Open ended panel "Afghanistan: one year later"
organized by the General Assembly President

18th November 2002
Session on political issues from 9 to 11 a.m.
Session on economic issues from 11 a.m. to 1p.m.

The panel will be held in Trusteeship Council chamber
of the UN Conference Building.

Member states, observer delegations, representatives of non-governmental organizations in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council and accredited media are invited to attend.

The General Assembly took a decision last Monday on a resolution submitted by President Kavan after extensive consultation with member states to hold the panel which will consist of 2 consecutive sessions.

President Kavan strongly believes that the panel discussion can enrich this year’s activities commemorating the first anniversary of the Bonn Conference and could lead the UN to specific conclusions from post conflict reconstruction in Afghanistan, thereby providing new recommendations for future UN activities in this domain.

After extensive consultations with Member State, the President believes that the majority of countries consider it very important that this panel will attempt to find out what lessons were learned by the UN in Afghanistan; give Member States the opportunity to discuss the consequences of the decisions adopted by the UN and find out if these decisions were implemented properly; specify what results these decisions helped the UN to achieve and decide if and how the UN needs to modify its humanitarian activities and economic assistance in Afghanistan; and to clarify what else needs to be done so that UN goals in Afghanistan can be achieved sooner and more effectively.

The panelists for the first session on political aspects will be: Mr. Jean Arnaud, Mr. Amin Farhang, Mr. Barnett Rubin and Mr. Ahmed Rashid.

The panelists for the second session on economic issues will be: Mr. Eric Morris, Ms. Julia Taft, Mr. Mukesh Kapila and Mr. Bernard Frahi.

Panel on "Afghanistan: one year later" Topics and Panelists

1) How security, the political process, and reconstruction are inter-related through the process of building institutions.
Panelist: Mr. Jean Arnaud

2) The work of the constitutional drafting committee, the civil service commission, the judicial commission, and the human rights commission, as well as reforms in the various ministries.
Panelist: Mr. Amin Farhang

3) Preparation for election of the constitutional Loya Jirga, the plan for voter registration, census, and election.
Panelist: Mr. Barnett Rubin

4) International guarantees of independence, respect of territorial integrity and suverenity of Afghanistan.
Panelist: Mr. Ahmed Rashid

5) Humanitarian issues, return of refugees and internally displaced persons, the drought, water, health, etc.
Panelist: Mr. Eric Morris

6) Efforts on how the government might continue to work as a partner and the framework it laid out in this regard including the Implementation group. Necessary ways and means for effective public administration, capacity building and Afghan ownership.
Panelist: Ms. Julia Taft

7) Implementation of the Tokio Conference. Role of donors and donor co-ordination in supporting Afghanistan's recovery and reconstruction.
Panelist: Mr. Mukesh Kapila

8) A comprehensive strategy to fight poppy cultivation and trafficking, and eradicate the drug problem in and from Afghanistan, including introduction of crops substitution and provision of viable livelihood for farmers.
Panelist: Mr. Bernard Frahi

Panelists in alphabetical order

Mr. Jean Arnaud
Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary General for Afghanistan

Mr. Amin Farhang
member of the Afghan government; Minister of Reconstruction

Mr. Bernard Frahi
head of the United Nations Regional Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention for Southwest Asia; and Representative of the Country offices for Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Mr. Mukesh Kapila
former special Adviser to the Special Representative of the Secretary General for Afghanistan; heads the British government Conflict and Humanitarian Affairs Department, United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID)

Mr. Eric Morris
Director of the UNHCR office in New York

Mr. Ahmed Rashid
internationally renowned journalist and highly respected expert on Afghanistan, correspondent for the Far Eastern Economic Review; author of several books on Afghanistan including Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia Yale University Press.

Mr. Barnett Rubin
author of several books on Afghanistan, including The Fragmentation of Afghanistan (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995) and The Search for Peace in Afghanistan (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995). Professor Rubin was formerly the Director of the Center for Preventive Action at the Council on Foreign Relations and is now Director of Studies at New York University's Center on International Cooperation.

Ms. Julia Taft
Assistant Administrator and Director of the Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, UNDP






Office of the President of the General Assembly
United Nations, New York, NY, 10017
tel: (212) 963 2209, fax (212) 963 3133