● Item 57: Eradication of poverty and other development issues:
♦ International Year of Microcredit, 2005
At its fifty-second session, in 1997, the General Assembly welcomed the outcome of the Microcredit Summit held in February 1997, which launched a global movement to reach 100 million of the world’s poorest families, with credit for self-employment and other financial services, by the year 2005 (resolution 52/194).
At its fifty-third session, the General Assembly proclaimed the year 2005 as International Year of Microcredit (resolution 53/197).
The General Assembly continued its consideration of the question at its fifty-eighth session (resolution 58/221).At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly decided to devote one plenary meeting at its sixty-first session to the consideration of the outcome and follow-up to the International Year of Microcredit; and requested the Secretary-General to prepare a report on the observance of the Year and on the implementation of the resolution, and submit it to the Assembly at its sixty-first session (resolution 59/246).
(a) Implementation of the first United Nations Decade for the Eradication of Poverty (1997-2006)
At its fiftieth session, in 1995, the General Assembly proclaimed the first United Nations Decade for the Eradication of Poverty (1997-2006) (resolution 50/107). The General Assembly continued its consideration of the question at its fifty-first to fifty-ninth sessions (resolutions 51/178, 52/193, 53/198, 54/232, 55/210, 56/207, 57/266, 58/222 and 59/247).At its sixtieth session, the General Assembly welcomed the observance of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty; requested the Secretary-General to undertake a review of the observance of the Day in order to identity lessons learned and ways to promote the mobilization of all stakeholders in the fight against poverty; and decided to include the sub-item in the provisional agenda of its sixty-first session (resolution 60/209).
(b) Industrial development cooperation
The General Assembly considered the question at its forty-sixth, forty-ninth and fifty-first to fifty-third sessions and biennially thereafter (resolutions 46/151, 49/108, 51/170, 52/208, 53/177, 55/187 and 57/243).At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly underlined the importance of industrial development cooperation and of a positive investment and business climate at the international, regional, subregional and national levels in promoting the expansion, diversification and modernization of productive capacities in developing countries and countries with economies in transition; emphasized the need to promote the development of microenterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises, including by means of training, education and skills enhancement, with a special focus on agro-industry as a provider of livelihoods for rural communities; encouraged the United Nations Industrial Development Organization to continue to enhance its effectiveness, relevance and development impact by strengthening its cooperation with other institutions of the United Nations system at all levels; and requested the Secretary-General to submit to the Assembly at its sixty-first session a report on the implementation of the resolution (resolution 59/249).
<19 Oct 2006>
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