space capabilities, to contribute actively to the peaceful use of outer space and to the prevention of an outer space arms race (Annex IV).

The Assembly called upon all States and relevant international organizations and competent organs of the United Nations to continue to undertake measures to help prevent conflicts that could cause the violent disintegration of States, by the terms of a text adopted by a recorded vote of 156 in favour to none against, with 6 abstentions (Armenia, Chile, China, Liechtenstein, Mexico, Pakistan) (Annex I).

Under a regional disarmament draft, the Assembly, welcoming the fact that there are currently no nuclear weapons stationed in Central and Eastern Europe, urged all concerned States to continue making it possible to have no intention, no plan and no reason to deploy nuclear weapons on that territory. It was adopted by a recorded vote of 63 in favour to 44 against, with 47 abstentions (Annex X).

According to another text on regional disarmament, adopted without a vote, the Assembly called upon States to conclude agreements, wherever possible, for nuclear non-proliferation, disarmament and confidence-building measures at the regional and subregional levels.

By a recorded vote of 99 in favour to 45 against, with 23 abstentions, the Assembly urged Member States to undertake multilateral negotiations aimed at establishing universally acceptable and non-discriminatory guidelines for international transfers of dual-use goods and technologies with military applications (Annex II).

The Assembly called upon States to adopt unilateral, bilateral, regional and multilateral measures to ensure that scientific progress was applied to international security and disarmament without detriment to the environment, according to a resolution adopted by a recorded vote of 170 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States) (Annex XI).

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According to a text on transparency in armaments, the Assembly called on Member States to provide the Secretary-General annually the requested data for the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, and invited them, pending the Register's further development, to provide additional information on procurement from national production and military holdings. The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 159 in favour to none against, with 12 abstentions (Annex XXVI).

The Assembly took separate recorded votes on operative paragraphs 4(b) and 6, prior to adopting that text. According to operative paragraph 4(b), the Assembly recalled its request to the Secretary-General to prepare a report on the Register's continuing and further development. That paragraph was adopted by a vote of 156 in favour to none against, with 10 abstentions (Annex XXIV).

By the terms of operative paragraph 6, adopted by a vote of 155 in favour to none against, with 11 abstentions, the Assembly invited the Conference on Disarmament to continue its work in the field of transparency in armaments (Annex XXV).

In a related text, the Assembly urged Member States to submit their views to the Secretary-General on, among other things, the elaboration of the practical means for the further development of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms in order to increase transparency related to weapons of mass destruction, in particular nuclear weapons. The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 104 in favour to 46 against, with 17 abstentions (Annex XX).

Prior to its adoption, separate votes were taken on the eighth preambular paragraph and operative paragraph 3(b). By the terms of the first, the Assembly stressed the need to achieve universality of the NPT, the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological Weapons Convention. That paragraph was adopted by a vote of 163 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 3 abstentions (Bhutan, Cuba, Pakistan) (Annex XVIII).

Operative paragraph 3(b), by which the Assembly urged Member States to submit their views to the Secretary-General on developing the Register in order to increase transparency of weapons of mass destruction, was adopted by a recorded vote of 95 in favour to 47 against, with 18 abstentions (Annex XIX).

Acting without a vote on a related text, the Assembly recommended the guidelines and recommendations for objective information on military matters to all Member States for implementation, and called upon them to report annually, by 30 April, to the Secretary-General, their military expenditures for the latest fiscal year for which data were available.

By the terms of one of three texts on small arms, the Assembly decided to convene an international conference on the illicit arms trade in all its

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aspects not later than 2001. The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 169 in favour to none against, with 1 abstention (Russian Federation) (Annex VI).

Prior to its adoption, a separate vote was taken on the fourth preambular paragraph, which reaffirmed the right of self-determination of all peoples. It was adopted by a recorded vote of 152 in favour to none against, with 13 abstentions (Annex V).

Acting without a vote on the related texts, the Assembly:

-- decided to request the Secretary-General to hold broad-based consultations on the following: the magnitude and scope of the phenomenon; possible measures to combat it, including those suited to indigenous regional approaches; and the role of the United Nations in collecting, sharing and disseminating information on the illicit trafficking in small arms; and

-- encouraged the Secretary-General to continue his efforts to curb the illicit circulation of small arms and to collect such arms in the affected States that so requested.

The Assembly decided to give urgent consideration to conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels and requested the Conference on Disarmament, as a first step, to consider the formulation of principles that could serve as a framework for regional conventional arms control agreements. The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 164 in favour to 1 against (India), with 2 abstentions (Bhutan, Cuba) (Annex XIV).

Under one of two resolutions on the landmines issue, adopted without a vote, the Assembly urgently called upon all States to become parties, as soon as possible, to the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed To Be Excessively Injurious or To Have Indiscriminate Effects (Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons) and its Protocols, particularly to the Amended Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby Traps and Other Devices (Protocol II).

By the terms of the second, adopted by a vote of 147 in favour to none against, with 21 abstentions, the Assembly invited all States that had not yet done so to adhere to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention) and urged all States that had not yet done so to ratify it without delay, subsequent to their signature (Annex XIII).

Acting without a vote this morning, the Assembly: expressed grave concern regarding any use of nuclear wastes that would constitute radiological warfare and have grave implications for the national security of all States; welcomed the decision of the Conference on Disarmament to negotiate a treaty banning the

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production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices; called upon Member States to promote, at multilateral levels, the consideration of existing and potential threats in the field of information security; urged the international community to devote part of the resources gained from disarmament and arms limitation agreements to economic and social development; and decided, subject to the emergence of a consensus on its objectives and agenda, to convene a fourth special session devoted to disarmament.

Also without a vote, the Assembly: reaffirmed its support for the promotion of regional and subregional confidence-building measures in order to ease tensions and conflicts in Central Africa; called on all States of the Mediterranean to adhere to all the multilaterally negotiated instruments related to disarmament and non-proliferation; and stressed the particular relevance of the deliberations in the 1998 substantive session of the United Nations Disarmament Commission concerning guidelines on conventional arms control/limitation and disarmament as a useful basis for further deliberations.

Under the following texts on the disarmament machinery, also adopted without a vote, the Assembly reaffirmed: the role of the Conference on Disarmament as the single multilateral disarmament negotiating forum; strong support for the continued operation and strengthening of the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific; the need to revitalize and strengthen the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa; and, its decision to continue the programme of disarmament fellowships.

Also, concerning the United Nations disarmament machinery, the Assembly, acting without a vote: stressed the importance of the United Nations Disarmament Information Programme; recommended that the Disarmament Commission consider items on the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones, guidelines on conventional arms control/limitation and disarmament, and a possible third item at its 1999 session; and reiterated the importance of the maintenance and revitalization of the three United Nations Regional Centres for Peace and Disarmament.

The Assembly also took note of the report of the Committee on rationalization of its work and reform of its agenda.

Assembly Work Programme

The General Assembly met this morning to take action on 16 reports of the First Committee (Disarmament and International Security). Those reports contain 48 draft resolutions and one decision on disarmament and security- related issues.

The report of the First Committee on information and telecommunications developments in the context of international security (document A/53/576), contains one draft resolution, under which the Assembly would call upon Member States to promote, at multilateral levels, the consideration of existing and potential threats in the field of information security.

By further terms of the text, the Assembly would invite them to inform the Secretary-General of their views on the following questions: general appreciation of the information security issues; the definition of basic notions related to information security, including the unauthorized interference with or misuse of information and telecommunications systems and information resources; and the advisability of developing international legal regimes to secure global information and telecommunications systems and combat information terrorism and criminality.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 5 November without a vote.

By the terms of a draft resolution contained in the report on the prevention of the violent disintegration of States (document A/53/577), the Assembly would call upon all States, the relevant international organizations and competent organs of the United Nations to continue to undertake measures, in accordance with the United Nations Charter, to eliminate threats to international peace and security and to help prevent conflicts which could cause the violent disintegration of States. It would also call upon all States to solve their disputes with other States by peaceful means.

The Assembly would stress the importance of good-neighbourliness and the development of friendly relations among States in preventing the violent disintegration of States, as well as the importance of regional efforts aimed at preventing bilateral conflicts from endangering international peace and security.

It would affirm the need for strict compliance with the principle of the inviolability of international borders and the principle of the territorial integrity of any State. It would also request all States and relevant international organizations to communicate to the Secretary-General their views on the prevention of the violent disintegration of States. The Assembly would decide to include that item in its fifty-fifth session.

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The text was adopted on 5 November by a recorded vote of 136 in favour to none against, with 7 abstentions (Armenia, Chile, China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Liechtenstein, Mexico, Pakistan).

The report on objective information on military matters, including transparency of military expenditures (document A/53/578) contains a draft resolution under which the Assembly would recommend the guidelines and recommendations for objective information on military matters to all Member States for implementation, fully taking into account specific political, military and other regional conditions, on the basis of initiatives and with the agreement of the States of the region concerned, and call upon them to report annually, by 30 April, to the Secretary-General, their military expenditures for the latest fiscal year for which data were available.

The Assembly would also call upon Member States to provide the Secretary-General with their views on the analysis and recommendations contained in his report of 4 August (document A/53/218) and with further suggestions to strengthen and broaden participation in the United Nations system for the standardized reporting of military expenditures, including necessary changes to its content and structure.

The Assembly would request the Secretary-General to send an annual note verbale to Member States requesting the submission of such data, and timely publish the due date for transmitting such data in appropriate United Nations media. The Assembly would also request him to consult with relevant international bodies with a view to encouraging wider participation, and ask him to recommend changes to the reporting system that would strengthen and broaden participation in a report to the Assembly at its fifty-fourth session.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 4 November without a vote.

By the terms of a draft resolution contained in the report on the role of science and technology in the context of international security (document A/53/579), the Assembly would urge Member States to undertake multilateral negotiations aimed at establishing universally acceptable and non-discriminatory guidelines for international transfers of dual-use goods and technologies with military applications. It would invite Member States to undertake additional efforts to apply science and technology for disarmament-related purposes and to make disarmament-related technologies available to interested States.

The Assembly would affirm that scientific and technological progress should be used to promote the sustainable economic development of all States and to safeguard international security, and that international cooperation in the use of science and technology through the transfer and exchange of technological know-how for peaceful purposes should be promoted.

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The Assembly would also request the Secretary-General to seek the view of Member States on his most recent report on the subject and make recommendations on the possible approaches to multilaterally negotiated, universally acceptable, non-discriminatory guidelines for international transfers of dual-use goods and technologies and high technologies with military applications, in a report to the Assembly no later than its fifty-fourth session.

The Committee approved the draft on 5 November by a recorded vote of 77 in favour to 43 against, with 16 abstentions.

