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Article 18 - Liberty of movement
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Third Session


Compilation of proposed revisions and amendments made by the members of the Ad Hoc Committee to the draft text presented by the Working Group as a basis for negotiations by Member States and Observers in the Ad Hoc Committee

(updated after the completion of the first reading at the Fourth Session, 26 August 2004)


Article 20
Personal mobility 1

[States Parties to this Convention shall take [effective2 — Costa Rica] (appropriate — Costa Rica, Uganda) (and progressive — Kenya) measures to [ensure — Costa Rica] (allow the enjoyment of the — Costa Rica) [liberty of (independent — Uganda) movement — China] (personal mobility — China) with the greatest possible independence [for — Costa Rica] (for — Costa Rica) persons with disabilities, (in the manner and at the time of their choice and at affordable cost — Jordan) including: — EU] (States Parties to this Convention shall take appropriate measures to [promote — Republic of Korea] (ensure — Republic of Korea) liberty of movement for persons with disabilities — EU)
(a) Facilitating access by persons with disabilities to [high-quality — Costa Rica] (functional — Costa Rica) (appropriate — Uganda) mobility aids, devices, (and — EU) assistive technologies [[and (other — Costa Rica) forms of [live assistance — Chile] (, good quality devices and personal help, facilitators — Chile) and intermediaries — Costa Rica] (support services — Costa Rica), including by making them available at affordable cost — EU]

[(b) Promoting (appropriate — Uganda) universal design for mobility aids, devices and assistive technologies and encouraging private entities which produce these to take into account all aspects of mobility for persons with disabilities;

[(c) [Undertaking and promoting — Japan] (promoting and where appropriate undertaking — Japan) research, development and production of new mobility aids, devices and (new — Chile) assistive technologies (, as appropriate — Costa Rica) (and the participation of persons with disabilities in research for devices —Yemen) (and to encourage the private sector to invest in research in this field — Morocco) (for the mobility of persons with disabilities — Chile); — New Zealand]

(d) Providing training in mobility skills to persons with disabilities (, their families — Costa Rica) and to [specialist — Costa Rica] staff working with persons with disabilities (and their families — Yemen) (and encourage exchange of experiences among states in this field — Morocco);
[(e) Facilitating the freedom of movement of persons with disabilities in the manner and at the time of their choice (and promote their purchase at affordable cost — Mexico), and at affordable cost;

(f) Providing information (in accessible format — Chile) to persons with disabilities (and their families — Costa Rica) about mobility aids, devices, assistive technologies and other forms of assistance and services;

(g) Promoting awareness about mobility issues for persons with disabilities. — Jordan] — New Zealand, EU]

(States Parties shall adopt all possible measures to have technologies exempt from taxes and to have them at low prices — Bahrain, Yemen)




1. This draft article is entitled “Personal mobility” to distinguish it from the broader right to liberty of movement in article 12 (1) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The Ad Hoc Committee may wish to consider the placement of elements of this draft article, in particular subparagraphs (a), (b) and (c).

2. Some members of the Working Group preferred the word “progressive” or “appropriate”. Other members were concerned with consistency with other articles of the Convention. The Ad Hoc Committee may wish to consider alternative formulations.



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