INTERNATIONAL FORUM ON THE ERADICATION OF POVERTY
SPECIAL EVENT ON GOOD PRACTICES IN POVERTY ERADICATION INITIATIVES: IMPROVING RESULTS THROUGH STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT AND EX ANTE PIAS
WEDNESDAY, 15 NOVEMBER 2006
Good practices for ensuring a genuine involvement of relevant stakeholders in efforts to combat poverty will be examined during this special event. The three speakers will examine this issue by highlighting three examples of good practices: the inclusion of children living in poverty in community development efforts, an initiative that builds partnerships between people living in poverty and academics and professionals in the field of poverty eradication, and an initiative which aims to develop a harmonised approach to ex ante Poverty Impact Assessment (PIA).
Speaker 1: Tracy Dolan, Christian
Speaker 2: Cecile Reinhart, International Movement ATD Fourth World
Ms. Reinhart is a key member of the anti-poverty project entitled “Croisement de Savoir” (Crossroads of Knowledge.) This program was developed in partnership with academics (professors and researchers) of various disciplines (rights, economics, sociology, history, psychology, education...), of professionals from various fields (education, justice, youth, social work, health, vocational training, housing, culture...) elected by their institutions and with people who have direct experience of poverty. This knowledge is exchanged with the understanding that people living in poverty have much to contribute to the discourse, as equal partners.
Thanks to a climate of trust, conditions were created to enable this previously ignored and invisible knowledge to be shared and analyzed within the group. There was a genuine exchange and dialogue between the actors as equal participants, which, when pooled together, stimulated new ideas and thinking. Two publications, “Le Croisement des Savoirs” and “Le Croisement des Pratiques” detail the results of this innovative approach.
From this initiative, many others where developed in France and internationally, whereby people living in poverty are able to participate in the training of others from different backgrounds. These initiatives recognize those with experience of living in poverty as experts in their field, and they participate in the training of social workers, student teachers, humanitarian workers, and others in social and cultural fields.
Speaker 3: Solveig Buhl, GTZ
In order to reach the MDGs, donor organisations and their partners have been striving to understand and maximise the poverty reducing impacts of their policies, programs and projects. The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness of March 2005 stresses that partner countries and donors are mutually accountable for development results and that in order to reduce the burden on partner countries, donors need to harmonise their approaches.
For this reason, in 2005, the DAC OECD Poverty Network (POVNET) formed a Task Team to develop a harmonised approach to ex ante Poverty Impact Assessment (PIA). The approach has been approved by DAC in March 2006. A User’s Guide will be submitted to POVNET for approval in November 2006.
PIA integrates already established approaches, their terminology and procedures (in particular ADB work on poverty impact, the Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA), the OECD/DAC capabilities framework). PIA consists of five modules. The results of the assessments within the modules are each visualized using matrices. This allows the possibility of sharing ex ante PIA exercises based on a common format across a number of agencies.
The wide application of the harmonised PIA provides a basis for future
joint assessments with partner governments and between donors. PIA offers
clear recommendations for decision makers on how to improve interventions
to increase pro-poor impacts.