UNITED NATIONS POPULATION INFORMATION NETWORK (POPIN)
UN Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs,
with support from the UN Population Fund (UNFPA)

95/01/13: AIDS Daily Summary

                     AIDS Daily Summary

                      January 13, 1995



The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National AIDS

Clearinghouse makes available the following information as a public

service only. Providing this information does not constitute endorsement

by the CDC, the CDC Clearinghouse, or any other organization. Reproduction

of this text is encouraged; however, copies may not be sold, and the CDC

Clearinghouse should be cited as the source of this information.

Copyright 1994, Information, Inc., Bethesda, MD





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"Arthur Ashe AIDS Foundation to Close After Creating $1 Million

Endowment"

"City Can't Pay for AIDS Services"

"FDA Urged to Bar Sales of Burroughs' Acyclovir Drug Without a

Prescription"

"People Patterns: U.S. Deaths Are Up and Down"

"Indian Gays Find New Confidence, but Fear AIDS"

"MBf USA, Inc. Announces Four New Playboy Condom Distribution

Agreements; Initial Orders Under These Agreements Nearly $1

Million"

"Mayor Orders Condoms for Brazilian Motel Goers"

"Binding and Stimulation of HIV-1 Integrase by a Human Homolog of

Yeast Transcription Factor SNF5"

"DIY Doctoring"

"Winn to Work to Raise AIDS Understanding"

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"Arthur Ashe AIDS Foundation to Close After Creating $1 Million

Endowment"

Wall Street Journal (01/13/95) P. A9A;  Sebastian, Pamela

     Having created a $1 million endowment at New York

Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, the Arthur Ashe AIDS Foundation

for the Defeat of AIDS Inc. will close.  Income from the

endowment will benefit AIDS programs at the hospital, where Ashe

was treated for AIDS.  New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center

will raise a matching $1 million under the endowment.  The

foundation's plan was a 12- to 15-month campaign to raise between

$2.5 million and $5 million to educate people about AIDS and to

support AIDS research and services.  In the end, it operated

approximately 30 months, mobilizing the international tennis

community to raise money to fight AIDS.  The foundation has

raised about $5.4 million and has awarded grants world-wide

totaling approximately $2 million.  Another $300,000 will be

granted before the foundation closes.



"City Can't Pay for AIDS Services"

Washington Times (01/13/95) P. C6;  Gotsch, Ted

     According to AIDS activists, the Washington, D.C., government

continues to be late in its payments to community AIDS service

groups, which has forced some to close and put others at risk of

closing in the next few months.  Thus far, the Inner City AIDS

Network (ICAN); DeafPride, which provides interpreters for deaf

AIDS patients; and an AIDS hot line for the Washington Area

Consortium on Alcohol and Drug Abuse have shut down.  Damien

Ministries--which includes providing housing for homeless AIDS

patients among its duties--has discontinued its program, and

several other of the more than 60 AIDS providers have cut back on

services, said D.C. Care Consortium Executive Director Chris

Bates.  Kevin Neil, executive director of Metro TeenAIDS, said in

a meeting with the city's Agency of HIV-AIDS Community Prevention

Planning Committee that members were not able to say when the

organizations would be paid for services already rendered.  The

District owes Metro TeenAIDS $60,000 for services that date back

to October.  If the group is not paid by the end of this month,

it will be forced to cut back on all programs funded by the

District to keep from closing completely.  The city currently

provides 25 percent of the $300,000 annual budget.



"FDA Urged to Bar Sales of Burroughs' Acyclovir Drug Without a

Prescription"

Wall Street Journal (01/13/95) P. B6;  McGinley, Laurie

     An advisory panel to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has

recommended that Burroughs Wellcome Co.'s prescription

anti-herpes drug, acyclovir, should not be sold over the counter.

The FDA generally follows the advice of its advisory panels.  The

panel voted 17-1 against nonprescription use of the drug, which

is sold under the brand name Zovirax, for the treatment of

genital herpes.  The advisors expressed concern over mistakes

that people could make in diagnosis and treatment if they were

not compelled to seek help from a doctor.  Others were worried

that if use of the drug were expanded significantly, it could

lead to increased resistance of the virus to acyclovir.  Some

AIDS patients who use acyclovir for genital herpes have already

developed resistance.  Burroughs Wellcome hoped to boost the

top-selling drug's sales even further by getting approval to sell

the drug in doses of 200 milligrams without prescription.  The

company said it planned to urge customers, through package

inserts and an extensive public education campaign, to see a

doctor the first time they contract genital herpes.  It also

claimed that studies indicated there was no evidence that the

herpes virus was becoming resistant to acyclovir.



"People Patterns: U.S. Deaths Are Up and Down"

Wall Street Journal (01/13/95) P. B1;  Crispell, Diane

     Although the number of deaths in the United States is up, the

rate of death is down.  Almost 2.2 million people died in 1992--a

record, according to the National Center for Health Statistics.

The age-adjusted rate, however, hit a record low, at 504.5 per

100,000 population.  The overall death rate has been falling for

decades, from 1,076 per 100,000 people in 1940 to 853 in 1992.

Accounting for 1.5 percent of all 1992 deaths, AIDS is the

eighth-leading cause of death in the United States.  It was also

the leading cause of death for blacks between the ages of 25 and

44.  Accidents were the leading cause of death for whites in the

same age group.



