Jose G. Justiniano
Minister of Sustainable
Development and Planning and Head of the Economic and
Council Republic of Bolivia
World Summit on
2 September 2002
RESPONSIBILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY
1. We hope this meeting will be known in History as the Responsibility
2. As the globe is warming in economic, social and environmental terms;
at a time when terror is threatening cities and fear propagates in people's
minds, we are gathered here in Johannesburg. We
should congratulate ourselves on our endeavors to foster development rather
about weapons. We came to face the crisis, responsibly.
3. It is no longer enough to pinpoint the culprits. The time to blame
for the mistakes or unfulfilled promises is over. This is time for action.
have a responsibility with the future, with our
children. Hunger is no longer satisfied with protests. Thirst must be quenched.
4. Although these tasks must be undertaken by all of us, the responsibility
is differentiated. However, it is undoubtedly a shared responsibility,
and those that do their share their implementation,
shall be entitled to inherit the Earth for their people.
5. For us Bolivians, sustainable development has not merely meant the
promised land, but has also become a path to follow. From our
standpoint, sustainable development has four and
not only three components. In addition to the economic, social and environmental
we conceive a fourth dimension of sustainable development:
the backbone of political sustainability. Institutionality. Citizen action.
participation. Governance. If some preferes, good
governance. The governance that is good because it is legitimated from
the bottom up and
from the inside towards the outside.
6. Since the Rio Summit, we were the first country on the planet that
created a Ministry of Sustainable Development. Today, almost 10 years
later, my portfolio also includes Planning and coordination
of the social and economic governmental areas. We have put into practice
integral and integrated vision. And it is sustained
as a State policy.
7. We are also the first country in the world that has certified forests.
One million hectares of certified Rain Forests and four hundred thousand
hectares are currently being granted certification.
8. The first Article of our Constitution consecrates the principle of
a multicultural and multilingual nation. It also ratifies the 169 th, Convention
the International Labor Organization. It acknowledges
our indigenous peoples right to be consulted on the use of our natural
9. However, if policies that lack a program are considered blind, it
is also true that the best models that lack power are irresponsible.
10. Bolivians and their democratic representatives have had the wisdom
to build - in spite of, or maybe thanks to, the current difficult times
new government that we have come to
call the Government of National Responsibility. Responsibility with current
and future generations.
11. Our aim is to grant increasingly more power to the people, over
and above the power conferred to them by Popular Participation, National
Dialogues, Social Control schemes and
the Poverty Reduction Strategy.
12. Empowerment to have things done. Empowerment to create. Empowerment
to enable people to do. Empowerment to enable people to
create. Citizen power. Believing in
local capacities and strengthening them. Building capacities on the energy
of people as actors of their own
13. A responsible community constitutes the basis of global sustainability.
In Bolivia, many communities have responded to the trust deposited in
them. We are supposed to strengthen
the mechanisms to articulate the local endeavors with national and global
issues. To promote
concurrent actions at the private and
public level, becoming a conveyor belt between local and global endeavors
and vice-versa. A vehicle
driven by production: a productive transformation
of the rural areas.
14. The international community must turn globalization into a circuit
of opportunities rather than threats. A network of reciprocities and mutual
obligations and rights. If our import
duties are reduced by this is offset by foreign subsidies, the positive
counteracts the negative and
irresponsibility is fostered.
15. We believe that we have made good progress in the right direction.
We disrupted the coca-cocaine circuit, but we have yet to close the
virtuous circle of alternative development.
We capitalized our state-run companies, but our neighbors became the victims
Consensus. We have become the sub-continent's
energy core, but the environmental contribution of our gigantic gas reserves
are still seeking
a sustainable benefit. We have taken
great steps in the area of human development, but this progress is still
16. We are still lacking concrete markets, accessible technologies and
a mechanism that actually rewards the enormous environmental efforts
made by out productive sectors and governments.
At this Summit we are advocating for a good governance of the international
order to minimize the negative impacts
on our internal plans and needs. So the responsibility of the communities
requires also a global
answer, including financial, commercial
and ethical foreign responsibilities.
17. When we fight against corruption we also expect corporate responsibility
and transparency. When we create conditions for direct foreign
investment, we expect more reinvestment
than remittances. When we pay environmental costs, we demand cooperation.
18. Without responsibility from all and for all there is no sustainability,
Mr. President. The Implementation Plan that shall emerge from
Johannesburg shall also become our responsibility.
We should call it Responsibility 21, as a renewed commitment to accelerate
implementation of Agenda 21 . We shall
contribute our share to that plan. We have done it since Rio, and we shall
continue doing so, with
zeal. We shall invigorate it under the
Millennium Goals. We will struggle mainly to reduce extreme poverty by
half by the year 2015. To attain
this, it shall be necessary to establish
a sustainable alliance based on inter generational responsibility.
19. In this sense, allow me to conclude by extending an invitation,
especially to our brothers in the Americas. During the past decade Bolivia
organized the Sustainable Development
Summit of the Americas. By the year 2005 many of our nations shall be implementing
sustainable development strategies.
Our practice has led us to articulate them with the poverty reduction strategies.
My country would be
most pleased to host this event once
more and become the venue of a renewed articulation effort for the Americas
in 2005, as a pragmatic
benchmark to put in practice the agreements
reached in South Africa. 20. Your country is beautiful, Mr. President,
and your call of attention
to the world regarding the issue of
social apartheid in the Planet, has been clearly listened. Bolivians, our
parliament and government and this
delegation, with a significant presence
of indigenous people, wishes to express a special recognition to your example
and the efforts deployed
by your people.
21. We are taking with us a lot more than a mere mission. The message
of South Africa is one of integration. It is against exclusions of any
nature. The United Nations played a
key role in putting an end to the pit of colonization, or the fall of the
Berlin wall. Hopefully today's
multilateral effort is going to be remembered
in years to come as the beginning of the construction of the bridge between
the haves and the
Thank you very much.