A draft resolution contained in the report on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East (document A/53/580) would have the Assembly urge all parties directly concerned to consider seriously taking the practical and urgent steps required to establish such a zone and, as a means of promoting that objective, invite concerned countries to adhere to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). It would call on all countries of the region to place all their nuclear activities under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards.

By further terms, the Assembly would invite those countries not to develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons, or to allow the stationing of those weapons on their territories. Noting the importance of the ongoing bilateral Middle East peace negotiations in promoting the establishment of such a zone, the Assembly would invite all States to assist in the establishment of the zone and to refrain from action that would run counter to both the letter and spirit of the resolution.

The Committee approved the text on 9 November without a vote.

A draft resolution contained in the report on negative assurances to non-nuclear-weapon States (document A/53/582) would have the Assembly appeal to all States, especially the nuclear-weapon States, to work actively towards a common formula that could be included in an international instrument of a legally binding character. It would recommend that further intensive efforts should be devoted to the search for such a common formula and that the various alternative approaches, including, in particular, those considered in the Conference on Disarmament, should be further explored in order to overcome the difficulties.

The Assembly would also recommend that the Conference should actively continue intensive negotiations with a view to reaching early agreement and concluding effective international arrangements to assure the non-nuclear- weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, taking into account the widespread support for the conclusion of an international convention and giving consideration to any other proposals designed to secure that objective. It would decide to include, at its fifty-fourth session, an item on the conclusion of effective international arrangements.

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The Committee approved the draft on 6 November by a recorded vote of 78 in favour to none against, with 48 abstentions.

By the terms of a draft resolution contained in the report on prevention of an arms race in outer space (document A/53/583), the Assembly would call upon all States, in particular those with major space capabilities, to contribute actively to the peaceful use of outer space and to the prevention of an outer space arms race, and to refrain from actions contrary to that objective and to the relevant existing treaties in the interest of maintaining international peace and security, and promoting international cooperation.

The Assembly would reaffirm the importance and urgency of preventing such an arms race, and the readiness of all States to contribute to that common objective, in conformity with the provisions of the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies. The Assembly would emphasize the necessity of further measures with effective verification provisions to prevent an arms race in outer space.

It would also reaffirm its recognition of the following: that the legal regime applicable to outer space by itself did not guarantee the prevention of an arms race in outer space; that it played a significant role in the prevention of an outer space arms race; that there was a need to consolidate and reinforce that regime and enhance its effectiveness; and that it was important to strictly comply with existing agreements, both bilateral and multilateral.

By further terms, the Assembly would reiterate the primary role of the Conference on Disarmament in negotiating a multilateral agreement or agreements on the prevention of an outer space arms race, and urge States conducting activities in outer space, as well as States interested in conducting such activities, to inform the Conference of the progress of bilateral or multilateral negotiations on the matter, so as to facilitate its work. The Conference would be invited to re-establish the relevant ad hoc committee during its 1999 session.

The Committee approved the text on 5 November by a recorded vote of 140 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions (Argentina, Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Marshall Islands, United States).

The report on general and complete disarmament (document A/53/584) contains 27 draft resolutions, A to AA. [The texts are listed as they are expected to be considered by the Assembly.]

According to draft text A on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia, the Assembly would call upon all countries to support the initiative for such a zone. In that context, the Assembly would encourage the five Central Asian States to continue their dialogue with the five nuclear-weapon

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States. The Assembly would ask the Secretary-General to provide assistance to the Central Asian States in preparing the agreement for such a zone.

The draft text was approved on 6 November without a vote.

Under draft B, on assistance to States for curbing the illicit traffic in small arms and collecting them, the Assembly would encourage the Secretary- General to continue his efforts to curb the illicit circulation of small arms and to collect such arms in the affected States that so requested, with the support of the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa and in close cooperation with the Organization of African Unity (OAU). Also, the Assembly would encourage the setting up in the Saharo-Sahelian subregion of national commissions against the proliferation of small arms, and it would invite the international community to support their smooth functioning.

The Assembly would note that, as part of its efforts to halt the flow of small arms into Mali and the Saharo-Sahelian subregion, the Mali Government oversaw the destruction, at the 1996 "Flame of Peace" ceremony at Timbuktu in Mali, of thousands of small arms of ex-combatants of the armed movements of northern Mali. It would also take note of the conclusions of the ministerial consultation on the proposed moratorium on the import, export and manufacture of light weapons in the region, held at Bamako in March 1997.

The Committee approved the text on 6 November without a vote.

Draft text C, on the dumping of radioactive wastes, would have the Assembly express grave concern regarding any use of nuclear wastes that would constitute radiological warfare and have grave implications for the national security of all States. The Assembly would call upon all States to prevent any dumping of nuclear or radioactive wastes that would infringe upon the sovereignty of States.

The Assembly would request the Conference on Disarmament to take into account, in the negotiations for a convention on the prohibition of radiological weapons, radioactive wastes as part of the convention's scope, and ask it to intensify efforts towards an early conclusion of such a convention and to include in its report to the Assembly, at its fifty-fourth session, the progress made in those negotiations.

The Assembly would also express the hope that effective implementation of the IAEA Code of Practice on the International Transboundary Movement of Radioactive Waste would enhance the protection of all States from the dumping of radioactive wastes on their territories.

The draft resolution was approved on 3 November without a vote.

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By the terms of draft D, on Mongolia's nuclear-weapon-free status, the Assembly would invite Member States, including the five nuclear-weapon States, to cooperate with Mongolia in consolidating and strengthening its independence, sovereignty, economic security and nuclear-weapon-free status.

The Assembly would appeal to the member States of the Asia-Pacific region to support Mongolia's efforts to join the relevant regional security and economic arrangements. In that context, it would request the Secretary-General and relevant United Nations bodies to provide the necessary assistance to Mongolia, within existing resources, to take those necessary measures. It would also ask him to report on the implementation of the resolution at its fifty-fifth session.

The draft was approved on 10 November without a vote.

According to draft resolution E, on small arms, the Assembly would decide to convene an international conference on the illicit arms trade in all its aspects not later than 2001. It would request the Secretary-General to prepare a report containing recommendations to be submitted at the Assembly's fifty- fourth session, with a view to arriving at an Assembly decision during that session on the objective, scope, agenda, dates, venue and preparatory committee of such a conference.

The Assembly would further request the Secretary-General to initiate a study as soon as possible, within existing resources, on the feasibility of restricting the manufacture and trade of such weapons to the manufacturers and dealers authorized by States, and of establishing, within the United Nations system, a single database of such authorized manufacturers and dealers.

The Committee approved the text on 6 November by a recorded vote of 136 in favour to none against, with 3 abstentions (Bahrain, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia).

Under draft resolution F, on reducing nuclear danger, the Assembly would call for a review of nuclear doctrines and, in that context, for immediate and urgent steps to reduce the risks of unintentional and accidental use of nuclear weapons. The Assembly would request the five nuclear-weapon States to undertake measures towards the implementation of the above call. It would also call upon Member States to take the necessary measures to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons in all its aspects and to promote nuclear disarmament, with the ultimate objective of eliminating nuclear weapons.

The Committee approved the text on 13 November by a recorded vote of 68 in favour to 44 against, with 12 abstentions.

According to draft text G, on nuclear testing, the Assembly would express grave concern over and strongly deplore the recent nuclear tests conducted in South Asia. It would note that the countries concerned had

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declared moratoria on further testing and had expressed their willingness to enter into legal commitments not to conduct any further nuclear tests.

By further terms of the text, the Assembly would note that the States concerned had declared moratoria on further testing and had said that they were willing to enter into legal commitments not to conduct any further nuclear tests. It would reiterate the need for such legal commitments to be expressed in legal form, by signing and ratifying the Comprehensive Nuclear- Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT).

The draft resolution was approved on 12 November by a recorded vote of 98 in favour to 6 against (Benin, Bhutan, India, Pakistan, Zambia, Zimbabwe), with 31 abstentions.

According to draft H, one of two texts on regional disarmament, the Assembly would urge all the concerned States to exert efforts to continue making it possible to have no intention, no plan and no reason to deploy nuclear weapons on the territory of the non-nuclear-weapon States of the region of Central and Eastern Europe. It would call upon those States and other concerned States to abide by their nuclear non-proliferation obligations under existing multilateral and bilateral agreements. The Assembly would decide to include the item in the provisional agenda of its fifty-fifth session.

The text was approved on 10 November by a recorded vote of 57 in favour to 41 against, with 39 abstentions.

According to draft text I, on the prohibition of the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, the Assembly would welcome the decision of the Conference on Disarmament to establish, under item 1 of its agenda on the cessation of the nuclear arms race and nuclear disarmament, an ad hoc committee to negotiate, on the basis of the report of the Special Coordinator, a non-discriminatory, multilateral and internationally and effectively verifiable treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.

The Assembly would note with satisfaction that the ad hoc committee had already engaged in the first step in the substantive negotiations and would encourage the Conference to re-establish the ad hoc committee at the beginning of the 1999 session.

The Committee approved the draft on 13 November without a vote.

Under draft J, on observance of environmental norms in disarmament and arms control agreements, the Assembly would call upon States to adopt unilateral, bilateral, regional and multilateral measures to ensure that scientific progress was applied to international security and disarmament without detriment to the environment.

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The Assembly would further reaffirm that international disarmament forums take fully into account, the relevant environmental norms in negotiating disarmament and arms limitations agreements, and that all States fully contribute to ensuring compliance with those norms in the implementation of treaties to which they were parties. All Member States would be invited to communicate to the Secretary-General, the measures they had adopted to promote those objectives. The Secretary-General would be requested to report on the issue to the Assembly at its fifty-fourth session.

The draft was approved on 5 November by a recorded vote of 138 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States).

By the terms of draft K, on the relationship between disarmament and development, the Assembly would urge the international community to devote part of the resources gained from disarmament and arms limitation agreements to economic and social development, with a view to reducing the ever widening gap between developed and developing countries.

The Assembly would invite all Member States to communicate to the Secretary-General, by 15 April 1999, their views and proposals for the implementation of the Action Programme adopted at the International Conference on the Relationship between Disarmament and Development. It would also request the Secretary-General to continue to take action, through appropriate organs and within available resources, for the implementation of the Action Programme.

The Committee approved the draft on 5 November without a vote.

Under draft L, on measures to uphold the 1925 Geneva Protocol, the Assembly would renew its call to all States to strictly observe the principles and objectives of the 1925 Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gasses, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, and reaffirm the vital necessity of upholding its provisions.

The Assembly would call upon those States which continue to maintain reservations to that Protocol to withdraw those reservations. It would request the Secretary-General to submit to the fifty-fifth session of the Assembly, a report on the implementation of the present resolution.

The Committee adopted the draft on 3 November by a recorded vote of 136 in favour to none against, with 3 abstentions (Israel, Republic of Korea, United States).

