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UN Programme on Disability   Working for full participation and equality

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Article 2



For the purposes of the present Convention:

“Communication” includes spoken and signed languages, display of text, and Braille, and tactile communication, large print, written, audio, accessible multimedia, plain language, human reader and augmentative and alternative modes, means and formats of communication, including accessible information and communication technology;

“Disability”/”Persons with disabilities”…

“Discrimination on the basis of disability” means any distinction, exclusion or restriction on the basis of disability which has the purpose or effect of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal basis with others, of all human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field. It includes all forms of discrimination, including denial of reasonable accommodation [and direct and indirect discrimination];

“Language” includes spoken and signed languages and other forms of non-spoken languages;

[“National laws of general application” means laws that apply to society as a whole and which do not differentiate in respect of persons with disabilities. “National laws and procedures of general application” and “national laws, customs and traditions of general application” shall have the same meaning, mutatis mutandis];

“Reasonable Accommodation” means necessary and appropriate modification and adjustments not imposing a disproportionate burden, where needed in a particular case, to ensure to persons with disabilities the enjoyment or exercise on an equal basis with others of all human rights and fundamental freedoms;

“Universal design” and “inclusive design” mean the design of products, environments, programmes and services to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. “Universal design” and “inclusive design” shall not exclude assistive devices for particular groups of persons with disabilities where this is needed.






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