ENSURE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources
- Forests are a safety net for the poor, but they continue to disappear at an alarming rate.
- Global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) have increased by more than 50 per cent since 1990.
- In the 26 years since the adoption of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, there has been a reduction of over 98 per cent in the consumption of ozone-depleting substances.
- Afforestation and the natural expansion of forests have reduced the net loss of forest from an average of 8.3 million hectares annually in the 1990s to an average of 5.2 million hectares annually between 2000 and 2010.
Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving,
by 2010, a significant reduction in the
rate of loss
- Protected ecosystems covered 14 per cent of land and coastal marine areas worldwide by 2012.
Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population
without sustainable access to safe drinking water
and basic sanitation
- The world has met the target of halving the proportion of people without access to improved sources of water, five years ahead of schedule.
- Between 1990 and 2012, 2.3 billion people gained access to improved drinking water sources.
- Over a quarter of the world’s population has gained access to improved sanitation since 1990, yet one billion people still resort to open defecation.
- The vast majority – 82 per cent – of people practicing open defecation now live in middle-income, populous countries.
- In 2012, 748 million people remained without access to an improved source of drinking water.
- Despite progress, 2.5 billion in developing countries still lack access to improved sanitation facilities.
Achieve, by 2020, a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
- The target was met well in advance of the 2020 deadline. More than 200 million of these people gained access to improved water sources, improved sanitation facilities, or durable or less crowded housing, thereby exceeding the MDG target
- 863 million people are estimated to be living in slums in 2012 compared to 650 million in 1990 and 760 million in 2000
Breaking silence on open defecation
MDG 7 Infographic
Special infographic for Sanitation resolution adopted by the General Assembly
MDG 7 Video