By the terms of draft M, on the consolidation of peace through practical disarmament measures, the Assembly would stress the particular relevance of the deliberations in the 1998 substantive session of the United Nations

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Disarmament Commission concerning guidelines on conventional arms control/ limitation and disarmament as a useful basis for further deliberations, and encourage the Disarmament Commission to continue its efforts aimed at the adoption of such guidelines in 1999.

The Assembly would take note of the report of the Secretary-General of 19 August 1997 on consolidation of peace through practical disarmament and encourage, once again, Member States, as well as regional arrangements and agencies, to lend their support to the implementation of the recommendations contained therein.

The Assembly would invite the group of interested States, which was formed in New York in March, to analyze lessons learned from previous disarmament and peace-building projects, as well as to promote new practical disarmament measures to consolidate peace, especially as undertaken or designed by affected States themselves. It would encourage Member States, including the group of interested States, to support the Secretary-General in responding to requests by Member States to collect and destroy small arms and light weapons in post-conflict situations.

The draft was approved on 5 November without a vote.

According to draft N, on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention), the Assembly would invite all States that had not yet done so to adhere to the Convention and urge all States that had not yet done so to ratify the Convention, without delay, subsequent to their signature. It would renew its call upon all States to contribute towards the full realization and effective implementation of the Convention to advance the care and rehabilitation, and the social and economic reintegration of mine victims, mine awareness programmes, and the removal and destruction of anti-personnel mines placed throughout the world.

The text would further have the Assembly welcome the generous offer of the Government of Mozambique to host the first meeting of the States parties, and invite all States parties and non-States parties, as well as the United Nations, other relevant international organizations or institutions, regional organizations, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and relevant non-governmental organizations to attend that meeting as observers. It would request the Secretary-General to undertake the necessary preparations for its convening during the week of 3 May 1999.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 4 November by a recorded vote of 124 in favour to none against, with 19 abstentions.

By draft O, the second text on regional disarmament, the Assembly would call upon States to conclude agreements, wherever possible, for nuclear

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non-proliferation, disarmament and confidence-building measures at the regional and subregional levels. The Assembly would stress that sustained efforts were needed, within the framework of the Conference on Disarmament and under the umbrella of the United Nations, to make progress on the entire range of disarmament issues, and affirm that global and regional approaches to disarmament complemented each other and should, therefore, be pursued simultaneously to promote regional and international peace and security.

The Assembly would support and encourage efforts aimed at promoting confidence-building measures at the regional and subregional levels in order to ease regional tensions and to further disarmament and nuclear non- proliferation measures at those levels. It would decide to include an item on regional disarmament in the fifty-fourth Assembly session.

The Committee approved the draft on 3 November without a vote.

According to draft P, on conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels, the Assembly would decide to give urgent consideration to those issues and request the Conference on Disarmament, as a first step, to consider the formulation of principles that could serve as a framework for regional agreements on conventional arms control. The Assembly looked forward to a report of the Conference on Disarmament on that subject and would decide to include the item in the provisional agenda of its fifty-fourth session.

The draft was approved on 3 November by a recorded vote of 129 in favour to 2 against (Bhutan, India), with 1 abstention (Cuba).

Under draft Q, on a nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere, the Assembly would call upon the States parties and signatories to the 1967 Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco), South Pacific Nuclear-Free Zone Treaty (Treaty of Rarotonga), South-East Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty (Bangkok Treaty) and Africa Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty (Treaty of Pelindaba), in order to pursue the common goals those envisaged and to promote the nuclear-weapon-free status of the southern hemisphere and adjacent areas, to explore and implement further means of cooperation among themselves and their treaty agencies.

The Assembly would also call for the ratification of those treaties by all regional States and for all concerned States to facilitate adherence to the protocols to nuclear-weapon-free zone treaties by all relevant States that had not yet done so.

The Assembly would welcome the steps taken to conclude further nuclear- weapon-free zone treaties on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at among the States of the region concerned and call upon all States to consider all relevant proposals, including those reflected in its resolutions on the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones in the Middle East and South Asia.

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It would reiterate the important role of nuclear-weapon-free zones in strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime and in extending the nuclear-weapon-free areas of the world.

The draft was approved on 4 November by a recorded vote of 129 in favour to 4 against (France, Monaco, United Kingdom, United States), with 14 abstentions.

By the terms of draft R, on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention), the Assembly would urge all States parties to meet their obligations under the Convention in a full and timely manner and to support the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in its implementation activities.

The Assembly would stress the vital importance of full and effective implementation of and compliance with all provisions of the Convention, and also stress the importance of the OPCW in verifying compliance with the Convention, as well as promoting the timely and efficient accomplishment of its objectives.

The Assembly would further stress that all possessors of chemical weapons, chemical weapons production facilities or chemical weapons development facilities, including previously declared possessor States, should be among the States parties to the Convention.

The draft resolution was approved on 3 November without a vote.

By the terms of draft S, one of two transparency in armaments texts, the Assembly would recognize the importance of achieving greater progress in the further development of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, so that it might truly enhance confidence-building and security among States and accelerate efforts towards the attainment of the goal of complete and general disarmament.

Towards that goal, the Assembly would urge Member States to submit their views to the Secretary-General, for consideration by the group of governmental experts to be convened in the year 2000, on: the early expansion of the scope of the Register; and the elaboration of practical means for the Register's further development in order to increase transparency related to weapons of mass destruction, in particular nuclear weapons, and to transfers of equipment and technology directly related to the development and manufacture of such weapons.

The Committee approved the draft on 10 November by a recorded vote of 82 in favour to 44 against, with 16 abstentions.

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By the terms of draft resolution T, on the illicit traffic in small arms, the Assembly would decide to request the Secretary-General to hold broad-based consultations, within existing financial resources, taking into account the ongoing work of the Group of Governmental Experts on Small Arms, with Member States, interested regional and subregional organizations, international agencies and experts on the following: the magnitude and scope of the phenomenon; possible measures to combat it, including those suited to indigenous regional approaches; and the role of the United Nations in collecting, sharing and disseminating information on the illicit trafficking in small arms.

The Assembly would invite Member States in a position to do so to provide the necessary assistance, bilaterally, regionally and through multilateral channels, to support the implementation of measures associated with combating illicit trafficking in and illicit circulation of small arms. It would request the Secretary-General to report to the Assembly at its fifty-fourth session on the outcome of his consultations, and it would decide to include that item in that session's provisional agenda.

The Committee approved the text on 3 November without a vote.

Under draft text U, on nuclear disarmament and the ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons, the Assembly would call upon all States to redouble their efforts to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons, confirming and strengthening their policies not to export equipment, materials or technology that could contribute to those weapons. The Assembly would also call for the determined pursuit by the nuclear-weapon States of systematic and progressive efforts to reduce nuclear weapons globally, with the ultimate goal of eliminating those weapons, and by all States of general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control.

By further terms, the Assembly would reaffirm the importance of achieving the universality of the NPT and for all States parties to fulfil their obligations under the Treaty. It would call upon all States parties to the Treaty to make their best efforts for the success of the next Review Conference to be held in the year 2000.

It would recognize the importance and necessity of pursuing such actions as the early signature and ratification of the CTBT by all States and the cessation of nuclear tests pending its entry into force, as well as the early conclusion of negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament on a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices and the commencement of multilateral discussion on possible steps that should follow such a convention.

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It would also recognize the importance and necessity of pursuing the early entry into force of the 1993 Treaty on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (START II) and the early commencement and conclusion of negotiations for START III by the Russian Federation and the United States, and further efforts by the five nuclear-weapon States to reduce their nuclear arsenals unilaterally and through their negotiations.

The text was approved on 13 November by a recorded vote of 132 in favour to none against, with 11 abstentions.

According draft V, the second text on transparency in armaments, the Assembly would call upon Member States, with a view to achieving universal participation, to provide the Secretary-General by 31 May annually, the requested data for the Register of Conventional Arms, including nil reports if appropriate. It would also invite Member States in a position to do so, pending further development of the Register, to provide additional information on procurement from national production and military holdings.

The Assembly would reaffirm its decision to keep the scope and participation of the Register under review. Towards that end, the Assembly would recall its request that the Secretary-General prepare a report, with the assistance of a group of governmental experts to be convened in the year 2000, on the Register's continuing operation and further development, with a view to a decision at the fifty-fifth session. It would also request the Secretary-General to ensure that sufficient resources were made available for the operation and maintenance of the Register.

The draft resolution was approved on 5 November by a recorded vote of 112 in favour to none against, with 12 abstentions.

Draft resolution W, on the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice, would have the Assembly underline, once again, the unanimous conclusion of the Court that there existed an obligation to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective international control.

The Assembly would call, once again, upon all States to immediately fulfil that obligation by commencing multilateral negotiations in 1999, leading to an early conclusion of a nuclear-weapons convention prohibiting the development, production, testing, deployment, stockpiling, transfer, threat or use of nuclear weapons and providing for their elimination.

It would request all States to inform the Secretary-General of the efforts and measures undertaken to implement the present resolution and nuclear disarmament, and would request the Secretary-General to apprise the Assembly at its fifty-fourth session.

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The Committee approved the draft on 10 November by a recorded vote of 100 in favour to 25 against, with 23 abstentions.

Draft resolution X, on nuclear disarmament, would have the Assembly urge the nuclear-weapon States to stop immediately the qualitative improvement, development, production and stockpiling of nuclear warheads and their delivery systems and, as interim measures, to immediately de-alert and deactivate their nuclear weapons. It would call on those States, pending a total ban on nuclear weapons through a nuclear-weapons convention, to agree on an internationally and legally binding instrument not to be the first to use those weapons.

The Assembly would reiterate its call to the nuclear-weapon States to undertake the step-by-step reduction of the nuclear threat and to carry out effective nuclear disarmament measures with a view to the total elimination of those weapons within a specified time frame. It would call for the conclusion, as a first step, of a universal and legally binding multilateral agreement committing all States to the objective of the total elimination of nuclear weapons, and for the convening of an international conference on nuclear disarmament at an early date.

By further terms, it would reiterate its call upon the Conference on Disarmament to establish, on a priority basis, an ad hoc committee on nuclear disarmament to commence negotiations early in 1999, aimed at concluding a nuclear-weapons convention. It would welcome the establishment in the Conference of an ad hoc committee to ban the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons, and urge the speedy conclusion of a universal and non-discriminatory convention in that regard. It would also welcome the establishment of an ad hoc committee to negotiate negative security assurances for non-nuclear-weapon States and urge the pursuit of those efforts on a priority basis.

The text was approved on 4 November by a recorded vote of 89 in favour to 40 against, with 15 abstentions.

