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UN Programme on Disability   Working for full participation and equality

COMPILATION OF INTERNATIONAL NORMS
AND STANDARDS RELATING TO DISABILITY

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Part I. National Frameworks for the Protection of the Rights of Disabled Persons

This section explores the framework for the protection of rights of persons with disabilities at the national level.  This exploration covers the adoption of international law in to municipal law, the available mechanisms under national law for the protection of rights violations and the role of non-governmental organizations in monitoring the protection of the rights of persons with disabilities.

In an effort to give legal recognition to normative rights, States follow different practices in “internationalizing” treaty norms,  that is, incorporating treaties within the state’s legal structure so that the provisions can be implemented by state authorities.

Index

INTRODUCTION
PART I. National Frameworks for the Protection of Rights of Persons with Disabilities
1. International Law and National Frameworks
1.1 Sources of International Law
1.2 The Role of Custom
1.3 The Role of Treaties
1.4 International Law in Municipal Law
1.5 Locating Human Rights Law in Municipal Law
1.6 Two Basic Concepts about Constitutions
1.7 International Law and Municipal Law Interface
1.8 The Role of the Constitution in Municipal Law
1.9 The Supremacy of the Constitution
1.10 Judicial review of Legislation
2. The Legislative Process
2.1 Equal Protection
2.2 Affirmative Action
2.3 Integration Policy: Education and Professional Training
2.4 Health care and Social Security
2.5 Housing
2.6 Fashioning Remedies for Violations of the rights of Persons with Disabilities
3. Remedies for Rights Violations
3.1 Due Process
3.2 Locus standi
3.3 Recourse Procedures at the National Level
3.4 National Courts
4. Responsibilities of States
4.1 Collection of Statistics
4.2 Awareness-raising
4.3 Policy-making and Planning
4.4 Ombudsman
4.5 International Disability Norms and their impact at the National Level
4.6 National Committees
4.7 Personnel Training
4.8 The Role of Non-governmental Organizations
4.9 NGO Action Before Submission of a Report
4.10 NGO Participation in the Reporting Process in the Context of Examination by a Treaty Body
4.11 NGO Action Following Examination of a Report
4.12 NGO Monitoring
4.13 Special Rapporteur
PART II. The International Human Rights System
PART III. The Regional Human Rights System
PART IV. Towards a Rights Based Perspective on Disability
PART V. Rights of Special Groups with Disabilities

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United Nations, 2003-04
Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Division for Social Policy and Development