Treaty to Halt Over-fishing of Oceans Takes Effect
11 December 2001 It was negotiated six years ago, but an agreement to
promote the preservation and conservation of deep-sea fisheries has finally
taken effect today.
The Agreement on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks took
effect today, 30 days after the 30th country ratified or acceded to the treaty.
Malta's ratification on 11 November ensured that the Treaty would become
The Treaty is a direct outcome of the 1992 Earth Summit, which called for
countries to convene a conference that would promote implementation of the Law
of the Sea on provision relating to straddling fish stocks. A conference was
held in 1995 and the agreement, which relies heavily on voluntary measures, was
With over-fishing and an over-abundance of fishing fleet capacity decimating
fisheries, the Treaty calls for countries to work through regional fisheries to
set fishing levels. It requires countries to adopt the precautionary approach
to fisheries exploitation and grants port countries certain powers to enforce
and safeguard proper management of fisheries resources.
Satya N. Nandan, now Secretary-General of the International Seabed Authority,
was Fiji's Ambassador to the United Nations when he presided over the Fish
Stocks Conference, called the Treaty "far-sighted, far-reaching, bold and
revolutionary." Nandan said the agreement calls for conservation and
management, enforcement and the peaceful settlement of disputes.
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Department of Economic and
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24 August 2006