Social, humanitarian and cultural / 3rd Committee - 60th session of the United Nations General Assembly
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Third Committee

 

Summaries of work and documentation

 

Reference:  A/60/100  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

 
 

 ö Item 71:  

 

Human rights questions

Date of consideration:  24 October 2005 through 2 November 2005

Third Committee reports (59th session): 

A/59/503   [ F ]  [ S ]  [ A ]  [ C ]  [ R ]

Human rights questions

A/59/503/Add.1   [ F ]  [ S ]  [ A ]  [ C ]  [ R ]

Human rights questions:  implementation of human rights instruments

A/59/503/Add.2   [ F ]  [ S ]  [ A ]  [ C ]  [ R ]

Human rights questions:  human rights questions, including alternative approaches for improving the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms

A/59/503/Add.3   [ F ]  [ S ]  [ A ]  [ C ]  [ R ]

Human rights questions:  human rights situations and reports of special rapporteurs and representatives

A/59/503/Add.4   [ F ]  [ S ]  [ A ]  [ C ]  [ R ]

Human rights questions: comprehensive implementation of and follow-up to the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action

A/59/503/Add.5   [ F ]  [ S ]  [ A ]  [ C ]  [ R ]

Human rights questions: report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

 

Documents:

A/60/40 (Vol.I)   [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]  

Report of the Human Rights Committee (Suppl. No. 40, Vol. I)

A/60/40 (Vol.II)   [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R] 

Report of the Human Rights Committee (Suppl. No. 40, Vol. II)

A/60/44   [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R] 

Report of the Committee against Torture (Suppl. No. 44)

A/60/129   [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Letter dated 13 July 2005 from the Permanent Representative of Kazakhstan to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary General

A/60/336   [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Letter dated 6 September 2005 from the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

A/60/392   [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Note verbale from Togo

A/60/408   [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Letter dated 30 September 2005 from the Permanent Representative of Cuba to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

A/60/440-S/2005/658   [F]   [S]   [A]   [C]   [R]   

A/60/440/Corr.1-S/2005/658/Corr.1   [A] only  

A/60/440/Corr.2-S/2005/658/Corr.2   [F]   [S]   [A]   [C]   [R]   

Letter dated 17 October 2005 from the Permanent Representative of Yemen to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

 

(a)  Implementation of human rights instruments

Documents:

A/60/48   [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (Suppl. No. 48)

A/60/215  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on the operations of the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture

A/60/220   [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on the status of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

A/60/273   [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on the status of the Voluntary Trust Fund on Contemporary Forms of Slavery

A/60/278   [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Note by the Secretary-General on the effective implementation of international instruments on human rights, including reporting obligations under international instruments on human rights

A/60/284   [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on the status of the International Covenants on Human Rights and the Optional Protocols

A/60/316   [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the interim report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the question of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

A/60/325  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]   

Report of the Secretary-General on human rights and mass exoduses

A/60/351  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]    A/60/351(Corr.1)  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R] 

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on equitable geographical distribution in the membership of the human rights treaty bodies

Summary:

Effective implementation of international instruments on human rights, including reporting obligations under international instruments on human rights

At its thirty-eighth session, in 1983, the General Assembly considered problems relating to the reporting obligations of States parties to United Nations conventions on human rights (resolution 38/117).

The General Assembly considered the question annually from its thirty-ninth to fifty-first sessions (resolutions 39/138, 40/117, 41/121, 42/105, 43/135, 44/135, 45/85, 46/111, 47/111, 48/120, 49/178, 50/170 and 51/87) and biennially thereafter (resolutions 53/138, 55/90 and 57/202). At its fifty-ninth session, the Assembly took note of the report of the Secretary-General on the effective implementation of international instruments on human rights, including reporting obligations under international instruments on human rights (decision 59/528).

Status of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

At its thirty-ninth session, in 1984, the General Assembly adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (resolution 39/46, annex), and called upon all Governments to consider signing and ratifying the Convention as a matter of priority (resolution 39/46). The Convention entered into force on 26 June 1987, on the thirtieth day after the date of the deposit with the Secretary-General of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to submit to the Assembly at its sixtieth session a report on the status of the Convention (resolution 59/182).

As at 25 April 2005, 139 States had ratified or acceded to the Convention.

Report of the Committee against Torture

In accordance with article 17 of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, the Committee against Torture is composed of 10 experts. The members of the Committee are elected for a term of four years and are eligible for re-election. At present, the Committee is composed of the following members:

Mr. Guibril Camara (Senegal),** Mr. Sayed Kassem El Masry (Egypt),* Ms. Felice Gaer (United States of America),** Mr. Claudio Grossman (Chile),** Mr. Fernando Mariño Menéndez (Spain),* Mr. Andreas Mavrommatis (Cyprus),** Mr. Julio Prado Vallejo (Ecuador),** Mr. Ole Vedel Rasmussen (Denmark),* Mr. Alexander M. Yakovlev (Russian Federation)* and Mr. Wang Xiexian (China).*

________________________

 *  Term of office expires on 31 December 2005.

