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A/C.2/49/L.67: Gen. Assembly resolutions on the ICPD (9 Dec. 94)

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UNITED NATIONS



General Assembly

                                                           Distr.

                                                          LIMITED



                                                    A/C.2/49/L.67

                                                  9 December 1994



                                                ORIGINAL: ENGLISH



Forty-ninth session

SECOND COMMITTEE

Agenda item 158



      REPORT OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON POPULATION

                         AND DEVELOPMENT



Draft resolution submitted by the Vice-Chairman of the Committee,

  Mr. Arjan P. Hamburger (Netherlands) on the basis of informal

      consultations held on draft resolution A/C.2/49/L.48



      Report of the International Conference on Population

                         and Development



The General Assembly,



     Recalling its resolutions 47/176 of 22 December 1992 and

48/186 of 21 December 1993 on the International Conference on

Population and Development, and 48/162 of 20 December 1993 on the

restructuring and revitalization of the United Nations in the

economic, social and related fields,



     Recalling also Economic and Social Council resolutions 1989/91

of 26 July 1989, 1991/93 of 26 July 1991, 1992/37 of 30 July 1992,

1993/4 of 12 February 1993, and 1993/76 of 30 July 1993, in which

the Council decided on the convening, mandate and preparatory

process of the International Conference on Population and

Development,



     Recalling further Economic and Social Council decision

1994/227 of 14 July 1994, by which the Council approved the

provisional agenda and documentation for the twenty-eighth session

of the Population Commission, including discussion of the

implications of the recommendations of the International Conference

on Population and Development,



     Recalling further Economic and Social Council resolutions 3

(III) of 3 October 1946, 150 (VII) of 10 August 1948 and 1985/4 of

28 May 1985 on the mandate of the Population Commission, as well as

1763 (LIV) of 18 May 1973 and 1986/7 of 21 May 1986 on the aims and

purposes of the United Nations Population Fund,



     Having considered the report of the International Conference

on Population and Development 1/ which took place in Cairo, Egypt,

from 5 to 13 September 1994,



     Reaffirming the importance of the outcome of the World

Population Conference held in Bucharest in 1974 and the

International Conference on Population held ln Mexico City in 1984

and acknowledging fully the integrated approach taken during the

International Conference on Population and Development which

recognizes the interrelationship among population, sustained

economic growth and sustainable development,



     Recognizing that the implementation of the recommendations

contained in the Programme of Action of the International

Conference on Population and Development 2/ is the sovereign right

of each country, consistent with national laws and development

priorities, with full respect for the various religious and ethical

values and cultural backgrounds of its peoples, and in conformity

with universally recognized international human rights,



     Expressing its belief in the contribution that the outcome of

the International Conference on Population and Development will

make to the forthcoming World Summit for Social Development, the

Fourth World Conference on Women and the second United Nations

Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II), in particular

relating to the call for a greater investment in people and for the

empowerment of women to ensure their full participation at all

levels in the social, economic and political lives of their

communities,



     Expressing its satisfaction at the fact that the International

Conference on Population and Development and its preparatory

process enabled the full and active involvement of States Members

of the United Nations and the specialized agencies, and of

observers and various intergovernmental organizations as well as

representatives of non-governmental organizations, representing all

regions of the world.



     Expressing its profound gratitude to the Government and people

of Egypt for the hospitality extended to the participants at the

Conference and for the facilities, staff and services placed at

their disposal,



1.   Takes note with satisfaction of the report of the

International Conference on Population and Development: 1/



2.   Endorses the Programme of Action of the International

Conference on Population and Development 2/ as adopted on 13

September 1994;



3    Acknowledges the contribution made by the Secretary-General of

the United Nations and the Secretary-General of the Conference to

the successful organization of the Conference;



4.   Affirms that, in the implementation of the Programme of

Action, Governments should commit themselves at the highest

political level to achieving its goals and objectives, which

reflect a new, integrated approach to population and development,

and take a lead role in coordinating the implementation, monitoring

and evaluation of follow-up actions;



5.   Calls upon all Governments, organizations of the United

Nations system and other major groups concerned with population and

development issues, including intergovernmental and

non-governmental organizations, parliamentarians and other

community leaders, to give the widest possible dissemination to the

Programme of Action and to seek public support for its goals,

objectives and actions;



6.   Fully acknowledges that the factors of population, health,

education, poverty, patterns of production and consumption,

empowerment of women, and the environment are closely

interconnected and should be considered through an integrated

approach and that the follow-up to the Conference must reflect this

fact;



