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Equal recognition before the law
1. States Parties reaffirm that persons with disabilities have the right to recognition everywhere as persons before the law.
[2. States Parties shall recognize that persons with disabilities have [legal capacity]1 on an equal basis with others in all fields and shall ensure that where support is required to exercise that capacity:
(a) The assistance provided is proportional to the degree of support required and tailored to the person’s circumstances, that such support does not undermine the legal rights of the person, respects the will and preferences of the person and is free from conflict of interest and undue influence. Such support shall be subject to regular and independent review;
(b) Where States Parties provide for a procedure, which shall be established by law, for the appointment of personal representation as a matter of last resort, such a law shall provide appropriate safeguards, including regular review of the appointment of and decisions made by the personal representative by a competent, impartial and independent tribunal. The appointment and conduct of the personal representative shall be guided by principles consistent with the present Convention and international human rights law.]
[2. States Parties shall recognize that persons with disabilities enjoy legal capacity1 on an equal basis with others in all aspects of life.
2 bis. States Parties shall take appropriate legislative and other measures to provide access by persons with disabilities to the support they may require in exercising their legal capacity.
2 ter. States Parties shall ensure that all legislative or other measures that relate to the exercise of legal capacity provide for appropriate and effective safeguards to prevent abuse in accordance with international human rights law. Such safeguards shall ensure that measures relating to the exercise of legal capacity respect the rights, will and preferences of the person, are free of conflict of interest and undue influence, are proportional and tailored to the person’s circumstances, apply for the shortest time possible, and are subject to periodic impartial and independent judicial review. The safeguards shall be proportional to the degree to which such measures affect the persons’ rights and interests.]
3. States Parties shall take all appropriate and effective measures to ensure the equal right of persons with disabilities to own or inherit property, to control their own financial affairs and to have equal access to bank loans, mortgages and other forms of financial credit, and shall ensure that persons with disabilities are not arbitrarily deprived of their property.
1. See A/AC.256/2005/2, paragraph 20.