  **  Term of office expires on 31 December 2007.

________________________ 

 

The Committee against Torture held its thirty-third and thirty-fourth sessions in Geneva from 15 to 26 November 2004 and from 2 to 20 May 2005, respectively. In accordance with article 24 of the Convention, the Committee submits an annual report on its activities to the States parties and to the General Assembly.

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly invited all States parties to the Convention that had not yet done so to consider making the declarations provided for in articles 21 and 22 of the Convention and to consider the possibility of withdrawing their reservations to article 20; urged all States parties to notify the Secretary-General of their acceptance of the amendments to articles 17 and 18 of the Convention as soon as possible; called upon States parties to give early consideration to signing and ratifying the Optional Protocol to the Convention, which provided further measures for use in the fight against and prevention of torture; and decided to consider at its sixtieth session the reports of the Secretary-General, including the report on the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture, the report of the Committee against Torture and the interim report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (resolution 59/182).

Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly called upon all Governments to cooperate with and assist the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment in the performance of his task, to supply all necessary information requested by the Special Rapporteur, to respond appropriately and expeditiously to his urgent appeals and to give serious consideration to responding favourably to requests by the Special Rapporteur to visit their countries, and urged them to enter into a constructive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur in following up his recommendations; and decided to consider the interim report of the Special Rapporteur at its sixtieth session (resolution 59/182).

Status of the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture

At its thirty-sixth session, in 1981, the General Assembly established the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture and requested the Secretary-General to report to it annually on the administration of the Fund (resolution 36/151). The Fund receives voluntary contributions for distribution to non-governmental organizations providing psychological, medical, social, economic, legal, humanitarian or other forms of assistance to victims of torture and their relatives.

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly appealed to all Governments and organizations to contribute annually to the Fund, preferably by 1 March before the annual meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Fund, if possible with a substantial increase in the level of contributions; requested the Secretary-General to transmit to all Governments the appeals of the General Assembly for contributions to the Fund, to continue to include the Fund on an annual basis among the programmes for which funds were pledged at the United Nations Pledging Conference for Development Activities and to assist the Board of Trustees in its appeal for contributions and in its efforts to make better known the existence of the Fund; and requested the Secretary-General to submit to the Assembly at its sixtieth session a report on the operations of the Fund (resolution 59/182).

Report of the Human Rights Committee

At its twenty-first session, in 1966, the General Assembly adopted the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (resolution 2200 A (XXI)). The Covenant and the Optional Protocol thereto entered into force on 23 March 1976.

In accordance with article 28 of the Covenant, the Human Rights Committee is composed of 18 experts. The members of the Committee are elected for a term of four years and are eligible for re-election. At present, the Committee is composed of the following members:

Mr. Abdelfattah Amor (Tunisia),* Mr. Nisuke Ando (Japan),* Mr. Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati (India),* Mr. Alfredo Castillero Hoyos (Panama),* Ms. Christine Chanet (France),* Mr. Maurice Glèlè-Ahanhanzo (Benin),** Mr. Edwin Johnson Lopez (Ecuador),** Mr. Walter Kälin (Switzerland),* Mr. Ahmed Tawfik Khalil (Egypt),** Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah (Mauritius),** Mr. Michael O'Flaherty (Ireland),** Ms. Elisabeth Palm (Sweden),** Mr. Rafael Rivas Posada (Colombia),** Sir Nigel Rodley (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland),** Mr. Ivan Shearer (Australia),** Mr. Hipólito Solari Yrigoyen (Argentina),* Ms. Ruth Wedgwood (United States of America)* and Mr. Roman Wieruszewski (Poland).*

________________________

 *  Term of office expires on 31 December 2006.

 **  Term of office expires on 31 December 2008.

________________________ 

 

As at 19 April 2005, 154 States had ratified or acceded to the Covenant, 104 States had ratified or acceded to the Optional Protocol and 54 States had ratified or acceded to the Second Optional Protocol aiming at the abolition of the death penalty.

International Covenants on Human Rights

At its fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly reaffirmed the importance of the International Covenants on Human Rights as major components of international efforts to promote universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms; and requested the Secretary-General to submit to the Assembly at its sixtieth session a report on the status of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Optional Protocols to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, including all reservations and declarations (resolution 58/165).

Report of the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families

In accordance with article 72 of the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, the Committee is composed of 10 experts. At present, the Committee is composed of the following members:

Mr. Francisco Alba (Mexico),** Mr. Francisco Carrión-Mena (Ecuador),** Ms. Ana Elizabeth Cubias Medina (El Salvador),** Ms. Anamaría Dieguez (Guatemala),* Mr. Ahmed Hassan El-Borai (Egypt),** Mr. Abdelhamid El Jamri (Morocco),** Mr. Arthur Shatto Gakwandi (Uganda),* Mr. Jose Serrano Brillantes (Philippines),* Mr. Prasad Kariyawasam (Sri Lanka)* and Mr. Asad Taghizade (Azerbaijan).*

________________________

 *  Term of office expires on 31 December 2005.

 **  Term of office expires on 31 December 2007.

________________________

 

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly welcomed the establishment of the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families; called upon States parties to the Convention to submit in due time their first periodic report, as requested in article 73 of the Convention; and invited States parties to the Convention to consider making the declarations foreseen in articles 76 and 77 of the Convention (resolution 59/262).