7.   Urges all countries to consider their current spending

priorities with a view to making additional contributions for the

implementation of the Programme of Action, taking into account the

provisions of chapters XIII and XIV of the Programme of Action, and

the economic constraints faced by developing countries, in

particular the least developed among them;



8.   Acknowledges the importance of the subregional and regional

activities undertaken during the preparations for the Conference,

including the regional strategies, plans and declarations adopted

as part of this process, and invites the regional commissions,

other regional and subregional organizations and the development

banks to examine the results of the Conference held at Cairo within

their respective mandates, for the follow-up and implementation of

the Programme of Action, at the regional level:



9.   Emphasizes that international cooperation in the field of

population and development is essential for the implementation of

the recommendations adopted at the Conference and, in this context,

calls upon the international community to provide, both bilaterally

and multilaterally, adequate and substantial international support

and assistance for population and development activities including

through the United Nations Population Fund and other organs and

organizations of the United Nations system and the specialized

agencies that will be involved in the implementation, at all

levels, of the Programme of Action;



10.  Calls upon the organs and organizations of the United Nations

system and the specialized agencies to undertake the actions

required to give full and effective support to the implementation

of the Programme of Action;



11.  Emphasizes the need to maintain and enhance effective

partnership with non-governmental groups and organizations so as to

ensure their continued contributions and cooperation within all

aspects of population and development, and urges all countries to

establish appropriate national follow-up mechanisms, in partnership

with non-governmental organizations, community groups and

representatives of the media and the academic community, as well as

to seek the support of parliamentarians, so as to ensure the full

implementation of the Programme of Action;



12.  Recognizes the importance of South-South cooperation in the

implementation of the Proqramme of Action;



13.  Recognizes that the effective implementation of the Programme

of Action will require an increased commitment of financial

resources, both domestically and externally, and in this context

calls upon the developed countries to complement the national

financial efforts of developing countries on population and

development and intensify their efforts to transfer new and

additional resources to the developing countries, in accordance

with the relevant provisions of the Programme of Action, in order

to ensure that population and development objectives and goals are

met;



14.  Acknowledges that countries with economies in transition

should receive temporary assistance for population and development

activities ln light of the difficult economic and social problems

faced by these countries at present, and therefore suggests that

the specialized agencies and all related organizations of the

United Nations system should adjust, on this basis, their

programmes and activities in line with the Programme of Action and

take appropriate measures to ensure its full and effective

implementation;



15.  Emphasizes the importance of the early identification and

allocation of financial resources by all members of the

international community, including regional financial institutions,

to enable them to fulfil their commitments to the implementation of

the Programme of Action;



16.  Requests the Secretary-General to consult with the various

bodies of the United Nations system, as well as with international

financial institutions and various bilateral aid organizations and

agencies, with a view to promoting an exchange of information among

them on the requirements for international assistance, reviewing on

a regular basis the specific needs of countries in the field of

population and development and maximizing the availability of

resources and their most effective utilization:



17.  Invites the Secretary-General to ensure that adequate

resources are provided for the Conference follow-up activities of

the United Nation Secretariat during 1995;



18.  Requests the Secretary-General to prepare periodic reports for

the substantive sessions of the Economic and Social Council on the

flow of financial resources for assisting in the implementation of

the Programme of Action and to promote the exchange of information

on the requirements for international assistance among the members

of the donor community;



19.  Urges the international community to promote a supportive

international economic environment by adopting favourable

macroeconomic policies for promoting sustained economic growth and

sustainable development;



20.  Stresses the importance of continued and enhanced cooperation

and coordination by all relevant organs, organizations and

programmes of the United Nations system and the specialized

agencies in the implementation of the Proqramme of Action;



21.  Emphasizes the need for follow-up activities relating to the

Conference and the Programme of Action so as to utilize, to the

fullest extent possible, existing capacity within the United

Nations system in the area of population and development, including

the Population Commission, the Population Division of the

Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis

of the Secretariat and the United Nations Population Fund, and

other organizations, programmes and funds of the United Nations and

specialized agencies whose support and commitment are required to

successfully implement the full range of activities outlined in the

Programme of Action;



22.  Requests the specialized agencies and all related

organizations of the United Nations system to review and where

necessary adjust their programmes and activities in line with the

Programme of Action and take appropriate measures to ensure its

full and effective implementation, taking into account the specific

needs of developing countries, and invites them to report to the

Economic and Social Council at its substantive session of 1995 for

coordination purposes and to the General Assembly at its fiftieth

session for policy implications;



