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UN Programme on Disability   Working for full participation and equality


Report of the United Nations Consultative
Expert Group Meeting on
International Norms and Standards
Relating to Disability

Convened by the United Nations in cooperation with
Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California at Berkeley
and the World Institute on Disability (Oakland, California USA)
at Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California at Berkeley
8-12 December 1998.

NextCONTENTS

  • INTRODUCTION
  • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • A. Evolution of Thinking about Disability Issues - a Human Rights Approach
      • 1. From a Medical Model of Disability to a Social Model of Disability
      • 2. The Evolution in Thinking of Disability at the International Level and International Norms focussing on Disability
    • B. Definition of Disability
    • C. Prevention of Disability
    • D. Fundamental Approach to Broad-Human Rights of Persons with Disabilities
  • LEGAL FRAMEWORK
    • A. Overview of Existing International Legal Framework
    • B. Fundamental Human Rights Principles
  • STRATEGIES FOR IMPLEMENTATION AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL
    • A. Legal strategies - Constitution-making as an Occasion for Intervention
    • B. Legislative Strategies
    • C. Strategies in other Areas
    • D. Strategies for Using International Standards at the National Level
      • 1. Invoking International Standards in Domestic Law
      • 2. Role of Domestic Courts
    • E. Legislature
      • 1. Legislative and Policy Strategies
      • 2. Process: Inclusion, Representation and Full Participation
      • 3. Public Institutions
    • F. Other Bodies and Institutions
      • 1. Governmental
      • 2. Non-governmental and Civil Society Institutions
    • G. Strategies for Implementation: Challenges of Globalisation and Privatisation
  • STRATEGIES FOR IMPLEMENTATION AT THE INTERNATIONAL LEVEL
    • A. General
    • B. Using Existing United Nations Human Rights Mechanisms
      • 1. Reporting under the UN Human Rights Treaties
      • 2. Jurisprudence of the Treaty Bodies
      • 3. Increasing Awareness of Treaty Bodies regarding Disability Issues
    • C. Enforcement Mechanisms
      • 1. UN Mechanisms - Commission on Human Rights and Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities
      • 2. Regional human rights institutions
      • 3. Other international bodies
  • POSSIBILITY OF A NEW INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENT ON HUMAN RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES?
    • A. Benefits and Drawbacks of a new International Instrument
    • B. Possible Form and Core Content of a new International Instrument
  • CONCLUDING REMARKS: FUTURE ACTION
  • LIST OF DOCUMENTS AND INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS RELATING TO DISABILITY
  • LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

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United Nations, 2003-04
Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Division for Social Policy and Development