The Committee held its second session at the United Nations Office at Geneva from 25 to 29 April 2005.

In accordance with article 74 of the Convention, the Committee will submit an annual report on its activities to the General Assembly at its sixtieth session.

Voluntary Trust Fund on Contemporary Forms of Slavery

The Voluntary Trust Fund on Contemporary Forms of Slavery was established pursuant to General Assembly resolution 46/122 of 17 December 1991 for the purpose of assisting representatives of non-governmental organizations from different regions, dealing with issues of contemporary forms of slavery, to participate in the deliberations of the Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery by providing them with financial assistance and to extend, through established channels of assistance, humanitarian, legal and financial aid to individuals whose human rights had been severely violated as a result of contemporary forms of slavery. The Fund is administered in accordance with the Financial Regulations of the United Nations by the Secretary-General, with the advice of a Board of Trustees, and can receive voluntary contributions from Governments, non-governmental organizations and other private or public entities.

Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

At its twenty-first session, in 1966, the General Assembly adopted the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (resolution 2200 A (XXI)). This Covenant entered into force on 3 January 1976.

In accordance with Economic and Social Council resolution 1985/17, the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights is composed of 18 experts. The members of the Committee are elected for a term of four years and are eligible for re-election. At present, the Committee is composed of the following members:

Mr. Mohamed Ezzeldin Abdel-Moneim (Egypt),** Mr. Clément Atangana (Cameroon),* Mrs. Rocío Barahona Riera (Costa Rica),** Mrs. Virginia Bonoan-Dandan (Philippines),* Mrs. Maria Virginia Bras Gomes (Portugal),* Mr. Azzouz Kerdoun (Algeria),* Mr. Yuri Kolosov (Russian Federation),* Mr. Georgio Malinverni (Switzerland),** Mr. Jaime Marchan Romero (Ecuador),* Mr. Sergei Martynov (Belarus),** Mr. Ariranga Govindasamy Pillay (Mauritius),** Mr. Eibe Riedel (Germany),* Mr. Andrzej Rzeplinski (Poland),** Mr. Walid M. Sa'di (Jordan),** Mr. Philippe Texier (France),** Mr. Alvaro Tirado Mejía (Colombia)* and Mr. Shen Yongxiang (China).**

On 25 January 2005 Ms. Chokila Iyer (India) resigned. To fill the vacancy arising from her resignation, the Economic and Social Council, on 27 April 2005, at its resumed organizational session, elected Ms. Arundhati Ghose (India) for a term beginning on the date of election and expiring on 31 December 2006 (Council decision 2005/201 C).

________________________

 *  Term of office expires on 31 December 2006.

 **  Term of office expires on 31 December 2008.

________________________

 

At its fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to submit to it at its sixtieth session a report on the status of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Optional Protocols to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, including all reservations and declarations (resolution 58/165).

Equitable geographical distribution in the membership of the human rights treaty bodies

At its fifth-ninth session, the General Assembly called upon the States parties to the United Nations human rights instruments to include, as an agenda item at their forthcoming meetings, a debate on ways and means to ensure equitable geographical distribution in the membership of the human rights treaty bodies; recommended, when considering the possible establishment of a quota by region for the election of the membership of each treaty body, the introduction of flexible procedures; and requested the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to submit concrete recommendations on the implementation of the resolution to the Assembly at its sixtieth session (resolution 59/181).

 

(b)  Human rights questions, including alternative approaches for improving the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms

Documents:

A/C.3/60/3  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R] 

Letter dated 25 October 2005 from the Permanent Representative of Belarus to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

A/C.3/60/5  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R] 

Letter dated 28 October 2005 from the Permanent Representative of Armenia to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

A/C.3/60/8  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R] 

Letter dated 7 November 2005 from the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

A/C.3/60/9  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R] 

Letter dated 8 November 2005 from the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

A/60/134  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening United Nations action in the field of human rights through the promotion of international cooperation and the importance of non-selectivity, impartiality and objectivity

A/60/266  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the Ad Hoc Committee on a Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities on its sixth session

A/60/272  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on the protection of migrants

A/60/286  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on the right to development

A/60/299  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights

A/60/301  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]        A/60/301/Add.1  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on globalization and its impact on the full enjoyment of all human rights

A/60/305  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on human rights and unilateral coercive measures

A/60/321  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R] 

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers

A/60/326  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism

A/60/333  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on the effective promotion of the Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities

A/60/338  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]    A/60/338/Corr.1  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R] 

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the Representative of the Secretary-General on internally displaced persons

A/60/339  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]    A/60/339/Corr.1  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]   

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on human rights defenders

A/60/340  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on human rights and cultural diversity

A/60/348  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the interim report of the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health

A/60/350  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the interim report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to food

A/60/353  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on the Subregional Centre for Human Rights and Democracy in Central Africa

A/60/357  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the interim report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the human rights of migrants

A/60/374  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism

A/60/384  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]   

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the interim report of the independent expert on the effects of economic reform policies and foreign debt on the full enjoyment of human rights, particularly economic, social and cultural rights

A/60/392  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Note verbale dated 27 September 2005 from the Permanent Mission of Togo to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

A/60/399  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]   

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the Special Rapporteur on elimination of all forms of religious intolerance

A/60/431  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the role of the United Nations in enhancing the effectiveness of the principle of periodic and genuine elections and the promotion of democratization

Summary:

Human rights and cultural diversity

The General Assembly considered the item at its fifty-fourth to fifty-seventh sessions (resolutions 54/160, 55/91, 56/156 and 57/204).