By draft text Y, entitled, Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world: the need for a new agenda, the Assembly would call upon the nuclear-weapon States to demonstrate an unequivocal commitment to the speedy and total elimination of their nuclear weapons and, without delay, to conclude negotiations to that end, thereby fulfilling their obligations under the NPT. It would also call upon the United States and the Russian Federation to bring the 1993 START II into force without delay and to proceed thereafter with negotiations on START III, and to integrate all five nuclear-weapon States into the nuclear disarmament process.

The Assembly would also call upon the nuclear-weapon States to vigorously pursue the reduction of reliance on non-strategic nuclear weapons

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and negotiations on their elimination as an integral part of their overall nuclear disarmament activities. It would call upon them, as an interim measure, to proceed to the de-alerting of their nuclear weapons and, in turn, to the removal of nuclear warheads from delivery vehicles. Those States would be urged to examine further interim measures, including undertaking not to be the first to use nuclear weapons.

The Assembly would further call upon those three nuclear-weapon-capable States that had not yet acceded to the NPT to clearly and urgently reverse all nuclear-weapons development or deployment and to refrain from any actions which could undermine regional and international peace and security and the efforts of the international community in that regard. The Assembly would call upon those States that had not yet done so to adhere unconditionally and without delay to the NPT and to conclude full-scope IAEA safeguards agreements. It would also call upon all States to sign and ratify the CTBT.

By further terms, the Assembly would call upon the Conference on Disarmament to establish a subsidiary body to deal with nuclear disarmament. It would also call on the Conference to pursue negotiations on a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons. Pending the entry into force of such a treaty, it would urge all States to observe a moratorium on the production of that material.

It would further call for the conclusion of a legally binding instrument to assure non-nuclear-weapon States parties to the NPT against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, and stress that nuclear-weapon-free zones, especially in regions of tension such as the Middle East and South Asia, would contribute significantly to the goal of a nuclear-weapon-free world.

The draft was approved on 13 November by a recorded vote of 97 in favour to 19 against, with 32 abstentions.

According to draft resolution Z, on bilateral nuclear arms control, the Assembly would urge the Russian Federation and the United States to continue in their efforts to reduce their nuclear weapons on the basis of existing agreements and to continue to give those efforts the highest priority in order to contribute to the ultimate goal of eliminating those weapons.

The Assembly would welcome the entry into force of START in 1991 and the signing by the Russian Federation and the United States of START II in January 1993, and it would urge the parties to bring that Treaty into force at the earliest possible date.

It would express its satisfaction at the continuing implementation of the Treaty on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles, in particular at the completion, by the parties, of the destruction of all their declared missiles subject to elimination under the Treaty.

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The Assembly would also welcome the initiative signed by Presidents Yeltsin and Clinton on 2 September 1998 to exchange information on the ballistic missiles and space launch vehicles derived from each side's missile launch warning system, including the possible establishment of a centre for the exchange of missile launch data operated by Russia and the United States and separate from their respective national centres. It would take note of their agreement to examine bilaterally the possibility of establishing a multilateral ballistic missile and space launch vehicle pre-launch notification regime, in which other States could voluntarily participate.

It would encourage Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation, Ukraine and the United States to continue their cooperative efforts aimed at eliminating strategic offensive arms on the basis of existing agreements and would welcome the contributions of other States to such cooperation as well. It would welcome the participation of Kazakhstan and Ukraine as non-nuclear-weapon States in the NPT.

The Committee approved the text on 12 November by a recorded vote of 136 in favour to none against, with 8 abstentions (Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, India, Iran, Lebanon, Pakistan, Syria, United Republic of Tanzania). Under draft AA, on a fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament, the Assembly would decide, subject to the emergence of a consensus on its objectives and agenda, to convene the special session. It would endorse the report of the 1998 substantive session of the Disarmament Commission and recommend that the item be included in its 1999 agenda, which should promote agreement on the agenda and timing of the special session.

The Assembly would decide to include the item in the provisional agenda of its fifty-fourth session and, subject to the outcome of the deliberations at the Commission's 1999 substantive session, to set an exact date for and to decide on organizational matters relating to the special session.

The text was adopted on 10 November without a vote.

The report on review and implementation of the concluding document of the Twelfth Special Session of the general Assembly (document A/53/585) contains seven draft resolutions. (The texts are listed as they are expected to be considered by the Assembly.)

By the terms of draft A, on the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa, the Assembly would reaffirm its support for the promotion of regional and subregional confidence-building measures in order to ease tensions and conflicts in the subregion, and to further peace, stability and sustainable development in Central Africa. It would also reaffirm its support for the 1992 programme of work of the Standing Advisory Committee.

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By further terms, the Assembly would welcome the decision of the countries that are members of the Committee to convene a summit meeting of heads of State and government, with a view to establishing a higher council for the promotion of peace, the prevention, management and settlement of political crises and armed conflicts in Central Africa and a subregional parliament there.

The Assembly would also welcome, with satisfaction, the establishment of an early warning mechanism in Central Africa, which would contribute towards preventing the outbreak of future armed conflicts and serve as a technical body through which member countries would carry out the Committee's programme of work. The Secretary-General and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights would be requested to support the establishment of a subregional centre for human rights and democracy in Central Africa.

The draft was approved on 12 November without a vote.

According to the terms of draft B, on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific, the Assembly would reaffirm its strong support for the continued operation and strengthening of the Centre, and underscore the importance of the "Kathmandu process" as a powerful vehicle for the development of regional security and disarmament dialogue. It would appeal to Member States, in particular those within the Asia-Pacific region, to contribute to the strengthening of the Centre.

The Committee adopted the draft on 10 November without a vote.

By the terms of text C, on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa, the Assembly would reaffirm the need to revitalize and strengthen the Centre. It would therefore appeal urgently to Member States, in particular to African States, and to international governmental organizations to contribute to the Centre. The Assembly would request the Secretary-General to provide the Centre with all necessary support, within existing resources, and to assist the Centre's new director in stabilizing its financial situation and revitalizing its activities. It would further request the Secretary-General to report to the Assembly at its fifty-fourth session on the implementation of the resolution.

The Committee adopted the text on 5 November without a vote.

Draft D, on a nuclear weapons convention, would have the Assembly reiterate its request to the Conference on Disarmament to commence negotiations on an international convention prohibiting the use of nuclear weapons under any circumstances. It would further request the Conference to report to the General Assembly on the results of those negotiations.

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The draft was approved on 3 November by a recorded vote of 82 in favour to 37 against, with 20 abstentions.

Under draft E, on implementing the United Nations Disarmament Information Programme, the Assembly would stress the importance of the Programme as a significant instrument in enabling all Member States to participate fully in disarmament negotiations, and assisting them in complying with treaties and contributing to agreed transparency mechanisms.

The Assembly would recommend that the Programme focus its efforts on, among other things, generating public understanding of the importance of and support for multilateral action in arms limitation and disarmament, including action by the United Nations and the Conference on Disarmament, in a factual, balanced and objective manner. That could be attained, in particular, through the publication in all official languages of the United Nations Disarmament Yearbook and updates of the Status of Multilateral Arms Regulation and Disarmament Agreements, as well as through ad hoc publications and the Internet and other outreach activities, such as the Messenger of Peace. It would commend the Secretary-General for making effective use of the limited available resources in disseminating information on arms limitation and disarmament.

The Committee approved the draft on 5 November without a vote.

Draft resolution F, on the United Nations Regional Centres for Peace and Disarmament, would have the Assembly reiterate the importance of United Nations activities at the regional level to increase the stability and security of its Member States, which could be promoted substantially by the maintenance and revitalization of the three regional centres.

The Assembly would reaffirm that it was useful for the three regional centres to carry out dissemination and educational programmes aimed at changing basic attitudes with respect to peace and security and disarmament, and appeal to Member States, as well as to international and non-governmental organizations and foundations, to voluntarily contribute to the regional centres. It would request the Secretary-General to provide all necessary support, within existing resources, to the regional centres and to report to the Assembly at its fifty-fourth session on the implementation of the present text.

The Committee approved the text on 5 November without a vote.

By the terms of draft G, on United Nations disarmament fellowship training and advisory services, the Assembly would reaffirm its decision contained in the concluding document of the twelfth special session of the General Assembly to continue the programme of disarmament fellowships. The Assembly would express its appreciation to Germany and Japan for inviting the 1997 and 1998 fellows to study selected activities in the field of disarmament, thereby contributing to the fulfilment of the overall objectives of the programme.

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The Assembly would commend the Secretary-General for the diligence with which the programme had been carried out and request him to continue to implement annually, the Geneva-based programme within existing resources and to report thereon to the General Assembly at its fifty-fifth session.

The Committee approved the text on 5 November without a vote.

A report on review of the implementation of the recommendations and decisions adopted by the General Assembly at its tenth special session (document A/53/586) contains two draft resolutions. (The texts are listed as they are expected to be considered by the Assembly.)

By the terms of Draft A, on the Disarmament Commission, the General Assembly would recommend the adoption of the following items for consideration at the Commission's 1999 substantive session: the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones; guidelines on conventional arms control/limitation and disarmament; and a possible third item. The Assembly would also encourage the Commission, bearing in mind the decision to move its agenda towards a two-item phased approach, to give focused consideration to a limited number of priority issues.

The Assembly would also request it to make every effort to achieve specific recommendations on those items, and meet for a period, not exceeding three weeks, during 1999. It would reaffirm the role of the Commission as the specialized, deliberative body within the United Nations multilateral machinery that allowed for in-depth deliberations on specific disarmament issues, leading to the submission of concrete recommendations on those issues.

The text was approved on 5 November without a vote.

According to draft B, on the report of the Conference on Disarmament, the Assembly would reaffirm the role of the Conference as the single multilateral disarmament negotiating forum of the international community and welcome its determination to fulfil that role in the light of the evolving international situation, with a view to making early substantive progress on the priority items of its agenda.

The Assembly would also welcome the decision of the Conference to entrust its successive Presidents with the task of pursuing intensive consultations and seeking its members views on approaches for dealing with the agenda item on the cessation of a nuclear arms race and nuclear disarmament. It notes the recommendations by the last President of the 1998 session that they should resume at the start of the 1999 session.

It would further welcome the decisions of the Conference to establish two ad hoc committees concerning assurances to non-nuclear-weapon States against the threat of use or use of nuclear weapons and a fissile material

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cut-off treaty, and notes the recommendations that they be re-established at the beginning of the 1999 session. The Assembly would also encourage the Conference to intensify its consultations on the review of its membership, with a view to reaching an early agreement on its further expansion.

The text was approved on 10 November without a vote.

According to a draft resolution contained in the report on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/53/587), the Assembly, noting that Israel remained the only State in the Middle East not party to the NPT, would call upon that State to: accede to the Treaty without further delay; not develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons; renounce possession of nuclear weapons; and place all its unsafeguarded nuclear facilities under full-scope IAEA safeguards as an important confidence-building measure among all States of the region and as a step towards enhancing peace and security.

