UN Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs,
with support from the UN Population Fund (UNFPA)
The Bali Declaration According to the declaration, many parts of Asia and the Pacific continue to suffer from high fertility, high infant and maternal mortality rates, rapid urbanization and lack of adequate education and health care. Estimates show our that the population growth in the region Will increase by 900 million by the year 2010, with the most growth occurring in South Asia and in the region's least developed countries. Four- fifths of the population growth in the region during the 1990's will take place in urban areas. The Bali Declaration proposes a number of goals and policies recommendations for consideration by national policy makers. lt. sets specific targets for countries with rapid population growth to reduce their fertility rates to 2.2 children per woman, to reduce infant mortality rates to 4 0 per 1,000 live births, and to reduce by half maternal deaths by the year 2010. The Declaration recognizes that rapid population growth, changes in demographic structure and uneven population distribution impose pressures and constraints on social and economic development efforts, the environment and natural resources. Governments are urged to implement programmes which promote greater harmony among population, resources, environment and development. Issues including urbanization, migration, family planning and maternal and child health, population an human resources development, women and population, poverty alleviation, mortality and morbidity, aging, population data, research and information dissemination and resource mobilization are also addressed in the Declaration. Measures to improve the status, role and participation of women, the Declaration states must be given high priority, because "women have a fundamental right to enjoy equality with men in all aspects of life and because women play a critical role in, and must fully participate in, the sustainable development process."