At its fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to prepare a report on human rights and cultural diversity, taking into account the views of Member States, relevant United Nations agencies and non-governmental organizations, as well as the considerations in the resolution regarding the recognition and importance of cultural diversity among all peoples and nations in the world, and to submit the report to the Assembly at its sixtieth session (resolution 58/167).

Human rights and mass exoduses

The General Assembly, at its fifty-eighth session, requested the Secretary-General to submit to it at its sixtieth session a report on the implementation of the resolution as it pertained to all aspects of human rights and mass exoduses, with particular emphasis on the efforts of the United Nations system to enhance the protection of those who become displaced during mass exoduses, and to facilitate their return and reintegration, as well as information on efforts to continue to enhance the capacity of the United Nations to avert new flows of refugees and other displaced persons and to tackle the root causes of such flows (resolution 58/169).

The right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health

At its fifty-eighth session, in 2003, the General Assembly noted the request of the Commission on Human Rights to the Special Rapporteur to submit annually a report to the Commission and an interim report to the General Assembly on the activities performed under his mandate (resolution 58/173).

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly considered the report of the Special Rapporteur (A/59/422) and took note of it and other reports transmitted by the Secretary-General under item 73 (b) (decision 59/528).

The Commission on Human Rights discussed the question at its sixty-first session. It decided to extend, for a period of three years, the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health; and requested the Special Rapporteur to submit annually a report to the Commission and an interim report to the General Assembly on the activities performed under his mandate (Commission resolution 2005/24).

Human rights and terrorism

The General Assembly considered this question at its forty-eighth session, in 1993, and at its forty-ninth, fiftieth, fifty-second, fifty-fourth, fifty-sixth and fifty-eighth sessions (resolutions 48/122, 49/185, 50/186, 52/133, 54/164, 56/160 and 58/174).

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly reiterated its unequivocal condemnation of the acts, methods and practices of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations as activities aimed at the destruction of human rights, fundamental freedoms and democracy; urged the international community to enhance cooperation at the regional and international levels in the fight against terrorism; called upon States to take all necessary and effective measures, in accordance with relevant provisions of international law, including international human rights standards, to prevent, combat and eliminate terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, wherever and by whomever it was committed, and also called upon States to strengthen, where appropriate, their legislation to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations; requested the Secretary-General to continue to seek the views of Member States on the implications of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations for the full enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms and on the possible establishment of a voluntary fund for the victims of terrorism, as well as on ways and means to rehabilitate the victims of terrorism and to reintegrate them into society, with a view to incorporating his findings in his report to the General Assembly; and requested the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, in the course of the examination of the question and in the conduct of any study on terrorism that might be mandated, to adopt a comprehensive approach (resolution 59/195).

National institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights

At its fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly encouraged Member States to establish and strengthen national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights; urged the Secretary-General to continue to give high priority to requests from Member States for assistance in the establishment and strengthening of national human rights institutions; requested the Secretary-General to continue to provide, including from the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the Field of Human Rights, the necessary assistance for holding international and regional meetings of national institutions; and requested the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly at its sixtieth session on the implementation of the resolution (resolution 58/175).

The Commission on Human Rights considered this question at its sixty-first session (Commission resolution 2005/74).

Protection of and assistance to internally displaced persons

At its fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly urged all Governments to continue to facilitate the activities of the Representative of the Secretary-General on internally displaced persons, in particular Governments with situations of internal displacement, and to give serious consideration to inviting the Representative to visit their countries so as to enable him to study and analyse more fully the issues involved; and requested the Representative of the Secretary-General to prepare a report on the implementation of the resolution for consideration by the Assembly at its sixtieth session (resolution 58/177).

The Commission on Human Rights, at its sixtieth session, requested the Secretary-General, in effectively building upon the work of his Representative, to establish a mechanism that would address the complex problem of internal displacement (Commission resolution 2004/55). Subsequently, in September 2004, the Secretary-General appointed Walter Kälin as his Representative on the human rights of internally displaced persons. At its sixty-first session, the Commission requested the Representative to submit annual reports on his activities to the Commission and to the General Assembly (Commission resolution 2005/46).

Strengthening the role of the United Nations in enhancing the effectiveness of the principle of periodic and genuine elections and the promotion of democratization

At its fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to provide the Electoral Assistance Division with adequate human and financial resources to allow it to carry out its mandate, and to continue to ensure that the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights was able to respond, within its mandate and in close coordination with the Division, to the numerous and increasingly complex and comprehensive requests from Member States for advisory services; and also requested him to report to the Assembly at its sixtieth session on the implementation of the resolution, in particular on the status of requests from Member States for electoral assistance, and on his efforts to enhance support by the Organization for the democratization process in Member States (resolution 58/180).

Effective promotion of the Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities

At its forty-seventh session, in 1992, the General Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities (resolution 47/135).

