© UN Photo/Evan Schneider
Overcoming poverty is not a gesture of charity.
It is an act of justice. - Nelson Mandela
You have 0 correct answer out of 5.
1. Which government was the first to bring the issue of racial discrimination in South Africa to the attention of the United Nations?
- United States
- South Africa
Wrong answer. In 1946, the government of India requested the UN General Assembly to include in its agenda an item entitled “Treatment of Indians in the Union of South Africa”. Like Africans, South Africans of Indian descent were also discriminated against under the country’s political system, which favoured whites.
2. Which event is the basis for the annual commemoration of the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination on 21 March?
- Nelson Mandela’s release from prison
- The killing of demonstrators in Sharpeville, South Africa
- The first multi-racial elections in South Africa
Wrong answer. On 21 March, 1960, South African police shot at people demonstrating peacefully against the “pass laws” under the apartheid system. Sixty-eight men, women and children were killed and about 200 wounded.
3. Nelson Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 together with which other South African?
- Desmond Tutu
- FW de Klerk
- Thabo Mbeki
Wrong answer. In 1993, Nelson Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize together with then-President of South Africa FW de Klerk, for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new, democratic South Africa.
4. Which international treaty entered into force in 1988, in an effort to apply pressure on the South African government to bring an end to apartheid?
- The International Convention against Apartheid in Sports
- The International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of Apartheid
- The International Convention against Apartheid in South Africa
Wrong answer. The International Convention Against Apartheid in Sports entered into force in 1988. Under the treaty, States Parties committed themselves not to permit their sports bodies, teams and individual sportsmen to have contact with a country practising apartheid. They also agreed to ensure the expulsion of South Africa from all federations in which it still held membership and to impose sanctions against national federations condoning exchanges with a country practising apartheid. The International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of Apartheid was adopted by the UN General Assembly in November 1973. The treaty declares apartheid as a crime against humanity. It defines apartheid as covering a series of “inhuman acts” which are “intended to establish or maintain domination by one racial group of persons over any other racial group of persons” and to systematically oppress them.
5. After South Africa’s first multi-racial elections in April 1994, who said: “Today, South Africa regains its rightful place in Africa, in the United Nations and in the family of nations”?
- UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali
- Newly elected President Nelson Mandela
- U2 lead singer Bono
Wrong answer. General elections were held in South Africa in late April 1994 and a democratic, non-racial Government took office in May 1994 with Nelson Mandela as President. UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali applauded the election process as a peaceful expression of the people’s aspirations for a better future and pledged continued United Nations commitment to South Africa.