Logical Framework Training

In 1997, UNFPA introduced new operational guidelines which merged two central concepts and analytical tools, namely, the "programme approach" and the logical framework technique, in the development of country population programmes, formulation of sub-programmes and component projects, and design of monitoring and evaluation activities. In preparatio n for the design and formulation of project proposals for the new UNFPA programme cycle 1998-2001, the CST Suva was requested by the UNFPA Representatives of the Fiji and Papua New Guinea Offices to conduct training in Logical Framework ("Logframe&qu ot;) analysis for national counterparts and Field Office programme officers.

Two training workshops were conducted to familiarize participants with the concepts and techniques of LogFrame methodology, a regional workshop in Nadi, Fiji, for the South Pacific programme countries and a national workshop in Papua N ew Guinea. The CST spent a substantial amount of time to prepare in advance comprehensive teaching materials on the Logical Framework Approach and conducted the training sessions. A special computer software was purchased from Team Technologies for use a s a tool to design logframe projects.

Nadi LogFrame Workshop photo, Fiji

Participants at the Nadi, Fiji, LogFrame workshop


The Regional Workshop held in Nadi, Fiji, on 25-30 August 1997 was for 25 participants from 9 Pacific island programme countries and 5 Field Office staff, and was focused on planning and design of national projects in reproductive healt h. Resource persons from WHO, UNIFEM, and the South Pacific Commission also provided inputs. The National Workshop in Papua New Guinea held on 22-26 September was attended by 15 key government and NGO representatives of the various population programm e sectors, 4 international chief technical advisers attached to UNFPA-funded projects, and 2 UNFPA programme officers. While the Regional Workshop in Fiji emphasized design of Reproductive Health/Family Planning and Sexual Health (RH/FP-SH) national pro jects, as requested by the UNFPA Representative, the PNG National Workshop was aimed at developing sub-programmes and component projects in RH/FP-SH and in Population and Development Strategies.

Course content

Because of participants’ unfamiliarity with the Logical Framework Approach, the first two days of the workshops were devoted to step-by-step presentations of logframe concepts and terminology; problem and objective tree analyses; cause- effect relationships and linkages between goals, purposes, outputs and activities; vertical and horizontal logic; objectively verifiable indicators and means of verification; assumptions and risks; stakeholder analysis; how to incorporate sustainability i ssues in project designs; implementation planning; monitoring and evaluation; and, finally, how to prepare project documents in the logframe format.

Training methodology

Participants working in small groups over the next two days had practical exercises in applying the logframe concepts, went through two hands-on "project design case scenarios" in developing logframe matrices, and finally form ed into project teams to design logframe matrices for their own country’s project proposals in the thematic areas of reproductive health. In the PNG workshop participants formed two project teams to develop the logframe matrices for sub-programmes in Rep roductive Health and Population and Development Strategies. By the end of the workshops, participants felt that they had learned a useful tool and would be able to formulate their own project proposals for UNFPA and other bilateral donor funding. Everyb ody felt that the training was very useful but that this was a first step. To ensure that the logframe approach is systematically applied, it would be necessary to have follow-up training workshops on the whole programme or project cycle management, incl uding implementation, mid-term reviews, monitoring and evaluation, using the logframe as a standard tool. In addition, when the new UNFPA programme and technical guidelines are finally approved they will need to be comprehensively understood in the lo gframe-based programme and sub-programme formulation and implementation process.