"Indian Gays Find New Confidence, but Fear AIDS"

Reuters (01/12/95);  Fernandez, Clarence

     As India's middle-class gays are slowly coming out of the closet,

they fear that public health officials have not woken up to the

danger presented by AIDS.  Many consider themselves more

susceptible to the disease because of what they say are the

relatively higher levels of promiscuity in the gay community.

Recently, delegates at India's first gay conference in Bombay

planned to create a nationwide support system for gay men, with

anonymous AIDS testing centers high on their list of priorities.

"The government is aware of the spread of AIDS among gays," said

Anand, a delegate to the conference.  "But stringent ideas of

morality mean that it prefers to ignore the threat."  Official

estimates report that 889 cases of AIDS have been reported in

India, with an estimated 16,015 people who are HIV-infected.  The

rate of attrition within the homosexual community is not known.

The Bombay conference was made possible by a grant from the

Mercury Phoenix foundation, established with money willed by

singer Freddy Mercury, who died of AIDS.  Mercury was the lead

singer for the rock group, Queen, and a member of Bombay's Parsee

Community.



"MBf USA, Inc. Announces Four New Playboy Condom Distribution

Agreements; Initial Orders Under These Agreements Nearly $1

Million"

Business Wire (01/12/95)

     MBf USA, Inc. announced on Thursday that it has signed

distribution agreements for Playboy brand condoms with leading

distributors in Mexico, Brazil, Peru, and Pakistan.  Initial

orders, which are close to $1 million, are scheduled to begin at

the end of the first quarter of 1995.  The condoms are now sold

in nine countries, including Taiwan, Colombia, and Hong Kong.   A

portion of all Playboy condom sales is donated to the Playboy/MBf

USA Foundation, which provides support to local organizations and

advocacy projects that educate the public about safe sex and

AIDS.  In addition to marketing the world famous Playboy brand

condoms internationally, MBf USA, Inc, and its subsidiaries

market medical examination gloves in the United States.



"Mayor Orders Condoms for Brazilian Motel Goers"

Reuters (01/12/95)

     In an effort to slow the spread of AIDS in Cabedelo, Brazil, the

town's mayor has ordered that establishments known as sex havens

must distribute condoms every four hours.  The ruling includes

both motels and brothels.  Motel owners said they already make

condoms available and complained the measure was unnecessary.



"Binding and Stimulation of HIV-1 Integrase by a Human Homolog of

Yeast Transcription Factor SNF5"

Science (12/23/94) Vol. 266, No. 5193, P. 2002;  Kalpana, Ganjam

V.;  Marmon, Shana;  Wang, Weidong et al

     Upon entering a host cell, retroviruses direct the reverse

transcription of the viral RNA genome and the creation of an

integrated proviral DNA.  The retroviral integrase protein (IN)

inserts the viral DNA into host chromosomal targets.  Researchers

used the two-hybrid system to identify human gene products that

bind to the HIV-1 IN.  The sequence of the gene indicates that

the protein could be a human homolog of yeast SNF5, a

transcriptional activator that is necessary for high-level

expression of many genes.  The gene--called INI1, for integrase

interactor 1--may encode a nuclear factor that encourages

integration and targets incoming viral DNA to active genes.



"DIY Doctoring"

Report on Business (01/95) Vol. 11, No. 7, P. 108;  Wyke, Andrea

     Many patients are taking charge of their own care, writes Andrea

Wyke, a business and science correspondent for The Economist, in

the Toronto Globe and Mail Report on Business.  AIDS activists

led the way for do-it-yourself doctoring after becoming

dissatisfied with the service they were getting from the medical

establishment.  In 1995, books, telephone hot lines, and computer

software are some of the tools that will be used for diagnosis.

Patients can obtain medical information on-line in the comfort of

their own home.  New over-the-counter diagnostic kits, including

those for high blood pressure and HIV, will alert a person to

sickness.  Over time, the consumer health-care movement will

cause a shakeup of the health-care infrastructure as consumers,

rather than doctors, become its power brokers.  While doctors in

many countries have stopped making house calls, some people in

the future will stop making visits to the doctor--excluding their

computer resources.  The question, concludes Wyke, will be

whether do-it-yourself doctoring is truly a good thing.



"Winn to Work to Raise AIDS Understanding"

Home Furnishings Network (01/09/95) Vol. 69, No. 2, P. 23;

Santorelli, Dina

     Lighting veteran Paris Winn--formerly president of Cresswell

Ltd., a division of Alsy Lighting--has joined the National

Leadership Coalition on AIDS in Washington, D.C.  "Employers need

to understand catastrophic health disorders and specifically

AIDS," said Winn, who has been fighting the disease for two

years.  Founded in 1987, the Coalition addresses HIV and AIDS as

a business, labor, and workplace issue and assesses the impact of

AIDS on employers and employees.  Winn will be active in helping

business executives understand HIV and develop a policy regarding

the disease.  He will also be committed to getting the home

furnishings industry involved in the cause.



HOLIDAY NOTICE: AIDS Daily News will not publish on Monday, January

16, in observance of the Martin Luther King Holiday.  Publication

will resume on Tuesday, January 17.



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