For the first time there are signs that HIV incidence may have stabilized in sub-Saharan Africa. First, effective prevention has helped reduce infection rates and second, with over one in four adults already infected in some countries, fewer people are still likely to become infected. New infections in 2000 totalled an estimated 3.8 million, compared with 4 million in 1999. However, this may change if rates go up in countries where they are still relatively low.

December 2000

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