44: Follow-up to the outcome of the United Nations Millennium
by H.E. Mr. Jan KAVAN
President of the United Nations General Assembly
4 October 2002
Distinguished Delegates, Ladies and Gentlemen,
open our first joint debate on two very important agenda items:
the work of the Organization and the Follow-up to the outcome
of the Millennium Summit. Let me first express my appreciation
to the Secretary-General for his introduction of both reports
and specially for his determination to pursue the goals of the
Millennium Declaration. Both Reports are comprehensive, yet concise
and provide a very good basis for our deliberations.
ever, the call for multilateralism in maintenance of international
peace and security resonates through the Organization. The joint
concentration of Member States on the fight against international
terrorism produced some results throughout the past year. It is
necessary, however, to commit ourselves to further strengthening
of the UN legal framework, including a renewed effort to negotiate
the comprehensive convention against terrorism.
positive developments, we have witnessed growing tensions and
escalation of conflicts in many parts of the world. To be more
effective in the area of peacekeeping, we must continue to implement
its reform measures, including enhancing rapid deployment capabilities,
taking action on lessons learned and generating sufficient resources,
to name just a few.
should, however, first and foremost, concentrate on preventing
conflicts before they arise. The recently increased attention
to the concept of prevention of armed conflict is therefore proper.
The United Nations can contribute through effective and timely
use of the existing preventive tools, such as early warning systems,
mediation and political guidance, good offices, fact-finding and
goodwill missions, or preventive deployment and disarmament.
are policy advice and development cooperation in the areas that
are crucial for conflict prevention, such as good governance,
capacity building and poverty eradication. I believe that the
resumption of the work on the initiative of the General Assembly,
in drafting the resolution on conflict prevention will secure
that this topic remains high on the agenda of the current Session.
I do hope that during our Presidency, we will be able to reach
a consensus on this important resolution. We will definitely not
spare our energy to achieve this goal.
57th Session, I am particularly determined to devote special attention
to the issue of the coordinated and integrated follow-up of the
outcomes of the major United Nations international conferences
of the past decade, especially the Millennium Summit, and the
Monterrey and Johannesburg Summits. I am convinced that such an
approach will yield a positive and effective input to a more coherent
and relevant review of the implementation of those conferences.
In this respect, I rely on your support and active participation
in the work of the Plenary and Main Committees, that would result
in a synergy of the different views to formulate a holistic approach
to the follow-up of the conferences.
Allow me to
add a few comments on the Report on the Implementation of the
Millennium Declaration. The report provides a good overview of
the accomplishments and shortcomings on the road towards attaining
the Millennium Goals. The Report concludes that sufficient progress
has been achieved in a few countries only and that prospects for
meeting the Millennium Development Goals are, at best, mixed.
I hope that our debate will help us to identify gaps and to formulate
strategies for the future, as spelled out in the GA resolution
Development Goals became the basis of the economic and social
policy of the United Nations Organization and international development
cooperation. Their implementation must remain our top priority.
Now, with the first report on the Implementation of the United
Nations Millennium Declaration presented, it is time to engage
ourselves in the search for the most effective approach in the
follow-up mechanism, formulating a set of requirements for monitoring
and review of the implementation of the Millennium Development
Goals to ensure due results at the due time.
We have to
keep in mind that credibility of the United Nations is based not
only on its ability to articulate political goals but also, and
primarily, on its ability to mobilize political will for their
for your attention.