At its fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly urged States and the international community to promote and protect the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities, as set out in the Declaration; called upon the Secretary-General to make available qualified expertise on minority issues; called upon the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to promote the implementation of the Declaration; requested the High Commissioner to continue her efforts to improve the coordination and cooperation among United Nations programmes and agencies on activities related to the promotion and protection of the rights of persons belonging to minorities; called upon the Working Group on Minorities of the Subcommission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights to implement fully its mandate with the involvement of a wide range of participants; invited the High Commissioner to seek voluntary contributions to facilitate the effective participation in the work of the Working Group of representatives of non-governmental organizations and persons belonging to minorities; requested the Secretary-General to report to the Assembly at its sixtieth session on the implementation of the resolution and to continue to include examples of good practices in the field of education and of the effective participation of minorities in decision-making processes; and decided to continue consideration of the question at its sixtieth session (resolution 58/182).

The Commission on Human Rights considered this question at its sixtieth and sixty-first sessions (resolutions 2004/51 and 2005/79 and decisions 2004/114 and 2004/115).

Human rights in the administration of justice

At its fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly invited the Commission on Human Rights and the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, as well as the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the crime programme of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, to closely coordinate their activities relating to the administration of justice; underlined the importance of rebuilding and strengthening structures for the administration of justice and respect for the rule of law and human rights in post-conflict situations; stressed the special need for national capacity-building in the field of the administration of justice, in order to establish and maintain stable societies and the rule of law in post-conflict situations, and in that context welcomed the role of the Office of the High Commissioner in supporting the establishment and functioning of transitional justice mechanisms in post-conflict situations; and decided to consider the question at its sixtieth session (resolution 58/183).

Promotion of peace as a vital requirement for the full enjoyment of all human rights by all

This question was considered at the fifty-seventh session of the General Assembly, in 2002, under the item entitled "Human rights questions" (resolution 57/216).

At its fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly declared that the preservation and promotion of peace constituted a fundamental obligation of each State; and decided to continue consideration of the question of the promotion of the right of peoples to peace at its sixtieth session (resolution 58/192).

Subregional Centre for Human Rights and Democracy in Central Africa

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly welcomed the activities of the Subregional Centre for Human Rights and Democracy in Central Africa at Yaoundé; requested the Secretary-General and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to provide adequate assistance for the proper functioning of the Centre; and requested the Secretary-General to submit to the Assembly at its sixtieth session a report on the implementation of the resolution (resolution 59/183).

Globalization and its impact on the full enjoyment of all human rights

The General Assembly has considered this question since its fifty-fourth session (resolutions 54/165, 55/102, 56/165, 57/205 and 58/193).

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly recognized that, while globalization, by its impact on, inter alia, the role of the State, might affect human rights, the promotion and protection of all human rights was first and foremost the responsibility of the State; and requested the Secretary-General to seek further the views of Member States and relevant agencies of the United Nations system and to submit a substantive report on the subject to the Assembly at its sixtieth session (resolution 59/184).

The right to development

The General Assembly has considered this question annually since its forty-first session, in 1986, at which it adopted the Declaration on the Right to Development (resolutions 41/128, 42/117, 43/127, 44/62, 45/97, 46/123, 47/123, 48/130, 49/183, 50/184, 51/99, 52/136, 53/155, 54/175, 55/108, 56/150, 57/223 and 58/172).

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly endorsed the agreed conclusions and recommendations adopted by the Working Group on the Right to Development at its fifth session (see E/CN.4/2004/23 and Corr.1, sect. III) and requested the Secretary-General to submit a report to the General Assembly at its sixtieth session and an interim report to the Commission on Human Rights at its sixty-first session on the implementation of the resolution, including efforts undertaken at the national, regional and international levels in the promotion and realization of the right to development, and invited the Chairperson of the Working Group to present a verbal update to the Assembly at its sixtieth session (resolution 59/185).

The Commission on Human Rights considered this question at its sixty-first session (Commission resolution 2005/4).

Enhancement of international cooperation in the field of human rights

The General Assembly has considered this question since its fifty-first session (resolutions 51/100, 52/134, 53/154, 54/181, 55/109, 56/149, 57/224 and 58/170).

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly called upon Member States, specialized agencies and intergovernmental organizations to continue to carry out a constructive dialogue and consultations for the enhancement of understanding and the promotion and protection of all human rights and fundamental freedoms, and encouraged non-governmental organizations to contribute actively to that endeavour; invited States and relevant United Nations human rights mechanisms and procedures to continue to pay attention to the importance of mutual cooperation, understanding and dialogue in ensuring the promotion and protection of all human rights; and decided to continue its consideration of the question at its sixtieth session (resolution 59/187).

The Commission on Human Rights considered this question at its sixty-first session (Commission resolution 2005/54).

Human rights and unilateral coercive measures

The General Assembly considered this item at its fifty-first to fifty-eighth sessions (resolutions 51/103, 52/120, 53/141, 54/172, 55/110, 56/148, 57/222 and 58/171).

