Information Sheet No. 1
Nations General Assembly
New York, 8-10 June 1998
UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL DRUG
FACTS AND FIGURES
International Drug Control
The drug control system is governed by a series of treaties, adopted under the aegis of the United Nations, which require that governments exercise control over production and distribution of narcotic and psychotropic substances, combat drug abuse and illicit trafficking, maintain the necessary administrative machinery and report to international organs on their actions.
The existing treaties are: the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, which established the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB); that Convention as amended by the 1972 Protocol; the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances; and the 1988 United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances.
The United Nations helps countries find innovative ways of controlling the supply of and demand for drugs. The United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND), a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council is the main policy-making body for all international drug control matters. The International Narcotics Control Board strives to restrict the availability of drugs to medical and scientific purposes, to prevent their diversion into illegal channels and to combat illicit trafficking. All United Nations drug control activities are coordinated by the United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP).
The United Nations International Drug Control Programme
Established in 1990, UNDCP became operational in 1991. It provides leadership in international drug control, monitors trends in drug production, consumption and trafficking, and promotes the implementation of drug control treaties. It serves as the worldwide centre of expertise and information on international drug control.
In particular, UNDCP:
The UNDCP Secretariat, located in Vienna, is headed by Mr. Pino Arlacchi, Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director, appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Since 1 January 1998, the Programme has been divided into two Divisions. The Division for Treaty Affairs, Programme Planning and Support comprises the Treaty and Legal Affairs Branch, the Secretariat of the International Narcotics Control Board and Programme Support Service. The Division for Operations and Analysis comprises the Operations Branch, the Supply and Demand Reduction Branch and the Research and Scientific Section. The External Relations Unit and Fund Raising Unit report directly to the Executive Director.
UNDCP currently maintains the following Field Offices:
|REGIONAL OFFICES||COUNTRY OFFICES||LIAISON OFFICES||PROJECT OFFICE|
|Barbados||Bolivia||New York||Côte d'Ivoire|
|Egypt||Colombia||Belgium (to be opened in 1998)|
|Kenya||Lao People's Dem. Rep.|
|South Africa (to be opened in 1998)|
|Russian Federation (under negotiation)|
UNDCP staff members are assigned as follows:
UNDCP financial resources come from two distinct sources: the regular budget of the United Nations and a voluntary funded budget supported mainly by contributions from Governments. Voluntary funds represent approximately 90 per cent of its available resources.
|Regular budget 1998-1999:
Proposed voluntary funded budget 1998-1999:
UNDCP in Action: Ongoing Programmes per Region
UNDCP supports Governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the design and implementation of national, regional and global technical cooperation programmes aimed at the reduction of production, manufacturing, trafficking and abuse of illicit narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.
Summary of Resource Requirements for
the Fund of UNDCP during the 1998-1999 Biennium
(in thousands of United States dollars)
|PROGRAMME||Sub-Saharan Africa||North Africa & the Middle East||Central & Eastern Europe||West & Central Asia||South Asia||East Asia & the Pacific||Latin America & the Caribbean||Inter-country||
|Prevention & reduction of drug abuse||1,866.4||872.6||2,141.4||9,00.0||1,991.3||3,500.1||6,719.7||3,954.4||21,945.9|
|Elimination of illicit crops||783.5||13,200.1||6,000.0||8,959.9||431.8||29,375.3|
|Suppression of illicit drug trafficking||2,922.1||1,609.8||6,119.7||6,621.5||1,961.5||6,000.0||11,199.7||3,628.9||40,063.4|