The Assembly would request the Secretary-General to report to the Assembly at its fifty-fourth session on the implementation of the draft and decide to include the item in that session's provisional agenda.

The draft was approved on 9 November by a recorded vote of 134 in favour to 2 against (Israel, United States), with 10 abstentions.

According to a draft resolution contained in the report on the Convention on the Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects (Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons) (document A/53/588), the Assembly would urgently call upon all States that had not yet done so to become parties, as soon as possible, to the Convention and its Protocols, particularly to the Amended Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby Traps and Other Devices (Protocol II), with a view to achieving its widest possible adherence at an early date.

The Assembly would call on all High Contracting Parties to the Convention to express their consensus to be bound by that Protocol, and also call upon successor States to take appropriate measures to ensure universal adherence to those instruments. It would request the Secretary-General to convene in 1999 the first annual conference of High Contracting Parties to the Protocol. It would call upon those Parties to attend and note that, in accordance with a provision of that Protocol, they might invite representatives of States not party to the Protocol, and of the ICRC.

The Assembly would also express satisfaction that the Protocol on Blinding Laser Weapons (Protocol IV) had entered into force on 30 July, and commend all States, in particular all High Contracting Parties to the Convention that had not yet done so, to express their consent to be bound also by that Protocol.

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The text was adopted on 6 November without a vote.

Under a draft text contained in the report on strengthening security and cooperation in the Mediterranean region (document A/53/589), the Assembly would reaffirm that security in the Mediterranean was closely linked to European security, as well as to international peace and security. It would call on all States of the region to adhere to all the multilaterally negotiated instruments related to disarmament and non-proliferation, thus creating the necessary conditions for strengthening peace and cooperation in the region. It would encourage those States to build confidence by promoting genuine openness and transparency on all military matters by participating in, among other things, the United Nations system for standardized reporting of military expenditures and by providing accurate data and information to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms.

The Assembly would also encourage those countries to strengthen their cooperation in combating terrorism, which seriously threatened regional peace, security and stability, in order to improve the current political, economic and social situation. It would commend their efforts in meeting common challenges and encourage them to strengthen such efforts through a lasting multilateral and action-oriented cooperative dialogue among States of the region.

The Assembly would express its satisfaction at the continuing efforts by those countries to eliminate the causes of regional tension and promote just and lasting solutions to the persistent regional problems through peaceful means, thus ensuring the withdrawal of foreign forces of occupation and respecting the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of all Mediterranean countries and the right of peoples to self-determination. It would call for full adherence to the principles of non-interference, non-intervention, non-use of force or threat of use of force and the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by force, in accordance with the United Nations Charter and the relevant United Nations resolutions.

The Committee approved the text on 5 November without a vote.

By the terms of a draft resolution contained in the report on the Treaty of Tlatelolco (document A/53/590), the Assembly would urge the countries of the region that had not yet done so to ratify the Treaty. The Assembly would welcome the concrete steps taken by some countries of the region during the past year to consolidate the regime of military denuclearization established by the Treaty, and it would decide to include that item in the provisional agenda of its next session.

The Committee approved the text on 3 November without a vote.

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According to a draft resolution contained in the report on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (Biological Weapons Convention) (document A/53/591), the Assembly would welcome progress on negotiating a verification protocol to strengthen the Convention. In that connection, it would call on all States parties to accelerate negotiations within the ad hoc group of States parties and redouble their efforts to complete the protocol on the basis of consensus at the earliest possible date.

Also, the Assembly would call upon all signatory States that had not yet ratified the Convention to do so without delay. It would also call upon those States that had not signed the Convention to do so at an early date, thus contributing to the achievement of universal adherence.

The draft was approved on 3 November without a vote.

The report on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (document A/53/592) contains a draft decision, by which the Assembly would recall its resolution 50/245 of 10 September 1996, and decide to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-fourth session, the item entitled "Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty."

The Committee approved the draft decision on 13 November by a recorded vote of 135 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (Bhutan, India, Lebanon, Syria).

Action on First Committee Reports

MOTAZ M. ZAHRAN (Egypt), Rapporteur, introduced the reports of the First Committee (Disarmament and International Security).

The Assembly first took up the report on information and telecommunications developments in the context of international security (document A/53/576), adopting the related resolution without a vote.

The Assembly next took up the report on maintenance of international security -- prevention of the violent disintegration of States (document A/53/577). The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 156 in favour to none against, with 6 abstentions (Armenia, Chile, China, Liechtenstein, Mexico, Pakistan). (For details of the vote, see Annex I.)

Turning to the report on objective information on military matters, including transparency of military expenditures (document A/53/578), the Assembly adopted the related resolution without a vote.

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The Assembly then took up the report on the role of science and technology in the context of international security and disarmament (document A/53/579). The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 99 in favour to 45 against, with 23 abstentions (Annex II).

The draft resolution contained in the report on establishing a nuclear- weapon-free zone in the Middle East (document A/53/580) was adopted without a vote.

The Assembly next took note of the report of the Committee on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon free zone in South Asia.

The Assembly then acted on the text contained in the report on conclusion of effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear- weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons (document A/53/582), and adopted the related resolution by a vote of 117 in favour to none against, with 52 abstentions (Annex III).

The report on prevention of an arms race in outer space (document A/53/583) contained one draft text, which the Assembly adopted by a vote of 165 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Marshall Islands, United States) (Annex IV).

The Assembly next took up the 27 draft resolutions contained in the report on general and complete disarmament (document A/53/584).

GHOLAMHOSSEIN DEHGHANI (Iran), on a point of order, said that his delegation would like the record of the General Assembly to reflect his delegation's desire to co-sponsor the draft resolutions on small arms (document A/53/584 E), and on illicit trafficking in small arms (document A/53/584 T).

Speaking in explanation of vote before the vote, KIM SAM JONG (Democratic People's Republic of Korea) said he wished to clarify his position on the draft on the Ottawa Convention. He fully supported the humanitarian purpose of the Convention. However, in the light of the present situation on the Korean peninsula, where acute military confrontation existed, his country was not now in a position to adhere to the Convention. It would be possible to adhere to a landmines ban if the problem on the Korean peninsula were solved. That required durable peace and security, including a new peace agreement, under which all United States troops would withdraw. He would, therefore, abstain in the vote on that draft.

ELAINE MILLER (Malta), speaking in explanation of vote on the regional disarmament text concerning Central and Eastern Europe, said that the text evoked questions regarding its scope, thereby rendering it unclear in its intent. It seemed to be aimed at the creation of a nuclear-weapon-free zone

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in the area. While such zones were a valuable contribution to realizing the goals of the NPT, such zones, as stated in the NPT itself, should be based on agreements freely arrived at among the States concerned.

She said that an assessment of the Committee's voting pattern on that resolution, by which 57 delegates voted in favour, revealed the absence of agreement among States concerned. Also clear was the proposal's disregard for regional concerns, as well as the broader concerns of the international community. The objectives of the text, therefore, had little chance of succeeding. Its sponsors should have elaborated approaches that could lead to significant regional disarmament. Instead, the present text divided, rather than united, the world community in its common goal of eliminating nuclear weapons. For those reasons, her delegation would vote against the draft.

ANDRÉ ERDÖS (Hungary) addressed the regional disarmament draft concerning Central and Eastern Europe. He spoke on behalf of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. He said those like-minded Central and Eastern European countries were grateful to those who had opposed or abstained in the vote on that draft in the Committee.

He said the countries for which he spoke wished to reiterate their confidence that the unequivocal position of countries most directly affected by the resolution would not be disregarded. As already indicated, the text sought to impose a reality on an entire region against the explicitly expressed will of the countries of that region. The passage of that draft would set a disturbing and counter-productive precedent. All delegations should carefully consider the impact of such an action which, if adopted, would clearly be at variance with the provisions of relevant United Nations documents.

TEBELELO A. BOANG (Botswana) said that his delegation had voted in favour of the regional disarmament draft concerning Central and Eastern Europe in the Committee, in line with its commitment to nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament. In the absence of the support of the countries of the region concerned, and in view of article VII of the NPT, he would abstain in the Assembly vote on the text.

ALEXANDER KELLMAN (El Salvador), referring to the text on regional disarmament in Central and Eastern Europe, said that the way to establish nuclear-weapon-free zones was to take into account the specific characteristics of each region on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at. His delegation attached great value to the purpose of the text, and had hoped it would win the broad support of the countries in the region. Absent that, and although he agreed with the principles of the text, he would have to abstain in the vote.

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HUMPHREY BWALYA KUNDA (Zambia) said he had received fresh instructions from his Government concerning the nuclear testing text, on which he would now abstain.

ANDREI YE. GRANOVSKY (Russian Federation) noted the positive and constructive thrust of the regional disarmament draft on Central and Eastern Europe submitted by Belarus, and said it sought to strengthen European security and the nuclear non-proliferation regime. His delegation had supported the draft in the Committee and would do so today, as well.

The first draft resolution (document A/53/584 A) in the report on general and complete disarmament, on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon- free zone in Central Asia, was then adopted without a vote.

Also acting without a vote, the Assembly then adopted the following resolutions contained in that report:

-- assistance to States for curbing illicit traffic in small arms and collecting them (document A/53/584 B);

-- prohibition of the dumping of radioactive wastes (document A/53/584 C);

-- the nuclear-weapon-free status of Mongolia (document A/53/584 D).

Next, the Assembly considered the draft resolution on small arms (document A/53/584 E). It took a separate vote on the fourth preambular paragraph, which reaffirmed the right of self-determination of all peoples, and adopted the paragraph by a vote of 152 in favour to none against, with 13 abstentions (Annex V).

It adopted the resolution as a whole by a recorded vote of 169 in favour to none against, with 1 abstention (Russian Federation) (Annex VI).

The Assembly then took up the draft on reducing nuclear danger (document A/53/584 F). In a separate vote, it adopted operative paragraph 3 by a vote of 99 in favour to none against, with 68 abstentions (Annex VII).

The draft as a whole was adopted by a vote of 108 in favour to 45 against, with 17 abstentions (Annex VIII).

The Assembly then adopted the draft text on nuclear testing (document A/53/584 G) by a recorded vote of 118 in favour to 9 against (Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bhutan, India, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Zimbabwe), with 33 abstentions (Annex IX).

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The first of two texts on regional disarmament (document A/53/584 H), concerning Central and Eastern Europe, was adopted by a vote of 63 in favour to 44 against, with 47 abstentions (Annex X).

A draft text concerning a ban on the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons (document A/53/584 I) was adopted without a vote.

By a vote of 170 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States), the Assembly adopted a text on the observance of environmental norms in drafting and implementing disarmament and arms control agreements (document A/53/584 J) (Annex XI).

