● Item 63: Promotion and protection of the rights of children:
(a) Promotion and protection of the rights of children
At its forty-fourth session, in 1989, the General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child (resolution 44/25). The Convention entered into force on 2 September 1990. At its fifty-fourth session, the Assembly adopted two optional protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child (resolution 54/263): one on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, and one on the involvement of children in armed conflict. The first protocol entered into force on 18 January 2002 and the second on 12 February 2002.At its sixtieth session, the General Assembly decided (a) to request the Secretary-General to submit to the Assembly at its sixty-first session a report on the rights of the child, containing information on the status of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the issues addressed in the resolution; (b) to request the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict to continue to submit reports to the Assembly and the Commission on Human Rights; (c) to request the independent expert for the United Nations study on violence against children to present his final report to the Assembly at its sixty-first session; and (d) to reiterate its invitation to the Chairman of the Committee on the Rights of the Child to present an oral report on the work of the Committee to the Assembly at its sixty-first session (resolution 60/231).
(b) Follow-up to the outcome of the special session on children
The item entitled “Special session of the General Assembly in 2001 for follow-up to the World Summit for Children” was included in the agenda of the fifty-third session of the Assembly, in 1996, pursuant to its resolution 51/186, adopted under the item entitled “Operational activities for development”.
At its twenty-seventh special session, held from 8 to 10 May 2002, the General Assembly adopted a resolution entitled “A world fit for children”, in which it requested the Secretary-General to report regularly on progress made in implementing the Plan of Action included in the annex to the resolution (resolution S-27/2).
At its fifty-third to fifty-eighth sessions, the General Assembly continued its consideration of the item (resolutions 53/193, 54/93, 55/26, 56/222 and 58/282 and decisions 57/537 and 57/551).
At its fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly decided to convene a commemorative plenary meeting in 2007 (resolution 58/282).
The General Assembly considered the item at it fifty-ninth session.At its sixtieth session, the General Assembly approved the programme of work of the Third Committee for the sixty-first session, which contained the sub-item (decision 60/537). The sub-item has therefore been included in the provisional agenda of the sixty-first session.
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