Democratic People's Republic of Korea
H.E. Mr. Pak Kil Yon, Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs
27 September 2008
© UN Photo
Click for caption and to enlarge
PAK KIL YON, Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, said nearly 10 years had passed since the Millennium Declaration and yet a “vicious circle of aggression and intervention, conflict and terrorism” persisted in international relations and presented new challenges to global peace and security. Cold war military alliances were intensifying and the arms race was taking new forms. Pretexts such as a “war on terror” were used to justify violations of the sovereignty of developing countries. Disparities in wealth and imbalances in development were deepening. Crises in energy, food and finance were seriously affecting vulnerable economies.
The worst “peace-breaker” and human rights violator in the world today was the United States. That was evidenced by the country’s armed invasion of sovereign States and its willingness to massacre innocent civilians. Member States must remain highly vigilant. They must not accept politicization, selectivity and double standards regarding human rights. Regionally, the reason that relations between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and Japan had remained unresolved was that Japan had not liquidated its crime-stained past. It had massacred millions of people and today still attempted to grab the sacred Tok Islet of Korea.
He went on to say that reckless military manoeuvres in and around the Korean Peninsula were destabilizing the region. Those included the strengthening of strategic military alliances, massive shipments of state-of-the-art war equipment and annual large-scale military exercises. “ Japan must not be allowed to become a permanent member of the Security Council,” he declared.
Moving on, he said denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula was a goal and his country had remained consistent in its position to resolve the nuclear issue peacefully through dialogue and negotiation. The 1992 north-south joint declaration and the 1994 Agreed Framework demonstrated that position, as did the six-party talks that had resulted in the joint statement of 19 September 2005. Agreements and implementation of phased actions had followed, until the United States had refused to implement obligations and had held out an unjust demand concerning verification, which had never been agreed on.
The insistence of the United States on unilateral inspection was a “brigand’s attempt” to disarm the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and discard the commitment to denuclearize the Peninsula, the core of which was to remove the United States nuclear threat. Now, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was taking countermeasures on the basis of the principle of “action for action”. It would remain committed to denuclearizing the Peninsula, but it would not be indifferent to offences to its dignity and self-respect, nor to violations of its sovereignty.
He said inter-Korean relations had worsened since installation of a new regime in the South, which denied the joint declarations that had set out the path to unification based on the principles of independence, peaceful reunification and national unity. Those declarations had been agreed and adopted at the highest level of both north and south. They had received the support of all the people of the Peninsula and of the international community. It was intolerable that they were discarded because of a changed regime.