The text on the relationship between disarmament and development (document A/53/584 K) was adopted without a vote.

The draft resolution concerning measures to uphold the 1925 Geneva Protocol (document A/53/584 L) was adopted by a vote of 168 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions (Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Marshall Islands, Republic of Korea, United States) (Annex XII).

Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted the text on consolidation of peace through practical disarmament (document A/53/584 M).

The text on the Ottawa Convention (document A/53/584 N) was adopted by a vote of 147 in favour to none against, with 21 abstentions (Annex XIII).

It adopted a second regional disarmament text (document A/53/584 O) without a vote.

By a vote of 164 in favour to 1 against (India), with 2 abstentions (Bhutan, Cuba), the Assembly adopted the draft resolution on conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels (document A/53/584 P) (Annex XIV).

The Assembly then took up the draft text concerning a nuclear-weapon- free southern hemisphere (document A/53/584 Q). In a separate recorded vote, the words "and South Asia" in operative paragraph 3 were retained, by a vote of 141 in favour to 2 against (Bhutan, India), with 20 abstentions (Annex XV).

By a recorded vote of 146 in favour to 2 against (Bhutan, India), with 15 abstentions, the Assembly also retained operative paragraph 3 as a whole (Annex XVI).

It adopted the draft resolution as a whole by a vote of 154 in favour to 3 against (France, United Kingdom, United States), with 10 abstentions (Annex XVII).

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The draft text on the Chemical Weapons Convention (document A/53/584 R) was adopted without a vote.

On the first of two texts on transparency in armaments (document A/53/584 S), separate votes were taken on the eighth preambular paragraph and operative paragraph 3 (b).

By the terms of the eighth preambular paragraph, the Assembly would stress the need to achieve universality of the NPT, and of the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological Weapons Convention. That paragraph was adopted by a recorded vote of 163 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 3 abstentions (Bhutan, Cuba, Pakistan) (Annex XVIII).

Operative paragraph 3 (b), by which the Assembly would urge Member States to submit their views to the Secretary-General on developing the Register of Conventional Arms in order to increase transparency of weapons of mass destruction, was adopted by a recorded vote of 95 in favour to 47 against, with 18 abstentions (Annex XIX).

The resolution as a whole was adopted by a vote of 104 in favour to 46 against, with 17 abstentions (Annex XX).

A draft text on illicit traffic in small arms (document A/53/584 T) was adopted without a vote.

The Assembly next took up the text on nuclear disarmament with a view to the ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons (document A/53/584 U). Prior to action on the draft, separate votes were taken on the second preambular paragraph and on operative paragraph 1.

The second preambular paragraph, which was approved by a recorded vote of 159 in favour to 1 against (India), with 3 abstentions (Bhutan, Israel, Pakistan), would have the Assembly bear in mind recent nuclear test that challenged the international non-proliferation regime (Annex XXI).

The first operative paragraph of the text, by which the Assembly would reaffirm the importance of achieving universality of the NPT, was approved by a recorded vote of 166 in favour to 3 against (Algeria, India, Pakistan), with 2 abstentions (Bhutan, Cuba) (XXII).

The nuclear disarmament draft as a whole was adopted by a vote of 160 in favour to none against, with 11 abstentions (Annex XXIII).

The Assembly next took up the second text on transparency (document A/53/584 V), and took separate votes on operative paragraphs 4(b) and 6, prior to acting on the text.

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According to operative paragraph 4(b), the Assembly would recall its request to the Secretary-General to prepare a report on the continuing and further development of the Register of Conventional Arms. It was adopted by a recorded vote of 156 in favour to none against, with 10 abstentions (Annex XXIV).

By the terms of operative paragraph 6, adopted by a vote of 155 in favour to none against, with 11 abstentions (Annex XXV), the Assembly would invite the Conference on Disarmament to continue its work in the field of transparency in armaments.

The draft resolution as a whole was adopted by a vote of 159 in favour to none against, with 12 abstentions (Annex XXVI).

Turning to the draft text on the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons (document A/53/584 W), the Assembly took a separate vote on operative paragraph 1, which underlines the consensus of the Court regarding the obligation to pursue nuclear disarmament negotiations in good faith and to conclude negotiations on nuclear disarmament under international control.

The operative paragraph was adopted by a recorded vote of 159 in favour to 4 against (France, Monaco, Russian Federation, United States), with 8 abstentions (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Gabon, Israel, Marshall Islands, Turkey, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan) (Annex XXVII).

The draft as a whole was adopted by a vote of 123 in favour to 25 against, with 25 abstentions (Annex XXVIII).

Another draft resolution on nuclear disarmament (document A/53/584 X) was adopted by a vote of 110 in favour to 41 against, with 18 abstentions (Annex XXIX).

Two separate recorded votes were taken on a draft text, entitled "Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world: the need for a new agenda" (document A/53/584 Y). The first was on operative paragraph 8, which would have the Assembly call upon States to adhere, unconditionally and without delay, to the NPT. It was adopted by a recorded vote of 160 in favour to 3 against (India, Israel, Pakistan), with 2 abstentions (Bhutan, Cuba) (Annex XXX).

The second vote was on operative paragraph 17, by which the Assembly would call for legally binding security assurances to non-nuclear-weapon States party to the NPT against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons. It was adopted by a recorded vote of 156 in favour to 1 against (United States), with 5 abstentions (Cuba, India, Israel, Pakistan, Republic of Korea) (Annex XXXI).

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The text as a whole was adopted by a vote of 114 in favour to 18 against, with 38 abstentions (Annex XXXII).

A draft on bilateral nuclear arms negotiations (document A/53/584 Z) was adopted by a vote of 166 in favour to none against, with 8 abstentions (Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, India, Iran, Lebanon, Pakistan, Syria, United Republic of Tanzania) (Annex XXXIII).

The Assembly adopted the text on a fourth special session of the General Assembly on disarmament (document A/53/584 AA) without a vote.

The flow was then given to delegations who wished to explain their vote after action on the resolutions contained in the report on general and complete disarmament (document A/53/584).

DJUMANTORO P. PURBO (Indonesia), speaking in explanation of vote on nuclear testing, said the draft should have addressed all forms of nuclear tests, including laboratory and computer-simulated tests, and not just the underground tests conducted in South Asia. Thus, he had strongly supported the amendments to the text submitted in the Committee. Unfortunately, those had not been adopted. Yet, given his delegation's long-held opposition to all nuclear tests, he had decided to vote for the resolution.

He said that the regional disarmament text concerning Central and Eastern Europe contained some positive elements concerning the non-deployment of nuclear weapons in the territories of non-nuclear-weapon States. Hence, he had endorsed the call to encourage the States concerned from deploying nuclear weapons, while fulfilling their commitments under the NPT.

JOSE EDUARDO M. FELICIO (Brazil), speaking in explanation of vote on the resolution on reducing nuclear danger, said he shared the main goal of nuclear disarmament and the legitimate concern over the dangers of nuclear war. Moreover, he was committed to the objectives of nuclear non-proliferation and the complete elimination of nuclear weapons. His country condemned all nuclear tests and strongly rejected the notion that nuclear weapons could ensure security. They bred only tension and blocked international stability, peace and security. Further, he called for universal adherence to the NPT and the CTBT.

SHAFQAT ALI KHAN (Pakistan), speaking on the regional disarmament text concerning Central and Eastern Europe, noted that the draft resolution was a new initiative with some sensitive developments. His delegation had voted in favour of it. However, it was notable that most of the regional States had voted against it. That would affect their position on the text in future.

JARGALSAIKHANY ENKHSAIKHAN (Mongolia), speaking in explanation of the vote on the text on Mongolia's nuclear-weapon-free status, said that it

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embodied an innovative approach to the question of nuclear-weapon-free zones in non-traditional cases. The international community, through its adoption of the text, had indicated its acceptance that even a single State had the right to acquire a nuclear-weapon-free status, bearing in mind its particular needs and those of its neighbours, as well as the stability of the region in general.

He said his country, which did not belong to any regional security arrangement, would be more credible and stronger if its overall security was strengthened internationally. Indeed, the resolution linked Mongolia's nuclear-weapon-free status with its international security environment and future practical security arrangements. A well-balanced set of arrangements could play an important role in enhancing further stability in that strategic region, and could be linked in the future to emerging regional security arrangements. Such arrangements, however, had yet to be defined. In that challenging task, his country sought the necessary assistance from the Secretary-General and the relevant United Nations bodies in implementing the present text.

ABDULSSALAM SERGIWA (Libya), addressing the text on the Ottawa Convention, said the Convention did not include assistance to States that had been affected by landmines since the Second World War -- those whose lands were used as a war theatre, and who were now suffering. His country was a case in point. That situation drew attention to those that laid the mines in the first place. In that connection, there was a need to eliminate all forms of colonialism, which would enable affected countries to reclaim their territories. Furthermore, the Convention did not discuss the security position of some States. In light of the above points, his delegation abstained in the voting on the text.

ASDA JAYANAMA (Thailand), addressing the regional disarmament text concerning Central and Eastern Europe, said that his delegation abstained in the voting, not because his country no longer supported the ideal of nuclear non-proliferation, but because they were aware that the effectiveness of a nuclear-weapon-free zone demanded the support of the regional States. If the text could secure such support in the future, his delegation would also support the initiative.

MOHAMMED AL-SINDI (Yemen) said his delegation had abstained in the voting on the anti-personnel landmines text, but wished to change that to a positive vote. His country had signed the Convention, and it was only natural for his delegation to vote in favour of the related draft resolution.

MARTIN BELINGA-EBOUTOU (Cameroon), also addressing the text on the Ottawa Convention, said his country had supported the Convention and would always vote in favour of the draft text.

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ABDELKADER MESDOUA (Algeria), speaking on a point of order, said that some texts had not been available in all languages, and until yesterday he hoped that steps would be taken in the future to avert a recurrence.

MONGA MULENDA MAKONGA (Democratic Republic of the Congo), speaking on the text on nuclear testing, said that his delegation had intended to abstain.

The Assembly then took up a report on review and implementation of the Concluding Document of the Twelfth Special Session of the Assembly (document A/53/585), which contains seven draft resolutions.

Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted texts concerning the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa (document A/53/585 A), the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific (document A/53/585 B), and the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa (document A/53/585 C).

The Assembly next took up the draft on a nuclear weapons convention (document A/53/585 D). Prior to adopting the draft as a whole, the Assembly adopted preambular paragraph 8 of that text by a vote of 103 in favour to 39 against, with 21 abstentions (Annex XXXIV). By its terms, the Assembly would stress that an international convention on the prohibition of the use of nuclear weapons would be an important step in a phased programme towards the complete elimination of nuclear weapons, within a specified time framework.

