Table 7. Completed fertility, total and average annual percentage decline,
selected European countries , 1945-1960 cohorts


Year of birth cohorts
Total
percentage
decline
Country or area 1945 1950 1955 1960
Eastern Europe
Bulgaria 2.11 2.10 2.05 1.99 -5.7
Czech Republic 2.00 1.84 2.06 2.00 0.0
Hungary 1.88 1.93 1.90 1.81 -3.7
Poland 2.27 2.21 2.19 2.18 -4.0
Romania 2.47 2.40 2.26 2.15 -13.0
Northern Europe
Denmark 2.06 1.90 1.84 1.89 -8.3
Estonia 1.85 1.93 2.03 2.00 +8.1
Finland 1.99 1.84 1.86 1.76 -11.6
Iceland 2.87 2.71 2.57 2.49 -13.2
Norway 2.21 2.09 2.05 2.08 -5.9
Sweden 1.93 1.96 1.90 1.90 -1.6
United Kingdom 2.19 2.07 2.02 1.97 -10.0
Southern Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.39 2.15a 1.96 1.86 -22.2
Croatia 1.86 1.86 1.86 1.68 -9.7
Greece 1.98 1.96 1.83 1.46 -26.3
Italy 2.08 1.91 1.83 1.69 -18.7
Malta 1.95 1.87 1.86 1.84 -5.6
Slovenia 1.89 1.89 1.97 1.87 -1.1
Spain 2.35b 2.15 1.92 1.75 -25.5
Yugoslavia 2.47 2.29 2.27 2.26 -8.5
Western Europe
Austria 1.94 1.86 1.77 1.67 -13.9
Belgium 1.95 1.85 1.82 1.81 -7.2
France 2.22 2.11 2.13 2.07 -6.8
German Dem. Rep. 1.86 1.79 1.82 1.77 -4.8
Germany, Fed. Rep. of 1.77 1.70 1.62 1.57 -11.3
Germany 1.78 1.7 1.62 1.57 -11.8
Luxembourg 1.79 1.69 1.69 1.73 -3.4
Netherlands 2.00 1.90 1.87 1.87 -6.5
Switzerland 1.86 1.80 1.75 1.75 -5.9


Source: Council of Europe. Cohort Fertility in Member States of the Council of Europe. Population Studies, No. 21. Strausbourg, 1990; Council of Europe. Recent Demographic Developments in Europe 1997. Council of Europe Publishing, Strasbourg, 1997.

a Refers to 1951 cohort.
bRefers to 1946 cohort.