Second Committee

Summaries of work and references

Excerpts from document   A/61/100   [F]   [S]   [A]   [C]   [R]

 

Item 53: Sustainable development:

(a) Implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21 and the outcomes of the World Summit on Sustainable Development

Documents:

Summary:

At its forty-seventh session, in 1992, the General Assembly endorsed the recommendation of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992) on the establishment of a high-level Commission on Sustainable Development as a functional commission of the Economic and Social Council (resolution 47/191).
               
At its nineteenth special session, in 1997, the General Assembly adopted the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21 (resolution S-19/2, annex).

At its fifty-seventh session, the General Assembly endorsed the Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation that had been adopted at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, South Africa, 26 August to 4 September 2002); and called for the implementation of the commitments, programmes and time-bound targets adopted at the Summit (resolution 57/253).

The General Assembly continued its consideration of the question at its fifty-eighth and fifty-ninth sessions (resolutions 58/218 and 59/227).

At its sixtieth session, the General Assembly called for the effective implementation of the commitments, programmes and time-bound targets adopted at the World Summit on Sustainable Development and for the fulfilment of the provisions relating to the means of implementation, as contained in the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation; and requested the Secretary-General to submit a report to the Assembly at its sixty-first session on the implementation of the resolution (resolution 60/193).

(b) Follow-up to and implementation of the Mauritius Strategy for the Further Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States

Documents:

Summary:

At its forty-ninth session, in 1994, the General Assembly endorsed the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States, as adopted on 6 May 1994 at the first Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States, held in Barbados from 25 April to 6 May 1994 (resolution 49/122).

At its twenty-second special session, in 1999, the General Assembly adopted the “Declaration and state of progress and initiatives for the future implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States” (resolution S-22/2).

The General Assembly also considered the question at its fiftieth to fifty-ninth sessions (resolutions 50/116, 51/183, 52/202, 53/189, 54/224, 55/202, 56/198, 57/261, 58/213 A and B, 59/229 and 59/311).

At its fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly decided that the International Meeting to Review the Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States would focus on practical actions for the further implementation of the Programme of Action (resolution 58/213 A). At the same session, in June 2004, the Assembly decided to reschedule the International Meeting from 30 August to 3 September 2004 to 10 to 14 January 2005 (resolution 58/213 B).

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly urged the United Nations system and the international community to continue to provide aid and assistance to the countries of the Caribbean region in the implementation of their long-term programmes of disaster prevention, preparedness, mitigation, management, relief and recovery, based on their development priorities, through the integration of relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction into a comprehensive approach to sustainable development; and requested the Secretary-General to report to it at its sixty-first session on the implementation of the resolution, taking into account the views expressed by relevant regional organizations (resolution 59/230).

At its sixtieth session, the General Assembly called for the full and effective implementation of the commitments, programmes and targets adopted at the International Meeting to Review the Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and, to that end, for the fulfilment of the provisions for the means of implementation, as contained in the Mauritius Strategy for Implementation; requested the relevant agencies of the United Nations system, within their respective mandates, to mainstream, as appropriate, the Mauritius Strategy for Implementation in their work programmes and to establish a focal point for matters related to small island developing States within their respective secretariats; and requested the Secretary-General to submit a report to the Assembly at its sixty-first session on the follow-up to and implementation of the Mauritius Strategy for Implementation (resolution 60/194).

(c) International Strategy for Disaster Reduction

Documents:

Summary:

At its fifty-fourth session, in 1999, the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to report to it at its fifty-sixth session on the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (resolution 54/219). The Assembly continued its consideration of the question at the fifty-sixth to fifty-ninth sessions (resolutions 56/195, 57/256, 58/214 and 59/231).

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly reaffirmed the importance of developing strategies aimed to prevent, mitigate and repair the damage caused by natural disasters that resulted from the El Niño phenomenon; encouraged the adoption of measures to support the development of the International Centre for the Study of the El Niño Phenomenon and strengthen other centres devoted to the study of the phenomenon; and requested the Secretary-General to report to the Assembly at its sixty-first session on the implementation of the resolution (resolution 59/232).

At its sixtieth session, the General Assembly endorsed the Hyogo Declaration and the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters as adopted by the World Conference on Disaster Reduction, held at Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, from 18 to 22 January 2005; stressed the importance of further strengthening the capacity of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction system in order to provide a solid basis for action as mandated by the Hyogo Framework for Action; and requested the Secretary-General to include that issue in his report to the Assembly at its sixty-first session (resolution 60/195).