The draft as a whole was adopted by a recorded vote of 111 in favour to 39 against, with 22 abstentions (Annex XXXV).

Acting without a vote, the Assembly then adopted draft resolutions concerning: the United Nations Disarmament Information Programme (document A/53/585 E), the United Nations regional centres for peace and disarmament (document A/53/585 F), and the United Nations disarmament and fellowship training and advisory services (document A/53/585 G).

The Assembly next took up two draft resolutions contained in its report on the implementation of the recommendations and decisions it adopted at its tenth special session (document A/53/586).

Acting without a vote, it adopted the draft texts on the Disarmament Commission (document A/53/586 A) and the Conference on Disarmament (document A/53/586 B).

The Assembly then took up the report on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/53/587). Prior to adoption of the related draft, the Assembly took a separate recorded vote on the sixth preambular paragraph, which recalls the decision of the 1995 Conference of the Parties to the NPT to call upon all States not yet party to the Treaty to accede to it at the earliest

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date, particularly those States that operated unsafeguarded nuclear facilities. The paragraph was adopted by a vote of 162 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 2 abstentions (Cuba, Pakistan) (Annex XXXVI).

By a recorded vote of 158 in favour to 2 against (Israel, United States), with 11 abstentions, the Assembly adopted the text as a whole (Annex XXXVII).

The Assembly next took up the report on the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (document A/53/588), and adopted the related text without a vote.

The text contained in the report on strengthening security and cooperation in the Mediterranean region (document A/53/589) was adopted without a vote.

Also acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted a text contained in the report on consolidating the regime established by the Treaty of Tlatelolco (document A/53/590).

Turning to the report on the Biological Weapons Convention (document A/53/591), the Assembly adopted the related text without a vote.

By a vote of 164 in favour to none against, with 6 abstentions (Bhutan, India, Lebanon, Mauritius, Syria, United Republic of Tanzania), the Assembly adopted a decision contained in its report on the CTBT (document A/53/592) (Annex XXXVIII).

The Assembly then took note of report of the Committee on rationalization of its work and reform of its agenda.

(annexes follow)

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ANNEX I

Vote on Preventing Violent Disintegration of States

The draft resolution on the maintenance of international security -- prevention of the violent disintegration of States (document A/53/577) was adopted by a recorded vote of 156 in favour to 0 against, with 6 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Armenia, Chile, China, Liechtenstein, Mexico, Pakistan.

Absent: Comoros, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Dominica, Gabon, Grenada, Honduras, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Syria, Viet Nam.

(END OF ANNEX I)

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ANNEX II

Vote on Science and Technology in Disarmament

The draft resolution on the role of science and technology in the context of international security and disarmament (document A/53/579) was approved by a recorded vote of 99 in favour to 45 against, with 23 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Brazil, Comoros, Gambia, Georgia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Namibia, Paraguay, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Samoa, South Africa, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu.

Absent: Cape Verde, Dominica, Gabon, Honduras, Mali, Nicaragua, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles.

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(END OF ANNEX II)

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ANNEX III

Vote on Assurance to Non-Nuclear-Weapon States

The draft resolution on the conclusion of effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons (document A/53/582) was adopted by a recorded vote of 117 in favour to 0 against, with 52 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu.

Absent: Dominica, El Salvador, Gabon, Honduras, Mali, Palau, Rwanda,

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Saint Kitts and Nevis.

(END OF ANNEX III)

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General Assembly Plenary Press Release GA/9526 79th Meeting (AM) 4 December 1998

ANNEX IV

Vote on Outer Space Arms Race

The draft resolution on the prevention of an arms race in outer space (document A/53/583) was adopted by a recorded vote of 165 in favour to 0 against, with 4 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Marshall Islands, United States.

Absent: Dominica, Gabon, Honduras, Mongolia, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Swaziland.

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(END OF ANNEX IV)

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General Assembly Plenary Press Release GA/9526 79th Meeting (AM) 4 December 1998

ANNEX V

Vote on Fourth Preambular Paragraph of Small Arms

The fourth preambular paragraph, concerning the right to self- determination, of the draft resolution on small arms (document A/53/584 E) was adopted by a recorded vote of 152 in favour to 0 against, with 13 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Azerbaijan, Federated States of Micronesia, France, Georgia, India, Israel, Monaco, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Spain, United Kingdom, United States.

Absent: Andorra, China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Dominica, Gabon, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Morocco, Palau,

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Rwanda, Seychelles, Syria, Viet Nam.

(END OF ANNEX V)

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General Assembly Plenary Press Release GA/9526 79th Meeting (AM) 4 December 1998

ANNEX VI

Vote on Small Arms

The draft resolution on small arms (document A/53/584 E) was adopted by a recorded vote of 169 in favour to 0 against, with 1 abstention, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Russian Federation.

Absent: Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Dominica, Gabon, Palau, Rwanda, Syria, Viet Nam.

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(END OF ANNEX VI)

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General Assembly Plenary Press Release GA/9526 79th Meeting (AM) 4 December 1998

ANNEX VII

Vote on Operative Paragraph 3 on Reducing Nuclear Danger

Operative paragraph 3, concerning the objective of eliminating nuclear weapons, of the draft resolution on reducing nuclear danger (document A/53/584 F) was adopted by a recorded vote of 99 in favour to 0 against, with 68 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Egypt, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Yemen.

Absent: Cape Verde, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Eritrea, Grenada, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Palau, Rwanda, Seychelles.

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(END OF ANNEX VII)

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General Assembly Plenary Press Release GA/9526 79th Meeting (AM) 4 December 1998

ANNEX VIII

Vote on Reducing Nuclear Danger

The draft resolution on general and complete disarmament: reducing nuclear danger (document A/53/584 F) was adopted by a recorded vote of 108 in favour to 45 against, with 17 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Argentina, Armenia, Belarus, China, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Nicaragua, San Marino, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu.

Absent: Congo, Dominica, Gabon, Grenada, Mauritania, Palau, Rwanda, Seychelles.

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(END OF ANNEX VIII)

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General Assembly Plenary Press Release GA/9526 79th Meeting (AM) 4 December 1998

ANNEX IX

Vote on Nuclear Testing

The draft resolution on general and complete disarmament: nuclear testing (document A/53/584 G) was adopted by a recorded vote of 118 in favour to 9 against, with 33 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malaysia, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Myanmar, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela.

Against: Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bhutan, India, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Zimbabwe.

Abstain: Algeria, Bangladesh, Cuba, Cyprus, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Maldives, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Oman, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.

Absent: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cape Verde, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Dominica, Gambia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Palau, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates.

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(END OF ANNEX IX)

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General Assembly Plenary Press Release GA/9526 79th Meeting (AM) 4 December 1998

ANNEX X

Vote on Regional Disarmament

The draft resolution on regional disarmament (document A/53/584 H) was adopted by a recorded vote of 63 in favour to 44 against, with 47 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Brunei Darussalam, Cape Verde, China, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Guinea, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zimbabwe.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Bangladesh, Botswana, Brazil, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Djibouti, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Guyana, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Mauritius, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Republic of Korea, San Marino, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia.

Absent: Belize, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Dominica, Federated States of Micronesia, Gambia, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Palau, Rwanda, Seychelles, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda.

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(END OF ANNEX X)

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General Assembly Plenary Press Release GA/9526 79th Meeting (AM) 4 December 1998

ANNEX XI

Vote on Environmental Norms in Disarmament

The draft resolution on the observance of environmental norms in the drafting and implementation of agreements in disarmament and arms control (document A/53/584 J) was adopted by a recorded vote of 170 in favour to 0 against, with 4 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea- Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States.

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Absent: Dominica, Palau, Rwanda.

(END OF ANNEX XI)

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ANNEX XII

Vote on 1925 Geneva Protocol

The draft resolution on measures to uphold the authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol prohibiting the use of asphyxiating gases and bacteriological warfare (document A/53/584 L) was adopted by a recorded vote of 168 in favour to 0 against, with 5 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Marshall Islands, Republic of Korea, United States.

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Absent: Dominica, Palau, Rwanda, Turkmenistan.

(END OF ANNEX XII)

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ANNEX XIII

Vote on Ottawa Convention

The draft resolution on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention) (document A/53/584 N) was adopted by a recorded vote of 147 in favour to 0 against, with 21 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Azerbaijan, China, Cuba, Egypt, Federated States of Micronesia, India, Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Libya, Marshall Islands, Morocco, Myanmar, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Syria, Tajikistan, United States, Viet Nam, Yemen.

Absent: Afghanistan, Cameroon, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Dominica, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Palau, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia,

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Uzbekistan.

(END OF ANNEX XIII)

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ANNEX XIV

Vote on Regional Arms Control

The draft resolution on conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels (document A/53/584 P) was adopted by a recorded vote of 164 in favour to 1 against, with 2 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: India.

Abstain: Bhutan, Cuba.

Absent: Angola, Chad, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Dominica, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Mali, Namibia, Palau, Rwanda,

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Viet Nam.

(END OF ANNEX XIV)

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General Assembly Plenary Press Release GA/9526 79th Meeting (AM) 4 December 1998

ANNEX XV

Vote on 'And South Asia' in Nuclear-Free Southern Hemisphere

The words "and South Asia" in operative paragraph 3, concerning nuclear- weapon-free zones, in the draft resolution on a nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere and adjacent areas (document A/53/584 Q) were retained by a recorded vote of 141 in favour to 2 against, with 20 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Czech Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Bhutan, India.

Abstain: Algeria, Bangladesh, Cuba, Cyprus, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, France, Honduras, Hungary, Israel, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, United Kingdom, United States, Viet Nam.

Absent: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Lao People's Democratic Republic,

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Lebanon, Palau, Rwanda, Seychelles, Syria, Uzbekistan.

(END OF ANNEX XV)

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General Assembly Plenary Press Release GA/9526 79th Meeting (AM) 4 December 1998

ANNEX XVI

Vote on Operative Paragraph 3 of Nuclear Free Southern Hemisphere

Operative paragraph 3, concerning nuclear-weapon-free zones, of the draft resolution on a nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere and adjacent areas (document A/53/584 Q) was retained by a recorded vote of 146 in favour to 2 against, with 15 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Bhutan, India.

Abstain: Bangladesh, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, France, Hungary, Israel, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Monaco, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, United Kingdom, United States.

Absent: Afghanistan, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Honduras, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Palau, Rwanda, Seychelles, Syria, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, Yemen.

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(END OF ANNEX XVI)

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ANNEX XVII

Vote on Nuclear-Weapon-Free Southern Hemisphere

The draft resolution on a nuclear-weapon-free Southern hemisphere and adjacent areas (document A/53/584 Q) was adopted by a recorded vote of 154 in favour to 3 against, with 10 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Zambia.