23.  Decides that the General Assembly through its role in policy

formulation and the Economic and Social Council through its role in

overall guidance and coordination, in accordance with Assembly

resolution 48/162, and a revitalized Population Commission shall

constitute a three-tiered intergovernmental mechanism that will

play the primary role in the follow-up of the implementation of the

Programme of Action, keeping in mind the need to develop a common

framework for a coherent follow-up to United Nations summits and

conferences, and to this end:



(a)  The General Assembly, being the highest intergovernmental

mechanism for the formulation and appraisal of policy on matters

relating to the follow-up of the International Conference on

Population and Development, will organize a regular review of the

implementation of the Programme of Action;



(b)  The Economic and Social Council, in assisting the General

Assembly, will promote an integrated approach, provide system-wide

coordination and guidance in the monitoring of the implementation

of the Programme of Action and make recommendations thereon;



(c)  The revitalized Population Commission, as a functional

commission assisting the Economic and Social Council, will monitor,

review and assess the implementation of the Programme of Action at

the national, regional and international levels and advise the

Council thereon;



24.  Also decides that, to emphasize the new and comprehensive

approach to population and development embodied in the Programme of

Action, the revitalized Population Commission shall be renamed the

Commission on Population and Development;



25.  Decides that the Commission on Population and Development

shall meet on an annual basis, beginning in 1996;



26.  Recommends that the Economic and Social Council review, at its

substantive session of 1995, the Commission's terms of reference

and mandate so as to bring these fully into line with the

provisions of operative paragraph 23 (c) above;



27.  Also recommends that the Economic and Social Council, pursuant

to the decision made on the terms of reference and enhanced mandate

of the revitalized Commission, should consider at its substantive

session of 1995 the composition of the Commission, in order to

ensure that the Commission fully fulfils its functions as provided

in operative paragraph 23 above, taking into account the integrated

multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach of the Programme of

Action as well as the membership of the other functional

commissions of the Council;



28.  Requests the Economic and Social Council, at its substantive

session of 1995, to consider:



(a)  The establishment of a separate executive board of the United

Nation Population Fund;



(b)  Recommendations to the Secretary-General concerning

secretariat support and coordination arrangements for the United

Nations system;



(c)  Recommendations to the Secretary-General regarding the

establishment of an appropriate inter-agency coordination,

collaboration and harmonization mechanism for the implementation of

the Programme of Actions;



29.  Also requests the Economic and Social Council, at its

substantive session of 1995, to review the reporting procedures

within the United Nations system regarding population and

development issues, including a quinquennial review and appraisal

of the progress made in achieving the goals and objectives of the

Programme of Action, in order to ensure full support for its

implementation, bearing in mind the reporting procedures for all

United Nations conferences in the economic and social field;



30.  Requests the Secretary-General, in consultation with States,

to prepare a report on institutional follow-up issues and reporting

procedures in the United Nations system to be submitted to the

Economic and Social Council at its substantive session of 1995;



31.  Requests the Economic and Social Council:



(a)  To discuss the relevant matters concerning the implementation

of population and development programmes, as well as matters

concerning harmonization, cooperation and collaboration within the

United Nations system regarding the implementation of the Programme

of Action;



(b)  To discuss the reports submitted by the different bodies and

other bodies and organs on various matters related to the Programme

of Action:



32.  Invites the governing body of the United Nations Population

Fund to oversee, on a regular basis, the response of the Fund to

the needs of countries regarding activities to strengthen national

population and development programmes, including the specific

requests from developing countries for assistance in the

preparation of national reports, within its area of competence, and

to report to the Economic and Social Council on this matter;



33.  Calls upon the programmes of the United Nations system and the

regional commissions and funds to provide their full and active

support to the implementation of the Programme of Action,

particularly at the field level, through the United Nations

resident coordinator system, and invites the relevant specialized

agencies to do the same;



34.  Requests the Population Commission, at its twenty-eighth

session, to review, within its area of competence, the Programme of

Action and its implications and to transmit its views to the

Economic and Social Council at its substantive session of 1995;



35.  Requests the Secretary-General to report, through the Economic

and Social Council, to the General Assembly at its fiftieth session

on the implementation of the present resolution;



36.  Decides to include in the agenda of its forthcoming sessions,

within existing clusters, an item entitled "Implementation of the

Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population

and Development".

__________________________



1/   A/CONF.171/13 and Add.1.



2/ Ibid., chap. I, resolution 1, annex.


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