Also at is sixtieth session, the General Assembly encouraged the Inter-Agency Task Force for Disaster Reduction to make available information on options for natural disaster reduction, including severe natural hazards and extreme weather-related disasters and vulnerabilities; and requested the Secretary-General to report to the Assembly at its sixty-first session on the implementation of the resolution (resolution 60/196).

(d) Protection of global climate for present and future generations of mankind

Document:

Summary:

The item entitled “Conservation of climate as part of the common heritage of mankind” was included in the agenda of the forty-third session of the General Assembly, in 1988, at the request of Malta (A/43/241).

The General Assembly considered the question at its forty-third to forty-sixth sessions (resolutions 43/53, 44/207, 45/212 and 46/169).

At its forty-seventh session, the General Assembly welcomed the adoption, on 9 May 1992, of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (resolution 47/195).

At its forty-eighth to fifty-ninth sessions, the General Assembly continued its consideration of the question (resolutions 48/189, 49/120, 50/115, 51/184, 52/199, 54/222, 56/199, 57/257, 58/243 and 59/234 and decisions 53/444 and 55/443).

At its sixtieth session, the General Assembly called upon States to work cooperatively towards achieving the ultimate objective of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; and invited the secretariat of the Convention to report to the Assembly at its sixty-first session on the work of the Conference of the Parties (resolution 60/197).

(e) Implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa

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Summary:

The General Assembly first considered the sub-item at its forty-seventh session, in 1992, after the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in June 1992 (resolution 47/188). The Convention was adopted on 17 June 1994 and entered into force on 26 December 1996.

At its fifty-first to fifty-ninth sessions, the General Assembly continued its consideration of the question (resolutions 51/180, 52/198, 53/191, 54/223, 55/204, 56/196, 57/259, 58/211, 58/242 and 59/235).

At its fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly declared 2006 the International Year of Deserts and Desertification and encouraged countries to undertake special initiatives in observance of the Year (resolution 58/211).

At its sixtieth session, the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to report to the Assembly at its sixty-first session on the implementation of the resolution (resolution 60/201).

(f) Convention on Biological Diversity

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Summary:

The Convention on Biological Diversity was opened for signature at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, held in June 1992, and entered into force on 29 December 1993.

The General Assembly considered this question at its forty-ninth to fifty-ninth sessions (resolutions 49/117, 50/111, 51/182, 52/201, 53/190, 54/221, 55/201, 56/197, 57/260, 58/212 and 59/236).

At its sixtieth session, the General Assembly reiterated the commitment of States parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety; and invited the Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity to continue reporting to the Assembly on the ongoing work regarding the Convention, including its Cartagena Protocol (resolution 60/202).

(g) Report of the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme on its ninth special session

Documents:

Summary:

At its twenty-seventh session, in 1972, the General Assembly adopted a number of provisions setting up the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (resolution 2997 (XXVIII)), including the establishment of the Governing Council of UNEP. The Governing Council was to report annually to the Assembly, through the Economic and Social Council, which would transmit to the Assembly such comments on the report as it might deem necessary. At its forty-second session, the Assembly changed the annual cycle of submission of reports to a biennial one (resolution 42/185).

At its fifty-third session, in July 1999, the General Assembly, inter alia, welcomed the proposal to institute an annual, ministerial-level, global environmental forum, with the Governing Council of UNEP constituting the forum in the years that it met in regular session and, in alternate years, with the forum taking the form of a special session of the Governing Council (resolution 53/242).

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly, recalling resolutions 57/251 and 58/209, noted the differences in the views expressed on the issue of establishing universal membership of the Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum, and encouraged Member States, the Governing Council and the relevant bodies of the United Nations system that had not yet done so to submit their comments on the issue to the Secretariat as their contribution to the report of the Secretary-General on the subject for consideration at the Assembly’s sixty-first session (resolution 59/226).

At its sixtieth session, the General Assembly, reaffirming the role of UNEP as the principal body within the United Nations system in the field of the environment, recognized the need to strengthen the scientific base of UNEP; called upon UNEP to continue within its mandate its activities in pursuance of the outcome of the International Meeting to Review the Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States; emphasized the need to further enhance coordination and cooperation among the relevant United Nations organizations in the promotion of the environmental dimension of sustainable development; and requested the Secretary-General to keep the resource needs of UNEP and the United Nations Office at Nairobi under review so as to permit the delivery, in an effective manner, of necessary services to the Programme and to the other United Nations organs and organizations in Nairobi (resolution 60/189).

 

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