Against: France, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Bhutan, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Gabon, Georgia, India, Israel, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Russian Federation.

Absent: Central African Republic, Dominica, Monaco, Palau, Republic of Korea, Rwanda, Swaziland, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Zimbabwe.

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(END OF ANNEX XVII)

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General Assembly Plenary Press Release GA/9526 79th Meeting (AM) 4 December 1998

ANNEX XVIII

Vote on Eighth Preambular Paragraph on Transparency

The eight preambular paragraph, which concerns the universality of treaties on weapons of mass destruction, in the draft resolution on transparency in armaments (document A/54/584 S) was adopted by a recorded vote of 163 in favour to 2 against, with 3 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea- Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: India, Israel.

Abstain: Bhutan, Cuba, Pakistan.

Absent: Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Dominica, Lebanon,

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Liberia, Libya, Palau, Rwanda, Seychelles, Syria, Yemen.

(END OF ANNEX XVIII)

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General Assembly Plenary Press Release GA/9526 79th Meeting (AM) 4 December 1998

ANNEX XIX

Vote on Operative Paragraph 3(b) on Transparency

Operative paragraph 3(b), concerning the Register of Conventional Arms and weapons of mass destruction, of the draft resolution on transparency in armaments (document A/53/584 S) was adopted by a recorded vote of 95 in favour to 47 against, with 18 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Argentina, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Cameroon, China, Cyprus, Georgia, Honduras, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, South Africa, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

Absent: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Chad, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Grenada, Guinea- Bissau, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Palau, Rwanda, Seychelles, Syria, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Yemen.

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(END OF ANNEX XIX)

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General Assembly Plenary Press Release GA/9526 79th Meeting (AM) 4 December 1998

ANNEX XX

Vote on Transparency in Armaments

The draft resolution on transparency in armaments (document A/53/584 S) was adopted by a recorded vote of 104 in favour to 46 against, with 17 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Argentina, Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Cyprus, Georgia, Honduras, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malta, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

Absent: Burundi, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Palau, Rwanda, Syria, Turkmenistan.

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(END OF ANNEX XX)

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ANNEX XXI

Vote on Second Preambular Paragraph on Nuclear Weapon Elimination

The second preambular paragraph, concerning recent nuclear tests, of the draft resolution on nuclear disarmament with a view to the ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons (document A/53/584 U) was adopted by a recorded vote of 159 in favour to 1 against, with 3 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: India.

Abstain: Bhutan, Israel, Pakistan.

Absent: Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Dominica, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritius, Oman, Palau, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Sudan.

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(END OF ANNEX XXI)

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ANNEX XXII

Vote on Operative Paragraph 1 on Nuclear Weapon Elimination

Operative paragraph 1, concerning the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, of the draft on nuclear disarmament with a view to the elimination of nuclear weapons (document A/53/584 U) was adopted by a recorded vote of 166 in favour to 3 against, with 2 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: India, Israel, Pakistan.

Abstain: Bhutan, Cuba.

Absent: Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Dominica, Gabon, Palau,

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Rwanda, Seychelles.

(END OF ANNEX XXII)

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ANNEX XXIII

Vote on Elimination of Nuclear Weapons

The draft resolution on general and complete disarmament: nuclear disarmament with a view to the ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons (document A/53/584 U) was adopted by a recorded vote of 160 in favour to 0 against, with 11 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Algeria, Bhutan, Colombia, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, India, Iran, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Pakistan.

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Absent: Dominica, Libya, Namibia, Palau, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Uzbekistan,

(END OF ANNEX XXIII)

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ANNEX XXIV

Vote on Operative Paragraph 4(b) of Transparency in Armaments

Operative paragraph 4(b), concerning the report of the Secretary-General on the Register of Conventional Arms, in the draft resolution on transparency in armaments (document A/53/584 V) was adopted by a recorded vote of 156 in favour to none against, with 10 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Algeria, China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Indonesia, Iran, Mexico, Myanmar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Yemen.

Absent: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Egypt, Gabon, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Palau, Sao Tome and

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Principe, Seychelles, Sudan, Viet Nam.

(END OF ANNEX XXIV)

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ANNEX XXV

Vote on Operative Paragraph 6 of Transparency in Armaments

Operative paragraph 6, concerning the Conference on Disarmament, in the draft resolution on transparency in armaments (document A/53/584 V) was adopted by a recorded vote of 155 in favour to none against, with 11 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Algeria, China, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Mexico, Myanmar, Saudi Arabia, Syria.

Absent: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Ethiopia, Gabon, Jordan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Palau, Seychelles,

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Sudan, Viet Nam.

(END OF ANNEX XXV)

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ANNEX XXVI

Vote on Transparency in Armaments

The draft resolution on transparency in armaments (document A/53/584 V) was adopted by a recorded vote of 159 in favour to none against, with 12 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Algeria, China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mexico, Myanmar, Saudi Arabia, Syria.

Absent: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Palau, Trinidad and Tobago, Viet Nam.

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(END OF ANNEX XXVI)

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ANNEX XXVII

Vote on Operative Paragraph 1 of ICJ Opinion

Operative paragraph 1, concerning the responsibility to pursue nuclear disarmament negotiations and conclude them under effective international control, of the draft resolution on the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice (document A/53/584 W) was adopted by a recorded vote of 159 in favour to 4 against, with 8 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: France, Monaco, Russian Federation, United States.

Abstain: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Gabon, Israel, Marshall Islands, Turkey, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan.

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Absent: Dominica, Federated States of Micronesia, Namibia, Palau, Seychelles, Tajikistan.

(END OF ANNEX XXVII)

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ANNEX XXVIII

Vote on International Court of Justice

The draft resolution on the follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons (document A/53/584 W) was adopted by a recorded vote of 123 in favour to 25 against, with 25 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Iceland, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Norway, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Tajikistan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

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Absent: Dominica, Federated States of Micronesia, Namibia, Palau.

(END OF ANNEX XXVIII)

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ANNEX XXIX

Vote on Nuclear Disarmament

The draft resolution on nuclear disarmament (document A/53/584 X) was adopted by a recorded vote of 110 in favour to 41 against, with 18 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Chile, Cyprus, Georgia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malta, Marshall Islands, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, San Marino, South Africa, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

Absent: Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Palau, Seychelles, Turkmenistan.

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(END OF ANNEX XXIX)

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ANNEX XXX

Vote on Operative Paragraph 8 on New Agenda

Operative paragraph 8, concerning the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), in the draft resolution entitled towards a nuclear- weapon-free world: the need for a new agenda (document A/53/584 Y) was adopted by a recorded vote of 160 in favour to 3 against, with 2 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: India, Israel, Pakistan.

Abstain: Bhutan, Cuba.

Absent: Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Dominica, France,

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Marshall Islands, Monaco, Myanmar, Palau, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Slovenia, United States.

(END OF ANNEX XXX)

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ANNEX XXXI

Vote on Operative Paragraph 17 on New Agenda

Operative paragraph 17, concerning the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), of the draft resolution entitled towards a nuclear- weapon-free world: the need for a new agenda (document A/53/584 Y) was adopted by a recorded vote of 156 in favour to 1 against, with 5 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: United Kingdom.

Abstain: Cuba, India, Israel, Pakistan, Republic of Korea.

Absent: China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Federated States of Micronesia, France, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Myanmar, Palau, Russian Federation, Saint

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Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Slovenia, United States.

(END OF ANNEX XXXI)

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ANNEX XXXII

Vote on New Nuclear Disarmament Agenda

The draft resolution on general and complete disarmament: towards a nuclear-weapon-free world: the need for a new agenda (document A/53/584 Y) was adopted by a recorded vote of 114 in favour to 18 against, with 38 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Hungary, India, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Monaco, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Belgium, Bhutan, Canada, China, Croatia, Denmark, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Luxembourg, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Myanmar, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Slovenia, Spain, Tajikistan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

Absent: Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles,

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Turkmenistan.

(END OF ANNEX XXXII)

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ANNEX XXXIII

Vote on Bilateral Nuclear Arms Negotiations

The draft resolution on general and complete disarmament: bilateral nuclear arms negotiations and nuclear disarmament (document A/53/584 Z) was adopted by a recorded vote of 166 in favour to none against, with 8 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, India, Iran, Lebanon, Pakistan, Syria, United Republic of Tanzania.

Absent: Dominica, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis.

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ANNEX XXXIV

Vote on Eighth Preambular Paragraph of Nuclear Weapons Convention

The eighth preambular paragraph of the draft resolution on a nuclear weapons convention, which concerns the complete elimination of nuclear weapons (document A/53/585 D) was adopted by a recorded vote of 103 in favour to 39 against, with 21 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Chile, Cyprus, Georgia, Honduras, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malta, Marshall Islands, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, San Marino, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

Absent: China, Dominica, Grenada, Guinea-Bissau, Kuwait, Madagascar, Mali, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Turkmenistan,

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Uganda, Zimbabwe.

(END OF ANNEX XXXIV)

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ANNEX XXXV

Vote on Convention on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons

The draft resolution on a Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Nuclear Weapons (document A/53/585 D) was adopted by a recorded vote of 111 in favour to 39 against, with 22 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Abstain: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Cyprus, Georgia, Honduras, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malta, Marshall Islands, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, San Marino, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

Absent: Dominica, Madagascar, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis.

(END OF ANNEX XXXV)

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ANNEX XXXVI

Vote on Sixth Preambular Paragraph of Middle East Proliferation

The sixth preambular paragraph, which refers to States operating unsafeguarded nuclear facilities, of the draft resolution on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/53/587) was adopted by a recorded vote of 162 in favour to 2 against, with 2 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: India, Israel.

Abstain: Cuba, Pakistan.

Absent: Cameroon, Costa Rica, Dominica, Ethiopia, Federated States of

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Micronesia, Gabon, Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Uzbekistan.

(END OF ANNEX XXXVI)

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ANNEX XXXVII

Vote on Middle East Nuclear Proliferation

The draft resolution on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/53/587) was adopted by a recorded vote of 158 in favour to 2 against, with 11 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: Israel, United States.

Abstain: Cameroon, Canada, Côte d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, India, Kenya, Marshall Islands, Norway, Singapore, Trinidad and Tobago.

Absent: Costa Rica, Dominica, Nicaragua, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis,

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Uzbekistan.

(END OF ANNEX XXXVII)

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General Assembly Plenary Press Release GA/9526 79th Meeting (AM) 4 December 1998

ANNEX XXXVIII

Vote on Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

The draft decision on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (document A/53/592) was adopted by a recorded vote of 164 in favour to none against, with 6 abstentions, as follows:

In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: None.

Abstain: Bhutan, India, Lebanon, Mauritius, Syria, United Republic of Tanzania.

Absent: Belize, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Dominica, Libya,

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Palau, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis.

* *** *

For information media. Not an official record.