UNITED NATIONS POPULATION INFORMATION NETWORK (POPIN)
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95/05/30: AIDS Daily Summary

                      AIDS Daily Summary

                         May 30, 1995



The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National AIDS

Clearinghouse makes available the following information as a public

service only. Providing this information does not constitute endorsement

by the CDC, the CDC Clearinghouse, or any other organization. Reproduction

of this text is encouraged; however, copies may not be sold, and the CDC

Clearinghouse should be cited as the source of this information.

Copyright 1995, Information, Inc., Bethesda, MD





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"U.N. Seeks New Effort on AIDS"

"Lifeline: Red Hot Franchise"

"Helms Holds Up Anti-AIDS Funds"

"Troops Infected with H.I.V. Facing Unexpected Fear of Losing

Their Jobs"

"Pentagon Shutting Down Major AIDS Research"

"Hospital Cleaner's AIDS Death Was Murder--Lawyer"

"A Time to Speak of AIDS"

"AIDS Ministry Is Honored"

"A Killing in Korea"

"HIV an Illusion"

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"U.N. Seeks New Effort on AIDS"

Philadelphia Inquirer (05/30/95) P. A2;  Nullis, Clare

     As approximately 6,000 people become infected with HIV each day,

the United Nations (U.N.) is trying to restructure its battle

against the epidemic.  The organization's goal is to coordinate

the work of six international agencies in one program, called

UNAIDS, and present a united front against the disease.  For

years, the World Health Organization (WHO) led the international

campaign.  However, the WHO was criticized for doing too little

at the grass-roots level and for focusing too narrowly on medical

problems and vaccines.  When other agencies moved to fill in the

gaps, overlapping, confusion, and competition ensued.  UNAIDS was

designed to combine the WHO's Global Program on AIDS; the U.N.

Children's Fund; the U.N. Population Fund; the U.N. Educational,

Scientific, and Cultural Organization; the U.N. Development

Program; and the World Bank.  Representatives from the six

agencies will meet in June to fine-tune the program and approve

its budget, which UNAIDS leader Peter Piot estimates will be $70

million per year for technical and support work.



"Lifeline: Red Hot Franchise"

USA Today (05/30/95) P. 1D;  Briggs, Tracy Wong

     The Red Hot Organization is currently working on "Red, Hot +

Bothered," a compilation of fringe rock bands geared toward

Generation X.  Among others, the project will feature Noise

Addict, Licorice, and the Grifters.  Thus far, the Red Hot

Organization has raised more than $5 million for AIDS projects

with its first five benefit albums.



"Helms Holds Up Anti-AIDS Funds"

Washington Times (05/29/95) P. A1;  LaFountain, Marc

     Citing a study by the Congressional Research Service (CRS), Sen.

Jesse Helms is blocking reauthorization of the Ryan White

Comprehensive AIDS Emergency Resources (CARE) Act.  The study

examined federal spending and mortality rates for AIDS and other

diseases.  In March, the CRS released a study showing that AIDS

was the ninth-most-common killer of Americans in 1991.  The U.S.

Public Health Service and the National Institutes of Health,

however, spent more on AIDS treatment and research than on more

common problems, such as cancer and heart disease.  However,

Richard Sorian, a spokesman for President Clinton's Office of

National AIDS Policy, explained that the study does not give a

complete picture of the situation.  He noted that Medicare and

Medicaid, for example, spend millions on patients with cancer and

heart disease, and added that AIDS patients often do not have

such coverage.  "We don't believe that it is useful or correct to

pit one disease against another," he said.



"Troops Infected with H.I.V. Facing Unexpected Fear of Losing

Their Jobs"

New York Times (05/29/95) P. 10;  Dunlap, David W.

     Across the country, HIV-infected military personnel are wondering

how long the care that they had come to expect from the armed

services will last.  Approximately, 1,100 troops would be

discharged from the military under a recent amendment to the

defense budget--which the Department of Defense

opposes--introduced by Rep. Robert K. Dornan (R-Calif.).  Dornan

says that the fact that HIV-infected troops may not serve

overseas is a critical compromise of combat readiness.  "During a

time of drastically declining defense resources...we need each

and every member of our military to be worldwide deployable," he

says.  Dornan has also argued that those with HIV impose a high

cost, have to be kept close to military hospitals, and would be

refused entry to many foreign countries.  Opponents to the

amendment, including Rep. Jane Harman (D-Calif.), believe

Dornan's true goal is to remove homosexuals from the military.

On Wednesday, the House Committee on National Security voted 37

to 16 in favor of the measure.