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly urged all States to refrain from adopting or implementing any unilateral measures not in accordance with international law and the Charter of the United Nations, in particular those of a coercive nature with all their extraterritorial effects, which created obstacles to trade relations among States, thus impeding the full realization of the rights set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights instruments, in particular the right of individuals and peoples to development; requested the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to give priority to the resolution in her annual report to the General Assembly; and requested the Secretary-General to continue to collect the views and information of Member States on the implications and negative effects of unilateral coercive measures on their populations and to submit an analytical report thereon to the Assembly at its sixtieth session, highlighting the practical and preventive measures in that respect (resolution 59/188).

Strengthening United Nations action in the field of human rights through the promotion of international cooperation and the importance of non-selectivity, impartiality and objectivity

The General Assembly has considered this question since its forty-fifth session (resolutions 45/163, 46/129, 47/131, 48/125, 49/181, 50/174, 51/105, 52/131, 53/149, 54/174, 55/104, 56/153, 57/203 and 58/168).

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to invite Member States and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to present further practical proposals and ideas that would contribute to the strengthening of United Nations action in the field of human rights through the promotion of international cooperation based on the principles of non-selectivity, impartiality and objectivity, and to submit a comprehensive report on the question to the Assembly at its sixtieth session (resolution 59/190).

Protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly reaffirmed that States must ensure that any measure taken to combat terrorism complied with their obligations under international law; requested the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to continue: (a) to examine the question of the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, (b) to make general recommendations concerning the obligation of States to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms while taking actions to counter terrorism, and (c) to provide assistance and advice to States, upon their request, on the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, as well as to relevant United Nations bodies; and requested the Secretary-General to submit a report on the implementation of the resolution to the Commission on Human Rights at its sixty-first session and to the Assembly at its sixtieth session (resolution 59/191).

The Commission on Human Rights considered this question at its sixty-first session. It decided to appoint for a period of three years, a special rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism; requested the Special Rapporteur to report regularly to the Commission on Human Rights and to the General Assembly; and requested the High Commissioner to report regularly on the implementation of the resolution to the Commission and to the Assembly (Commission resolution 2005/80).

Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

At its fifty-third session, in 1998, the General Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (resolution 53/144).

At its fifty-sixth session, the Commission on Human Rights requested the Secretary-General to appoint a Special Representative on the situation of human rights defenders for a three-year period and called for the Special Representative to report annually to the Commission on Human Rights and to the General Assembly (Commission resolution 2000/61). At its fifty-ninth session, the Commission renewed the mandate of the Special Representative for a further three years (Commission resolution 2003/64). At its sixtieth and sixty-first sessions, the Commission requested the Special Representative to continue to report to the General Assembly on her activities (Commission resolutions 2004/68 and 2005/67).

The General Assembly considered the item at its fifty-fourth to fifty-eighth sessions (resolutions 54/170, 55/98, 56/163, 57/209 and 58/178).

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly called upon States to promote and give full effect to the Declaration; called upon States to take all necessary measures to ensure the protection of human rights defenders, at both the local and the national levels; also called upon States to ensure, protect and respect the freedom of expression and association of human rights defenders and, where registration was required, to facilitate registration, including through the establishment of effective and transparent criteria and non-discriminatory procedures under domestic law; urged States to ensure that any measures to combat terrorism and preserve national security complied with their obligations under international law and did not hinder the work and safety of human rights defenders; emphasized the importance of combating impunity for threats, attacks and acts of intimidation against human rights defenders; urged States to ensure that complaints from human rights defenders were investigated and addressed in a transparent, independent and accountable manner; requested the Special Representative to continue to report on her activities to the General Assembly and to the Commission on Human Rights in accordance with her mandate; and decided to consider the question at its sixtieth session (resolution 59/192).

Protection of migrants

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly welcomed the increasing number of signatures and ratifications or accessions to the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, and called upon States that had not done so to consider urgently signing and ratifying or acceding to the Convention; also welcomed the entry into force of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, and the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, and called upon States that had not done so to consider urgently signing and ratifying or acceding to them; requested the Secretary-General to submit to the Assembly at its sixtieth session a report on the implementation of the resolution, and requested the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the human rights of migrants to submit to the Assembly at the same session an interim report on the fulfilment of her mandate; and decided to examine the question further at its sixtieth session under the sub-item (resolution 59/194).

At its sixty-first session, the Commission on Human Rights requested the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants to report to the General Assembly at its sixtieth session and to the Commission at its sixty-second session and to include on her annual reports a chapter on the impact of the legislation and the measures adopted by some States that restricted the human rights and fundamental freedoms of migrants (Commission resolution 2005/47).

Ad Hoc Committee on a Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly decided that the Ad Hoc Committee should hold two sessions in 2005, of 10 working days each, to be held, respectively, from 24 January to 4 February and in July/August; and requested the Secretary-General to transmit a comprehensive report of the Ad Hoc Committee and to report on the implementation of paragraphs 6, 7, 8 and 11 of the resolution to the Assembly at its sixtieth session (resolution 59/198).

Elimination of all forms of religious intolerance

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly recognized with deep concern the overall rise in instances of intolerance and violence directed against members of many religious communities in various parts of the world; urged States to ensure that religious places, sites and shrines were fully respected and protected; decided to consider the question at its sixtieth session; and requested the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on freedom of religion or belief to submit an interim report to the Assembly on the question (resolution 59/199).

