● Item 69: Strengthening of the coordination of humanitarian and disaster relief assistance of the United Nations, including special economic assistance:
(b) Special economic assistance to individual countries or regions
♦ Assistance to Mozambique
The General Assembly considered the question at its forty-first and forty-fifth sessions, in 1986 and 1990, and biennially thereafter (resolutions 41/197, 45/227, 47/42, 49/21 D, 51/30 D, 53/1 G, 55/167 and 57/104).
At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to make all necessary arrangements to continue to mobilize and coordinate, with a view to supporting the efforts of the Government of Mozambique: (a) humanitarian assistance from the specialized agencies, organizations and bodies of the United Nations system; and (b) international assistance for the national reconstruction and development of Mozambique; and also requested the Secretary-General to report to it at its sixty-first session on the implementation of the resolution (resolution 59/214).
♦ Humanitarian and special economic assistance to Serbia and Montenegro
At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly called upon the Secretary-General, as well as development agencies, to continue to mobilize the timely provision of international development assistance to Serbia and Montenegro; emphasized the importance of the increased donor coordination of assistance to Serbia and Montenegro; and requested the Secretary-General to submit to it at its sixty-first session a final report on the implementation of the resolution (resolution 59/215).
♦ International assistance for the economic rehabilitation of Angola
The General Assembly considered the question at its forty-fourth to forty-eighth, fiftieth and fifty-seventh sessions (resolutions 44/168, 45/233, 46/142, 47/164, 48/202, 50/58 D and 57/102).
At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly requested all national and international, regional and subregional financial institutions to provide their support to the Government of Angola in its efforts to alleviate poverty, consolidate peace and democracy and contribute to economic stability throughout the country and to implement successfully the economic development programmes and strategies; and requested the Secretary-General to submit to the Assembly at its sixty-first session, a report on the implementation of the resolution (resolution 59/216).
♦ Assistance for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of Liberia
The General Assembly considered this question at its forty-fifth to fifty-third, fifty-fifth and fifty-seventh sessions (resolutions 45/232, 46/147, 47/154, 48/197, 49/21 E, 50/58 A, 51/30 B, 52/169 E, 53/1 I, 55/176 and 57/151).
At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly invited all States and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to provide assistance to Liberia to facilitate the creation of an enabling environment for the promotion of peace, socio-economic development and regional security; and requested the Secretary-General to report to the Assembly at its sixty-first session on the implementation of the resolution (resolution 59/219).
♦ Assistance for humanitarian relief and the economic and social rehabilitation of Somalia
The General Assembly considered this question at its forty-third session, in 1988, at which it adopted a resolution entitled “Emergency assistance to Somalia” under the item entitled “Special economic and disaster relief assistance” (resolution 43/206). The Assembly has continued its consideration of the question annually (resolutions 44/178, 45/229, 46/176, 47/160, 48/201, 49/21 L, 50/58 G, 51/30 G, 52/169 L, 53/1 M, 54/96 D, 55/168, 56/106, 57/154, 58/115 and 59/218).
At its sixtieth session, the General Assembly called upon the Secretary-General to continue to mobilize rapid international financial assistance, as well as humanitarian rehabilitation and reconstruction relief for the Somali people and to help build capacity within transitional federal institutions in support of a consensus agreement; urged the international community to support the need for peacebuilding measures and the speedy implementation of programmes for the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of militias throughout Somalia appealed to Member States to contribute to the Trust Fund for Peacebuilding in Somalia; and requested the Secretary-General, in view of the critical situation in Somalia, to take all necessary and practicable measures for the implementation of the resolution and to report thereon to the Assembly at its sixty-first session (resolution 60/219).
♦ Humanitarian assistance and rehabilitation for El Salvador and Guatemala
At its sixtieth session, the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General and all organs and bodies of the United Nations system, as well as international financial institutions and development agencies, to assist El Salvador and Guatemala, whenever possible, through continued effective humanitarian, technical and financial assistance that contributed to overcoming the emergency and achieving the rehabilitation and recovery of the economy and the affected population in the short, medium and long term, in conformity with the priorities identified at the national level; requested the Secretary-General to report to the Assembly, through the Economic and Social Council, at the humanitarian affairs segment of its substantive session of 2006, on the implementation of the resolution and on the progress made in the relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts of the affected countries (resolution 60/220).
(c) Participation of volunteers, “White Helmets”, in the activities of the
United Nations in the field of humanitarian relief, rehabilitation and technical cooperation for development
This question was considered by the General Assembly at its forty-ninth session, in 1994 (resolution 49/139 B), under the agenda item entitled “Strengthening of the coordination of humanitarian and disaster relief assistance of the United Nations, including special economic assistance: special economic assistance to individual countries or regions”.
The question was included in the agenda of the fiftieth session of the General Assembly at the request of Argentina (A/50/144) and was considered at that session (resolution 50/19). It was also considered at the fifty-second, fifty-fourth and fifty-sixth sessions (resolutions 52/17, 54/98 and 56/102).
At its fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly invited the Secretary-General to consider further the potential use of White Helmets as a resource for preventing and mitigating the effects of post-conflict humanitarian emergencies; and requested the Secretary-General to take into consideration the 10 years that would have passed since the adoption of its resolution 49/139 B, and in view of the success of coordinated actions carried out since then, to consider their impact and to analyse possible steps and modalities to enhance the integration of the White Helmets initiative within the work of the United Nations system, suggesting appropriate mechanisms and areas, and to report thereon to the Assembly at its sixtieth session (resolution 58/118).At its resumed fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly decided that this item be allocated for consideration every three years in the Second Committee (resolution 58/316).
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