"Pentagon Shutting Down Major AIDS Research"

Washington Post (05/27/95) P. A1;  Gillis, Justin

     According to U.S. military planners, AIDS treatment research does

not have a lot to do with military medicine's main

objective--maintaining a fighting force.  They have ordered

cutbacks that will mean shutting down nine major studies, scaling

back two others, and canceling plans for two new ones.  Military

researchers will be forced to significantly scale back one of the

largest studies ever of the way HIV works in the body over time.

In recent years, Congress has given the Pentagon more money that

it asked for to conduct AIDS research.  But now, with the new

Congress, military planners are assuming that will not continue

and are making plans for cutbacks.  Scientists argue that a

shutdown of the military's AIDS research would be a great loss in

the effort to find a cure.  They also note that the military

population is unique because, as the personnel are regularly

screened for HIV, the infection is detected earlier than in the

civilian population.  This has allowed military researchers to

conduct an enormous study of the "natural history" of infection

with HIV.  Under current plans, the database military researchers

have gathered would be maintained, but little new information

would be added.



"Hospital Cleaner's AIDS Death Was Murder--Lawyer"

Reuters (05/29/95)

     On Monday, the attorney for an Argentine hospital cleaner who was

unknowingly infected by the virus that causes AIDS at work, and

fired without being informed he had HIV said he will request an

investigation for murder.  His client, Sergio Salguero, died at

age 25 last Thursday--two years after he pricked himself with a

contaminated needle while cleaning in the Hospital Muniz in

Buenos Aires.  Salguero was fired several months later after a

blood test showed he was HIV-positive.  He only learned his HIV

status after his wife became pregnant.  However, neither

Salguero's wife nor his son, now eight months old, was infected.



"A Time to Speak of AIDS"

Washington Post (05/27/95) P. B7;  Broadway, Bill

     Last week, approximately 200 people gathered at the Divinity

School at Howard University to debate why the African American

community does not talk about HIV, and to discuss how the black

church can change its often negative attitude toward HIV-infected

people.  Both speakers and audience members expressed frustration

that, historically, the black church has remained silent about

human sexuality.  AIDS, which is more often transmitted sexually,

is a source of resentment in the African American community, they

said.  "Wrongly or not, most people in the black community have

the idea that those with AIDS are [only] gay...and they're doing

what they shouldn't have been doing anyway," said Kelly Brown

Douglas, an associate professor at Howard's divinity school.  To

respond to the AIDS epidemic, the church must first learn to

speak openly and provide spiritual guidance about sexual

concerns, Douglas said.



"AIDS Ministry Is Honored"

Washington Post (05/27/95) P. B7

     AIDS advocate Peter Lee has received the $100,000 Robert Wood

Johnson Community Health Leadership Program Award.  Lee, director

of the AIDS Ministry of the South Carolina Christian Action

Council, manages AIDS care teams based in church congregations.

A total of 500 volunteers in 40 churches spanning nine

denominations provide support services such as food shopping and

companionship.  Lee said he would use the money to expand the

program.



"A Killing in Korea"

Advocate (05/30/95) No. 682, P. 14

     In Samchonpo, South Korea, a physical education teacher killed

his daughter and tried to kill himself because he thought red

spots on their skin were symptoms of AIDS.  Hwa Yongmin,

attempted to commit suicide by ingesting 78 sleeping pills after

suffocating his four-year-old daughter.  The man survived, tested

negative for HIV, and was charged with murder.



"HIV an Illusion"

Nature (05/18/95) Vol. 375, No. 6528, P. 197;  Duesberg, Peter;

Bialy, Harvey

     In a letter to the editor published in the journal Nature, Peter

Duesberg and Harvey Bialy respond to two recent papers on HIV-1

dynamics.  The authors assert that the articles' central

claim--that 100,000 HIV virions per ml of plasma can be detected

in AIDS patients with various nucleic-acid assays--is misleading.

The lead author of a paper by Wei et al.  has previously stated

that the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method they used

overestimates by at least 60,000 times the real titre of

infectious HIV.  If that figure is divided into 100,000, the

resulting 1.7 infectious HIVs per ml is hardly the "virological

mayhem" to which Wain-Hobson alluded in another issue of Nature.

Ho and another group of researchers have also recently

demonstrated that more than 10,000 "plasma virions" correspond to

less than one infectious virus per ml.  Finally, Loveday et al.

found only 200 HIV "virion RNAs" per ml of serum from AIDS

patients.  This is 1,000 times less than Ho and Wei, the authors

conclude.




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