The Commission on Human Rights considered this question at its sixty-first session (Commission resolution 2005/40).

Question of enforced or involuntary disappearances

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly urged all Governments to take appropriate legislative or other steps to prevent and suppress the practice of enforced disappearances, in keeping with the Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, and to take action to that end at the national and regional levels and in cooperation with the United Nations, including through the provision of technical assistance; and decided to consider the question of enforced disappearances, in particular the implementation of the Declaration, at its sixtieth session (resolution 59/200).

The right to food

The General Assembly considered this question at its fifty-sixth to fifty-eighth sessions (resolutions 56/155, 57/226 and 58/186).

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly requested the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the right to food to submit a comprehensive report to the Commission at its sixty-first session (E/CN.4/2005/47 and Add.1 and 2) and an interim report to the Assembly at its sixtieth session on the implementation of the resolution (resolution 59/202).

The Commission on Human Rights considered the question at its sixty-first session (Commission resolution 2005/18).

 

(c)  Human rights situations and reports of special rapporteurs and representatives

Documents:

A/C.3/60/2  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Letter dated 24 October 2005 from the Permanent Representative of Myanmar to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

A/C.3/60/6  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Letter dated 2 November 2005 from the Permanent Representative of Myanmar to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

A/C.3/60/7  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Letter dated 2 November 2005 from the Permanent Representative of Israel to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

A/C.3/60/10  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R] 

Letter dated 10 November 2005 from the Permanent Representative of Turkmenistan to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

A/60/221  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the interim report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar

A/60/271  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in the Palestinian territories occupied by Israel since 1967

A/60/306  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

A/60/324  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on addressing the issue of Palestinian pregnant women giving birth at Israeli checkpoints owing to denial of access by Israel to hospitals, with a view to ending this inhuman Israeli practice

A/60/349  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the assistance to Sierra Leone in the field of human rights

A/60/354   [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R] 

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the interim report of the independent expert on technical cooperation and advisory services in Burundi

A/60/356  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in the Sudan

A/60/359  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the human rights situation and the activities of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, including technical cooperation in Nepal

A/60/367  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Turkmenistan

A/60/370  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the promotion and protection of freedoms while countering terrorism

A/60/395  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R] 

Report of the independent expert on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

A/60/422  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]    A/60/422(Corr.1)  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R] 

Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar

Summary:

Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran

At its fortieth session, in 1984, the Commission on Human Rights requested the Chairman to appoint a Special Representative of the Commission whose mandate would be to establish contacts with the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, to make a thorough study of the human rights situation in that country and to submit conclusions and appropriate suggestions to the Commission at its forty-first session (Commission resolution 1984/54). The mandate of the Special Representative has been renewed annually since then.

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly called upon the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to: abide by its obligations freely undertaken under the International Covenants on Human Rights and other international human rights instruments; implement the recommendations of the Working Group of the Commission on Human Rights on Arbitrary Detention, the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression and the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on freedom of religion or belief; cooperate with United Nations mechanisms; implement fully the ban on torture, announced in April 2004 by the head of the judiciary, and the related parliamentary legislation of May 2004; expedite judicial reform; appoint an impartial prosecutor; eliminate all forms of discrimination based on religious grounds or against persons belonging to minorities; end all forms of punishment that were cruel, inhuman or degrading; abolish the punishment of execution by stoning; comply with its obligations under article 37 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and article 6 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights not to impose the sentence of death for offences committed by persons below 18 years of age; and vigorously pursue penitentiary reform; encouraged the thematic mechanisms of the Commission on Human Rights to visit the Islamic Republic of Iran, and encouraged the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to cooperate with those special mechanisms and to respond fully to their subsequent recommendations; and decided to continue its examination of the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran at its sixtieth session (resolution 59/205).

Situation of human rights in Turkmenistan

At its fifty-ninth session, in 2004, the General Assembly called upon the Government of Turkmenistan to ensure full respect for all human rights and fundamental freedoms and to implement fully the measures set out in Commission on Human Rights resolutions 2003/11 and 2004/12; to work closely with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights with regard to the areas of concern and to cooperate fully with all the mechanisms of the Commission on Human Rights and all the relevant United Nations treaty bodies; to implement fully the recommendations outlined in the report of the Rapporteur of the Moscow Mechanism of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and to work constructively with the various institutions of the Organization; to release immediately and unconditionally all prisoners of conscience; to give real substance to the May 2004 offer of the Government of Turkmenistan for interested representatives of the international community to visit Turkmen prisons by providing appropriate independent bodies, including the International Committee of the Red Cross, with full access to all places of detention in accordance with the usual modalities for those organizations and ensuring that lawyers and relatives had full and repeated access to all those in detention; to ensure that the forthcoming parliamentary elections would be held consistent with the commitments of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and other international standards for democratic elections; and to remove the remaining restrictions on the activities of public associations, including non-governmental organizations, and to enable those organizations, in particular human rights organizations, and other civil society actors to carry out their activities without hindrance, building upon the amendment of 2 November 2004 to the Criminal Code of Turkmenistan abolishing criminal penalties for unregistered activities of public associations; and requested the Secretary-General to submit a report on the implementation of the resolution to the Assembly at its sixtieth session (resolution 59/206).

Situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

At its fiftieth session, in 1994, the Commission on Human Rights invited its Chairman to appoint a Special Rapporteur mandated to establish direct contact with the authorities and the people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and to gather information on the situation of human rights there, including information supplied by non-governmental organizations (Commission resolution 1994/87). The mandate of the Special Rapporteur has been renewed annually since then.

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly called upon the Government of National Unity and Transition to take specific measures: to achieve the objectives of the transitional period as laid down in the Global and All-Inclusive Agreement, in particular the holding of free and transparent elections at all levels; to strengthen the transitional institutions, in particular to set up effectively the Independent Electoral Commission, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Human Rights Monitoring Centre, and to re-establish stability and the rule of law over the entire territory; to comply fully with its obligations under international human rights instruments; to put an end to impunity and to ensure that those responsible for human rights violations and grave breaches of international humanitarian law were brought to justice, and to carry out urgently a comprehensive reform of the judicial system; to put an end to the use of the death penalty in a manner contrary to its obligations assumed under the relevant provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and other human rights instruments, while recalling its commitment to progressively abolish the death penalty and not to impose it on juvenile offenders; to continue to cooperate with the International Criminal Court and with the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda; to prevent the use of the media to incite hatred or tensions among communities; to continue its programme to demobilize, disarm and reintegrate former combatants; and to put an end to the illegal exploitation of the natural resources of the Democratic Republic of the Congo; decided to continue to examine the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and requested the independent expert on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo to report to the Assembly at its sixtieth session (resolution 59/207).

At its sixty-first session, the Commission on Human Rights decided to extend the mandate of the independent expert on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo for one year; and requested the independent expert to submit a progress report to the General Assembly at its sixtieth session, and to report to the Commission at its sixty-second session (Commission resolution 2005/85).

Situation of human rights in Myanmar

At its forty-eighth session, in 1992, the Commission on Human Rights decided to nominate a special rapporteur to establish direct contacts with the Government and the people of Myanmar, including political leaders deprived of their liberty, their families and lawyers, with a view to examining the situation of human rights in Myanmar and following any progress made towards the transfer of power to a civilian government and the drafting of a new constitution, the lifting of restrictions on personal freedoms and the restoration of human rights in Myanmar (Commission resolution 1992/58). The mandate of the Special Rapporteur has been renewed annually since then.

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly called upon the Government of Myanmar to cooperate fully with the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Myanmar and the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar in order to help to bring Myanmar towards a transition to civilian rule and to ensure that they were both granted without further delay full, free and unimpeded access to Myanmar and that no person cooperating with the Special Envoy, the Special Rapporteur or any international organization was subjected to any form of intimidation, harassment or punishment; requested the Secretary-General to continue to provide his good offices and to pursue his discussions on the situation of human rights and the restoration of democracy with the Government and people of Myanmar, including all relevant parties to the national reconciliation process in Myanmar, to give all necessary assistance to enable his Special Envoy and the Special Rapporteur to discharge their mandate fully and effectively, and to report to the Assembly at its sixtieth session and to the Commission on Human Rights at its sixty-first session on the progress made in the implementation of the resolution; and decided to continue the consideration of the question at its sixtieth session (resolution 59/263).

At its sixty-first session, the Commission on Human Rights requested the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its sixtieth session and to report to the Commission at its sixty-second session and to integrate a gender perspective throughout his work (Commission resolution 2005/10).

 

(d)  Comprehensive implementation of and follow-up to the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action

Summary:

At its forty-eighth session, in 1993, the General Assembly endorsed the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights, and requested the Secretary-General to report annually to the Assembly on the measures taken and the progress achieved in the implementation of the recommendations of the Conference (resolution 48/121).

The General Assembly also considered the question at its forty-ninth to fifty-eighth sessions (resolutions 49/208, 50/201, 51/118, 52/148 and 53/166 and decisions 54/435, 55/422, 56/403, 57/535 and 58/540).

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly took note of the report of the Third Committee (A/59/503/Add.4) (decision 59/529).

 

(e)  Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Documents:

A/60/36  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (Suppl. No. 36)

A/60/343  [F]  [S]  [A]  [C]  [R]

Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the human rights situation in Afghanistan and on technical assistance in the field of human rights

Summary:

At its forty-eighth session, in 1993, the General Assembly decided to create the post of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and requested the High Commissioner to report annually to the Commission on Human Rights and, through the Economic and Social Council, to the Assembly (resolution 48/141).

At its fiftieth session, the General Assembly decided to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-first and subsequent sessions a sub-item entitled "Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights" under the item entitled "Human rights questions" (decision 50/464).

At its resumed fifty-eighth session, the General Assembly, on 25 February 2004, approved the appointment by the Secretary-General of Ms. Louise Arbour (Canada) as United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights for a term of office of four years (decision 58/417). In a note dated 13 May 2004, the Secretary-General informed the Assembly that Ms. Arbour's term of office would be from 1 July 2004 to 30 June 2008 (A/58/718/Add.1).

At its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly took note of the report of the Third Committee (A/59/503/Add.5) (decision 59/530).

 

 

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