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SOUTH-T0-NORTH MIGRATION FLOWS

Average annual number of immigrants to selected developed regions by region of origin and average annual net migration recorded by developed regions by period, 1960 to 1989

Region of origin, region of destination

1960-1964 1965-1969 1970-1974
Sub-Saharan Africa
Emigrants to:
Northern America 1,900 4,105 10,094
Oceania 2,072 2,722 3,832
Western Europe 13,287 37,688 50,998
Total 17,259 44,515 64,925
Net migration
Oceania 1,906 2,337 3,401
Western Europe 9,710 -524 7,426
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 13,517 5,918 20,921
Northern Africa and Western Asia
Emigrants to:
Northern America 8,494 16,185 19,319
Oceania 2,171 4,792 9,087
France 40,869 48,245 79,159
Western Europe 45,079 98,391 221,785
Total 96,613 167,613 329,349
Net migration
Oceania 2,119 4,677 8,886
Western Europe 34,716 53,110 137,517
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 86,198 122,218 244,881
Southern Asia
Emigrants to:
Northern America 2,753 11,208 29,048
Oceania 1,371 2,798 4,890
Western Europe 4,234 35,758 25,995
Total 8,358 49,763 59,933
Net migration
Oceania 1,206 2,558 4,673
Western Europe 2,528 24,466 14,096
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 6,486 38,232 47,818
East and South-eastern Asia
Emigrants to:
Northern America 15,088 46,450 102,970
Oceania 2,205 3,039 4,853
Western Europe 6,522 32,991 42,683
Total 23,814 82,481 150,506
Net migration
Oceania 1,912 2,513 4,417
Western Europe 3,883 9,972 11,855
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 20,882 58,935 119,243
Latin America and the Caribbean
Emigrants to:
Northern America 100,416 159,011 211,433
Oceania 216 687 4,577
Western Europe 4,433 21,200 20,805
Total 105,065 180,898 236,815
Net migration
Oceania 191 617 4,405
Western Europe 2,327 6,921 5,958
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 102,934 166,548 221,796
Developing countries
Emigrants to:
Northern America 128,650 236,959 372,864
Oceania 8,035 14,038 27,239
France 40,869 48,245 79,159
Western Europe 73,555 226,028 362,266
Total 251,109 525,270 841,527
Net migration
Oceania 7,334 12,702 25,783
Western Europe 53,164 93,944 176,852
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 230,017 391,850 654,658
Developed countries
Emigrants to:
Northern America 243,161 303,965 208,199
Oceania 138,278 164,177 146,063
France 133,416 155,490 113,426
Western Europe 655,598 874,469 935,176
Total 1,170,453 1,498,101 1,402,864
Net migration
Oceania 115,771 121,124 103,670
Western Europe 214,575 88,565 146,857
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 706,923 669,144 572,153
All regions
Emigrants to:
Northern America 371,811 540,924 581,063
Oceania 146,313 178,215 173,302
France 174,285 203,735 192,585
Western Europe 729,153 1,100,497 1,297,442
Total 1,421,562 2,023,370 2,244,392
Net migration
Oceania 123,105 133,826 129,453
Western Europe 267,738 182,509 323,710
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 936,939 1,060,994 1,226,811
Region of origin, region of destination 1975-1979 1980-1984 1985-1989
Sub-Saharan Africa
Emigrants to:
Northern America 15,817 17,506 20,942
Oceania 3,124 4,454 5,708
Western Europe 42,254 37,368 51,644
Total 61,194 59,328 78,293
Net migration
Oceania 2,852 4,146 5,548
Western Europe 7,338 -1,445 25,659
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 26,007 20,207 52,149
Northern Africa and Western Asia
Emigrants to:
Northern America 26,038 26,983 31,482
Oceania 7,461 2,625 6,217
France 32,474 43,841 22,623
Western Europe 168,205 124,303 114,751
Total 234,177 197,752 175,073
Net migration to:
Oceania 7,281 2,455 6,039
Western Europe 28,883 -25,477 38,614
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 94,675 47,802 98,757
Southern Asia
Emigrants to:
Northern America 36,188 56,632 71,530
Oceania 1,909 2,209 5,687
Western Europe 35,430 36,916 45,344
Total 73,527 95,757 122,562
Net migration
Oceania 1,793 2,106 5,607
Western Europe 25,519 23,965 29,506
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 63,500 82,703 106,644
East and South-eastern Asia
Emigrants to:
Northern America 162,272 248,670 236,643
Oceania 12,624 25,436 35,909
Western Europe 58,162 70,463 101,828
Total 233,057 344,569 374,380
Net migration
Oceania 12,079 24,795 35,347
Western Europe 18,986 23,245 51,041
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 193,338 296,710 323,031
Latin America and the Caribbean
Emigrants to:
Northern America 364,845 432,364 343,709
Oceania 3,946 1,721 4,197
Western Europe 30,071 23,945 25,486
Total 398,862 458,030 373,392
Net migration
Oceania 3,721 1,493 4,019
Western Europe 16,864 8,785 11,308
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 385,430 442,642 359,036
Developing countries
Emigrants to:
Northern America 605,159 782,155 704,306
Oceania 29,064 36,444 57,718
France 32,474 43,841 22,623
Western Europe 334,121 292,996 339,053
Total 1,000,817 1,155,436 1,123,700
Net migration
Oceania 27,726 34,995 56,560
Western Europe 97,591 29,073 156,127
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 762,950 890,064 939,616
Developed countries
Emigrants to:
Northern America 153,364 133,090 125,854
Oceania 55,244 69,248 56,767
France 37,924 35,048 14,037
Western Europe 577,898 549,873 890,435
Total 824,429 787,258 1,087,094
Net migration
Oceania 24,022 42,016 47,305
Western Europe -44,297 -38,830 303,315
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 171,013 171,324 490,511
All regions
Emigrants to:
Northern America 758,523 915,244 830,160
Oceania 84,307 105,692 114,485
France 70,398 78,889 36,660
Western Europe 912,018 842,868 1,229,489
Total 1,825,247 1,942,694 2,210,794
Net migration
Oceania 51,748 77,011 103,865
Western Europe 53,294 -9,757 459,442
Maximum net emigration to developed countries 933,964 1,061,388 1,430,127

Note: The data for Canada and the United States (Northern America) and Australia and New Zealand (Oceania) are classified by place of birth; the data for Belgium, France and the Netherlands are classified by country of citizenship, and those for Germany, Sweden and the United Kingdom are classified by place of last or next residence. The total for Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom are presented under the label Western Europe. Data for the United Kingdom are available only as of 1965.

The data for the United States include information on the number of migrants legalizing their status as the result of the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986. Those legalizing their status as a result of the general amnesty program were redistributed over the 1972-1982 period according to a linearly increasing trends. Those legalizing their status under the special agricultural workers program were redistributed uniformly over the 1982-1986 period.

This table is included in the paper to be published in "Beyond the Numbers: A Reader on Population, Consumption and the Environment", Laurie Anne Mazur, ed. (Washington, D.C.: Island Press), 1994.

For further information, please contact Ms. Hania Zlotnik, Chief, Mortality and Migration Section, Population Division/DESIPA at telephone no. (212) 963-3185.