Informal Thematic Debate
Climate Change as a Global Challenge

Carbon Offsetting

What is carbon offsetting?

Carbon offsetting is reducing CO2 in the atmosphere by planting trees or investing in renewable energy and conservation projects to compensate the amount of CO2 people or corporations produce.

How much CO2 will the panelists and special guests use to travel to the event?

43,300 kgs of CO2

How much CO2 does the whole of the UN Secretariat emit per day based on total electricity consumption?

52,890 kgs of CO2

What is the total cost to make the two day thematic debate carbon neutral, including the Secretariat’s emissions?

US$ 2512

Which project we chose and why?

'Fuel Switch from fossil fuels to agricultural waste in Kenya' - by Carbonfootprint

Fuel switch is an economic and environmentally friendly technique that optimizes the use of natural resources while increasing employment and income opportunities. The project offers local farmers an alternative revenue stream at the same time as reducing imports of costly fossil fuels.

It allows farmers to sell products previously thought of as agricultural waste to be used instead of traditional and costly greenhouse gas or carbon dioxide-emitting fossil fuels to power a crude palm oil refinery.

A company operating a crude palm oil refinery for edible oils constructed a new biomass-fuelled refinery to burn agricultural residues and plantation based firewood instead of traditional fossil fuels. The new biomass boilers primarily utilise agricultural residues, specifically coffee, rice, macadamia, and cashew husks and shells, as well as eucalyptus firewood. In addition, because the boilers use solid fuels, they will also burn the “spent earth,” a densely packed clayey mass and a waste product of the crude palm oil refining process, which contains residual oil at 20% by weight. Business-as-usual procedures are to dump this spent earth, thereby creating methane emissions (GHG) through the anaerobic digestion of the organic material.

The current practice in co-operative coffee processing plants is to discard the husks as waste material, which in itself, if stockpiled in anaerobic heaps releases methane into the atmosphere.


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